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Registros recuperados: 16
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A MULTI-SECTOR EXPORT BASE MODEL OF LONG-RUN REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT GROWTH AgEcon
Lego, Brian; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Cushing, Brian.
The relationships between intersectoral export and local employment and regional economic growth are analyzed in a long-run equilibrium framework. Dynamic location quotients decompose regional employment into export and local components for multiple sectors. Johansen's Full-Information Maximum Likelihood (FIML) approach is used to identify the existence and resultant rank of the co-integrating relationship between sectoral export and local employment in West Virginia's four metropolitan areas. Empirical results indicate inter-sectoral basic and non-basic employment form a co-integrating system of equations. Furthermore, this analysis shows that inter-sector shocks to local and export employment may cause multipliers to be positive or negative in magnitude.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31294
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A Spatial Panel Simultaneous-Equations Model of Business Growth, Migration Behavior, Local Public Services and Household Income in Appalachia AgEcon
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Schaeffer, Peter V.; Phipps, Tim T.; Jackson, Randall W..
In this paper we develop a spatial panel simultaneous-equations model of business growth, migration behavior, local public services and median household income in a partial lag-adjustment growth-equilibrium framework and utilizing a one-way error component model for the disturbances. This model is an extension of the “jobs follow people or people follow jobs” literature and it improved previous models in the growth-equilibrium tradition by: (1) explicitly modeling local government and regional income in the growth process; (2) explicitly modeling gross in-migration and gross out-migration separately in order to spell out the differential effects, which used to be glossed over under net population change in previous studies; (3) explicitly incorporating...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9895
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF POVERTY AND INCOME INEQUALITY IN RURAL WEST VIRGINIA AgEcon
de Sousa, Semoa C.B.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Smith, Dennis K.; Colyer, Dale.
Ordinary and two-stage least square regressions were used to examine the major determinants of poverty and income inequality with cross-sectional data of 38 rural counties of West Virginia. The empirical findings confirm the possibility of simultaneity between poverty and income inequality and poverty level is the main determinant of increased levels of income inequality. The proportions of population in welfare, population of age 65 or older, female-headed households, people unemployed, and the level of inequality contributed to increased poverty levels. The proportion of employment shares in finance, insurance and real estate, and per capita income contributed to reduced poverty levels. But, per capita income, the proportion of human capital stock, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20536
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An Empirical Analysis of County-Level Determinants of Small Business Growth Poverty in Appalachia: A Spatial Simultaneous-Equations Approach AgEcon
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Schaeffer, Peter V..
In this paper we develop an autoregressive spatial simultaneous equations model to investigate the county-level determinants of small business growth and median household income in Appalachia during the period 1990-2000. Our GS2SLS and GS3SLS estimation results indicate significant spatial spillover effects and conditional convergence in counties of Appalachia during the study period.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35465
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF POVERTY AND INCOME INEQUALITY IN WEST VIRGINIA AgEcon
Desousa-Brown, Semoa; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
OLS and 2SLS regressions and cross-sectional county data are used to examine the major determinants of poverty and income inequality in rural counties of West Virginia. The empirical findings confirm the possibility of simultaneity between poverty and income inequality. Poverty is the main determinant of increased levels of income inequality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20223
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LINK BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN WEST VIRGINIA AgEcon
Mojica, Maribel N.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Schaeffer, Peter V..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46723
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ANALYSIS OF RURAL QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH: A SPATIAL APPROACH AgEcon
Bukenya, James O.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Schaeffer, Peter V..
