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Registros recuperados: 61
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A Multi-level Analysis of Public Spending, Growth and Poverty Reduction in Egypt AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Al-Riffai, Perrihan; El-Said, Moataz; Yu, Bingxin; Kamaly, Ahmed.
The overarching objective of this report is to use a multi-level analysis approach to assess the effects of various government spending on growth and poverty reduction and their trade-offs between these two goals and to offer future policy options to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The study involves analyses and simulations at the different levels: household, sector/region as well as macro levels. Different analytical tools are used at the different levels. Analyses at the different levels are initially executed independently, but final synergy is drawn through an integrated macro-micro framework. This new approach has enabled us to gain new knowledge as well as new policy insights. The study confirmed previous studies that universal...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42813
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A Typology of Food Security in Developing Countries under High Food Prices AgEcon
Yu, Bingxin; You, Liangzhi; Fan, Shenggen.
The recent surge in food prices around the world may reverse the gains of reducing hunger and poverty in the recent years. This paper employs factor and sequential typology analysis using data for 175 countries to identify groups of countries categorized according to four measures of food security: utilization, availability, accessibility and stability. Nine indicators are used for this study: calories intake, protein intake, fat intake, food production, the ratio of total exports to food imports, soil fertility, length of growing period, coefficient of variation of length of growing period and urbanization. The analysis first identifies 5 distinct food security groups characterized by food intake then further split these groups based on similarities and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Factor analysis; Agricultural potential; Typology; Trade; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; C0; F0; O1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51043
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Agricultural Growth and Investment Options for Poverty Reduction in Rwanda AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Fan, Shenggen; Kanyarukiga, Sam; Yu, Bingxin.
An economywide, multimarket (EMM) model was developed for Rwanda to analyze the linkages and trade-offs between growth and poverty reduction goals at both macro- and micro-economic levels. The model includes 30 agricultural commodities or commodity groups from eight broad agricultural subsectors, along with two aggregated nonagricultural sectors. The analysis compares the economic, income, and poverty effects of a variety of growth scenarios based on existing national subsector growth targets. The analysis shows 6 percent of CAADP’s agricultural GDP growth target is achievable if growth reaches its target at the agricultural subsectoral level. But it is not enough for the country to achieve the MDG One, although the national poverty rate in 2015 will be 17...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42427
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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND URBAN POVERTY IN INDIA AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen.
Using a similar analytical approach to a study in China, this paper analyzes the impact of agricultural research on urban poverty reduction in India. State level data from 1970 to 1995 were used in the empirical analysis. It is found that in addition to its large impact on rural poverty reduction, agricultural research investments have also played a major role in the reduction of urban poverty. Agricultural research investments increase agricultural production, and increased production in turn lowers food prices. The urban poor often benefit proportionately more than the non-poor since they spend 50-80% of their income on food. Among all the rural investments considered in this study, agricultural research has the largest impact on urban poverty reduction...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Developing countries; India; Agricultural research; Urban; Poverty; Food price; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16079
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Are Returns to Public Investment Lower in Less-favored Rural Areas?: An Empirical Analysis of India AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Hazell, Peter B.R..
Developing countries allocate scarce government funds to investments in rural areas to achieve the twin goals of agricultural growth and poverty alleviation. Choices have to be made between different types of investments, especially infrastructure, human capital and agricultural research, and between different types of agricultural regions, e.g., irrigated and high- and low-potential rainfed areas. This paper develops an econometric approach and provides empirical evidence on the impact of government investments in rural India using district-level data. While irrigated areas played a key role in agricultural growth during the Green Revolution era, our results show that it is now the rainfed areas, including many less-favored areas that offer the most...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42828
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China’s Regional Disparities: Experience and Policy AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Kanbur, Ravi; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57041
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Does Composition of Government Spending Matter to Economic Growth? AgEcon
Yu, Bingxin; Fan, Shenggen; Saurkar, Anuja.
This paper assesses the impact of the composition of government spending on economic growth in developing countries. We use a dynamic GMM model and a panel data set for 44 developing countries between 1980 and 2004. We find that the various types of government spending have different impact on economic growth. In Africa, human capital spending contributes to economic growth whereas in Asia, capital formation, agriculture and education has strong growth promoting effect. In Latin America, none of government spending items has significant impact on economic growth. Our results are robust regardless of model specifications and instruments chosen.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Government expenditure; Growth; GMM; Agricultural and Food Policy; Financial Economics; International Development; H5; O1; C232.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51684
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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC GOODS DEPENDENCY AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo; Fan, Shenggen.
Few studies have systematically documented the interdependency among different types of public goods and their impact on economic development. This papers aims to develop a methodological framework to evaluate the degree of interdependency and identify the weakest link of public goods provisions and empirically applies it to Uganda.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21959
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EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND INSTITUTIONAL REFORM ON PRODUCTION GROWTH IN CHINESE AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13454
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ESTIMATING CROP-SPECIFIC PRODUCTION GROWTH AND SOURCES IN CHINA AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Fan, Shenggen.
This study uses aggregated provincial level data from 1979 to 2000 to estimate crop-specific production functions and identifies the sources of production growth for wheat, corn, soybean, rapeseeds, and cotton in China. The results show that fertilizer, pesticide, seeds, production specification, weather, and R&D are important determinants of crop yields. The land, fertilizer, and R&D are major contributors to production growth during the study period.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19669
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Estimating Crop-Specific Production Technologies in Chinese Agriculture: A Generalized Maximum Entropy Approach AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo; Fan, Shenggen.
