Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 12
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A medium-throughput method to phenotype fish for individual feed efficiency ArchiMer
Besson, Mathieu; Allal, Francois; Chatain, Beatrice; Vergnet, Alain; Clota, Frederic; Ferrari, Sebastien; Vandeputte, Marc.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00446/55752/57413.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Caractérisation, variabilité et héritabilité des traits de personnalité chez les téléostéens. Cas du bar européen, Dicentrarchus labrax. ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien.
This thesis is organized in three principal parts. The first part of this thesis highlights the existence of coping style in seabass, revealing links between behavioral and physiological responses following a stress. The proactive individuals showed a weaker activation of the HPI axis, resulting in a lesser increase of plasmatic cortisol levels after a stress compared to reactive fish. However, the links between personality traits and activation of the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems could not be clearly demonstrated. The individual tests appeared discriminating personality, but did not allow observing coherent responses in time likely because of the stressing character of the isolated situation in this social species. The use of tests in group...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37738/35754.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Consistency in European seabass coping styles: A life history approach ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Millot, Sandie; Leguay, Didier; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting so-called “individual coping styles”. An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of behaviour. Coping styles may have implications in diverse fields, so the development of appropriate screening methods for each species appears to be the most effective way to extend our knowledge and to incorporate behavioural responses into selection-based breeding programmes, to improve the domestication and welfare of farmed fish. We tested 30 juvenile seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) at least twice in individual-based tests (feeding recovery in isolation, aggressiveness,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Behavioural plasticity; Repeatability; Life stages; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00257/36814/35442.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Early individual electronic identification of sea bass using RFID microtags: A first example of early phenotyping of sex-related growth ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Chatain, Beatrice; Cousin, Xavier; Leguay, Didier; Vergnet, Alain; Vidal, Marie-odile; Vandeputte, Marc; Begout, Marie-laure.
Although individual electronic tagging using PIT (Passive Integrated Transponder) tags is well established, it is mainly used for fish > 60 mm in length. Since electronic tagging is an ideal identification method, we used RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) microtags (6 mm in length, 1 mm in diameter, 10 mg in mass) to characterize individual fish from the early stages of their development and throughout their lifecycles. We used sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, (105 day-old fish weighing between 100 and 1100 mg) and studied the effects of intra-coelomic tagging in half the population using different endpoints including survival and tag reading, growth over 6 months and swimming responses. Dead fish were counted daily, biometric data were collected at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tagging effects; Swimming behavior; Sexual dimorphism; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00175/28645/27072.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Estimation of genetic parameters of feed conversion ratio based on individual phenotypes and genomic data in sea bass ArchiMer
Besson, Mathieu; Allal, Francois; Chatain, Beatrice; Vergnet, Alain; Clota, Frederic; Ferrari, Sebastien; Vandeputte, Marc.
We estimated genetic parameters of feed conversion ratio (FCR) and daily growth coefficient (DGC) using individual phenotypes measured in aquariums under a restricted feeding regime and genomic information on 2,722 SNP markers. The results showed a moderate heritability of both traits (0.26 for FCR and 0.41 for DGC) as well as close to unity negative genetic correlation between them. Thus, FCR of fish in aquariums could be improved by selecting fish for higher DGC. Nevertheless, these results must be taken with caution until we know whether individual FCR measured in aquariums also reflects the FCR of fish reared in groups.    
