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Design Polysaccharides of Marine Origin: Chemical Modifications to Reach Advanced Versatile Compounds ArchiMer
Chopin, Nathalie; Guillory, Xavier; Weiss, Pierre; Le Bideau, Jean; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia.
Polysaccharides are among the most abundant macromolecules on Earth. These polymers are easily obtained from various marine resources such as algae, microorganisms and crustacean shells. The structure of these natural carbohydrates is innovative and quite complex. Marine biopolymers represent key scaffolds toward large challenging fields, such as biomedical applications (glycosaminoglycans, regenerative medicine and drug delivery) and tailored biomaterials. Chemical modifications can be applied to modify their final properties in a specific purpose. New functional glycans are achievable and represent a real potential with their intrinsic biocompatibility and biodegradability. Hydroxyl groups are ubiquitous in polysaccharides structure and involved in most...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alginates; Carrageenans; Chemical modification; Chitin; Chitosan; Grafting; Marine polysaccharide; Polymer.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31027/29902.pdf
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Silanisation de polysaccharides en milieu liquide ionique et réactivité d’un organoalkoxysilane vis-à-vis de nucléophiles simples : vers des hydrogels injectables pour l’ingénierie tissulaire du cartilage ArchiMer
Guillory, Xavier.
Tissue engineering is a real challenge for the treatment of cartilage pathologies. In this field, biomimetic hydrogels based on natural polymers are among the most commonly used matrices. A hydrogel made of silanized hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC-Si) is especially promising because it can be injected in cartilaginous lesions by minimally invasive surgery. However, the current synthesis of HPMC-Si is limited by the insolubility of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC). This thesis work was focused on finding new synthesis conditions for the design of HPMC-Si hydrogel. In order to obtain a complete solubilization of HPMC and to improve its functionalization by the (3-glycidyloxypropyl) trimethoxysilane (GPTMS), the use of ionic liquids (IL), which are...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Silanisation; Biopolymères; Polysaccharides; Liquides ioniques; Chimie sol-gel; Ingénierie tissulaire; Hydrogels.; Silanization; Biopolymers; Polysaccharides; Ionic liquids; Sol-gel chemistry; Tissue engineering; Hydrogels..
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45188/44585.pdf
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