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A Histological Assessment of the Cell Death Induced by Haloperidol on Prefrontal Cortex International Journal of Morphology
Ghanbari,Ali; Kakebaraei,Seyran; Khazaei,Mozafar.
Neuroleptic drugs such as haloperidol has side effects on extrapyramidal pathways. Tardive Dyskinesia is the most important complication. The most characteristic feature of this Tardive Dyskinesia is involuntary movements of mouth and face. In regard to this problem, the induction of gliosis and cell death in the nervous tissue are considered. In this study, adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used as experimental models. Rats were divided into control and experimental groups. The rats were kept in the animal house under standard conditions during experiments. The control rats were intraperitoneally treated with normal saline for 6 days. The experimental samples were treated for the same time with 2, 5 and 10 mg haloperidol. After the trial period, the rats...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Haloperidol; Cerebral cortex; Optical microscopy; Cell death; Rat.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000400046
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Age at Menarche and Related Factors in Girlsof Urban Areas of Markazi (Central) Province of Iran International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,ParvinDokht; Ghanbari,Ali; Khazaei,Mozafar; Ghorbani,Rostam; Amiri,Sara.
The age at menarche is an indicator of racial, geographical and nutritional patterns of different societies. This cross-sectional study conducted on 1223 girls aged 14-20 in the Markazi (Central) Province, Iran in 2010. In this research, the age at menarche, as the main variable, was determined for each city and compared between different cities. The statistical analyses included c2 test for determining statistically significant differences, variance analysis for determining the difference between groups, and Pearson correlation coefficient for determining the relationship between variables. The average age of first menstruation was 13.21±1.33 years in the Markazi Province, with no significant difference among the cities of the province. This age is...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Fertility; Growth; Iran; Menarche.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100002
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Anomalous Origin of the Circumflex Branch from the Right Coronary Artery International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvindokht; Masoud,Farhadi; Ghanbari,Ali; Gannnnji-Harsini,Sedigheh.
Coronary anomalies are a group of congenital disorders. Most of the coronary anomalies are asymptomatic and benign but may cause myocardial ischemia and sudden death. Some of them are dangerous if they associate with other heart diseases. One of the congenital coronary anomalies is anomalous origin of the circumflex branch from the right coronary artery that is a rare congenital anomaly. We present a case of a 61-year-old man with history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. The coronary angiography reveals a circumflex branch from the right coronary artery.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Circumflex branch; Coronary artery; Anatomical variation; Congenital disorders.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000100028
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Characterization of Occipital Condyle and Comparison of its Dimensions with Head and Foramen Magnum Circumferences in Dry Skulls of Iran International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvindokht; Bagheri,Mahdie; Ghanbari,Ali; Raoofi,Amir.
The occipital condyle (OC) is an important area in craniovertebral surgery, but its anatomical features and the procedures concerning the OC have not been studied in detail yet. The aim of this study was to revisit the anatomy of the occipital condyle region and assess variations of the surrounding structures. Observations, on fifty dry skulls (dried specimens, 100 sides) and determined of condyle measurements. The mean length, width and height of occipital condyle were found to be 19.43±3.27 (right), 19.28±3.57 (left), 9.21±1.97 (right) 9.40±1.87 (left), 7.21±1.9 (right) and 7.33±2.74 mm (left), respectively. There were significant differences between right and left occipital condyles. The mean anterior intercondylar distance and posterior intercondylar...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Skull base; Foramen magnum; Occipital bone; Iran.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000200011
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Co-culture of Mouse Two-cell Embryos on Human Endometrial Stromal Cells in Proliferative and Secretory Phases International Journal of Morphology
Fakheri,Taravat; Nankali,Anisodowleh; Khazaei,Mozafar; Ghanbari,Ali; Abedini,Mehrandokht; Saeidiborojeni,Hamidreza.
There were no significant differences in the distribution of embryos reaching to 2- cells, 4- cells, morula or blastocysts culturing on human endometrial stromal cells (Secretory or proliferative phases). The percent of morula in stage A (without fragmentation), stage B (<25% fragmentation), stage C (25-50% fragmentation) and stage D (&gt;50% fragmentation) and did not showed significant differences between two coculture groups. Thus, the phase that the endometrial stromal cells were in thereby did not affect on the quality of embryos.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Co-culture; Embryo; Endometrium; Mice; Proliferative phase; Secretory phase.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000400014
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Comparison of the Cranial Capacity and Brain Weight of Arak (Central Iran) with other Subgroups of Iranian Population International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin Dokht; Ghanbari,Ali.
