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A Calibrate Auction-conjoint Experiment to Elicit Consumer Valuation of Sustainable Farming: Is Agro-systems Preservation Relevant? AgEcon
Avitia, Jessica; Costa-Font, Montserrat; Gil, Jose Maria; Lusk, Jayson L..
This paper analyses the role of agro-systems preservation on making food choices. It employs the “Calibrate Auction-Conjoint Valuation method” (CACM), which relates hypothetical conjoint valuation of product attributes with real market behavior using real economic incentives. The paper also allows comparing the hypothetical and nonhypothetical valuations in order to value the difference between the theoretic and the incentive-compatible WTP for a same respondent and within a single experiment. Thus the paper aims at testing for: 1) the internal consistency on people’s behavior towards sustainable agriculture, and 2) the relevance of the price attribute versus agro-ecosystems preservation for a fresh product. Results suggest that Spanish respondents’...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114213
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A choice experiment method to assess vegetables producers’ preferences for crop insurance AgEcon
Mercade, Lluc; Gil, Jose Maria; Kallas, Zein; Serra, Jordi.
Agricultural producers face many risks in their economic activity due to weather conditions, plant or animal diseases, price volatility, policy changes and so on. One of the management tools to deal with some of these risks is the crop insurance system. In Catalonia (North-East of Spain) farmers’ participation in crop insurance for vegetables is low. Only 5 percent of the vegetables area is insured, when in Spain, as a whole, this percentage is around 20 percent. Different reasons have been suggested to explain this low participation ratio such as low risk perception, risk diversification, insurance cost or crop damage assessment rules, among others. However, no systematic research has been undertaken to assess farmers’ preferences for crop insurance in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Vegetables; Choice experiments; Catalonia.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58090
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Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud AgEcon
Angulo, Ana Maria; Mtimet, Nadhem; Gil, Jose Maria.
RESUMEN: En este trabajo se analiza la demanda de alimentos en España considerando la relación existente entre salud y dieta. Se plantea la maximización de una función de utilidad que depende de las cantidades demandadas de los distintos alimentos y del nivel de salud alcanzado, sujeto a dos restricciones: la presupuestaria y la relativa a la función de producción de salud. La solución al problema conduce a la estimación conjunta de un sistema de ecuaciones con dos componentes, una ecuación referida a la calidad de la dieta y un sistema de demanda de alimentos. Los resultados obtenidos indican, por un lado, que la introducción de la calidad de la dieta en un sistema de demanda (frente a un modelo que incluya únicamente renta y precios) modifica las...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demanda de alimentos; Salud; Calidad de la dieta; España.; Agricultural and Food Policy; D12; D13; Q11..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57231
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Are The Spanish Citrus Farms Efficient? AgEcon
Lambarraa, Fatima; Gil, Jose Maria; Serra, Teresa.
Spain occupies the first position in the European and Mediterranean rankings of citrus production and trade. In our analysis we assess the technical efficiency with which this sector is operating. The main objective of this study is to analyze productivity and technical efficiency of Spanish citrus sector through citrus farms with high orange production. A stochastic frontier production model is estimated in which the technical inefficiency effects are defined by the time-varying inefficiency model. A primal approach is used to decompose Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth into its various components. Results indicate improvement in efficiency scores of Spanish citrus farms along the period studied. Allocative efficiencies, technical efficiency change,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9393
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ASSESSING CONSUMERS’ WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR DIFFERENT UNITS OF ORGANIC MILK: EVIDENCE FROM MULTI-UNIT AUCTIONS AgEcon
Akaichi, Faiçal; Gil, Jose Maria; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/28/10
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multi-unit Vickrey auctions; Organic milk; Information; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C91; D44.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60982
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Asymetric Price Transmission in the Spanish Lamb Sector AgEcon
Ben Kaabia, Monia; Gil, Jose Maria.
