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AGRICULTURAL CREDIT PROBLEMS AND POLICIES DURING THE TRANSITION TO A MARKET ECONOMY IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Gow, Hamish R..
This paper assesses the problems of financing Central and Eastern European agriculture during the present transitionary period and what the role of government is in this process. Initially the paper looks at why credit markets work imperfectly, even in well developed market economies, focusing on the problems related to asymmetric information, adverse selection, moral hazard, credit rationing, the choice of optimal debt instrument and why initial wealth matters. It shows why these and related problems may cause transaction costs to high enough so that credit rationing and high interest rates are rational and efficient responses by lenders to the imperfect information problems of the agricultural sector. Then a series of specific, transition-related...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31887
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Alliance Formation in the Agrifood Sector: The Case of Cellers of Canterbury AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Oliver, Lance D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24327
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ASSET ILLIQUIDITY, EXCLUSORY LAWS, AND LAND REFORM: THE CASE OF FOREIGN OWNERSHIIP OF HUNGARIAN AGRICULTURAL LAND AgEcon
Coakley, Jaime; Gow, Hamish R..
The ownership of agricultural land by foreign nationals is currently an extremely sensitive political issue in many of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries as they move towards European Union accession. During the past decade economic reforms in CEE have resulted in substantial welfare declines within agricultural sectors across the region. Generally, all agents within the agri-food chain have faced similar problems of decreasing terms of trade, increased competition, lack of financial resources and thin markets for both the sale of their output as well as for the sale of their underlying assets if so inclined (Swinnen and Macours, 2000). As a result, farmers have found themselves in severe financial distress and forced to operate at...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20709
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CO-OPERATING TO COMPETE IN HIGH VELOCITY GLOBAL MARKETS: THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF FLEXIBLE SUPPLY CHAIN ARCHITECTURES AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Oliver, Lance D.; Gow, Neil G..
Continued value creation is paramount for the survival of firms competing in today's high velocity global business environment. This paper presents a conceptual framework for understanding how firms can create and capture value within a highly volatile and uncertain business environment by exploiting both performance gaps and opportunity gaps through the development and use of flexible supply chain architectures. The choice of flexible organizational architecture allows for the continued reconfiguration of the independent modular components of the supply chain so as to achieve optimal leverage of both the firms core competencies as well as their collaborative partners complementary resources. The case of "Cellars of Canterbury," a New Zealand based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Value creation; Flexible supply chain architectures; Leverage; Core competencies.; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19859
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CO-OPERATING TO COMPETE IN HIGH VELOCITY GLOBAL MARKETS: THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF FLEXIBLE SUPPLY CHAIN ARCHITECTURES AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Oliver, Lance D.; Gow, Neil G..
Continued value creation is paramount for the survival of firms competing in today's high velocity global business environment. This paper presents a conceptual framework for understanding how firms can create and capture value within a highly volatile and uncertain business environment by exploiting both performance gaps and opportunity gaps through the development and use of flexible supply chain architectures. The choice of flexible organizational architecture allows for the continued reconfiguration of the independent modular components of the supply chain so as to achieve optimal leverage of both the firms core competencies as well as their collaborative partners complementary resources. The case of “Cellars of Canterbury”, a New Zealand based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16611
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DAIRY MARKETS, POLICIES, AND TRADE IN EASTERN EUROPE AND THE FORMER SOVIET UNION AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Dries, Liesbeth; Gow, Hamish R..
This paper was presented at the INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SYMPOSIUM in Auckland, New Zealand, January 18-19, 2001. The Symposium was sponsored by: the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium, the Venture Trust, Massey University, New Zealand, and the Centre for Applied Economics and Policy Studies, Massey University. Dietary changes, especially in developing countries, are driving a massive increase in demand for livestock products. The objective of this symposium was to examine the consequences of this phenomenon, which some have even called a "revolution." How are dietary patterns changing, and can increased demands for livestock products be satisfied from domestic resources? If so, at what cost? What will be the flow-on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14548
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Do Market Oriented Firms Demonstrate Clarity on Their Value Discipline? Evidence from Illinois Beef Producers AgEcon
Micheels, Eric T.; Gow, Hamish R..
A market orientation has been shown to lead to improved firm performance in a variety of industries (Narver and Slater, 1990; Deshpande et al., 1993). In previous research, it has been argued that performance benefits are a result of a greater awareness of the sources of value the product provides to the consumer, without specifically describing how value was created. Treacy and Wiersema (1993) developed the concept of value disciplines, which are three distinctive means of value provision, namely operational excellence, customer intimacy and product leadership. More recently, Narver et al. (1998) argued that market oriented firms have a clear understanding of how they provide value to customers, but this assertion has yet to be empirically tested. A new...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Innovation; Market orientation; Organizational learning; Value disciplines; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q10; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53800
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Farmer Identification and Commitment Responses to Institutional Change in Marketing Channel Structures AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Stevenson, Mark; Westgren, Randall E.; Sonka, Steven T..
The structure of the New Zealand merino industry has been through a period of rapid organizational change and marketing innovation over the past decade. This has seen it move away from a publicly regulated spot auction market structure characterised by undifferentiated product receiving pooled equilibrium commodity prices often at a discount to the international market price to a market structure composed of both privately controlled strongly vertically integrated marketing initiatives characterised by tight contractual relationships gaining substantial premiums over the international market place operating concurrently along side the traditional spot auction markets. The emergence of these new marketing structures has thus forced farmers to seriously...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19140
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FIRMS, INCENTIVES, AND THE SUPPLY OF FOOD SAFETY: A FORMAL MODEL OF GOVERNMENT ENFORCEMENT AgEcon
Goldsmith, Peter D.; Turan, Nesve A.; Gow, Hamish R..
