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Registros recuperados: 17
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An analysis of trade related international regulations of genetically modified food and their effects on developing countries AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P..
This paper reviews current trade-related regulations of genetically modified (GM) food and discusses their effects on developing countries. There is a large heterogeneity in current import approval and marketing policies of GM food worldwide. At the international level, the harmonization efforts are led by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the World Trade Organization. While internationally harmonized guidelines for safety approval have been finalized, we show that there is no clear consensus on labeling regulations for GM food, and there is an increasing risk of conflicts among international agreements. We analyze the GM food regulations of two large rich importers, Japan and the European Union (EU) and discuss...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; Developing countries; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Trade regulation; Labeling; International trade; Tariff; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55422
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Collective Action and Marketing of Underutilized Plant Species: The Case of Minor Millets in Kolli Hills, Tamil, Nadu, India AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Nagarajan, Latha; King, E.D.I. Oliver.
Minor millets are examples of underutilized plant species, being locally important but rarely traded internationally with an unexploited economic potential. In the Kolli hills of Tamil Nadu, India, a genetically diverse pool of minor millet varieties are grown by the tribal farming communities to meet their subsistence food needs. Most of these minor crops were not traded outside the farming community. Despite a consumption preference among the farming communities for minor millets, in the recent past the acreage under minor millet crops have declined considerably due to the availability of substitute cash crops. As a response, the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) based in Chennai has led targeted conservation cum commercialization intervention...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Underutilized species; Agricultural marketing; Collective action; Agrobiodiversity; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47910
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DESIGNING GREEN PROGRAMS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENTAL AMENITIES: A MECHANISM DESIGN APPROACH AgEcon
Goodhue, Rachael E.; Gruere, Guillaume P.; Klonsky, Karen.
We evaluate the optimal design of programs to encourage the production of environmental amenities in agriculture using a mechanism design approach.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20702
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EXPLAINING INTERNATIONAL DIFFERENCES IN GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD LABELING REGULATIONS AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Carter, Colin A.; Farzin, Y. Hossein.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/13/04.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20341
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From “May Contain” to “Does Contain”: The price and trade effects of strict information requirements for GM maize under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Gruere, Guillaume P.; Leroy, Laetitia.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/22/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; International Trade; Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q17; Q18; F18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61533
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Genetically Modified Food and International Trade: The Case of India, Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Bouet, Antoine; Mevel, Simon.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/27/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9917
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Genetically Modified Food and International Trade: The Case of India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and the Philippines AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Bouet, Antoine; Mevel, Simon.
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have the potential to raise agricultural productivity in Asian countries, but they are also associated with the risk of market access losses in sensitive importing countries. We study the potential effects of introducing GM food crops in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines in the presence of trade-related regulations of GM food in major importers. We focus on GM field crops (rice, wheat, maize, soybeans, and cotton) resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses, such as drought-resistant rice, and use a multi-country, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model. We build on previous international simulation models by improving the representation of the productivity shocks associated with GM crops, and by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; International trade; Segregation; Asia; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42359
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Genetically Modified Rice, International Trade, and First-Mover Advantage: The Case of India and China AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Mevel, Simon; Bouet, Antoine.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55032
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Global Welfare and Trade-Related Regulations of GM Food: Biosafety, Markets, and Politics AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/22/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically modified food; International trade; Regulations; Political economics.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q17; Q18; F50.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60897
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GM-free private standards and their effects on biosafety decision-making in developing countries AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Sengupta, Debdatta.
We provide a comprehensive review of international cases where GM-free private standards set up by food companies in developed countries have influenced biosafety policymaking in developing countries. We find twenty-nine cases where private importers have directly or indirectly affected policy decisions in twenty-one countries. Most of the cases relate irrational fear of export losses to excessively precautionary decisions. These cases are based on two generally misleading premises: the belief that Europe or Japan represents the only market for exports, and the perception that non-GM segregation is infeasible or prohibitively costly in all situations. Our study also demonstrates the importance of information asymmetries across countries and agents and the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural biotechnology; Private standards; Political economics.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51334
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International Approaches to the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods AgEcon
Carter, Colin A.; Gruere, Guillaume P..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93720
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Marketing underutilized plant species for the benefit of the poor: a conceptual framework AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Giuliani, Alessandra; Smale, Melinda.
