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Registros recuperados: 31
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A Case Study of China's Commercial Pork Value Chain AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Hu, Dinghuan; Fang, Cheng.
In China, with the cost of improved technology rising, surplus labor shrinking, and demand for food quality and safety increasing, it will be just a matter of time before the country’'s hog production sector will be commercialized like that of developed countries. However, even if China'’s cost of production converges to international levels, as shown in this case study, China may continue to retain some competitive advantage because of the labor-intensive nature of the marketing services involved in hog processing and meat distribution. The supply of variety meats offers the most promising market opportunity for foreign suppliers in China. The market may open further if the tariff rate for variety meats is reduced from 20% and harmonized with the pork...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercial; Cost structure; Imports; Pork value chain; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18689
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Accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to the European Union: Impacts on Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J..
Using a world agricultural multimarket model, we analyze the consequences of enlargement of the European Union (EU) to include the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland for agricultural markets. We produce a market outlook through the year 2010 for two enlargement scenarios, which are based on different assumptions regarding the restrictions on grain and dairy production in the acceding countries. In both scenarios, accession of the three Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) leads to a permanent but moderate decrease in EU prices for virtually all commodities. For the three acceding CEECs, domestic prices increase dramatically. Their final consumption of agricultural products decreases in most instances, while production rises. Higher domestic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAP; Economic integration; EU enlargement; Agricultural trade; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18388
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AGRICULTURAL MARKETS LIBERALIZATION AND THE DOHA ROUND AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; de Cara, Stephane; Fang, Cheng; Isik, Murat; Matthey, Holger.
Using a partial equilibrium model of world agriculture, we investigate the multilateral removal of all border taxes and farm programs and their distortion of world agricultural markets. These distortions have significant terms-of-trade effects. World trade is also significantly impacted by both types of distortions. Trade expansion is substantial for most commodities, especially dairy, meats, and vegetable oils. Net agricultural and food exporters (Brazil, Australia, and Argentina) emerge with expanded exports; whereas net importing countries with limited distortions before liberalization are penalized by higher world markets prices and reduced imports. The US gains significant export shares in livestock products and imports more dairy products....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Doha; Agriculture; Trade liberalization; Domestic policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25875
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Analysis of the Berlin Accord Reforms of the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fuller, Frank H.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Chaudhary, Sudhir; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen.
This document briefly summarizes the impacts of the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms on the European agricultural sector and on international agricultural trade. Objectives of the CAP reform (as stated in EU Commission documents) are: to ensure the environmental viability of European agriculture, and to protect the livelihood of European farmers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18282
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Assessing the Competitiveness of Indian Cotton Production: A Policy Analysis Matrix Approach AgEcon
Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Chaudhary, Jagadanand.
This paper uses a modified policy analysis matrix (PAM) approach to assess the efficiency of cotton production in five major producing states in India. The results indicate that cotton is not efficiently produced in the second largest cotton producing state in the country. Without government interventions, it is likely that acreage will move away from cotton to more profitable crops such as sugarcane and groundnut in this state. In addition, it is also concluded that cotton is not the most efficiently produced crop in the other four states; however, there is at least one crop in each state which is less efficiently produced than cotton. These findings suggest that Indian policies directed at maintaining the availability of cheap cotton for the handloom and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cotton; PAM; India; Efficiency; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53142
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ASSESSING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF INDIAN COTTON PRODUCTION: A POLICY ANALYSIS MATRIX APPROACH AgEcon
Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Chaudhary, Jagadanand.
This paper uses a modified policy analysis matrix (PAM) approach to assess the efficiency of cotton production in five major producing states in India. The results indicate that cotton is not efficiently produced in the second-largest cotton-producing state in the country. Without government interventions in this state, it is likely that acreage will move away from cotton to more profitable crops such as sugarcane and groundnut. In addition, we conclude that cotton is not the most efficiently produced crop in the other four states; however, there is at least one crop in each state that is less efficiently produced than cotton. These findings suggest that Indian policies directed at maintaining the availability of cheap cotton for the handloom and textile...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18465
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CHINA'S ACCESSION TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION: IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fang, Cheng; de Cara, Stephane; Matthey, Holger.
We analyze the impact of China's accession to the WTO on agricultural markets using the FAPRI modeling framework. Our analysis includes major crops, livestock sectors, and exogenous changes in consumer income, expanded textile production, and policies. Chinese livestock, grain and oilseed crushing industries experience lower revenues, while cotton production prospers with accession, despite increased cotton imports. Most food prices decrease with accession. Chinese consumers benefit from these lower prices, with vegetable oil, dairy and meat consumption increasing significantly. The increase in world agricultural trade with China benefits Argentina (soy meal and oil); Brazil (soy oil and poultry); Canada (pork); the EU (pork); and the United states (pork,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20619
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China's Accession to the WTO: What Is at Stake for Agricultural Markets? AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; de Cara, Stephane; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fang, Cheng; Matthey, Holger.
We analyze the impact of China's accession to the World Trade Organization on major crop and livestock markets using the FAPRI modeling framework. We incorporate expected changes in consumer income, textile production, and trade policies as exogenous shocks to the baseline model. Following accession, revenues decline in China's livestock, grain, and oilseed industries, while cotton production prospers despite increased cotton imports. Chinese consumers benefit from lower food prices, with vegetable oil, dairy, and meat consumption increasing significantly. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, the European Union, and the United States are the greatest beneficiaries from expanded agricultural trade with China.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Accession; Agricultural trade; China; Policy analysis; Simulation models; Trade liberalization; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18522
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CHINA'S COTTON POLICY AND THE IMPACT OF CHINA'S WTO ACCESSION AND BT COTTON ADOPTION ON THE CHINESE AND U.S. COTTON SECTORS AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Babcock, Bruce A..
