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Registros recuperados: 14
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Adding new pieces to the Azadinium (Dinophyceae) diversity and biogeography puzzle: Non-toxigenic Azadinium zhuanum sp. nov. from China, toxigenic A. poporum from the Mediterranean, and a non-toxigenic A. dalianense from the French Atlantic ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Krock, Bernd; Mertens, Kenneth; Nezan, Elisabeth; Chomerat, Nicolas; Bilien, Gwenael; Tillmann, Urban; Gu, Haifeng.
The marine planktonic dinophyceaen genus Azadinium is a primary source of azaspiracids, but due to their small size its diversity may be underestimated and information on its biogeography is still limited. A new Azadinium species, A. zhuanum was obtained from the East China Sea and Yellow Sea of China by incubating surface sediments. Five strains were established by isolating single germinated cells and their morphology was examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Azadinium zhuanum was characterized by a plate pattern of Po, cp, X, 4′, 2a, 6′′, 6C, 5S, 6′′′, 2′′′′, by a distinct ventral pore at the junction of Po, the first and fourth apical plates, and a conspicuous antapical spine. Moreover, Azadinium poporum was obtained for the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Azadinium; Azaspiracid; AZA-2; AZA-2 phosphate; Biogeography; China; French Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49765/51155.pdf
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Cryptic diversity within the harmful dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in coastal Chinese waters is related to differentiated ecological niches ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Yang, Weidong; Leaw, Chui Pin; Pospelova, Vera; Bilien, Gwenael; Liow, Guat Ru; Lim, Po Teen; Gu, Haifeng.
Blooms of the harmful dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea are responsible for the mass mortality of fish and invertebrates in coastal waters. This cosmopolitan species includes several genetically differentiated clades. Four clonal cultures were established by isolating single cells from Xiamen Harbour (the East China Sea) for morphological and genetic analyses. The cultures displayed identical morphology but were genetically different, thus revealing presence of cryptic diversity in the study area. New details of the apical structure complex of Akashiwo sanguinea were also found. To investigate whether the observed cryptic diversity was related to environmental differentiation, 634 cells were obtained from seasonal water samples collected from 2008 to 2012....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Cryptic species; Gymnodinium sanguineum; Seasonal occurrence; Speciation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49771/50355.pdf
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Cyst-motile stage relationship and molecular phylogeny of a new freshwater dinoflagellate Gymnodinium plasticum from Plastic Lake, Canada ArchiMer
Wang, Na; Luo, Zhaohe; Mertens, Kenneth; Mccarthy, Francine M. G.; Gu, Li; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinophyceaen genus Gymnodinium was established with the freshwater species G. fuscum as type. According to Thessen et al. (2012), there are 268 species, with the majority marine species. In recently published molecular phylogenies based on ribosomal DNA sequences, Gymnodinium is polyphyletic. Here, a new freshwater Gymnodinium species, G. plasticum, is described from Plastic Lake, Ontario, Canada. Two strains were established by incubating single cysts, and their morphology was examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The cyst had a rounded epicyst and hypocyst with a wide cingulum and smooth surface. Vegetative cells were characterized by an elongated nucleus running vertically and a deep sulcal intrusion. The apical structure...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Apical structure complex; Cyst; Gymnodiniales sensu stricto; Gymnodinium fuscum.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00406/51731/53727.pdf
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Cyst-Theca Relationship and Phylogenetic Position of Impagidinium caspienense Incubated from Caspian Sea Surface Sediments: Relation to Gonyaulax baltica and Evidence for Heterospory within Gonyaulacoid Dinoflagellates ArchiMer
Mertens, Kenneth; Takano, Yoshihito; Gu, Haifeng; Bagheri, Siamak; Pospelova, Vera; Pienkowski, Anna J.; Leroy, Suzanne A. G.; Matsuoka, Kazumi.
We investigate the cyst-theca relationship of Impagidinium caspienense. Through an incubation experiment, we succeeded in examining the motile stage. Additional molecular analysis of single-cyst PCR (LSU and SSU rDNA) reveal that the cyst is related to the species Gonyaulax baltica Ellegaard et al. (2002). The ability of this species to belong to two types of cyst-based genera (spiniferate and impagidinioid) suggests that environmental (particularly salinity) and not genetic factors explain the formation of both morphotypes by Gonyaulax baltica, which provides evidence for heterospory in this species. The affiliation to Gonyaulax baltica demonstrates that Impagidinium caspienense is not endemic to the Caspian Sea. The phylogenetic position of several other...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ataxiodinium choane; Baltic Sea; Impagidinium pallidum; Pyxidinopsis psilata; Salinity; Spiniferites belerius; Spiniferites ramosus.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49326/49703.pdf
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First record of resting cysts of the benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum leve in a natural reservoir in Gujan-Mestras, Gironde, France ArchiMer
Mertens, Kenneth; Gu, Haifeng; Pospelova, Vera; Chomerat, Nicolas; Nezan, Elisabeth; Gurdebeke, Pieter; Bogus, Kara; Vrielinck, Henk; Rumebe, Myriam; Meteigner, Claire.
