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Assessment of congruence between co-occurrence and functional networks: A new framework for revealing community assembly rules ArchiMer
Legras, Gaëlle; Loiseau, Nicolas; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Poggiale, Jean-christophe; Lenco, Dino; Mazouni, Nabila; Mérigot, Bastien.
Describing how communities change over space and time is crucial to better understand and predict the functioning of ecosystems. We propose a new methodological framework, based on network theory and modularity concept, to determine which type of mechanisms (i.e. deterministic versus stochastic processes) has the strongest influence on structuring communities. This framework is based on the computation and comparison of two networks: the co-occurrence (based on species abundances) and the functional networks (based on the species traits values). In this way we can assess whether the species belonging to a given functional group also belong to the same co-occurrence group. We adapted the Dg index of Gauzens et al. (2015) to analyze congruence between both...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71142/69458.pdf
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DCP employés par les pêcheries artisanales et industrielles : une question d'échelle. L’utilisation et le développement technique des DCP au coeur de la conférence de Tahiti sur les DCP ArchiMer
Taquet, Marc; Blanc, Michel; Dagorn, Laurent; Filmalter, John David; Fonteneau, Alain; Forget, Fabien; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Galzin, René; Gervain, Paul; Goujon, Michel; Guillotreau, Patrice; Guyader, Olivier; Hall, Martin; Holland, Kim; Itano, David; Monteagudo, Jean-pierre; Morales-nin, Beatriz; Reynal, Lionel; Sharp, Michael; Sokimi, Williams; Tanetoa, Mainui; Yen Kai Sun, Stephen.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00115/22657/20383.pdf
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Effects of lunar cycle and fishing operations on longline-caught pelagic fish: fishing performance, capture time, and survival of fish ArchiMer
Poisson, Francois; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Taquet, Marc; Durbec, Jean-pierre; Bigelow, Keith.
Commercial longline fishing data were analyzed and experiments were conducted with gear equipped with hook timers and time-depth recorders in the Reunion Island fishery (21 degrees 5'S lat., 53 degrees 28'E long.) to elucidate direct and indirect effects of the lunar cycle and other operational factors that affect catch rates, catch composition, fish behavior, capture time, and fish survival. Logbook data from 1998 through 2000, comprising 2009 sets, indicated that swordfish (Xiphias gladius) catch-per unit of effort (CPUE) increased during the first and last quarter of the lunar phase, whereas albacore (Thunnus alalunga) CPUE was highest during the full moon. Swordfish were caught rapidly after the longline was set and, like bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus),...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12237/9019.pdf
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Functional richness: Overview of indices and underlying concepts ArchiMer
Legras, G.; Loiseau, Nicolas; Gaertner, Jean-claude.
Functional richness, currently defined as the amount of niche space occupied by the species within a community, is one of the three major components of functional diversity. Different indices have been developed in order to quantify this component. However, the range of indices available for assessing functional richness, often mathematically complex and based on different rationales, can cause confusion for field ecologists and lead to misinterpretation of the results obtained. In this context, we have provided the first study exclusively focused on the comparison of the definitions, advantages and drawbacks of a large set of functional richness indices. The first part of this work is focused on four indices (FDP&G, FRic, TOP and N-hypervolumes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Functional richness indices; Index properties; Limitations; Guidelines.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00435/54666/59606.pdf
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Is sustainable development a motor or a constraint for the professionalization of the pearl oyster industry in tahiti? ArchiMer
Rey-valette, Helene; Lacoste, Elise; Perez, Jose; Raux, Pascal; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Gaertner-mazouni, Nabila.
