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A vision of the future of the Common Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Elkes, Andrea; Halmai, Peter; Papp, Gergely; Udovecz, Gabor; Vasary, Viktoria.
The reforms proposed by the authors intend to ensure the economic, social and environmental sustainability of rural regions and place agricultural policy on a fundamentally different basis. The scope of community and state intervention will change. Payments linked to production will be cancelled and the provision of public goods will be rewarded instead. At the same time, measures aimed at enhancing the viability of the rural economy and society will become more significant. The depth of the changes calls for a new name expressing better the new approach, so instead of CAP the use of a more justified name is suggested: Common Agricultural and Rural Policy (CARP). This paper outlines the vision and the major proposals we suggest to meet the above mentioned...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP; Reform; Public goods; Common Agricultural and Rural Policy; Vision.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52194
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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AGRICULTURAL MARKET IMPACTS OF THE ADAPTATION OF EU’S COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY (SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE CASE OF HUNGARY) AgEcon
Velikovszky, Laszlo; Halmai, Peter.
The Eastern enlargement of the European Union is a historical move without precedent. The adaptation to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has various impacts. The Eastern enlargement of the CAP raises the most problematic questions in the following areas of discussion:  Taking over of significantly higher CAP-prices;  Taking over of the “compensatory payments”;  Taking over supply control and management;  Budgetary impacts;  WTO-commitments. This paper systematically analyses these above-mentioned factors. Special attention is paid to the WTO-connections. It has to be underlined that the system of Agreement of Agriculture, the “modalities” laying the basis for the commitments have not properly taken the unique situation of the transitory economies...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123735
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CAP Reform in the Light of the WTO Doha Round Negotiations AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
Our paper focuses on the question: how the measures of June 2003 agreement can help the EU to meet the new WTO commitments. As decoupling of direct payments and WTO classification of the new payments seem to be one of the most important questions from the point of view of WTO negotiations, our analysis focuses mainly on the Single Farm Payment (SFP). We assesses the decoupled nature of the single farm payment (SFP) based on WTO and OECD criteria. We conclude that the SFP meets not only the current WTO (design based) criteria of decoupling, but can also be qualified as effective fully decoupled system using the OECD terminology.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; WTO; Decoupling; International Relations/Trade; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24693
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CAP UNDER FIRE: THE BUDGETARY REVIEW AND THE CAP AgEcon
Elekes, Andrea; Halmai, Peter.
During the process of the budgetary review the CAP faces its greatest challenge of its history: not only the (common) financing of the CAP, but the future of the CAP itself is at stake. It is obvious that the reform steps implemented so far – even though they have several forward-looking elements – do not result in a CAP sustainable on the long run. Further changes are inevitable. Basing our analysis on the theories of fiscal federalism and other political economy approaches, we try to answer the following questions. Is common financing of a reformed CAP justified? Can national co-financing be extended? Is it justified to keep the system of commonly financed direct payments?
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: European Union; Common Agricultural Policy; Fiscal federalism; Budget review; Agricultural and Food Policy; F15; F36; H41; H50; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114345
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CAP versus Rural Policy Challenges, Paradigm change AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria.
Rural development in the European Union has to face several challenges. Negative effects of old and new challenges (if these challenges are not faced effectively) might enhance and accelerate those processes that are taking place slowly for the present but that are definitely irreversible. On the basis of sector-specific approach problems related to agriculture should be focused on. It has to be, however, highlighted that there is an ongoing paradigm change: there is a shift from the agricultural policy aiming at food self sufficiency and income parity towards a sustainable rural policy with spatial focus. The shift itself is considered a continuous challenge, too. The following questions as objectives of the paper arise: - Are there policy instruments...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common agricultural policy; New rural paradigm; European added value; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q01; Q18; Q28; Q57.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115547
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COMMON FINANCING FOR AGRICULTURAL POLICY BUDGETARY QUESTIONS AgEcon
Vasary, Viktoria; Elekes, Andrea; Halmai, Peter.
Can we agree fully with the statement, that “agricultural spending is a major distorting factor in the EU economy and a distinct obstacle to the Lisbon agenda’s implementation”? (Gros, 2008) Is it without question that Europe’s agriculture is in position to become sustainable and competitive without certain kind of common policy with no Community financing? Is it unambiguous in every respect, that the challenges facing the sector – globalization, trade liberalization, climate change, water management, Lisbon process, enlargement, changing preferences – could be answered at national level utilizing exclusively national financial sources? The answers to these questions are complex. So the purpose of the paper is multiple: - Exploration of factors justifying...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public goods; Fiscal federalism; A new agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Public Economics; Q14; Q18; H41.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44820
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Community versus National Financing - How to achieve a sustainable agricultural policy? AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria.