Modern crop production is based on only a few plant species. Particularly in marginal environments of developing agricultural economies, many less well-known agricultural or non-timber forest species, continue to be grown, managed or collected, thus contributing to the livelihood of the poor and to agricultural biodiversity. Some of these species, called underutilized plant species, are characterized by the fact that they are locally in developing countries but globally rare, that scientific information and knowledge about them is scant, and that their current use is limited relative to their economic potential. In this paper, we first identify the economic factors that cause these plants to be ‘underutilized’. Based on this analysis, we propose a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Underutilized species; Agricultural biodiversity; Agricultural marketing; Agricultural development; Niche markets; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55418
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Marketing Underutilized Plant Species for the Poor AgEcon
Gruere, Guillaume P.; Smale, Melinda; Giuliani, Alessandra.
Underutilized plant species are defined as agricultural or non-timber forest species that are locally abundant in developing countries but globally rare. Scientific information about them is scant and their use is currently limited relative to their economic potential. Some are potentially high-value crops and they all contribute to agricultural biodiversity and the livelihood of the poor. Despite a growing body of scientific literature on underutilized species, to our knowledge, agricultural economics literature has contributed little to the understanding of how to commercialize these crops of plant products successfully. In this paper we first define what economic factors characterize underutilized plant species. Our classification of species is based...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural marketing; Agricultural biodiversity; Economic development; Crop Production/Industries; Q13; O13; Q56.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25742
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Measuring the Economic Impacts of Transgenic Crops in Developing Agriculture during the First Decade: Approaches, Findings, and Future Directions AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Zambrano, Patricia; Gruere, Guillaume P.; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Matuschke, Ira; Horna, J. Daniela; Nagarajan, Latha; Yerramareddy, Indira; Jones, Hannah.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Transgenic Plants; Developing Countries; Research; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50413
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Parables: applied economics literature about the impact of genetically engineered crop varieties in developing economies AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Zambrano, Patricia; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Gruere, Guillaume P..
A vast literature has accumulated since crop varieties with transgenic resistance to insects and herbicide tolerance were released to farmers in 1996 and 1997. A comparatively minor segment of this literature consists of studies conducted by agricultural economists to measure the farm-level impact of transgenic crop varieties, the size and distribution of the economic benefits from adopting them, consumer attitudes toward GE products, and implications for international trade. This paper focuses only on the applied economics literature about the impact of transgenic crop varieties in non-industrialized agricultural systems, with an emphasis on methods. A number of studies have surveyed the findings for both industrialized and non-industrialized agriculture,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically engineered crops; Economic impacts; Technology adoption; Developing economies; Economics methods; Best practices; Biotechnology; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55412
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PUBLIC PREFERENCES, PRESSURE GROUPS, AND PUBLIC POLICY REGARDING MULTIFUNCTIONALITY IN AGRICULTURE: COMPATIBILITY AND CONFLICT AgEcon
Goodhue, Rachael E.; Gruere, Guillaume P.; Klonsky, Karen.
The multifunctionality of agriculture is increasingly important in the design of agricultural policy. We compare the current emphasis of Californian state policies to social preferences, elicited through focus groups. We demonstrate that program objectives and public priorities diverge in significant ways, and we develop a pressure group political economy model that explains such differences.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19595
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Revisiting the palm oil boom: An examination of consumption in the oils complex AgEcon
Sanders, Daniel J.; Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Gruere, Guillaume P..
The production, trade, and market share of palm oil has shown impressive growth in the last two decades. As a result of sustainability concerns over issues such as deforestation in Indonesia, the causes of the growth in the palm oil market have received considerable attention. The growth of the biofuels market is one potential culprit that has been notably discussed, but it is not the only possible driver of growth in the palm oil market. Restrictions on genetically-modified organisms may have played a role, especially as they relate to limits on oil produced from GMO soybeans. Additionally, increasing concerns over health issues such as trans-fats may have spurred substitution to the low trans-fats palm oil. This analysis details some of the changes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Palm oil; Biofuels; Edible oils; Consumption; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103726
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