This article reports the results of a survey of the pearl oyster industry in French Polynesia territory. Its purpose is to examine the perceptions of the priorities for the development of this industry towards sustainable development. These perceptions were apprehended by a survey of pearl oyster farmers and other stakeholders of the sector (management authorities, scientists). After describing the methodological protocol of these investigations, it comes to confront the priorities chosen by professionals (i.e. pearl farmers) concerning sustainable development, with the perceptions of others stakeholders in the sector. Secondly it comes to build a typology of the priorities of pearl farmers concerning sustainable development. This analysis enables the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Pearl oyster farming; Perceptions; Collective learning process; Indicators; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00288/39918/38479.pdf
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Large-Scale Diversity of Slope Fishes: Pattern Inconsistency between Multiple Diversity Indices ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Maiorano, Porza; Merigot, Bastien; Colloca, Francesco; Politou, Chrissi-yianna; Gil De Sola, Luis; Bertrand, Jacques; Murenu, Matteo; Durbec, Jean-pierre; Kallianiotis, Argyris; Mannini, Alessandro.
Large-scale studies focused on the diversity of continental slope ecosystems are still rare, usually restricted to a limited number of diversity indices and mainly based on the empirical comparison of heterogeneous local data sets. In contrast, we investigate large-scale fish diversity on the basis of multiple diversity indices and using 1454 standardized trawl hauls collected throughout the upper and middle slope of the whole northern Mediterranean Sea (36 degrees 3' - 45 degrees 7' N; 5 degrees 3'W - 28 degrees E). We have analyzed (1) the empirical relationships between a set of 11 diversity indices in order to assess their degree of complementarity/redundancy and (2) the consistency of spatial patterns exhibited by each of the complementary groups of...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26299/24392.pdf
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Large-scale spatio-temporal monitoring highlights hotspots of demersal fish diversity in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Granger, Victoria; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Bez, Nicolas; Relini, Giulio; Meynard, Christine N.; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Maiorano, Porzia; Garcia Ruiz, Cristina; Follesa, Cristina; Gristina, Michele; Peristeraki, Panagiota; Brind'Amour, Anik; Carbonara, Pierluigi; Charilaou, Charis; Esteban, Antonio; Jadaud, Angelique; Joksimovic, Aleksandar; Kallianiotis, Argyris; Kolitari, Jerina; Manfredi, Chiara; Massuti, Enric; Mifsud, Roberta; Quetglas, Antoni; Refes, Wahid; Sbrana, Mario; Vrgoc, Nedo; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Merigot, Bastien.
Increasing human pressures and global environmental change may severely affect the diversity of species assemblages and associated ecosystem services. Despite the recent interest in phylogenetic and functional diversity, our knowledge on large spatio-temporal patterns of demersal fish diversity sampled by trawling remains still incomplete, notably in the Mediterranean Sea, one of the most threatened marine regions of the world. We investigated large spatio-temporal diversity patterns by analysing a dataset of 19,886 hauls from 10 to 800 m depth performed annually during the last two decades by standardized scientific bottom trawl field surveys across the Mediterranean Sea, within the MEDITS program. A multi-component (eight diversity indices) and...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00216/32743/31322.pdf
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Reproducibility of the multi-component aspect of species diversity across different areas and scales: towards the constitution of a shortlist of complementary indices for monitoring fish diversity? ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Merigot, Bastien; Relini, Giulio; Bertrand, Jacques; Mazouni, Nabila; Politou, Chrissi-yianna; Gil De Sola, Luis; Kallianiotis, Argyris; Carpentieri, Paolo; Murenu, Matteo; Durbec, Jean-pierre; Vrgoc, Nedo; Ungaro, Nicola.
Recent theoretical and field studies conducted in both terrestrial and marine ecosystems have suggested that diversity could be a more complex and multi-component concept than previously thought. However, it is still poorly understood to what extent the information provided by the various indices is complementary with regard to diversity, and to what extent this complementarity is reproducible in different situations or at different scales of observation. In the present work, we have analysed the reproducibility of the empirical relationships between 11 diversity indices related to four major aspects (components) of species diversity (species richness, rarity, evenness and species taxonomy) in order to determine whether there is a general pattern of...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/14064/11382.pdf
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Spatio-temporal organization patterns of demersal assemblages of the east coast of Corsica (Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Bertrand, Jacques; Samani, D; Souplet, Arnauld.