This paper aims to investigate the non-linear adjustments of prices between farm and retail prices in the lamb sector in Spain. The methodology used is based on the multivariate approach to specify and estimate a three-regime Threshold Autoregressive Model. Results indicate that in the long-run price transmission is perfect and any supply or demand shocks are fully transmitted along the marketing chain. In the short-run, price adjustments between the farm and the retail levels are asymmetric and are representative of a demand-pull transmission mechanism. On the other hand, retailers benefit from any shock, whether positive or negative, that affects supply or demand conditions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Asymmetries; Lamb; Spain; Price transmission; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24631
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Confidence in the Beef Production System as a Key Factor to Mitigate the Impact of BSE on Beef Consumption AgEcon
Barrena Figueroa, Ramo; Sanchez Garcia, Mercedes; Gracia, Azucena; Gil, Jose Maria.
Recent food scares in the food market has caused a reduction in consumer's confidence in the food system that it has induced a significant reduction in consumption in a sector, the beef sector that was already characterized by a saturated trend in quantity terms. In this context, all participants in the beef production system are facing to a great challenge, to retrieve consumer's confidence in the food chain and to mitigate the reduction in beef consumption. The aim of the paper is to analyse the impact of consumer's confidence in the food system as well as other factors on the explanation of food consumption reduction. A structural modelling approach has been used to analyse factors affecting the reduction in beef consumption in two different regions...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food confidence; Consumer behaviour; Structural equation modelling; Beef sector; Quality label; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24873
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Consequences of BSE on Consumers' Attitudes, Perceptions and Willingness to Pay for Certified Beef in Spain AgEcon
Angulo, Ana Maria; Gil, Jose Maria.
The BSE crisis has increased consumers' concerns on beef safety. Product quality systems and controls have been reinforced. Traceability certification and quality labels have been developed to communicate consumers the safety characteristics of the labelled beef and recover consumption. As a consequence, production costs have increased, which have been ultimately transmitted to consumer prices. The objective of this paper is to develop a conceptual model able to analyse main factors influencing consumers' willingness-to-pay for certified beef. A three-equation recursive model is jointly estimated. Results indicate that income, level of beef consumption, the average price consumers paid for beef and beef safety perception are main determinants of Spanish...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Certified beef; Willingness-to-pay; Attitudes; Food safety; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24999
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Determinants of the Adaption of Organic Agriculture in Egypt Using a Duration Analysis Technique AgEcon
Radwan, Amr; Gil, Jose Maria; Diab, Yaser A.A.; Abo-Nahoul, Mohamed A..
A very important pillar of the modernization of the Egyptian agriculture depends upon the exportation of the high value added products such as organic products. In spite of the importance of the organic agriculture within the Egyptian agriculture sector and up to our knowledge, it does not exist in Egypt until now any study that try to determine and analyze the determinant factors of the adaption of the organic agriculture within the Egyptian farms. In this study, we focus on this issue. A survey with a representative sample of organic and non-organic farms in Upper Egypt area was carried out. Using obtained data set we apply duration analysis techniques to assess the effect of different explanatory variables on both the adoption of organic agriculture...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Duration analysis; Egypt; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C41; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108961
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Differential Uncertainties and Risk Attitudes between Conventional and Organic Producers: The Case of Spanish COP Farmers AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Zilberman, David; Gil, Jose Maria.
The growing importance of economic factors in farmers’ decision to go organic has raised interest in characterizing the economic behavior of organic versus conventional farms. Published analyses so far have not considered differential uncertainties and farmers’ risk preferences between conventional and organic practices when comparing these techniques. Our article attempts to assess this issue. We use a model of farmer decision under risk to analyze the differential values between Spanish COP organic and conventional farms and to assess the incentives for adoption of organic practices. Results show that organic and conventional farms do have different abilities to control production risk as well as different risk preferences. Organic price premiums and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9696
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Do defaults matter? Willingness to pay to avoid GM food vis-à-vis organic and conventional food in Denmark, Great Britain and Spain AgEcon
Costa-Font, Montserrat; Tranter, Richard B.; Gil, Jose Maria; Jones, Philip J.; Gylling, Morten.
