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Combined Whole-Cell High-Throughput Functional Screening for Identification of New Nicotinamidases/Pyrazinamidases in Metagenomic/Polygenomic Libraries ArchiMer
Zapata-perez, Ruben; Garcia-saura, Antonio G.; Jebbar, Mohamed; Golyshin, Peter N.; Sanchez-ferrer, Alvaro.
Nicotinamidases catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in nicotinamide (NAM) to produce ammonia and nicotinic acid (NA). These enzymes are an essential component of the NAD(+) salvage pathway and are implicated in the viability of several pathogenic organisms. Its absence in humans makes them a promising drug target. In addition, although they are key analytical biocatalysts for screening modulators in relevant biomedical enzymes, such as sirtuins and poly-ADP-ribosyltransferases, no commercial sources are available. Surprisingly, the finding of an affordable source of nicotinamidase from metagenomic libraries is hindered by the absence of a suitable and fast screening method. In this manuscript, we describe the development of two new whole-cell methods...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amidohydrolases; Nicotinamidase; Functional screening; Metagenome; Library; High-throughput screening assays.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00362/47269/47232.pdf
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Functional Screening of Hydrolytic Activities Reveals an Extremely Thermostable Cellulase from a Deep-Sea Archaeon ArchiMer
Leis, Benedikt; Heinze, Simon; Angelov, Angel; Pham, Vu Thuy Trang; Thürmer, Andrea; Jebbar, Mohamed; Golyshin, Peter N.; Streit, Wolfgang R.; Daniel, Rolf; Liebl, Wolfgang.
Extreme habitats serve as a source of enzymes that are active under extreme conditions and are candidates for industrial applications. In this work, six large-insert mixed genomic libraries were screened for hydrolase activities in a broad temperature range (8–70°C). Among a variety of hydrolytic activities, one fosmid clone, derived from a library of pooled isolates of hyperthermophilic archaea from deep sea vents, displayed hydrolytic activity on carboxymethyl cellulose substrate plates at 70°C but not at lower temperatures. Sequence analysis of the fosmid insert revealed a gene encoding a novel glycoside hydrolase family 12 (GHF12) endo-1,4-β-glucanase, termed Cel12E. The enzyme shares 45% sequence identity with a protein from the archaeon Thermococcus...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Functional screenings; Extreme thermostable protein; Archaeal endoglucanase; Enzymatic characterization.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00601/71319/69744.pdf
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Identification and Characterization of Carboxyl Esterases of Gill Chamber-Associated Microbiota in the Deep-Sea Shrimp Rimicaris exoculata by Using Functional Metagenomics ArchiMer
Alcaide, Maria; Tchigvintsev, Anatoli; Martinez-martinez, Monica; Popovic, Ana; Reva, Oleg N.; Lafraya, Alvaro; Bargiela, Rafael; Nechitaylo, Taras Y.; Matesanz, Ruth; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Jebbar, Mohamed; Yakimov, Michail M.; Savchenko, Alexei; Golyshina, Olga V.; Yakunin, Alexander F.; Golyshin, Peter N.; Ferrer, Manuel.
The shrimp Rimicaris exoculata dominates the fauna in deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (depth, 2,320 m). Here, we identified and biochemically characterized three carboxyl esterases from microbial communities inhabiting the R. exoculata gill that were isolated by naive screens of a gill chamber metagenomic library. These proteins exhibit low to moderate identity to known esterase sequences (<= 52%) and to each other (11.9 to 63.7%) and appear to have originated from unknown species or from genera of Proteobacteria related to Thiothrix/Leucothrix (MGS-RG1/RG2) and to the Rhodobacteraceae group (MGS-RG3). A library of 131 esters and 31 additional esterase/lipase preparations was used to evaluate the activity profiles of these...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00256/36721/36438.pdf
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The gill chamber epibiosis of deep-sea shrimp Rimicaris exoculata: an in-depth metagenomic investigation and discovery of Zetaproteobacteria ArchiMer
Jan, Cyrielle; Petersen, Jillian M.; Werner, Johannes; Teeling, Hanno; Huang, Sixing; Gloeckner, Frank Oliver; Golyshina, Olga V.; Dubilier, Nicole; Golyshin, Peter N.; Jebbar, Mohamed; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne.
The gill chamber of deep-sea hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata hosts a dense community of epibiotic bacteria dominated by filamentous Epsilonproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria. Using metagenomics on shrimp from the Rainbow hydrothermal vent field, we showed that both epibiont groups have the potential to grow autotrophically and oxidize reduced sulfur compounds or hydrogen with oxygen or nitrate. For carbon fixation, the Epsilonproteobacteria use the reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle, whereas the Gammaproteobacteria use the Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle. Only the epsilonproteobacterial epibionts had the genes necessary for producing ammonium. This ability likely minimizes direct competition between epibionts and also broadens the spectrum of...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00177/28874/28622.pdf
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