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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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Agriculture in the Face of Changing Markets, Institutions and Policies: Challenges and Strategies AgEcon
Balmann, Alfons; Curtiss, Jarmila; Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Happe, Kathrin; Huang, Jikun; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Sedik, David J.; Ciaian, Pavel; Vranken, Liesbet; Doitchinova, Julia M.; Kanchev, Ivan; Miteva, Albena; Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Forgacs, Csaba; Guo, Hongdong; Ferto, Imre; Jolly, Robert W.; Zhu, Jianhua; Falkowski, Jan; Milczarek, Dominika; Peyerl, Hermann; Breuer, Gunter; Danilowska, Alina; Zawojska, Aldona; Ramanovich, Mikhail; Hemme, Torsten; Mirzaei, Farhad; Heidelbach, Olaf; Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr; Grings, Michael; Luka, Oksana; Epstein, David B.; Naydenov, Nikolay; Sauer, Johannes; Balint, Borbala; Il'ina, Natalia; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Weitzel, Enno-Burghard; Bayaner, Ahmet; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Hockmann, Heinrich; Cechura, Lukas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Glauben, Thomas; Azzarri, Carlo; Carletto, Calogero; Davis, Benjamin; Zezza, Alberto; Nivievskyi, Oleg; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Newton, Claire; Bednarikova, Zuzana; Doucha, Tomas; Travnicek, Zdenek; Fock, Theodor.
Since the late 1980s, agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has been under considerable adjustment pressure due to changing political, economic and institutional environments. These changes have been linked to the transition process, as well as the ongoing integration into the European Union and the world market. Reduced subsidies, increased environmental and food quality demands, as well as structural changes in the supply, processing and food retailing sector call for major structural adjustments and the improvement of farmers’ managerial abilities. Though such changes always carry significant threats to farms, they also offer new opportunities for the farms' entrepreneurial engagement. Upcoming changes in the agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93012
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Agri-food business: Global challenges – Innovative solutions AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Vandemartele, Thijs; Hirschauer, Norbert; Gaetano, Martino; Nijhoff-Savvaki, Rannia; Trienekens, Jacques H.; Omta, S.W.F. (Onno); Bachev, Hrabrin Ianouchev; Bezat-Jarzębowska, Agnieszka; Jarzebowski, Sebastian; Paus, Marguerite; Singh, Dheeraj; Prahalad, V.C.; Wangshu, Lobsang; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Ferto, Imre; Havas, Attila; Ehlers, Melf-Hinrich; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Levkovych, Inna; Toth, Aniko; Forgacs, Csaba.
The rise of a western-style middle class in many successful emerging economies like China currently is inducing deep structural changes on agricultural world markets and within the global agri-food business. As a result of both higher incomes and concerns over product safety and quality the global demand for high-quality and safe food products is increasing significantly. In order to meet the new required quality, globally minimum quality standards are rising and private standards emerging. All over the world these developments cause adjustments at the enterprise, chain and market levels. At the same time, the tremendously increasing demand for renewable energy has led to the emergence of a highly promising market for biomass production. This has...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Marketing; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92317
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Focusing Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries AgEcon
Forgacs, Csaba.
Discussion of rural development (RD) in the EU started in 1968 and some two decades later Agenda 2000 institutionalised RD policy. After a brief history of RD, Agenda 2000 and the SAPARD programme are discussed. The main body of the paper deals with Rural Development measures of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) with special regard to 2007-2013. It is concluded there is no clear relationship between farm structure and choosing rural development policy concept in CEECs for 2007-2013.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Rural development; National Rural Development Strategic Plan; CEE; SAPARD; LEADER; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59042
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How Effective is the Invisible Hand? Agricultural and Food Markets in Central and Eastern Europe AgEcon
Hockmann, Heinrich; Brosig, Stephan; Popp, Jozsef; Wilkin, Jerzy; Juchniewicz, Małgorzta; Milczarek, Dominika; Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba; Juhasz, Aniko; Kurthy, Gyongyi; Hein, Piret; Hobbs, Jill E.; Nuppenau, Ernst-August; Brümmer, Bernhard; Zorya, Sergiy; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Hurrelmann, Annette; Maack, Kai; Hanf, Jon Henrich; Glauben, Thomas; Herzfeld, Thomas; Wang, Xiaobing; Balint, Borbala; Lerman, Zvi; Shagaida, Natalya; Benner, Eckhard; Wandel, Jurgen; Nivievskyi, Oleg; Kuhn, Arnim.