"September 1999". Includes bibliographical references (p. 31-33). Published as: Zhang, Xiabo; Fan, Shenggen. 2001. Estimating crop-specific production technologies in Chinese agriculture: a generalized maximum entropy approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 83(2): 378-388.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Technology; Crops--China; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97508
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Evolution of Income and Fiscal Disparity in Rural China AgEcon
Yao, Yi; Fan, Shenggen.
This paper's goal is to increase the understanding of the income and fiscal inequality trends in rural China. Using a comprehensive county-level panel dataset between 1993 and 2002, we describe the dynamic changes in national, regional and provincial inequality measures for income, fiscal spending and local revenues respectively. We examine how the coastal-inland gap, the inter-province gap, and the gap between poor and non-poor counties contribute to the growth of inequality, and devise a decomposition approach to investigate the order of inter-group inequality's contribution to the overall inequality in a multi-tier hierarchical economy. Our major finding reveals that after a turning point, 1998, most income and fiscal inequality trends started to grow...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional inequality; Inequality decomposition; Fiscal equalization; Fiscal decentralization; Soft budget constraint; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D3; O18; H3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25671
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GOVERNMENT SPENDING, GROWTH AND POVERTY: AN ANALYSIS OF INTERLINKAGES IN RURAL INDIA AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Hazell, Peter B.R.; Thorat, Sukhadeo.
Poverty in rural India has declined substantially in recent decades. The percentage of the rural population living below the poverty line fluctuated between 50 and 65 percent prior to the mid-1960s, but then declined steadily to about one-third of the rural population by the early 1990s. This steady decline in poverty was strongly associated with agricultural growth, particularly the green revolution, which in turn was a response to massive public investments in agriculture and rural infrastructure. Public investment in rural areas has also benefitted the poor through its impact on the growth of the rural nonfarm economy, and government expenditure on rural poverty and employment programs, which has grown rapidly, has directly benefitted the rural poor....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16071
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GROWTH AND POVERTY IN RURAL CHINA: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC INVESTMENTS AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Zhang, Linxiu; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Public investment, together with institutional and policy reforms, has contributed substantially to rapid economic growth in rural China since the late 1970s. This rapid growth has also led to dramatic reductions in rural poverty. In this study we use a simultaneous equations model and time-series (1978-97), cross-sectional (25 provinces) data to analyze the differential impact of different types of public investments on growth and poverty reduction in rural China. The results show that government expenditures on education have by far the largest impact on poverty reduction, and the second largest impact on production growth; it is a dominant “win-win” strategy. Government spending on agricultural research and extension has the largest impact on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16115
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GROWTH, INEQUALITY, AND POVERTY IN RURAL CHINA: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC INVESTMENTS AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Zhang, Linxiu; Zhang, Xiaobo.
In the past two decades, China has achieved world renown for reducing rural poverty. However, it is becoming harder to reduce poverty and inequality further in China, even though its economy continues to grow. This report compares the impact specific rural public investments can have on promoting growth and reducing poverty and inequality. Returns to these investments are calculated for the nation as a whole and for three economic zones in the west, central, and coastal regions of the country. Government expenditures that have the highest impact on poverty and growth include education, agricultural research and development, and rural infrastructure (roads, electricity, and telecommunications). Notably, spending on irrigation and anti-poverty loans had...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Public Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16523
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Halving Hunger: Meeting the First Millennium Development Goal through "Business as Unusual" AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen.
In 2000, the world’s leaders set a target of halving the percentage of hungry people between 1990 and 2015. This rather modest target constitutes part of the first Millennium Development Goal, which also calls for halving the proportion of people living in poverty and achieving full employment. However, the effort to meet the hunger target has swerved off track, and the world is getting farther and farther away from realizing this objective. The goal of halving hunger by 2015 can still be achieved, but business as usual will not be enough. What is needed is “business as unusual”—a smarter, more innovative, better focused, and cost-effective approach to reducing hunger.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Developing countries; Developing countries; Economic policy; Hunger; Developing countries; Millennium Development Goals (MDG); Policies; Poverty; Developing countries; Rural development; Developing countries; Social protection; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92808
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Hidden harvest: U.S. benefits from international research aid AgEcon
Pardey, Philip G.; Alston, Julian M.; Christian, Jason E.; Fan, Shenggen.
This report spells out the benefits to the United States from its partnership with the CGIAR. Using wheat and rice to illustrate the gains from international research on important food crops, the report shows that U.S. investments in CGIAR wheat and rice research have paid off many times over for U.S. farmers
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural assistance; American; Economic aspects; Developing countries; Agricultural research; Developing countries; Finance; Investments; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55649
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High food prices: The what, who, and how of proposed policy actions AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Ahmed, Akhter U.; Asenso-Okyere, Kwadwo; Fan, Shenggen; Gulati, Ashok; Hoddinott, John; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Ruel, Marie T.; Torero, Maximo; van Rheenen, Teunis; von Grebmer, Klaus.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48293
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HOW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AFFECTS URBAN POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF CHINA AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Fang, Cheng; Zhang, Xiaobo.
This paper develops a framework to measure the impact of agricultural research on urban poverty. Increased investments in agricultural R&D can lower food prices by increasing food production, and lower food prices benefit the urban poor because they often spend more than 60% of their income on food. Application of the framework to China shows that these food price effects are large and that the benefits for the urban poor have been about as large as the benefits for the rural poor.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Developing countries; China; Agricultural research; Urban; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16123
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HOW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AFFECTS URBAN POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? THE CASE OF CHINA AgEcon
Fan, Shenggen; Fang, Cheng; Zhang, Xiaobo.
The objective of this paper is to analyze how agricultural research and development have affected urban poverty using China as an example. Agricultural research lower food prices, and therefore help urban poor by lowing their food cost.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20636
Registros recuperados: 61
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