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Registros recuperados: 5
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A single regulatory gene is sufficient to alter Vibrio aestuarianus pathogenicity in oysters ArchiMer
Goudenege, David; Travers, Marie-agnes; Lemire, Astrid; Petton, Bruno; Haffner, Philippe; Labreuche, Yannick; Tourbiez, Delphine; Mangenot, Sophie; Calteau, Alexandra; Mazel, Didier; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Jacq, Annick; Le Roux, Frederique.
Oyster diseases caused by pathogenic vibrios pose a major challenge to the sustainability of oyster farming. In France since 2012 a disease affecting specifically adult oysters has been associated with the presence of Vibrio aestuarianus. Here, by combining genome comparison, phylogenetic analyses and high throughput infections of strains isolated before or during the recent outbreaks, we show that virulent strains cluster into two V. aestuarianus lineages independently of the sampling dates. The bacterial lethal dose was not different between strains isolated before or after 2012. Hence the emergence of a new highly virulent clonal strain is unlikely. Each lineage comprises nearly identical strains, the majority of them being virulent, suggesting that...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00226/33685/32530.pdf
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Comparative genomics of pathogenic lineages of Vibrio nigripulchritudo identifies virulence-associated traits ArchiMer
Goudenege, David; Labreuche, Yannick; Krin, Evelyne; Ansquer, Dominique; Mangenot, Sophie; Calteau, Alexandra; Medigue, Claudine; Mazel, Didier; Polz, Martin F.; Le Roux, Frederique.
Vibrio nigripulchritudo is an emerging pathogen of farmed shrimp in New Caledonia and other regions in the Indo-Pacific. The molecular determinants of V. nigripulchritudo pathogenicity are unknown; however, molecular epidemiological studies have suggested that pathogenicity is linked to particular lineages. Here, we performed high-throughput sequencing-based comparative genome analysis of 16 V. nigripulchritudo strains to explore the genomic diversity and evolutionary history of pathogen-containing lineages and to identify pathogen-specific genetic elements. Our phylogenetic analysis revealed three pathogen-containing V. nigripulchritudo clades, including two clades previously identified from New Caledonia and one novel clade comprising putatively...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Horizontal gene transfer; Nigritoxin; Phylogeny; Shrimp; Virulence; Vibrio.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00160/27117/28369.pdf
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Genome sequence of Vibrio diabolicus and identification of the exopolysaccharide HE800 biosynthesis locus ArchiMer
Goudenege, David; Boursicot, Vincent; Versigny, Typhaine; Bonnetot, Sandrine; Ratiskol, Jacqueline; Sinquin, Corinne; Lapointe, Gisele; Le Roux, Frederique; Delbarre-ladrat, Christine.
Vibrio diabolicus, a marine bacterium originating from deep-sea hydrothermal vents, produces the HE800 exopolysaccharide with high value for biotechnological purposes, especially for human health. Its genome was sequenced and analyzed; phylogenetic analysis using the core genome revealed V. diabolicus is close to another deep-sea Vibrio sp. (Ex25) within the Harveyi clade and Alginolyticus group. A genetic locus homologous to the syp cluster from Vibrio fischeri was demonstrated to be involved in the HE800 production. However, few genetic particularities suggest that the regulation of syp expression may be different in V. diabolicus. The presence of several types of glycosyltransferases within the locus indicates a capacity to generate diversity in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genome; Vibrio; Exopolysaccharide; Biosynthesis.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00241/35244/33892.pdf
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Outer membrane vesicles are vehicles for the delivery of Vibrio tasmaniensis virulence factors to oyster immune cells ArchiMer
Vanhove, Audrey; Duperthuy, Marylise; Charriere, Guillaume; Le Roux, Frederique; Goudenege, David; Gourbal, Benjamin; Kieffer-jaquinod, Sylvie; Coute, Yohann; Wai, Sun Nyunt; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Vibrio tasmaniensis LGP32, a facultative intracellular pathogen of oyster haemocytes, was shown here to release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) both in the extracellular milieu and inside haemocytes. Intracellular release of OMVs occurred inside phagosomes of intact haemocytes having phagocytosed few vibrios as well as in damaged haemocytes containing large vacuoles heavily loaded with LGP32. The OMV proteome of LGP32 was shown to be rich in hydrolases (25%) including potential virulence factors such as proteases, lipases, phospholipases, haemolysins and nucleases. One major caseinase/gelatinase named Vsp for vesicular serine protease was found to be specifically secreted through OMVs in which it is enclosed. Vsp was shown to participate in the virulence...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31009/29459.pdf
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Populations, not clones, are the unit of vibrio pathogenesis in naturally infected oysters ArchiMer
Lemire, Astrid; Goudenege, David; Versigny, Tiphaine; Petton, Bruno; Calteau, Alexandra; Labreuche, Yannick; Le Roux, Frederique.
Disease in oysters has been steadily rising over the past decade, threatening the long-term survival of commercial and natural stocks. Our understanding and management of such diseases are of critical importance as aquaculture is an important aspect of dealing with the approaching worldwide food shortage. Although some bacteria of the Vibrio genus isolated from diseased oysters have been demonstrated to be pathogenic by experimental infection, direct causality has not been established. Little is known about the dynamics of how the bacterial population hosted by oysters changes during disease progression. Combining experimental ecology, a high-throughput infection assay and genome sequencing, we show that the onset of disease in oysters is associated with...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35565/34107.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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