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Purification and n-terminal sequencing of two presynaptic neurotoxic PLA2, neuwieditoxin-I and neuwieditoxin-II, from Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis (jararaca pintada) venom J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Borja-Oliveira,C. R.; Kassab,B. H.; Soares,A. M.; Toyama,M. H.; Giglio,J. R.; Marangoni,S.; Re,L.; Rodrigues-Simioni,L..
Two presynaptic phospholipases A2 (PLA2), neuwieditoxin-I (NeuTX-I) and neuwieditoxin-II (NeuTX-II), were isolated from the venom of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis (BNP). The venom was fractionated using molecular exclusion HPLC (Protein-Pak 300SW column), followed by reverse phase HPLC (µBondapak C18 column). Tricine-SDS-PAGE in the presence or absence of dithiothreitol showed that NeuTX-I and NeuTX-II had a molecular mass of approximately 14 kDa and 28kDa, respectively. At 10µg/ml, both toxins produced complete neuromuscular blockade in indirectly stimulated chick biventer cervicis isolated preparation without inhibiting the response to acetylcholine, but NeuTX-II reduced the response to KCl by 67.0±8.0% (n=3; p<0.05). NeuTX-I and NeuTX-II are probably...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chick biventer cervicis; Loose patch clamp; Nerve-muscle preparation; Neuromuscular junction; Neurotoxicity; PLA2 neurotoxin; Presynaptic action; Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis; Neuwieditoxin-I; Neuwieditoxin-II.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992007000100008
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Rabbit antivenom efficacy against myotoxic and neurotoxic activities of Bothrops jararacussu venom and bothropstoxin-I J. Venom. Anim. Toxins
Oshima-Franco,Y.; Leite,G. B.; Valério,A. A.; Hyslop,S.; Andriao-Escarso,S.; Giglio,J. R.; Prado-Franceschi,J.; Cruz-Höfling,M. A.; Rodrigues-Simioni,L..
Bothrops jararacussu venom and its major toxin bothropstoxin-I (BthTX-I) possess myotoxic and neurotoxic properties. The efficacy of a rabbit antivenom raised against B. jararacussu venom in the neutralization of physiological, biochemical, and morphological changes induced by the venom and its major toxin BthTX-I was studied in mouse isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) preparations. The times required for 50% neuromuscular blockade in PND and EDL preparations for venom were 70+11.5 (S.E.M., n=5) min and 58+8 (n=16) (50 mu g/mL), and for BthTX-I 31+6 (n=3) min and 30+3 (n=5) min (20 mu g/mL), respectively. After 120 min incubation, creatine kinase (CK) concentrations in solution containing the EDL preparations were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bothrops venom; Myotoxin; Neutralization; Neuromuscular junction; Histological analysis; Bothrops jararacussu.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-79302002000200004
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