Newborn's body dimensions such as brain weight and cranial capacity can be basis for all changes in anthropometric indices and later problems. This study is undertaken on 978 term-born normal and native newborns in Thaleghany Hospital, Arak, Iran. The measurements of the heads were done according classic cephalometry. The cranial capacity and brain weight of males and female statistically evaluated by using c²- and t test and significance was set up at p<0.05. Means and SD of the cranial capacity were 606.2± 26 and 440.82 ± 28 for males and females. Means and SD of the brain weight were 627.41±30 for males and 456.24±32 for females. The data showed that cranial capacity and brain weight of males were greater for males than that for females. This data in...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cranial capacity; Brain weight; Ethnicity; Hrdlicka's method; New born.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000100047
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Contemporary Staining of Arterial System with Cadaver Fixation: An Experimental Study International Journal of Morphology
Ghorbani,Rostam; Tavakol,Zahra; Ghanbari,Ali.
Although many methods are investigated, cadavers have unique role for education of gross anatomy. This study was performed to make cadaveric based gross anatomy more enjoyable and decrease the time needed for achievement of arterial system for teachers and learners. The adult rabbits in control (n=3) and experimental groups (n=9) sacrificed following deep anesthesia. The samples were fixed by injection of fixative solution to the left ventricle and the corps dropped to the traditional fixative liquid for at least 1 month. The injected fixative solution of experimental group contained stained human red blood cells. The red blood cells stained by eosin (0.25% in saline) for 30 minutes and injected between two injections of fixative. After passing the period...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Artery; Cadaver; Eosin; Packed cells; Staining.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000300052
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Correlation of Skull Size and Brain Volume, with Age, Weight, Height and Body Mass Index of Arak Medical Sciences Students International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin-Dokht; Ghanbari,Ali; Sohouli,Pardis; Amiri,Sara; Sari-Aslani,Payam.
Anthropometric indices that are indicators of nutrition status in children and adults can be affected by racial and geographic factors. The aim of present study was to investigate the relation of skull size and brain volume of Arak University of Medical Sciences students with their age, weight, height and body mass index. The present study was a cross-sectional study on 18-26 years old students of Arak University of Medical Sciences (150 female and 136 male) in 2009-2010 educational year. Sampling methods were probability and multi-stage methods which were performed using students' educational file and interviewing the subjects. Questions regarding anthropometric data (height, weight, age, body mass index and skull index) were included in the personal...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body Mass Index (BMI); Skull Index; Iran.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100028
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Effects of Anthropometric Factors on Foot Size in Normal Preschool Children of Iran International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin- Dokht; Ahmadi,Mohammad Mehdi; Moradi,Mojtaba; Ghanbari,Ali.
The growth pattern of children is affected by anthropometric dimensions. This study was aimed to investigate anthropometric factors related to growth of preschool children of a sample population in Iran. This study was performed in year 2011 on 1320 of 4­7 years old preschool children in Arak. To classify, body mass index (BMI), height and weight were recorded. The four contact points (head, back, buttocks, and heels) were maintained against the spine of the stadiometer during measurement. The head was positioned in the Frankfurt plane, and the sliding bar was lowered the crown of the head. Height was measured and recorded by the researchers. A pair of manual calibrated Seca scales was used to measure body mass in kilograms. The participants were least...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anthropometry; Body mass index; Iran; Obesity; Sex.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000300053
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Hepatoprotective Effects of Tribulus terrestris Hydro-Alcholic Extract on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver- Induced Rats International Journal of Morphology
Almasi,Fatemeh; Khazaei,Mozafar; chehrei,Shima; Ghanbari,Ali.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver induces many complications to the liver tissue and also serum related parameters. Medicinal plants are the safe therapeutic strategy for the treatment of diseases. In this regards, the present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Tribulus terrestris (T. terrestris) extract on non-alcoholic fatty liver in rats. In this experimental study, thirty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups (n=6). Animals in experimental groups were received high fructose diet (70 %) (HDF) daily alone or in combined with daily intraperitoneal injection of 500, 700 and 1000 mg/kg extract of T. terrestris. Control group of rats was feed with standard chow. The serum levels of biomarkers of liver and serum lipid profiles were assessed, also...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cholesterol; NAFLD; Rat; Tribulus Terrestris.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022017000100054
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Mind Map Teaching of Gross Anatomy is Sex Dependent International Journal of Morphology
Abdolahi,Masomeh; Javadnia,Fatemeh; Bayat,Parvin-Dokht; Ghorbani,Rostam; Ghanbari,Ali; Ghodoosi,Bahareh.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using Mind Maps in teaching anatomy and compare it with traditional based slide. This cross-sectional research was carried out in 2009 on 79 second year medical undergraduate students at Ahvaz Jondishapour University of Medical sciences. Four class lectures on the topics of head and neck osteology were taught. The lectures were slide based designed that were chosen from the chapters in the anatomy textbooks and presented by means of a video projection power point system. The students divided randomly into two groups; one group educated by traditional slides while the other by mind map based designed ones. At the end of the term, a multiple-choice involved forty test was undertaken from two groups....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anatomy; Mind map; PowerPoint slides; Teaching; Visual note takings; Sex.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000100006
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Prenatal Water Deprivation Induces Apoptosis in Sexual Dimorphic Nucleus of the Brain of Male New Born Sprague-Dawley Rats International Journal of Morphology
Chehreie,Shima; Sadri,Soheil; Khazaei,Mozafar; Ghanbari,Ali; Ayubian,Mahmood; Amiri,Sara.