Recent instances of significant food safety breeches in both meat and biotechnology challenge traditional safety efforts. A formal model utilizing agency theory is used to explore the power relationships between the regulator and the firm. Fundamental issues effecting firms’' supply of safety are demonstrated and alternative corrective mechanisms are discussed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20343
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FOOD SAFETY IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY: A REGULATORY QUAGMIRE AgEcon
Goldsmith, Peter D.; Turan, Nesve A.; Gow, Hamish R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34306
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HOW FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT HAS STIMULATED GROWTH IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN AGRI-FOOD SECTORS: VERTICAL CONTRACTING AND THE ROLE OF PRIVATE ENFORCEMENT CAPITAL AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31879
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Investment, and Contract Hold-Ups in Transition: Evidence from Hungary AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
This paper analyses empirically the effect of "hold-ups" on capital investment in farms using a sample of 318 Hungarian enterprises, surveyed over 1997. A negative relationship arises between capital investment and the incidence of hold-up behaviour. This relationship is affected by farm's wealth and liquidity position, the quality of legal enforcement of contracts, by whether farms have contracted sales to foreign processors, and whether they are established as successors to pre-reform organisations rather than start-up businesses.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contracting; Hold-ups; Firm investment; Transition; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24853
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Investment and Income Responses to Marketing Channel Choice AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Shanoyan, Aleksan.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21292
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Is the Facilitation of Sustainable Market Access Achievable? Design and Implementation Lessons from Armenia AgEcon
Gow, Hamish R.; Shanoyan, Aleksan.
Over the past three decades the globalization in agri-food sector has been accompanied by a dramatic restructuring, liberalization and privatization of markets often with serious adverse consequences for small farmers in developing and transition countries. Consequently, governments and the international donor community have markedly shifted their development policies from traditional technology transfer approaches towards more market-driven approaches of linking farmers to markets. The international agricultural development literature has begun exploring the appropriate structure of third-party facilitated institutions and enforcement mechanisms to support linking small farmers to markets. Based upon a series of long-term qualitative and quantitative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market Linkages; Small Farmers; Institutions; Governance; Enforcement; Armenia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90818
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Market Driven Entrepreneurship: The Convergence of Market Orientation and the Resource Based View AgEcon
Micheels, Eric T.; Gow, Hamish R..
The dramatically changing marketing structure for agricultural products is forcing agricultural producers to become more entrepreneurial, but what does this mean? How do agricultural producers produce sustainable competitive advantage within a commodity market characterised by homogeneous producers? The convergence of two academic literatures - Market orientation from market strategy and Resource Based View from strategic management – provide a number of insights. In this paper we lay the foundation for research into the market orientation–performance link in terms of production agriculture. Building on the previous market orientation literature, we examine its ability to create a sustainable competitive advantage using a resource based view (RBV)....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market Orientation; Resource Based View; Production Agriculture; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44276
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Market Orientation and Profitability: Evidence from Homogeneous Markets AgEcon
Micheels, Eric T.; Gow, Hamish R..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6484
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Market Orientation, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Examination of the Illinois Beef Industry AgEcon
Micheels, Eric T.; Gow, Hamish R..
This paper explores the importance of a producer’s market orientation on their subjective performance within agricultural commodity markets. Using a structural equation model of beef producers, our findings suggest that market oriented firms are highly innovative and achieve superior performance. These findings are consistent with previous research on the market orientation-performance relationship in heterogeneous product markets. The cost focus of a firm was also found to have a significant influence on innovation, but no direct effect on performance. This suggests that beef producers should follow a balanced approach utilizing both an external market and an internal productivity focus to achieve superior returns as opposed to solely focusing on internal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Market orientation; Beef production; Innovation; Performance; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q10; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53649
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MEETING PRIVATE GRADES AND STANDARDS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM THE ARMENIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R.; Dunn, Daniel J..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34296
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MEETING PRIVATE GRADES AND STANDARDS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM THE ARMENIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Cocks, Jack; Gow, Hamish R.; Dunn, Daniel J..
One of the main trends emerging from the agroindustrialization process is the rise of 'grades and standards' (G&S) in food products. G&S were initially developed by the public sector to reduce transaction costs and ensure product quality and safety but have become a strategic instrument of competition in differentiated product markets (Reardon et al, 2001). Firms are using grades and standards to protect and develop brands in the international marketplace and in some cases to fill in for missing public standards. While producers in developed countries have the resources to meet these requirements, in developing countries these changes have tended to exclude small firms and farmers from participating in market growth, because of the implied...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22144
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New Zealand's Preferential Trading Arrangements: Implications for the New Zealand Dairy Industry AgEcon
Howard, Sam; Gow, Hamish R.; Ozer-Balli, Hatice.
This paper discusses the economic implications of the preferential trade agreements that New Zealand is currently negotiating, using a computable general equilibrium modelling framework. The New Zealand dairy industry is a particular focus in the results, which come from the GTAP model produced by Purdue University. Results are discussed from the independent simulations of preferential trade agreements between New Zealand and Korea, New Zealand and India, New Zealand and Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, New Zealand and the Gulf Cooperation Council, and expansion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership to include Australia, Peru, Viet Nam, Malaysia, and the United States of America.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New Zealand; Dairy industry; Preferential trade agreements; Agribusiness; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115405
Registros recuperados: 33
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