The introduction and communication of new technologies in the food industries has given rise in the past to some scientific uncertainty that hampers informed choice. Here we draw upon the case of Genetically Modified (GM) technology and, in particular, on different types of GM food, to investigate consumers’ behavioural reactions to GM food as well as their willingness to pay for avoiding GM food in three EU countries, Denmark, GB and Spain in 2007. Our unique contribution lies in that our empirical analysis concerns two food products containing different characteristics. In particular, we compare consumers’ reactions to cornflakes (to represent a processed food) and tomatoes (to represent a 'fresh' food) juxtaposed with GM and conventionally produced...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; Consumer behavior; Choice models; Denmark; Great Britain; Spain; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91750
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EFFECTS OF POLICY INSTRUMENTS ON FARM INVESTMENTS AND PRODUCTION DECISIONS IN THE SPANISH COP SECTOR AgEcon
Kallas, Zein; Serra, Teresa; Gil, Jose Maria.
Our paper assesses the impacts of the partially decoupled (PD) scheme, implemented during the 1990s and first half of the 2000s in the framework of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), on on-farm investment as well as on other production decisions. The Spanish COP sector was taken as a case study due to its economic and political relevance. The empirical analysis is applied on farm-level data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN), observed from 2000 to 2004, based on. We use a reduced-form application of the dual model of investment under uncertainty and a system of censored and non censored equations is estimated. PD payments are found to increase short-run production and to generate a statically significant increase in the investment in farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm investments; Common Agricultural Policy; Decoupling; Production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics; Q12; Q18; D80.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49971
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Effects of policy instruments on farm investments and production decisions in the Spanish cop sector AgEcon
Kallas, Zein; Gil, Jose Maria; Serra, Teresa.
Our paper asses the impacts of the partially decoupled (PD) scheme, implemented during the 1990s and first half of the 2000s in the framework of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), on on-farm investment as well as on other production decisions. The Spanish COP sector was taken as a case study due to its economic and political relevance. The empirical analysis is applied on farm-level data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN), observed from 2000 to 2004, based on. We use a reduced-form application of the dual model of investment under uncertainty and a system of censored and non censored equations is estimated. PD payments are found to increase short-run production and to generate a statically significant increase in the investment in farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm investments; Common Agricultural Policy; Decoupling; Production.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58036
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Estrategias empresariales y propension exportadora de la industria agroalimentaria catalana y espanola AgEcon
Ameur, Mehrez; Gil, Jose Maria.
Resumen En un entorno económico más globalizado, la competitividad de las empresas se convierte en una necesidad estratégica de supervivencia, sobre todo en el sector agroindustrial. Ante los cambios observados en los mercados y los hábitos del consumidor, las empresas deben adaptarse adoptando las estrategias adecuadas. El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en determinar los principales factores explicativos de la propensión exportadora de la industria agroalimentaria española y catalana. Los datos utilizados proceden de la Encuesta de Estrategias Empresariales (ESEE). Para alcanzar este objetivo, se ha especificado y estimado un modelo que tiene en cuenta la naturaleza microeconómica de los datos utilizados. La cualificación del personal, la presencia...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agrofood industry; Firms' strategies; Exports; Catalonia; Agribusiness; C31; L66.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28797
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Ethnic identity and dietary habits among Hispanic immigrants in Spain AgEcon
Romo, Rodrigo; Gil, Jose Maria.
Immigration has become a new phenomenon in Spanish society during the last years. In 2007, immigrants represented around 10% of total population, with 35% coming from Latin-American countries. When immigrants arrive, they bring their own values and cultural symbols, which, essentially, are different from those of the indigenous population. As time goes through, two alternative processes are observed: 1) a gradual switch towards the Host Society values; or 2) a maintenance of their ethnical identity. Focussing in the Latin-American immigrants in Barcelona, the objective of this paper is twofold: 1) to measure their degree of ethnical identity; and 2) to analyse the relationship between food habits and their ethnical identity. Food habits refer here to the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ethnic identity; Food habits; Latin American immigrants; Spain.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58124
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Evaluacion de impactos ambientales derivados de estrategias de restauracion a traves de las decisiones de jurados de ciudadanos AgEcon
Alvarez-Farizo, Begona; Gil, Jose Maria; Howard, B.J..