Considering the size of some nuclei and area, sex hormones control the sexual development of the brain. The sexual development of the brain can also be influenced by environmental stress. This study aimed to clear the effect of prenatal water deprivation on the development of sexual dimorphic nucleus (SDN) of the brain. In this research, pregnant rats were divided into two groups (control and treated). For the treated animals, water was removed from the ewes for 48 h at the end of third trimester of gestation (19-21 days). TUNEL staining was used for detection of apoptosis in paraffin embedded diencephalon selected sections. The ratio of apoptotic cells to non- apoptotic ones was calculated as apoptotic index. Differences of apoptotic index and serum...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Apoptosis; Rat; SDN nucleus; Stress; TUNEL.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000200032
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Protective Effect of Tribulus terrestris Hydroalcoholic Extract Against Cisplatin­Induced Apoptosis on Testis in Mice International Journal of Morphology
Keshtmand,Zahra; Ghanbari,Ali; Khazaei,Mozafar; Rabzia,Arezou.
Cisplatin is an anti-cancer drug used in chemotherapy. One of the limiting side effects of cisplatin is decreasing genital gland function, azoospermia and oligospermia. Tribulus terrestris (TT) has been used as an aphrodisiac. The present study amid to investigate protective effect of TT hydroalcoholic extract against cisplatin-induced apoptosis on testis in mice. Male adult mice (n=30) were divided into control and 4 experimental groups (n=6). Control group received saline, first experimental group received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and other three experimental group received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and different doses of hydroalcoholic extact of TT (100, 300 and 500 mg/kg/i.p) respectively. Day after the last injection, histopathology and histomorphic analysis...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cisplatin; Tribulus terrestris; Apoptosis; TUNEL.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022015000100044
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Protective Effect of Tribulus terrestris Hydroalcoholic Extract against Cisplatin-Induced Cytotoxicity on Sperm Parameters in Male Mice International Journal of Morphology
Keshtmand,Zahra; Oryan,Shahrbanoo; Ghanbari,Ali; Khazaei,Mozafar.
Cisplatin is an anti-cancer drug used in chemotherapy. One of the limiting side effects of cisplatin is decreasing genital gland function, azoospermia and oligospermia. Tribulus terrestris has been used as an aphrodisiac. The present study amid to investigate protective effect of Tribulus terrestris hydroalcoholic extract against cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity on sperm parameters in mice. Male adult mice (n=30) were divided into control and 4 experimental groups (n=6). Control group received saline, first experimental group received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and other three experimental groups received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and different doses of hydroalcoholic extact of Tribulus terrestris (100, 300 and 500 mg/kg/i.p) respectively. On the day after the last...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cisplatin; Tribulus terrestris; Sperm parameters; Mice.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000200029
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The Effect of a Group Exercise Program on Muscular Function among Fall-Prone Elderly Women International Journal of Morphology
Behpoor,Naser; Darabi,Mohammad Reza; Hojatoleslami,Leila; Bayat,Parvin-Dokht; Ghanbari,Ali.
