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Registros recuperados: 10
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A Growth-Focused Spatial Econometric Model of Agricultural Land Development in the Northeast AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Brown, Cheryl.
Using county data for West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, estimation of a system of simultaneous equations shows that population growth, higher taxes, high farmland value, and high initial per capita income accelerate farmland development, but return on farmland, government assistance to farmers, farmland conservation, and farming agglomeration reduce development pressure.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmland; Development; Regional growth; Policy; Equilibrium model; Spatial autocorrelation; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19488
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A Spatial Simultaneous Growth Equilibrium Modeling of Agricultural Land Development in the Northeast United States AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Brown, Cheryl.
This study aims to understand the relationship between regional growth in population, employment, and per capita income, and agricultural land values and development in the Northeast United States. A system of spatial simultaneous equations is estimated using three-stage-least squares on county level data. Results indicate that regional growth positively influences agricultural land values and negatively affects the stock of agricultural lands. Farm performance and some farmland protection policies were not effective in preserving farmland. The study recommends that agricultural land protection policies could be better coordinated at a regional level and more effective if integrated within state economic development programs.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21082
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Assessing Demographic Changes and Income Inequalities: A Case Study of West Virginia AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study investigates demographic change and income inequalities, and relationship between economic growth and income inequality in West Virginia. Income growth was positively related with population and employment growth, but is significantly and negatively related with income inequality. This indicates that higher income inequality is associated with slower economic growth.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35561
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Chemical Use Reductions in Urban Fringe Agriculture AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Sullivan, Kevin P.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Govindasamy, Ramu.
Using an augmented profit function framework designed to account for externalities related to chemical use in agriculture, this paper explains the chemical use choices of farmers in an urban fringe farming environment. It further estimates empirical logit models of reduced insecticide, fungicide, herbicide, and fertilizer usage. Results suggest that farmers who perceive their regulatory environment to be strict, who have experienced right-to-farm conflicts, and who have farms larger in size are more likely to reduce their chemical use over time, vis-à-vis other farmers. The results also suggest the importance of other farm structural and business climate factors in determining chemical use reduction choices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Chemical use; Sustainable agriculture; Herbicides; Fungicides; Fertilizer; Pesticides; Urban fringe; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95646
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Is Income Inequality Endogenous in Regional Growth? AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Kahsai, Mulugeta S.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study focuses on testing the relationship between income inequality and growth within U.S. counties, and the channels through which such effects are observed. The study tests three hypotheses: (1) income inequality has an inverse relationship with growth; (2) regional growth adjustments are the channels through which the inequality and growth are equilibrated; and (3) income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and its adjustment. Results, based on a system of equations estimation, confirm the hypotheses that income inequality has a growth dampening effect; income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and growth adjustment; and the channels through which income inequality determines growth are regional growth adjustments, such as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Economic growth; Gini coefficient; Growth modeling; Population change; Per capita income; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; I32; J15; O18; P25; R11; R23; R25; R51; R53; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46320
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Modeling Migration Effects on Agricultural Lands: A Growth Equilibrium Model AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Rosenberger, Randall S..
We estimate a system-of-equations model designed to measure the interaction between intertemporal patterns of changes in population, employment, and agricultural land densities. The model is applied to West Virginia for the 1990-1999 period. Consistent with recent findings on migration patterns, the results show that jobs followed people. New jobs were captured by commuters, while agricultural land losses were occurring in the commuters' counties of origin or bedroom communities. However, counties with relatively more profitable and concentrated agricultural enterprises were less susceptible to alternative land use pressure than counties with less productive or fragmented agricultural land. Elasticities indicate population change is elastic, whereas...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31379
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New Economy Growth Decomposition in the U.S. AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Abdulla, Majd.
The drivers of economic growth in what is called the New Economy has become an important policy question. As communities across the country face economic challenges and a new economic reality, the question of what works in the New Economy has emerged. This study aims to provide growth decomposition in the New Economy to identify key drivers of growth. It provides a conceptual, theoretical and empirical discussion of growth in the New Economy to solidify the theory and empirics of New Economy growth decomposition. Results suggest that growth in population, income and employment are mostly synergistic; innovation and talent are potent in the New Economy; population dynamics, especially in the young and retiree segment of the population are tied to local...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New Economy; Growth decomposition; Economic policy; Talent; Innovation; Creative class; Green infrastructure; Synergistic growth; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49579
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Regional Growth Impacts on Agricultural Land Development: A Spatial Model for Three States AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Brown, Cheryl.
In this study we attempt to understand the relationship between regional growth in population, employment, and per capita income, and farmland development in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A spatial simultaneous equations model is estimated using county-level data. Results indicate that while county income growth and agricultural land value increases in neighboring counties increase the rate of farmland loss, growth in county agricultural land values, increases in agricultural land density in neighboring counties, and increases in agricultural income per farm reduce farmland losses. Farmland protection policies were not significant in reducing agricultural land development. This approach, focused on regional growth, provides insight into...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farmland protection; Regional growth; Rural development; Spatial growth equilibrium model; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10161
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Renewable Energy Development and Implications to Agricultural Viability AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hailu, Yohannes G..
Food and energy security have increasingly acquired key natural resource policy focus. As alternative energy solutions become more land intensive, the potential implication to the agricultural sector becomes of policy interest. This study investigated the impact of projected wind energy development in Michigan on the agricultural sector. Results indicate that land lease payments overtime for wind turbine siting are expected to generate $50 million per year, impacting agricultural viability. Spatial distribution analysis suggests that most of the projected lease payments to farmers are concentrated in low value agricultural land, low value agricultural production, urban influenced, and low net farm income locations. We found that the spatial distribution of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural viability; Renewable energy; Land use; Spatial analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6132
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Strategic Acquisition of Agricultural Lands in Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants of Country Targeting Behavior AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Akaeze, Henry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104179
Registros recuperados: 10
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