Since the seminal work of Adam Smith, markets have been considered an efficient tool for co-ordinating the behaviour of economic agents. The basic characteristic of a market economy is that the complex system of interaction among individuals is not centrally coordinated. Under the assumption of profit and utility maximisation (and a whole set of assumptions about the institutional framework), relative prices and their change over time provide the signals that guide, like an invisible hand, the allocation of resources, i.e., the structure of production and the intensity of input use in the various production processes. They do this by co-ordinating the activities of economic agents, i.e., of resource owners, producers, intermediaries, traders, and...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93018
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Is organic farming a chance for family farms to survive? AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
The paper investigates the choice between conventional and organic production technologies for individual farmers in Hungarian agriculture. We employ sequential logit model on a cross-section data set of Hungarian farmers for the period 2007. Our estimations reveal that age of farmers has negative, whilst being full time farmers and having more diversified production structure have positive impact on the intention for being organic farmers. Furthermore, it appears that education, being full time farmers and more diversified production structure positively influence the final decision between conventional and organic farming.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovation; Attitudes; Organic production; Diffusion; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90800
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Is organic farming a chance for family farms to survive? AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
The paper investigates the choice between conventional and organic production technologies for individual farmers in Hungarian agriculture. We employ sequential logit model on a cross-section data set of Hungarian farmers for the period 2007. Our estimations reveal that age of farmers has negative, whilst being full time farmers and having more diversified production structure have positive impact on the intention for being organic farmers. Furthermore, it appears that education, being full time farmers and more diversified production structure positively influence the final decision between conventional and organic farming.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovation; Attitudes; Organic production; Diffusion; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52862
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Leadership and the importance of social capital in the transition of cooperatives: A Case Study of Two Cooperatives AgEcon
Forgacs, Csaba.
In Hungary radical reforms have meant that an increasing number of cooperatives have either fragmented or gone bankrupt because of not being competitive under current market conditions. Others, however, have been able to maintain or even improve on their previous success. Individual farmers have also established new cooperatives and are trying to further cooperation. This paper discusses the importance of cooperatives’ management during the transition period, a topic which the pertinent literature does not fully address. Production co-ops were not only economic units but also social networks. Two successful cooperatives from the same town, one old and one new, have been used and comparisons drawn regarding their management and progress, both of which were...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Social capital; Transformation of coops; Leadership and management; Production co-operatives; Farm Management; Public Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107649
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Leadership May Have Decisive Influence on Successful Transition of Production Cooperative AgEcon
Forgacs, Csaba.
In Hungary increasing number of coops have gone bankruptcy or split up after meeting new legal needs because of not being competitive under market conditions after radical reforms. Others, however, could maintain previous level of farming or even increase it. Former coop members and individual farmers have also established new coops using bottom up approach. The paper discusses the importance of leadership of coops with different background which not well addressed in the literature. It took into account that old type produce coops had not only been an economic unit but a social network of people as well giving a special character to the coop. Two cases, one of an old and, one of a new coop, as success stories, were used and comparison of their development...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social capital; Transformation of coops; Leadership; Producing coops; Agribusiness; Labor and Human Capital; Z13; Q10; Q12; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25634
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SMALL FARMS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: IS THERE A FUTURE FOR THEM? AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52803
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THE CHOICE BETWEEN CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC FARMING – A HUNGARIAN EXAMPLE AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