In a sampled population of fall-prone elderly women, an exercise protocol was performed for 12 weeks on experimental group and at the end of exercise period, the strength and endurance of muscles and SF-6 Health Surveys were analyzed. Results showed that endurance and strength of muscles and also physical activity were improved in experimental group (P<0.05). Group exercise program causes improvement in both strength and endurance of muscles in fall-prone elderly women. The effect of group exercise program on women may be related to differences in central nervous system of this gender in comparison with men.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Physical activity; Exercise therapy; Frail elderly; Female.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000200034
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The Effect of Cannabis sativa Hydroalcoholic Extract on Sperm Parameters and Testis Histology in Rats International Journal of Morphology
Lotfi,Nahid; Khazaei,Mozafar; Shariatzadeh,Sayyed Mohammad Ali; Soleimani Mehranjani,Malek; Ghanbari,Ali.
Cannabis Sativa is a multiuse herb in traditional medicine, its hydroalcoholic extract (10, 50, and 100 mg/kg) administered interaperitoneally for 14 consequent days to Wistar male rats resulted in significant decrease in progressive motility of sperm. Sperm count and seminiferous tubules diameter decreased significantly in comparison with control group. Also decrease in animal body weight in doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg was observed. Changes in testes weight and serum testosterone were not significant. Cannabis sativa extract has negative effect on sperm parameters such as motility, sperm count, and seminiferous tubules diameter.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cannabis sativa; Rat; Seminiferous tubules; Sperm parameters.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022013000100012
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The Effects of Age and Sex on Brain Volume International Journal of Morphology
Bayat,Parvin-Dokht; Ghanbari,Ali; Moradi,Mojtaba; Raoofi,Amir.
Age is associated with substantial macrostructural brain changes. While some recent CT scan studies have reported larger age affects in men than women, others find no sex differences, as brain morphometry is a potentially important tool in diagnosis and monitoring of age-related neurological diseases. A study was conducted on 147 Arakian healthy aged participants in the Department of Radiology, Valie asr Hospital, Arak city. Gray matter (GM), white matter (WM) and CSF was evaluated based on cranial CT scan images. Both males and females subjects were divided into four age groups. In this study, the subjects were 51.7% (76) male and 48.3% (71) female. Frequency of groups showed that the common types were in the 4th group of ages (65.1­80 years) with 44%....
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ageing; CT scan; Morphometry.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022014000400056
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Tribulus terrestris Hydroalcoholic Extract Administration Effects on Reproductive Parameters and Serum Level of Glucose in Diabetic Male Rats International Journal of Morphology
Ghanbari,Ali; Moradi,Mojtaba; Raoofi,Amir; Falahi,Mahsa; Seydi,Sepideh.
Usage of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases is a remarkable strategy considered in both clinical and experimental studies. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Tribulus terrestris hydroalcoholic extract administration on the serum level of glucose and reproductive parameters in diabetic male rats. In this experimental study, 30 adult male Wistar rats (200­250 g) were divided into 5 groups (n= 6). Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg streptozotocin. Experimental groups received daily Intraperitoneal injection of the extract (100, 250 and 500 mg/kg) since one week after inducing diabetes for two weeks. At the end of the experiment, the serum levels of testosterone and glucose were examined by ELISA...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Diabetes; Glucose; Rat; Streptozotocin; Testosterone; Tribulus terrestris.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000200058
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Tribulus terrestris Hydroalcoholic Extract Effect on Cisplatin-Induced Apoptosis in Mice Kidney International Journal of Morphology
Ghanbari,Ali; Zare,Fatemeh; Khazaei,Mozafar; Moradi,Mojtaba; Raoofi,Amir.
Cisplatin (EBEWE Pharma, Unterach, Austria) is an anti-cancer drug used in chemotherapy. One of the limiting major side effects of cisplatin is nephrotoxicity. Tribulus terrestris (TT) has been used as an synthetic or herbal protective agents for kidney disorders. The present study amid to investigate the Tribulus terrestris Hydroalcoholic extract effect on cisplatin-induced apoptosis in mice kidney. Male adult mice (n= 30) were divided into control group and 4 experimental groups (n= 6). Control group received saline, the first experimental group received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and other three experimental groups received cisplatin (5.5 mg/kg) and different doses of hydroalcoholic extact of TT (100, 300 and 500 mg/kg i.p) respectively. The kidneys were...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cisplatin; Nephrotoxicity; Tribulus terrestris; Kidneys; Protective effect.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000200046
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