The resting cysts of the benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum leve from a natural reservoir in Gujan-Mestras (Gironde, France) were described in this study. The incubated urn-shaped cysts gave rise to cells of Prorocentrum leve. Morphological observations through light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, particularly of the periflagellar platelets, combined with large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences obtained through single-cell analysis confirm their affinity to the species Prorocentrum leve. The cysts are characterized by a specific shape and the presence of an anterior plug. This is the first conclusive evidence for fossilizable resting stages within the Prorocentrales, one of the major orders within the Dinophyceae. Palynological treatments show...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cellulosic; Micro-FTIR; Palynology; Prorocentrales; Resting stage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00398/50971/51728.pdf
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Huia caspica gen. & comb. nov., a dinoflagellate species that recently crossed the marine-freshwater boundary ArchiMer
Gu, Haifeng; Mertens, Kenneth; Liu, Tingting.
The dinoflagellate subfamily Diplopsalidoideae encompasses 11 genera whose plate patterns show a large diversity. In a recently published molecular phylogeny (Liu et al. 2015) some of these genera (e.g. Diplopsalis, Diplopelta) are polyphyletic, suggesting that further subdivision of these genera is needed. Here we established the cyst-theca relationship of Diplopsalis caspica by incubating cysts collected from the East China Sea. Cells of D. caspica display a plate formula of Po, X, 3′, 1a, 6″, 3c+t, ?4s, 5″′, 1″″, characterized by a small, parallelogrammic anterior intercalary plate (1a) located in the middle of the dorsal part of the epitheca. The cysts are spherical and smooth-walled with a theropylic archeopyle. In addition, we obtained four large...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cyst-theca relationship; Diplopsalioideans; Diplopsalis caspica; Glenodinium caspica; LSU rDNA.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00351/46221/47476.pdf
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Morphology, ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny of cyst-producing Caladoa arcachonensis gen. et sp. nov. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae) from France and Indonesia ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Mertens, Kenneth; Nezan, Elisabeth; Gu, Li; Pospelova, Vera; Thoha, Hikmah; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinoflagellate order Peridiniales encompasses several well circumscribed families. However, the family level of some genera, such as Bysmatrum and Vulcanodinium, has remained elusive for many years. Four Peridinium-like strains were established from the Atlantic coast of France and North Sulawesi, Indonesia through cyst germination or isolation of single cells. The cyst-theca relationship was established on specimens from the French Atlantic. Their morphologies were examined using light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The cells were characterized by a much larger epitheca relative to the hypotheca, a large anterior sulcal (Sa) plate deeply intruding the epitheca and a small first anterior intercalary plate. The plate formula was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bysmatrum; Cyst; Dinoflagellate; Eyespot; Peridiniales; Plate overlap.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60112/63564.pdf
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Morphology, ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny of Wangodinium sinense gen. et sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) and revisiting of Gymnodinium dorsalisulcum and Gymnodinium impudicum ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Hu, Zhangxi; Tang, Yingzhong; Mertens, Kenneth; Leaw, Chui Pin; Lim, Po Teen; Teng, Sing Tung; Wang, Lei; Gu, Haifeng.
