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An in vitro study of two GAG-like marine polysaccharides incorporated into injectable hydrogels for bone and cartilage tissue engineering ArchiMer
Rederstorff, Emilie; Weiss, Pierre; Sourice, S.; Pilet, P.; Xie, F.; Sinquin, Corinne; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia; Guicheux, Jerome; Laib, S..
Natural polysaccharides are attractive compounds with which to build scaffolds for bone and cartilage tissue engineering. Here we tested two non-standard ones, HE800 and GY785, for the two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) culture of osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) and chondrocytes (C28/I2). These two glycosaminoglycan-like marine exopolysaccharides were incorporated into an injectable silylated hydroxypropylmethylcellulose-based hydrogel (Si-HPMC) that has already shown its suitability for bone and cartilage tissue engineering. Results showed that, similarly to hyaluronic acid (HA) (the control), HE800 and GY785 significantly improved the mechanical properties of the Si-HPMC hydrogel and induced the attachment of MC3T3-E1 and C28/I2 cells when these...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Glycosaminoglycan; Hydrogel; Polysaccharide; Bone and cartilage tissue engineering; In vitro test.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00030/14090/15747.pdf
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Microcarriers Based on Glycosaminoglycan-Like Marine Exopolysaccharide for TGF-β1 Long-Term Protection ArchiMer
Zykwinska, Agata; Marquis, Melanie; Godin, Mathilde; Marchand, Laetitia; Sinquin, Corinne; Garnier, Catherine; Jonchere, Camille; Chedeville, Claire; Le Visage, Catherine; Guicheux, Jerome; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia; Cuenot, Stephane.
Articular cartilage is an avascular, non-innervated connective tissue with limited ability to regenerate. Articular degenerative processes arising from trauma, inflammation or due to aging are thus irreversible and may induce the loss of the joint function. To repair cartilaginous defects, tissue engineering approaches are under intense development. Association of cells and signalling proteins, such as growth factors, with biocompatible hydrogel matrix may lead to the regeneration of the healthy tissue. One current strategy to enhance both growth factor bioactivity and bioavailability is based on the delivery of these signalling proteins in microcarriers. In this context, the aim of the present study was to develop microcarriers by encapsulating...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Exopolysaccharide; Growth factor; Microparticles; Microfluidics; Bioactivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00477/58882/61432.pdf
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Pharmacological Modulation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Chondrogenesis by a Chemically Oversulfated Polysaccharide of Marine Origin: Potential Application to Cartilage Regenerative Medicine ArchiMer
Merceron, Christophe; Portron, Sophie; Vignes-colombeix, Caroline; Rederstorff, Emilie; Masson, Martial; Lesoeur, Julie; Sourice, Sophie; Sinquin, Corinne; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia; Weiss, Pierre; Vinatier, Claire; Guicheux, Jerome.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered as an attractive source of cells for cartilage engineering due to their availability and capacity for expansion and multipotency. Differentiation of MSC into chondrocytes is crucial to successful cartilage regeneration and can be induced by various biological agents, including polysaccharides that participate in many biological processes through interactions with growth factors. Here, we hypothesize that growth factor-induced differentiation of MSC can be increased by chemically oversulfated marine polysaccharides. To test our hypothesis, human adipose tissue-derived MSCs (hATSCs) were cultured in pellets with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1-supplemented chondrogenic medium containing either the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cartilage; Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells; Polysaccharides; Transforming growth factor-beta.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00071/18227/17457.pdf
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Purification of the exopolysaccharide produced by Alteromonas infernus: identification of endotoxins and effective process to remove them ArchiMer
Grivaud-le Du, Alicia; Zykwinska, Agata; Sinquin, Corinne; Ratiskol, Jacqueline; Weiss, Pierre; Vinatier, Claire; Guicheux, Jerome; Delbarre-ladrat, Christine; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia.
Alteromonas infernus bacterium isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vents can produce by fermentation a high molecular weight exopolysaccharide (EPS) called GY785. This EPS described as a new source of glycosaminoglycan-like molecule presents a great potential for pharmaceutical and biotechnological applications. However, this unusual EPS is secreted by a Gram-negative bacterium and can be therefore contaminated by endotoxins, in particular the lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Biochemical and chemical analyses of the LPS extracted from A. infernus membranes have shown the lack of the typical LPS architecture since 3-deoxy-d-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosonic acid (Kdo), glucosamine (GlcN), and phosphorylated monosaccharides were not present. Unlike for other...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine Alteromonas infernus; Bacterial exopolysaccharide; Endotoxin; Characterization; Purification; Fermentation; Process.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00397/50818/51601.pdf
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