Is the Common Agricultural Policy unsustainable? Is agricultural spending a major distorting factor in the EU economy and an obstacle to the implementation of the Lisbon agenda? To answer these complex questions, detailed analysis is required along the following lines of thought: 1. Exploration of factors justifying Community level intervention. – Is the ’theory of decentralization’ applicable to budgetary issues and the common agricultural policy? Our hypothesis suggests that it is. 2. Assessing CAP as it currently exists, including its ability to generate public goods at the level of the Community (multifunctional elements which are indeed cross-border externalities) and its ability to create added value at the level of the Community. 3. Making an...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public goods; Fiscal federalism; New agricultural policy; Közjavak; Fiskális föderalizmus; Új agrárpolitika; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92534
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Declining "Common" Agricultural Policy? CAP Reform of 2003 and Its National Implementation in the Member States AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
This paper focuses on the basic element of the 2003 CAP reform process: on the single farm payment and its national implementation models. We examine possible economic impacts (production distorting effects, redistribution, restructuring, resource allocation and effects on land market) of the basic SFP models. In sum, we can say that the 2003 CAP reform and the new support provide an opportunity to overcome some of the difficulties the CAP faces with. However, the wide range of national diversities threatens the principle of the single market, and transparency and operation of the common market organizations. As there is a wide range of possible constructions member states can decide for, the common nature of the CAP gets more and more questionable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Decoupling; Single farm payment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24480
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Factors Determining EU-Competitiveness of the Hungarian Agriculture: Trade policy approach AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
As regards EU accession of Hungary one of the most important questions is how the adaptation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) will affect the competitiveness of the Hungarian agriculture. Competitive effects of CAP can be revealed in several ways (quantitative, comparative analysis, simulations etc.) but the results may differ significantly. That is why it is interesting to compare the results of different methods. This paper concentrates on the competitive effects of changing trade policy by comparing the results of comparative analyses (producer prices, export subsidy systems and import protection) and simulations. The results of the simulation confirm the conclusion that the CAP adaptation will favour basically the cereal production. CAP...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU accession; Trade policy; Competitiveness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24928
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How Decoupled Is the European Union's Single Farm Payment? AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea; Velikovszky, Laszlo.
Our paper focuses on the key element of the 2003 CAP reform: on the single farm payment (SFP). The basic aim was to decouple direct payment from production decisions. Because of the widespread agricultural policy reforms (support producers with the least possible distortions) and of the on-going WTO negotiations, this is an issue attracting significant attention on behalf of agricultural economists. Different tools and different methodologies have been employed in the effort to better understand and rank policy measures in terms of their production and trade effects. Most of the literature classifies measures based on implementation criteria. Our paper assesses the decoupled nature of the single farm payment (SFP) based on WTO and OECD criteria. The EU...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; WTO; Decoupling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25339
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POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITS TO THE LIBERALISATION OF INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL TRADE IN THE WTO MILLENIUM ROUND (SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITORY ECONOMIES) AgEcon
Halmai, Peter.
Through the comprehensive regulation international agricultural trade, the GATT Uruguay Round was already a significant move towards the elimination of market distorting factors/barriers. But the Agreement of Agriculture was only the first step on this long path and at the same time certain internal contradictions were generated:  Due to the “dirty tariffication” the heavy protectionist countries could still impose high import duties;  The mechanism for limiting domestic subsidies has not proven to be efficient;  Certain hidden subsidies- such as export loans – were not included in the liberalisation system etc. The new WTO Round starting at the end of 1999 offers again the chance to further reduce the market distorting barriers. However, the planned...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123657
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Transformational Crisis, Transformational Depression, The Changing Agriculture The Hungarian Case AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria.
Using the expression „transformational crisis” invented by János Kornai and used for the whole national economy the paper intends to define the common characteristics of this transformational crisis evolved in the countries concerned. Besides the paper tries to define and interpret this expression in sector approach just as to further develop it in consideration of agriculture. The eastern enlargement of the EU is considered to be different from the former enlargements when it came to the accession of countries with comparatively consolidated agricultural structure and increasing agricultural output. In Hungary the very source of possible difficulties is to be seeked in the transformational depression. Due to the transformational depression the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transformational crisis; Transformational depression; EU-adaptation in the agricultural sector; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7835
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