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Registros recuperados: 4
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A CASE AGAINST THE SIMULTANEOUS USE OF MARKET ACCESS RESTRICTIONS, DOMESTIC SUPPORT, AND EXPORT SUBSIDIES AgEcon
Garcia, Roberto J..
The Uruguay Round of GATT introduced market disciplines to international trade in agricultural commodities. However, in cases where countries negotiated the right to limit market access, support domestic production at high levels and subsidize exports, the spirit of the WTO rules have been violated. The Norwegian meat market (beef, pork, lamb and mutton, and chicken) situations are studied in terms of the policy implications and WTO commitments. If Norway's policy objective is to target some level of production that satisfies its non-trade concerns, then semi-decoupled income support could be an improvement over a policy mix that simultaneously restricts market access, provides domestic support and applies export subsidies.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Norway; Meat; Market access limitations; Domestic support; Export subsidies; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25915
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EMPLOYMENT IN AGRIBUSINESS AND PURCHASES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: THE EFFECTS OF MONETIZATION IN YUGOSLAVIA AgEcon
Miljkovic, Dragan; Garcia, Roberto J..
Efforts to stabilized employment and output in the agricultural sector of Yugoslavia through monetization contributed to inflationary pressures. Granger causality tests suggested that increases in the rate of growth in the supply of money to subsidize state-owned agribusiness were insufficient to maintain purchases of wheat and corn, but did cause purchases of cattle and swine. This result may be explained by producers having more flexibility in grain marketing (i.e., storage options and private buyers) and the perishability issues related to livestock marketing. The policy to maintain employment through monetization is shown to have been ineffective.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Employment; Granger causality; Inflation; Money supply; State purchases; Yugoslavia; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15123
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IMPORT PRICES AND HARD CURRENCY CONSTRAINTS IN EASTERN EUROPE: IMPLICATIONS FOR COARSE GRAIN IMPORTS AND PRODUCTION OF MEAT AgEcon
Garcia, Roberto J.; Miljkovic, Dragan; Gomez, Miguel I..
The objectives of this study were (a) to determine the degree to which hard currency earnings constrained overall imports and coarse grain imports in command economies; (b) to measure the importance of import prices on grain imports and to trace the link of grain availability to meat production; and (c) to determine how economic and political reforms in the selected countries may have affected the hard currency constraint, the importance of import prices, and grain imports and meat production. The results indicate that import demand was constrained by earnings of hard currency, but was not responsive to world prices, and meat production was affected by total grain availability, including imports.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coarse grain imports; Hard currency; Eastern Europe; Import prices; Meat production; Political reforms; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15085
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Privatizing a State Farm in Kazakhstan AgEcon
Garcia, Roberto J.; Silvis, Anne Heinze.
This dissolution of the Soviet Union served the state-directed linkages between state-owned farms and agribusiness enterprises ordered by the command economic system. Likewise, the dissolution disrupted marketing channels connecting the agricultural sector to a market economy those of other former republics. The transition to a market economy requires a transformation in the political and economic structures of state-owned farms and state-owned agribusiness enterprises. Directors of state-owned farms in Kazakhstan face major challenges. The primary consideration is how the farm should be organized after privatization, that is, whether the farm should be transformed into a cooperative, a joint stockholding company, or divided into several private,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Kazakhstan; Former Soviet Union; Agricultural sector; Privatization; Market economy; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90377
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