In this paper we provide an analysis of China's cotton policy and develop a framework to quantify the impact of both China's World Trade Organization (WTO) accession and Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) cotton adoption on Chinese and U.S. cotton sectors. We use a Chinese cotton sector model consisting of supply, demand, price linkages, and textiles output equations. A two-stage framework model provides gross cropping area and total area for cotton and major substitute crops from nine cotton-producing regions in China. Cotton demand, total fiber demand, and cotton share are estimated for each end user. The estimated parameters from the Chinese model are then used with the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) modeling system to simulate various...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Bt technology; China and cotton policy; U.S. cotton exports; World Trade Organization; WTO accession; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18556
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China's Rural and Urban Household Survey Data: Collection, Availability, and Problems AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Wailes, Eric J.; Cramer, Gail L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18412
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Does the U.S. Midwest Have a Cost Advantage Over China in Producing Corn, Soybeans, and Hogs? AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Fabiosa, Jacinto F..
China's accession to the World Trade Organization, a significant event for U.S. agricultural trade, has been viewed as benefitting U.S. farmers, especially midwestern farmers. This research compares the productivity and cost of production (COP) of China and the United States in producing corn, soybeans, and hogs. The results show that the U.S. Midwest (defined in this study as the Heartland region as classified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service) has a substantial advantage in land and labor productivities in producing corn and soybeans, especially compared to China's South and West producing regions. However, China's Northeast region, a major corn- and soybean-producing area, has a very competitive COP over the U.S. Midwest....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Competitiveness; Corn; Cost of production; Exchange rate; Hogs; Land policy; Productivity; Soybeans; U.S. Midwest versus China; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18688
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ESTIMATING CROP-SPECIFIC PRODUCTION GROWTH AND SOURCES IN CHINA AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Fan, Shenggen.
This study uses aggregated provincial level data from 1979 to 2000 to estimate crop-specific production functions and identifies the sources of production growth for wheat, corn, soybean, rapeseeds, and cotton in China. The results show that fertilizer, pesticide, seeds, production specification, weather, and R&D are important determinants of crop yields. The land, fertilizer, and R&D are major contributors to production growth during the study period.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19669
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FAPRI 1999 U.S. Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Lansford, Vernon; Madison, Daniel; Thompson, Wyatt; Willott, Brian; Adams, Gary M.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fuller, Frank H.; Chaudhary, Sudhir; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Kovarik, Karen; Hart, Chad E.; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J.; Naik, Manta; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Zimmel, Peter; Mills, Russell C.; Meyer, Seth D.; Kruse, John R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32049
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FAPRI 1999 World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fuller, Frank H.; Chaudhary, Sudhir; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Kovarik, Karen; Hart, Chad E.; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J.; Naik, Manta; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Adams, Gary M.; Willott, Brian; Thompson, Wyatt; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Mills, Russell C.; Zimmel, Peter; Lansford, Vernon; Kruse, John R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32050
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FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fuller, Frank H.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Adams, Gary M.; Willott, Brian; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Kruse, John R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32054
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FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fuller, Frank H.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Adams, Gary M.; Willott, Brian; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Kruse, John R..
The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline in January. The FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for world agricultural markets. A companion volume, the FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook, presents the U.S. component of the baseline. FAPRI projections assume average weather patterns worldwide, existing policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements. FAPRI projections do not include conjectures on potential policy changes, such as those resulting from the likely eastward...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32045
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FAPRI 2001 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Fuller, Frank H.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Matthey, Holger; de Cara, Stephane; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Adams, Gary M.; Willott, Brian; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Kruse, John R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32052
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FAPRI 2002 World Agricultural Outlook AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; de Cara, Stephane; Elobeid, Amani E.; Fang, Cheng; Fuller, Frank H.; Hart, Chad E.; Isik, Murat; Matthey, Holger; Saak, Alexander E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Westhoff, Patrick C.; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott; Adams, Gary M.; Willott, Brian; Madison, Daniel; Meyer, Seth D.; Kruse, John R.; Binfield, Julian C.R..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32051
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Feed-Grain Consumption by Traditional Pork-Producing Households in China AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Fuller, Frank H..
Economic reforms in China's agricultural sector initiated in the late 1970s led to rapid structural change in China's pork sector. Swine production units have declined in number but increased in size. Using household survey data from seven provinces in China, feed-grain demand by pork producers is estimated for three different size categories: producers with annual pork output of less than 200 kg, between 200 kg and 500 kg, and greater than 500 kg. The results show that the households slaughtering one or two pigs each year are not market-oriented in their pork production. However, households producing more than 200 kg are quite price-responsive, especially households slaughtering more than five or six hogs each year. Wald tests for structural change...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18339
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Food Calorie Intake and Food Security under Grain Price Inflation: Evidence from Malawi AgEcon
Pan, Suwen; Fang, Cheng; Sanogo, Issa; Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M..
A comprehensive analysis of food demand and nutrient consumption using recent, representative household survey data from Malawi is presented. Expenditure and price elasticities have been estimated for 20 food groups using a quadratic almost ideal demand system based on 4 income groups identified by the Goldfeld-Quandt tests. Although the current boom of maize price provides an opportunity to rethink development strategies that diversify the commodity sectors, developing countries will not necessarily benefit from this change absent significant improvements in production capacities and trade infrastructures. Malawi is likely to suffer from higher commodity prices in the short-run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Goldfeld-Quandt tests; A quadratic almost ideal demand system; Malawi; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; D12; O13; R21; R31; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103266
Registros recuperados: 31
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