This paper examines the relationship between quality of life, health and several socioeconomic variables. The analysis utilizes empirical data obtained from a survey questionnaire administered on a random sample of over 2000 residents in twenty-one counties in West Virginia, and spatial data obtained by geocoding the survey respondents' addressees. Quality of life is measured by a three-point categorical measure of overall satisfaction and an ordered probit model is used to examine the relationships. The empirical results are consistent with the theoretical predictions and indicate, for instance, that quality of life satisfaction increases with income and education while it decreases with unemployment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19878
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Assessing Demographic Changes and Income Inequalities: A Case Study of West Virginia AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study investigates demographic change and income inequalities, and relationship between economic growth and income inequality in West Virginia. Income growth was positively related with population and employment growth, but is significantly and negatively related with income inequality. This indicates that higher income inequality is associated with slower economic growth.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35561
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County-Level Determinants of Local Public Services in Appalachia: A Multivariate Spatial Autoregressive Model Approach AgEcon
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
In this paper, multivariate spatial autoregressive model of local public expenditure determination is developed. The empirical model is developed based on maximization of community utility function. The model is estimate by efficient GMM using Appalachian counties and the results indicate significant spatial spillover effects with respect to local public expenditures.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21375
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Empirical Analysis of Food Assistance Program Participation: A Case Study of West Virginia AgEcon
Tekle, Ahadu T.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
This study aims at examining the relationship between macroeconomic and policy variables and food stamp program participation in West Virginia. Static and dynamic econometric models are employed. Results indicate that macroeconomic conditions significantly explain food stamp program participation. Results could be helpful to welfare programs in West Virginia.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35339
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Is Income Inequality Endogenous in Regional Growth? AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Kahsai, Mulugeta S.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study focuses on testing the relationship between income inequality and growth within U.S. counties, and the channels through which such effects are observed. The study tests three hypotheses: (1) income inequality has an inverse relationship with growth; (2) regional growth adjustments are the channels through which the inequality and growth are equilibrated; and (3) income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and its adjustment. Results, based on a system of equations estimation, confirm the hypotheses that income inequality has a growth dampening effect; income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and growth adjustment; and the channels through which income inequality determines growth are regional growth adjustments, such as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Economic growth; Gini coefficient; Growth modeling; Population change; Per capita income; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; I32; J15; O18; P25; R11; R23; R25; R51; R53; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46320
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Participatory watershed management for sustainable rural livelihoods in India AgEcon
Yoganand, Budumuru; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
International development goals moved beyond increasing food production to include poverty reduction and protecting the environment in a sustainable way. Degradation of natural resources due to exploitation coupled with population pressure in developing countries causing food insecurity and environmental degradation further. Participatory watershed management approach is proposed to address this problem effectively.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35343
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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THE WORLD FOOD SITUATION AgEcon
Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
Although world food and agricultural production, based on current trends, will be sufficient to meet demand in the decades ahead, the world still faces a serious food crisis, at least as perilous and life-threatening for millions of poor people as those of the past. To this end, the main objective of this paper is to illuminate the world food situation and to provide a critical analysis of the core causes of world food insecurity by identifying the various misconceptions surrounding our understanding of hunger, starvation, and poverty. A clear and deeper awareness of the real causes of hunger and malnutrition in poor countries is imperative to enable and challenge policy makers and planners to lay the groundwork at the grass-roots level for appropriate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food distribution; Food security; Food supply; Hunger; Malnutrition; Poverty; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14663
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STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN U.S. AGRICULTURE: IMPLICATIONS FOR SMALL FARMS AgEcon
Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Christy, Ralph D..
A descriptive analysis and a survey of literature were used in this assessment of the transformation of the structure of production agriculture. The changes in production agriculture have important implications for resource use, population distribution in rural communities, and the survival of small farms. The shifting structural change in production agriculture as a response to economic and technological adjustments is not a temporary phenomenon. The economic and natural base of agriculture will change toward greater capital intensity and concentration of ownership, and will raise public policy questions in relation to the survival of a large farm population.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Small farms; Structural changes; Production agriculture; Farm Management.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15226
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THE ROLE OF SMALL BUSINESS IN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN WEST VIRGINIA: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
In OLS and 2SLS regression analysis a positive relationship exists between small business and economic growth. A strong inverse relationship also exists between the incidence of poverty and small business and economic growth. Thus, the empirical result establishes the linkage between small business, economic growth and the incidence of poverty
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20290
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The Role of Women in the Economic Development of Ethiopia: An Analysis of Educational and Employment Participations AgEcon
Gebremedhin, Tesfa G..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Role of Women in Agriculture; Ethiopian Women Employment; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45596
Registros recuperados: 16
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