The genus Gymnodinium includes many morphologically similar species, but molecular phylogenies show that it is polyphyletic. Eight strains of Gymnodinium impudicum, Gymnodinium dorsalisulcum and a novel Gymnodinium‐like species from Chinese and Malaysian waters and the Mediterranean Sea were established. All of these strains were examined with LM, SEM and TEM. SSU, LSU and internal transcribed spacers rDNA sequences were obtained. A new genus, Wangodinium, was erected to incorporate strains with a loop‐shaped apical structure complex (ASC) comprising two rows of amphiesmal vesicles, here referred to as a new type of ASC. The chloroplasts of Wangodinium sinense are enveloped by two membranes. Pigment analysis shows that peridinin is the main accessory...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Apical structure complex; Cyst; Dinoflagellate; Lepidodinium; Nuclear chambers; Pigment; Pyrenoid; Ultrastructure.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56610/58307.pdf
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Morpho-molecular diversity and phylogeny of Bysmatrum (Dinophyceae) from the South China Sea and France ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Lim, Zhen Fei; Mertens, Kenneth; Gurdebeke, Pieter; Bogus, Kara; Carbonell-moore, Maria Consuelo; Vrielinck, Henk; Leaw, Chui Pin; Lim, Po Teen; Chomerat, Nicolas; Li, Xintian; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinoflagellate genus Bysmatrum encompasses five epibenthic or tide-pool species and has been characterized by separated anterior intercalary plates. In the present study, we obtained six strains of Bysmatrum from the South China Sea and French Atlantic coast by isolating single cells/cysts from plankton and sediment samples. All strains were examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Based on morphological observations, three strains were identified as Bysmatrum subsalsum, characterized by the elongated and rectangular first and a hexagonal second anterior intercalary plate. They differ from each other in the number of sulcal lists and the configuration of the first anterior intercalary plate. One strain was identified as...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic dinoflagellate; Biogeography; Bysmatrum granulosum; Bysmatrum gregarium; Bysmatrum subsalsum; Eyespot; Molecular phylogeny.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56188/57872.pdf
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Pentaplacodinium saltonense gen. et sp. nov. (Dinophyceae) and its relationship to the cyst-defined genus Operculodinium and yessotoxin-producing Protoceratium reticulatum ArchiMer
Mertens, Kenneth; Carbonell-moore, Maria Consuelo; Pospeloya, Vera; Head, Martin J.; Highfield, Andrea; Schroeder, Declan; Gu, Haifeng; Andree, Karl B.; Fernandez, Margarita; Yamaguchi, Aika; Takano, Yoshihito; Matsuoka, Kazumi; Nezan, Elisabeth; Bilien, Gwenael; Okolodkov, Yuri; Koike, Kazuhiko; Hoppenrath, Mona; Pfaff, Maya; Pitcher, Grant; Al-muftah, Abdulrahman; Rochon, Andre; Lim, Po Teen; Leaw, Chui Pin; Lim, Zhen Fei; Ellegaard, Marianne.
trains of a dinoflagellate from the Salton Sea, previously identified as Protoceratium reticulatum and yessotoxin producing, have been reexamined morphologically and genetically and Pentaplacodinium saltonense n. gen. et sp. is erected to accommodate this species. Pentaplacodinium saltonense differs from Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède et Lachmann 1859) Bütschli 1885 in the number of precingular plates (five vs. six), cingular displacement (two widths vs. one), and distinct cyst morphology. Incubation experiments (excystment and encystment) show that the resting cyst of Pentaplacodinium saltonense is morphologically most similar to the cyst-defined species Operculodinium israelianum (Rossignol, 1962) Wall (1967) and O. psilatum Wall (1967)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pentaplacodinium; Protoceratium; Precingular plates; Salton Sea; Ceratocorys; Operculodinium; Cribroperidinioideae.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52756/53852.pdf
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Taxonomic revision, phylogeny, and cyst wall composition of the dinoflagellate cyst genus Votadinium Reid (Dinophyceae, Peridiniales, Protoperidiniaceae) ArchiMer
Gurdebeke, Pieter R.; Mertens, Kenneth; Pospelova, Vera; Matsuoka, Kazumi; Li, Zhen; Gribble, Kristin E.; Gu, Haifeng; Bogus, Kara; Vrielinck, Henk; Louwye, Stephen.
The taxonomy of the dinoflagellate cyst-based genus Votadinium has been in need of revision. This was accomplished here by integrating morphology, LSU rDNA sequences, and cyst wall composition analyses through micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Three new species, Votadinium pontifossatum, V. rhomboideum and V. reidii, were described as cyst stages of Protoperidinium paraoblongum, P. quadrioblongum, and P. steidingerae, respectively. A previously undescribed type of ornamentation was reported for V. pontifossatum. A fourth new species was assigned to V. concavum. Furthermore, Lejeunecysta psilodora Benedek (=Lejeunecysta psuchra Matsuoka), was re-described as V. psilodora and the holotype re-illustrated, as was done for the holotype of V....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Dual nomenclature; Dinocyst; Ornamentation; Micro-FTIR; Cyst wall composition; Sporopollenin.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00480/59214/62622.pdf
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Taxonomy and toxicity of Prorocentrum from Perhentian Islands (Malaysia), with a description of a non-toxigenic species Prorocentrum malayense sp. nov. (Dinophyceae) ArchiMer
Lim, Zhen Fei; Luo, Zhaohe; Lee, Li Keat; Hii, Kieng Soon; Teng, Sing Tung; Chan, Leo Lai; Chomérat, Nicolas; Krock, Bernd; Gu, Haifeng; Lim, Po Teen; Leaw, Chui Pin.