The organic agriculture represents a promising alternative for the future of European agriculture. It is consistent with the notion of sustainable development set forth already in the 1992 CAP Reform. Despite of increasing importance of organic farming, the research on organic farming is still limited. This scarcity of the research is especially true for New Member States of the enlarged EU. This paper investigates the choice between conventional and organic production technologies for individual farmers in Hungarian agriculture. We apply a model that explicitly accounts for the effects of farm-specific variables like age and education on the expectations farmers have on the utility of both production technologies. In addition we take into account the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovation; Attitudes; Organic production; Diffusion; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57488
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THE CHOICE BETWEEN CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC FARMING. A HUNGARIAN EXAMPLE AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
The paper deals with organic produce in one of the largest and, concerning organic production one of the most diffused counties in Hungary, Pest County located in the north-central part of the country. Factors influencing farmers’ decision on adopting or not e.g. farm size, farm type, location, structure, market for organic products, existence of organic AEM were analysed. Hypotheses based on previous empirical literature were tested by a model explicitly accounting for the effects of farm-specific variables like age, education, size of farms and share of rented land. Logit model was estimated on a cross-section data set of Hungarian farmers for the period 2007. It appears that education has a positive impact on the choice between conventional and organic...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Innovation; Attitudes; Organic production; Diffusion; Agri-environmental measures; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53568
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The possible effects of the CAP Reform on farm employment in Hungary AgEcon
Elek, Sander; Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
This study analyses the possible impacts of CAP reform on farm employment in an economically disadvantaged rural region in Hungary using survey among farmers. Results show that farmers are rather pessimistic about the employment effects of CAP reformy expecting a decrease in the number of farm jobs regardless of the type. Econometric analyses suggest that farm size in terms of area is positively related to the expected number of male employment on the farms, whilst the less favoured land has negative effects on the male employment except seasonal workers. Farms employing more labour expect thet number of full time female workers to slightly increase, whilst the number of part-time and seasonal employees is expected to decrease. Less favoured areas have...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Farm employment; Hungary; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118672
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Új utakon az agrárgazdasági kutatások AgEcon
Meszaros, Sandor; Forgacs, Csaba.
Az agrárgazdaság nemzetközi kutatási irányzatait abból a célból tekintettük át, hogy a jövőben azokhoz a magyarországi kutatás is felzárkózhasson. Ehhez két közelítési módot alkalmaztunk: egyrészt a jelenlegi (főként a 2000-es) évtized szakirodalma alapján próbáltuk meghatározni a hosszabb távon várható tendenciákat, másrészt a közelmúltbeli konferenciák témáinak elemzésével kíséreltük meg a tematikai arányok rövid távú változásait megbecsülni. A hosszú távú új irányzatok közül kiemelhetők egyrészt a transzdiszciplináris kutatások, amelyeket az EUEU is zászlajára tűzött, s ma már nemzetközi intézete, folyóirata és nemzetközi szövetsége is van. Kiemelhetők másrészt a mezőgazdasági és közgazdasági paradigmákkal kapcsolatos egyenkénti és összehasonlító...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agrárgazdaságtan; Kutatási irányzatok; Tudományos haladás; Paradigma; Transzdiszciplína; Konferenciák; Agricultural economics; Reseach trends; Scientific progress; Paradigm; Transdiscipline; Conferences; Agribusiness; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58600
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Who recieve rural development measures in Hungary? AgEcon
Elek, Sandor; Ferto, Imre; Forgacs, Csaba.
The paper investigates the selection mechanisms of rural development policy using a survey among farmers in the Southern Great Plain region characterising by the high level of unemployment and strong agricultural background. We focus on the farmers social-economic characteristics explaining of success of application for rural development subsidies employing selection and count models. Estimations show that the higher educated and older farmers more likely apply for rural supports, whilst the share of less favoured land affects negatively on the application for subsidy. We found selection bias in the success of application. Results imply that farmers with less favoured land less likely receive, whilst higher educated and older farmers more likely receive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development measures; Selection models; Count models; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44255
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WILLINGNESS OF FOOD INDUSTRY COMPANIES IN CO-FINANCING COLLECTIVE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING (CAM) ACTIONS AgEcon
Toth, Aniko; Forgacs, Csaba.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43943
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Willingness to co-financing Collective Agricultural Marketing in Hungary AgEcon
Toth, Aniko; Forgacs, Csaba; Ferto, Imre.
This is a contributed paper submitted to IAAE conference Beijing, August, 2009
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective actions; Collective agricultural marketing; Satisfaction; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51675
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