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Registros recuperados: 7
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Analysis of genome-wide differentiation between native and introduced populations of the cupped oysters Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea angulata ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Pierre-alexandre; Lamy, Jean-baptiste; Cornette, Florence; Heurtebise, Serge; Degremont, Lionel; Flahauw, Emilie; Boudry, Pierre; Bierne, Nicolas; Lapegue, Sylvie.
The Pacific cupped oyster is genetically subdivided into two sister taxa, Crassostrea gigas and C. angulata, which are in contact in the north-western Pacific. The nature and origin of their genetic and taxonomic differentiation remains controversial due the lack of known reproductive barriers and the high degree of morphologic similarity. In particular, whether the presence of ecological and/or intrinsic isolating mechanisms contributes to species divergence is unknown. The recent co-introduction of both taxa into Europe offers a unique opportunity to test how genetic differentiation is maintained under new environmental and demographic conditions. We generated a pseudo-chromosome assembly of the Pacific oyster genome using a combination of BAC-end...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cupped oysters; Genome assembly; Species divergence; Reproductive barriers; Recombination rate.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56622/58337.pdf
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Caractérisation génétique de l’effort reproducteur de l’huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas, dans le cadre des mortalités estivales de juvéniles : Approch QTL ArchiMer
Flahauw, Emilie.
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is a major aquacultured species whose production represents an economic interest at worldwide, european and french levels. However, this species undergoes summer mortalities recorded from the beginning of the 20th century and, since 2008, this phenomenon increased and threatens mainly juvenile oysters. Aquaculture production of oysters suffers consequences of mass mortalities, that’s why this phenomenon has been studied for many years. In France, the bacterium Vibrio splendidus and the Ostreid virus Herpes Virus 1 (OsHV-1) are often associated with mass mortality outbreaks of juveniles oysters and it was demonstrated that selected individuals for resistance to summer mortality were able to slow the increasing in viral...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître creuse du Pacifique; Crassostrea gigas; Mortalités estivales; Survie; Effort reproducteur; Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique; Histologie; Marqueurs microsatellites; Marqueurs SNP; Cartographie de liaison; Détection de QTL; Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Summer mortality; Survival; Reproductive effort; Magnetif Resonance Imaging; Histology; Microsatellites; SNPs; Linkage mapping; QTL detection.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00233/34377/33786.pdf
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Development of SNP genotyping arrays in two shellfish species ArchiMer
Lapegue, Sylvie; Harrang, Estelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Flahauw, Emilie; Donnadieu, C.; Gayral, P.; Ballenghien, M.; Genestout, L.; Barbotte, L.; Mahla, R.; Haffray, P.; Klopp, C..
Use of SNPs has been favored due to their abundance in plant and animal genomes, accompanied by the falling cost and rising throughput capacity for detection and genotyping. Here, we present in vitro (obtained from targeted sequencing) and in silico discovery of SNPs, and the design of medium-throughput genotyping arrays for two oyster species, the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, and European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis. Two sets of 384 SNP markers were designed for two Illumina GoldenGate arrays and genotyped on more than 1000 samples for each species. In each case, oyster samples were obtained from wild and selected populations and from three-generation families segregating for traits of interest in aquaculture. The rate of successfully genotyped...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; GoldenGate technology; Ostrea edulis; Oysters; SNP genotyping.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00172/28369/26677.pdf
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Etude transcriptomique, génétique et fonctionnelle de la gamétogenèse chez l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Bigot, L.; Dubos, M. P.; Dheilly, N.; Favrel, P.; Kellner, K.; Lelong, C.; Martinez, A. S.; Riviere, G.; Santerre, C.; Sourdaine, P.; Degremont, Lionel; Flahauw, Emilie; Hatt, Philippe-jacques; Heurtebise, Serge; Lapegue, Sylvie; Azzouzi, N.; Galibert, F.; Boudry, Pierre; Corporeau, Charlotte; Fabioux, Caroline; Guevelou, Eric; Huvet, Arnaud; Sussarellu, Rossana.
Le projet GAMETOGENES vise à améliorer les connaissances des bases physiologiques et génétiques de la reproduction et des métabolismes associés chez un mollusque d'importance économique l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas. Il a pour objectifs (1) la définition de marqueurs clés de la gamétogenèse, de l'investissement reproducteur et du déterminisme du sexe chez une espèce hermaphrodite à protandrie irrégulière (2) la recherche de QTL de survie aux mortalités estivales ou à l'effort de reproduction dont le succès repose sur l'augmentation de la densité de marqueurs sur les cartes génétiques existantes (SNP en particulier) et sur les liens qui pourront être établis entre ces cartes de liaison et une carte physique (3) le développement d'outils pour valider la...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Génétique; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Gamétogenèse; QTL; Marqueur; Physiologie.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21781/19355.pdf
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Evaluation of the gonad volume throughout magnetic resonance imaging in Crassostrea gigas and comparison with the histological method ArchiMer
Flahauw, Emilie; Davenel, Armel; Quellec, Stéphane; Quillien, Virgile; Degremont, Lionel; Lapegue, Sylvie; Hatt, Philippe-jacques.
Biological parameters of the cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas such as growth, reproductive effort (duration of the gametogenesis, date of spawning, and fecundity) differ widely among oysters in the same location. Furthermore, most of the traditional methods, like histological observations, could lead to large variability on the observations and the measurements ofthese traits, and large uncertainties on their changes over time. These can be drastically reduced by using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) which is a non invasive method allowing to measure the same individual during its development. Forty oysters were assessed using MRI for the volume of whole soft body, the intra valves space, the adductor muscle, and the gonad, which also include the digestive...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Molluscs; Crassostrea gigas; Gonad; Histology; MRI.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21784/19370.pdf
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Gonad volume assessment in the oyster Crassostrea gigas: Comparison between a histological method and a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) method ArchiMer
Flahauw, Emilie; Quellec, Stephane; Davenel, Armel; Degremont, Lionel; Lapegue, Sylvie; Hatt, Philippe-jacques.
Previous studies comparing Crassostrea gigas selected lines with different susceptibility to summer mortality concluded that the higher the reproductive effort the lower the survival. But theywere lacking individual followup of this reproductive effort which would be of great interest to help us to understand the physiology of the oysters facing summermortalities. Themost frequently usedmethod for assessing the volume of the gonad is to measure the area it occupies on histological sections. Gonad measurement by magnetic resonance imaging, in contrast, is non-destructive and therefore makes it possible to assess individual evolution as well as to compare individuals. The present study compared the values of gonad volume by thismethodwith the values of gonad...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Reproduction; Histology; Magnetic resonance imaging; MRI.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00102/21309/19410.pdf
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The use of SNPs in characterizing oysters genomes and their resistance to pathogens ArchiMer
Lapegue, Sylvie; Heurtebise, Serge; Harrang, Estelle; Morga, Benjamin; Flahauw, Emilie; Sauvage, Christopher; Boudry, Pierre.
During the last five years, a great effort has been made to develop genomic tools in oyster species all over the world. In Europe, the Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, and the European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis received a special attention as they are the key species for local aquaculture. In particular, the Pacific oyster is a marine bivalve of major economical and ecological importance worldwide. Better knowledge of its physiology and its genetics contributes to optimize its aquaculture production using selective breeding or to understand its invasive behavior in some coastal areas. Current international developments of genomic resources include EST databases, BAC libraries, genome mapping and sequencing. The Genoscope (Evry, France) and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oysters; Crassostrea gigas; Ostrea edulis; Resistance pathogens; QTLs; Single Nucleotide Polymorphism.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12584/9454.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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