Thirteen isolates of Prorocentrum species were established from the coral reefs of Perhentian Islands Marine Park, Malaysia and underwent morphological observations and molecular characterization. Six species were found: P. caipirignum, P. concavum, P. cf. emarginatum, P. lima, P. mexicanum and a new morphotype, herein designated as P. malayense sp. nov. Prorocentrum malayense, a species closely related to P. leve, P. cf. foraminosum, P. sp. aff. foraminossum, and P. concavum (Clade A sensu Chomérat et al. 2018), is distinguished from its congeners as having larger thecal pore size and a more deeply excavated V-shaped periflagellar area. Platelet arrangement in the periflagellar area of P. malayense is unique, with the presence of platelet 1a and 1b,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning; ITS2 secondary structure; Morphology; Periflagellar area; Phylogeny.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59650/65985.pdf
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The cyst-theca relationship of the dinoflagellate cyst Trinovantedinium pallidifulvum, with erection of Protoperidinium lousianensis sp nov and their phylogenetic position within the Conica group ArchiMer
Mertens, Kenneth; Gu, Haifeng; Takano, Yoshihito; Price, Andrea M.; Pospelova, Vera; Bogus, Kara; Versteegh, Gerard J. M.; Marret, Fabienne; Turner, R. Eugene; Rabalais, Nancy N.; Matsuoka, Kazumi.
We establish the cyst-theca relationship of the dinoflagellate cyst species Trinovantedinium pallidifulvum Matsuoka 1987 based on germination experiments of specimens isolated from the Gulf of Mexico. We show that the motile stage is a new species, designated as Protoperidinium louisianensis. We also determine its phylogenetic position based on single-cell polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of a single cell germinated from the Gulf of Mexico cysts. To further refine the phylogeny, we determined the large subunit (LSU) sequence through single-cell PCR of the cyst Selenopemphix undulata isolated from Brentwood Bay (Saanich Inlet, BC, Canada). The phylogeny shows that P. louisianensis is closest to P. shanghaiense, the motile stage of T. applanatum, and is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Micro-FTIR; Selenopemphix undulata; Wadden Sea; Lake Saroma; Saanich Inlet; Gulf of Mexico.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49609/50120.pdf
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The dinoflagellate cyst genera Achomosphaera Evitt 1963 and Spiniferites Mantell 1850 in Pliocene to modern sediments: a summary of round table discussions ArchiMer
Mertens, Kenneth; Van Nieuwenhove, Nicolas; Gurdebeke, Pieter R.; Aydin, Hilal; Bogus, Kara; Bringue, Manuel; Dale, Barrie; De Schepper, Stijn; De Vernal, Anne; Ellegaard, Marianne; Grothe, Arjen; Gu, Haifeng; Head, Martin J.; Heikkila, Maija; Limoges, Audrey; Londeix, Laurent; Louwye, Stephen; Marret, Fabienne; Masure, Edwige; Matsuoka, Kazumi; Mudie, Peta J.; Penaud, Aurelie; Pospelova, Vera; Price, Andrea Michelle; Ribeiro, Sofia; Rochon, Andre; Sangiorgi, Francesca; Schreck, Michael; Torres, Vladimir; Uzar, Serdar; Versteegh, Gerard J. M.; Warny, Sophie; Zonneveld, Karin.
We present a summary of two round-table discussions held during two subsequent workshops in Montreal (Canada) on 16 April 2014 and Ostend (Belgium) on 8 July 2015. Five species of the genus Achomosphaera Evitt 1963 and 33 of the genus Spiniferites Mantell 1850 emend. Sarjeant 1970 occuring in Pliocene to modern sediments are listed and briefly described along with remarks made by workshop participants. In addition, several holotypes and topotypes are reillustrated. Three species previously assigned to Spiniferites are here considered/accepted as belonging to other genera: Impagidinium inaequalis (Wall and Dale in Wall et al. 1973) Londeix et al. 2009, Spiniferites? rubinus (Rossignol 1962 ex Rossignol 1964) Sarjeant 1970, and Thalassiphora balcanica...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spiniferites; Achomosphaera; Hafniasphaera; Rottnestia; Pterocysta.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00471/58304/60844.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
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