The paper deals with the spatio-temporal organization patterns demersal assemblages along the east coast of Corsica. We analysed data collected by the first standardized experimental bottom trawl surveys performed in this region from 1994 to 1999 (MEDITS programme). The use of a multiway table method (STATIS-CoA) showed that the spatial organization pattern of the demersal assemblages of eastern Corsica was highly stable during the period studied. This pattern was structured around three bathymetric areas (i) the continental shelf (between 50 to 200 m depth), (ii) the upper slope (from 200 to 500 m) and (iii) the deeper slope (from 500 to 800 m), but it did not show any heterogeneity in relation with latitude. Along the cast coast of Corsica-characterized...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Corsica; Mediterranean Sea; Stability; Multiway table analysis; Trawl surveys; Fish assemblages; Spatial structures.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-692.pdf
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Stability of spatial structures of demersal assemblages: a multitable approach ArchiMer
Gaertner, Jean-claude; Chessel, Daniel; Bertrand, Jacques.
The present work is based on a set of bottom trawl surveys performed in the Gulf of Lions between 1983 and 1992. A new method which couples the STATIS multitable approach with the logic of correspondence analysis (CoA) is proposed to study the stability of spatial organization of demersal assemblages in terms of species composition. This CoA version of STATIS has provided a clear representation of the stable part of the spatial structure of the assemblages. In addition, it gave an insight into the interannual variations of the distribution of each population around the reference structure. Our results showed that the demersal assemblages of the Gulf of Lions exhibited strong spatial structuring, mainly orientated along a bathymetric gradient. This gradient...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Assemblage de poissons; Chalutage; Analyse multitableaux; Méditerranée; Stabilité; Structure spatiale; Fish assemblage; Trawl surveys; Multitable analysis; Correspondence analysis; Mediterranean sea; Stability; Spatial structure.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-875.pdf
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Stability of the relationships among demersal fish assemblages and environmental-trawling drivers at large spatio-temporal scales in the northern Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Mérigot, Bastien; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Brind’amour, Anik; Carbonara, Pierluigi; Esteban, Antonio; Garcia-ruiz, Cristina; Gristina, Michele; Imzilen, Taha; Jadaud, Angelique; Joksimovic, Aleksandar; Kavadas, Stefanos; Kolitari, Jerina; Maina, Irida; Maiorano, Porzia; Manfredi, Chiara; Micallef, Reno; Peristeraki, Panagiota; Relini, Giulio; Sbrana, Mario; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Thasitis, Ioannis; Vittori, Stefania; Vrgoc, Nedo.
Trawling pressure and environmental changes may affect the composition of fish assemblages. Our knowledge on large spatio-temporal patterns of demersal fish composition remains incomplete for the Mediterranean Sea. We investigated (1) the spatio-temporal stability of demersal assemblages, (2) the relationships between these assemblages and potential structuring factors (trawling pressure and environmental conditions) in order to assess the dynamic of the assemblage structure at the scale of the northern Mediterranean Sea. We analysed a dataset of 18062 hauls from 10 to 800 m depth performed annually during the last two decades across 17 Geographical Sub-Areas (GSAs) (MEDITS program). A multi-table analysis (STATICO-CoA) evidenced a strong inter-GSAs...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Species composition; Stability; Demersal assemblages; Environment; Fishing pressure; Large scale; Co-inertia analysis; STATICO-CoA.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00584/69629/67485.pdf
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Typologie de la flottille chalutière du port de Sète par une méthode de segmentation ArchiMer
Taquet, Marc; Gaertner, Jean-claude; Bertrand, Jacques.
This work aims to define a typology of trawler f1eet in Sète, the main fishing harbour along the French Mediterranean coast, using several multivariate analysis methods. The fishing ships taken to account are represented by annual profiles of landing specific compositions. Five fishing strategies have been identified. A segmentation method using symbolic objects allows a formaI characterisation of the different strategies. These strategies are studied according to several general characteristics usually used for management rules elaboration (power, length, ship age). The typological analysis allows to characterise two main exploitation ways, one directed to the catch of a few species (Engraulis encrasicolus, Sardina pilchardus), the other characterised by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Flotille; Stratégie; Chalutage; Analyse multivariée; Méditerranée; Fleet; Strategy; Fish trawling; Multivariate analysis; Mediterranean sea.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00113/22404/20101.pdf
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