En los últimos años hemos asistido a una serie de vertidos contaminantes que han afectado tanto a espacios naturales como a áreas urbanas, industriales y rurales. Para mitigar sus efectos se hace necesaria una gestión integrada de las áreas productivas y naturales. Sin embargo, para que esta gestión sea eficaz es necesario considerar no sólo los efectos de las posibles medidas sobre la salud o los efectos biofísicos sobre el ambiente sino también la respuesta de los individuos a estos cambios. El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en la evaluación de los potenciales impactos, tanto ambientales como sociales, que se pueden derivar de las estrategias de restauración por vertidos. El enfoque adoptado se basa en la realización de un experimento de elección...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Q53; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q51; Q52.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28787
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Factors Explaining the Consumers' Willingness-to-Pay for a "Typical" Food Product in Spain: Evidence from Experimental Auctions AgEcon
Akaichi, Faiçal; Gil, Jose Maria.
A random nth price experimental auction is used to elicit the willingness to pay (WTP) a premium for the locally produced and high quality white bean "Mongeta Ganxet" (MG) (Catalonia - Spain). Moreover, we are interested in testing the effect on the WTP of providing different pieces of information to participants. Results indicate that the provision of information on organoleptic, nutritional and cooking characteristics of the MG as well as their tasting has increased participants' WTP. Also, providing reference prices of substitutive products (both conventional and alternative high quality white beans) positively stimulates the premium participants are willing to pay for the MG. Finally, the level of consumption, the degree of knowledge about the product...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Willingness to pay; Random nth price auction; Mongeta Ganxet; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50107
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Farmer’s objectives as determinant factors of organic farming adoption AgEcon
Kallas, Zein; Serra, Teresa; Gil, Jose Maria.
Our paper seeks to assess the decision to adopt organic farming practices. More specifically, we use Duration Analysis (DA) to determine why farmers adopt organic farming and the timing of adoption. We extend previous studies by including farmers’ objectives, risk preferences and agricultural policies as covariates in the DA model. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used as a multi-criteria decision-making methodology to measure farmers’ objectives. The empirical analysis uses farm-level data collected through a questionnaire to a sample of vineyard holdings in the Spanish region of Catalonia. Farmers’ objectives are found to influence the conversion decision. Moreover, farmers who are not risk averse are more prone to adopt organic farming. Results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic farming adoption; Duration Analysis; Analytical Hierarchy Process; Farmers’ objectives.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58035
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Farms' Technical Inefficiencies in the Presence of Government Programs AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Zilberman, David; Gil, Jose Maria.
We focus on determining the impacts of government programs on farms’ technical inefficiency levels. We use Kumbhakar’s (2002) stochastic frontier model that accounts for both production risks and risk preferences. Our theoretical framework shows that decoupled government transfers are likely to increase (decrease) DARA (IARA) farmers’ production inefficiencies if variable inputs are risk decreasing. However, the impacts of decoupled payments cannot be anticipated if variable inputs are risk increasing. We use farm-level data collected in Kansas to illustrate the model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9952
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Farms' technical inefficiencies in the presence of government programs AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Zilberman, David; Gil, Jose Maria.
We focus on determining the impacts of government programs on farms’ technical inefficiency levels. We use Kumbhakar’s stochastic frontier model that accounts for both production risks and risk preferences. Our theoretical framework shows that decoupled government transfers are likely to increase (decrease) DARA (IARA) farmers’ production inefficiencies if variable inputs are risk decreasing. However, the impacts of decoupled payments cannot be anticipated if variable inputs are risk increasing. We use farm-level data collected in Kansas to illustrate the model.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Just and Pope production function; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117736
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