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed efficiency; Fish; Genomics.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00446/55756/57416.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
First links between self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Benhaim, David; Colchen, Tatiana; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Most studies carried out with seabass under self-feeding conditions report an intriguing social structure that is built around the device and the food dispenser with three coexisting triggering categories: high-triggering (HT), low-triggering (LT) and zero-triggering (ZT) fish. However, neither sex nor feeding motivation or hierarchy can explain the establishment of this specialization. We characterised the personality of seabass with the commonly used restraint and open field tests and assessed the link between personality traits and individual triggering activity towards the self-feeder apparatus. We found no differences between triggering categories during the restraint test but high triggering fish were characterised as shyer than low- and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Behaviour; Boldness; Foraging; Open field test; Restraint test; Teleost.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00216/32742/31147.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Heritability of Boldness and Hypoxia Avoidance in European Seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Horri, Khaled; Allal, Francois; Vergnet, Alain; Benhaim, David; Vandeputte, Marc; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
To understand the genetic basis of coping style in European seabass, fish from a full factorial mating (10 females x 50 males) were reared in common garden and individually tagged. Individuals coping style was characterized through behavior tests at four different ages, categorizing fish into proactive or reactive: a hypoxia avoidance test (at 255 days post hatching, dph) and 3 risk-taking tests (at 276, 286 and 304 dph). We observed significant heritability of the coping style, higher for the average of risk-taking scores (h2 = 0.45 ± 0.14) than for the hypoxia avoidance test (h2 = 0.19 ± 0.10). The genetic correlations between the three risk-taking scores were very high (rA = 0.96–0.99) showing that although their repeatability was moderately high (rP =...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00362/47278/47239.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Personality traits identification based upon hypoxia test and mecano acoustic stimulation in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Benhaim, D; Ferrari, Sebastien; Theysset, R; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00298/40959/40060.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Relationship between individual and group learning in a marine teleost: A case study with sea bass under self-feeding conditions ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Ferrari, Sebastien; Colchen, Tatiana; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Fish learning and cognition are usually approached by testing single individuals in various devices such as mazes that have serious drawbacks, especially in gregarious species, including the stress induced by the test procedure. This might impair the results and lead to misinterpretation about the learning abilities of the targeted species. In order to provide an alternative to the individual-based tests, we investigated for the first time the operant conditioning of four similar groups (50 individuals per tank) of sea bass. We used two computerized self-feeder devices per tank, each coupled with individual electronic identification and that were alternately activated during varying positive appetitive reinforcement period of time (7 to 1 day). Learning...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Operant conditioning; Group conditions; Social structure; Producer-scrounger; Personality traits; Positive reinforcement.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00380/49125/49665.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in tilapia: a comparative study between Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon melanotheron ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Akian, Dieudonne; Ramos, Mathieu; Ferrari, Sebastien; Yao, Kouakou; Begout, Marie-laure.
Hybridization aims at combining valuable traits from two species into a single group. Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (NT) and Black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (BCT) are respectively characterized by fast growth and water salinity tolerance which attract the breeders who could take advantage of both species. The first step is to characterize both species behavior in different contexts. The aim of this study was to compare the self-feeding behaviour between NT and BCT with a design allowing to reveal individual and group feed demand behaviour and then to identify the individual specialization that builds around the device and the food dispenser. The second objective was to estimate the links between the individual specialization and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Boldness; Personality; Self-feeder; Individual specialization; Social structure.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00363/47419/47424.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The shy prefer familiar congeners ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Ferrari, Sebastien; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
The shy–bold continuum is both a fundamental aspect of human behavior and a relatively stable behavioral trait for many other species. Here we assessed whether shy individuals prefer familiar congeners, taking the European sea bass, a recently domesticated fish showing similar behavioral responses to wild fish, as a model to better understand the inter-individual variability in social behavior previously observed in this species. In the wild, the link between familiarity i.e. the preference of fish for familiar congeners and boldness could be part of the mechanism underlying shoaling formation in fish. Thirty fish were individually tested in a device designed to assess the preference for a familiar vs. an unfamiliar congener on the basis of visual cues...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Familiarity; Personality; Open field; Social behavior; Swimming activity; Shyness; Shoaling behavior; Visual cue.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00319/43049/42554.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Unpredictability in food supply during early life influences growth and boldness in European Seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Ferrari, Sebastien; Leguay, Didier; Vergnet, Alain; Vidal, Marie-odile; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Biological variability is no longer considered as statistical noise, but rather as an adaptive benefit. This variability comes from consistent differences in behavioral and physiological responses among individuals to a changing/challenging environment, named “coping style”, “temperament” or “personality”. Many studies have described how to characterize personality traits and how to assess their consistency over time and between different contexts; however, little is known about the environmental factors shaping personality development. Because contrasting personalities are maintained with evolution, this lead to the widespread assumption that genes play a predominant role in personality. In many cases, personality traits are however also likely to be...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44433/44100.pdf
Registros recuperados: 12
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional