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Registros recuperados: 12
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ALTERNATIVES FOR FINANCING MUNICIPAL SERVICES: THE CASE OF UNIT-PRICED TRASH DISPOSAL AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Hallas-Burt, Shanna; Huang, Ju-Chin.
New policy is being developed that incorporates not only innovative means of disposal, including the integration of source reduction and recycling, but also innovative approaches to funding disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). This study was conducted to determine if a higher marginal price for MSW disposal affected per capita waste generation in New Hampshire towns, how the existence of a pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) program influenced per capita MSW generation, and to attempt to determine which towns were most likely to adopt a PAYT program in the future. The results showed that average household size, existence of a capital improvement plan, and marginal price to dispose of waste were statistically significant influences, regardless of the variation of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19953
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An Hedonic Analysis of the Effects of Lake Water Clarity on New Hampshire Lakefront Properties AgEcon
Huang, Ju-Chin; Boyle, Kevin J.; Halstead, John M.; Gibbs, Julie P..
Policy makers often face the problem of evaluating how water quality affects a region's economic well-being. Using water clarity as a measure of the degree of eutrophication levels (as a lake becomes inundated with nutrients, water clarity decreases markedly), analysis is performed on sales data collected over a six-year period. Our results indicate that water clarity has a significant effect on prices paid for residential properties. Effects of a one-meter change in clarity on property value are also estimated for an average lake in four real estate market areas in New Hampshire, with effects differing substantially by area. Our findings provide state and local policy makers a measure of the cost of water quality degradation as measured by changes in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31475
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ECONOMIC INSIGHTS INTO THE SITING PROBLEM: AN APPLICATION OF THE EXPECTED UTILITY MODEL AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Whitcomb, Joanna L.; Hamilton, Lawrence C..
Despite the generally recognized need for facilities such as power plants, landfills, prisons, and medical laboratories, finding host sites has become extremely difficult. This study uses the expected utility (EU) model to explain individiuals' preferences in the hypothetical case of siting a municipal solid waste composting facility. The three principal factors which EU theory prescribes would affect the decision process- benefits of the proposed facility, losses from the facility, and the (perceived) probability of various scenarios occurring- embodied by the variables in a multinomial logit model explain a substantial amount of the variation in siting decisions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31496
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ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AND LABOR MARKET DYNAMICS: A STUDY OF SEVEN WESTERN COUNTIES AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
Impacts of energy development on the secondary business sector of development-impacted counties are examined in a survey of seven western counties. Problems experienced by businesses in attracting and retaining qualified employees and in expanding to take advantage of growing markets are evaluated. Characteristics of private and public sector employees and their implications for community planning are discussed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32139
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Impacts of Energy Development on Mercer County, North Dakota AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
This study examines the efforts of Mercer County, North Dakota to deal with the impacts of several large-scale facilities constructed and under construction near Beulah, the county's largest city. The county has, thus far, adjusted well. The lessons of Mercer County may, therefore, be useful in planning for future growth in other communities.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23357
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Impacts of Energy Development on Secondary Labor Markets: A Study of Seven Western Counties AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
This study attempts to determine key characteristics of these secondary workers in seven counties of four states, and the implications that the results of these surveys have on planning for socioeconomic impact management.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23260
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Privatization of Municipal Service Provision: Panacea or Pandora's Box? AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Girard, Peter; Deller, Steven C..
The provision of municipal services by private contractors and cooperative arrangements has become increasingly prevalent in the US. Building on previous studies in Illinois and Wisconsin we attempt to model the municipal decision of how local governments provide residents with town services. In order to test the applicability of past work to smaller towns we conducted a survey of the mostly rural state of New Hampshire in the summer of 2004. This paper will provide descriptive statistics of this New Hampshire survey. We will then begin to outline a possible decision-making model relative to population, location and other exogenous factors. Our analysis will use logit analysis to model the decision to contract out to for profit service providers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19355
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PROTEST BIDDERS IN CONTINGENT VALUATION AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Luloff, A.E.; Stevens, Thomas H..
Protest bids are often excluded during analysis of contingent valuation method data. It is suggested that this procedure might introduce significant bias. Protest bids are often registered by respondents who may actually place a higher- or lower-than-average value on the commodity in question but refuse to pay on the basis of ethical or other reasons. Exclusion of protest bids may therefore bias willingness to pay (WTP) results, but the direction of bias is indeterminate a priori.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29000
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Service Delivery in Rural Municipalities: Privatize, Cooperate, or Go It Alone? AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Mohr, Robert D.; Deller, Steven C..
Choices in production and contracting arrangements for a wide range of services were studied using data from approximately 1,000 small, mostly rural municipalities from Illinois, New Hampshire and Wisconsin. Results suggest the use of both for-profit contractors and cooperative agreements with other governments correlate negatively with population. Small municipalities are less likely to use competitive bidding processes, compare costs between production options, or report that privatization produces savings. Median income, rural geography, and ideology show statistically-significant associations with contracting choices. Respondents generally consider themselves ―satisfied‖ with services provided by contract, although satisfaction levels are lower than...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Privatization; Municipal services; Cooperation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60991
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THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT DECISIONS: THE CASE OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Park, William M..
The issue of solid waste management has risen to national prominence in the last decade, fueled by increasing waste disposal costs and changing public attitudes. This situation presents a major opportunity for economists to use their applied microeconomics skills to assist state and local governments manage waste in a cost effective fashion. While findings from formal research efforts may ultimately make their way into the decision-making process, perhaps economists can play an even more significant role in emphasizing the importance of the most basic economic concepts and principles for sound decision making in solid waste management or the many other areas in which local public choices are made. These areas would include at least the following:...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31650
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TINKERING WITH VALUATION ESTIMATES: IS THERE A FUTURE FOR WILLINGNESS TO ACCEPT MEASURES? AgEcon
Halstead, John M.; Huang, Ju-Chin; Stevens, Thomas H.; Harper, Wendy.
This paper examines various methods proposed in the literature to calibrate welfare measures, especially willingness to accept and willingness to pay, derived from contingent valuation surveys. Through simulation and a case study, we hope to provide guidance for empirical welfare measurement in response to the theoretical dispute regarding WTA/WTP disparities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19724
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Using Matching Estimators to Evaluate the Effect of Unit-Based Pricing on Municipal Solid Waste Disposal AgEcon
Wright, Christopher; Halstead, John M..
The delivery of municipal services for the collection, transfer, and disposal of household solid waste is often provided by local governmental units; typically at the town or city level. Unit-based pricing, also known as pay-as-you-throw (PAYT), is a residential solid waste collection program requiring households to pay a fee per bag of trash disposed. Unit-based pricing represents a significant departure from the historical practice of financing solid waste service from property tax revenues in which the marginal cost to a household for disposing solid waste is effectively zero. Local governments are motivated to adopt unit-based pricing for the purpose of creating a financial incentive for households to reduce the quantity of solid waste disposed and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Propensity score matching; Unit-based pricing; Pay-as-you-throw; Municipal solid waste; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103812
Registros recuperados: 12
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