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Registros recuperados: 10
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210Po and 210Pb trophic transfer within the phytoplankton–zooplankton–anchovy/sardine food web: a case study from the Gulf of Lion (NW Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Strady, Emilie; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Chiffoleau, Jean-francois; Veron, Alain; Tronczynski, Jacek; Radakovitch, Olivier.
The transfer of 210Po and 210Pb in the food web of small pelagic fishes (from phytoplankton and zooplankton to anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus and sardine Sardina pilchardus) is investigated in the Gulf of Lion (GoL). We present original data of 210Po and 210Pb activity concentrations, C and N stable isotope ratios, measured (i) from different size classes of phytoplankton and zooplankton during spring and winter in different environments of the GoL, and (ii) in two fish species. Significant spatial patterns based on 210Po, 210Pb activity concentrations and 210Po/210Pb ratios in the different plankton size classes are evidenced by hierarchical clustering, both in spring and winter. This variability, also observed for C and N stable isotopes ratios, is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Po-210; Pb-210; Phytoplankton; Zooplankton; Pelagic fishes; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36609/35264.pdf
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Algal food processing by Stegastes nigricans, an herbivorous damselfish: differences between an undisturbed and a disturbed coral reef site (La Reunion, Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Lison De Loma, Thierry; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Naim, Odile; Fontaine, Marie France.
There has, as yet, been little study of nutrient disturbance and its consequences on the functional biology of primary consumers in coral reefs. The processing of epilithic algal communities by the damselfish Stegastes nigricans was investigated at La Reunion, at two sites of a fringing reef, oligotrophic for one and eutrophic for the other. Differences between sites were analyzed in quantifying organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, and organic 'nutrients' (carbohydrate, lipid and protein) in the algal food, the digestive contents and the faeces of S. nigricans. In the disturbed site, algal turfs and digestive contents presented significantly higher organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen and organic nutrient values. Absorption efficiency of total...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Régime herbivore; Stegastes; Récif corallien; Eutrophisation; La Réunion; Herbivory; Stegastes; Coral reef; Eutrophication; La Reunion.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00323/43376/42835.pdf
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Contrasting perception of fish trophic level from stomach content and stable isotope analyses: A Mediterranean artificial reef experience ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Ruitton, Sandrine; Ourgaud, Melanie; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
A large complex of artificial reefs was deployed in the Bay of Marseilles, North-Western Mediterranean, for the enhancement of commercial fisheries stocks. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope and stomach content analyses were performed on 23 fish species collected on the artificial reefs to assess their trophic position and feeding behaviour. Results indicated that fish diets were not modified on the artificial reefs compared to natural environments, nor was the structure of their trophic network. Artificial reefs, with their complex design, provide diverse and abundant food sources for fishes. Ranges of delta C-13 and delta N-15 of artificial reef fishes were comparable to those recorded in natural Mediterranean environments, with a similar trophic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artificial reefs; Fish diet; NW Mediterranean; Stable isotopes; Stomach content; Trophic level.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00186/29708/28188.pdf
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Differential biomagnification of PCB, PBDE, Hg and Radiocesium in the food web of the European hake from the NW Mediterranean ArchiMer
Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Bodiguel, Xavier; Charmasson, Sabine; Loizeau, Veronique; Mellon, Capucine; Tronczynski, Jacek; Cossa, Daniel.
Consumption of marine organisms represents one of the main exposure sources of contaminants for human populations. To obtain a global view of the contamination in commercial fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea, we analysed four types of priority contaminants (PCBs, PBDEs, Hg and Cs-137) in the European hake, Merluccius merluccius, from the Gulf of Lions in relation with organism's trophic level (delta N-15). All contaminants presented a significant increase in concentration in hake muscle with trophic level. However, obvious differences between contaminants were evidenced. Biomagnification factors (BMF and FWMF) along the hake food web were higher for Hg and CB-153 than for BDE-47 and Cs-137, and increase in contaminant concentration with trophic level...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Persistent organic pollutants; Mercury; Cs-137; Merluccius merluccius; Mediterranean.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19583/17484.pdf
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Feeding strategies of co-occurring suspension feeders in an oligotrophic environment ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Ruitton, Sandrine; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Suspension-feeders predominate in the vast majority of the coastal marine benthic ecosystems, with several species co-occurring at low spatial scale. Understanding how these species cope with competition for trophic resources has been the core of numerous studies, mostly in coastal shallow systems where food supplies are diverse and abundant. Oligotrophic systems have received less attention. The aim of the present study was thus to investigate the trophic relationships established between 9 suspension feeders collected in an oligotrophic zone (Bay of Marseille, French Mediterranean). Species displayed similar isotopic ratios, consistently with the use of one main source, identified as nanophytoplankton and diazotrophic bacteria as the δ15N values were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Suspension feeders; Isotopic niche; Mediterranean; Oligotrophy; Resource sharing mechanisms.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41203/40363.pdf
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Food web structure of a Mediterranean coralligeneous ecosystem ArchiMer
Belloni, Bruno; Sartoretto, Stephane; Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Guillou, Gael; Lebreton, Benoit; Ruitton, Sandrine; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
The coralligenous ecosystem is one of the biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean Sea. This study aims at determining (i) the organic matter (OM) sources at the base of the food web in a coralligenous  ecosystem  near  Marseille  (Cap  Caveau,  Frioul  Island)  and  (ii)  the  global functional structure of its community. For that purpose, C and N stable isotope analyses were performed on 78 compartments or species collected in this habitat between 30 and 40 m depth. Results  suggested  that  the  pelagic  particulate  organic  matter  (POM),  mainly  composed  of phytoplankton, was the main OM source fuelling coralligenous food webs, followed by sedimented organic matter (SOM) and some macrophytes. At least three level of consumers were identified from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food webs; Coralligenous ecosystem; Stable isotopes; Carbon; Nitrogen.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59511/62396.pdf
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Mercury in blue shark ( Prionace glauca ) and shortfin mako ( Isurus oxyrinchus ) from north-eastern Atlantic: Implication for fishery management ArchiMer
Biton-porsmoguer, Sebastian; Banaru, Daniela; Boudouresque, Charles F.; Dekeyser, Ivan; Bouchoucha, Marc; Marco-miralles, Francoise; Lebreton, Benoit; Guillou, Gael; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Pelagic sharks (blue shark Prionace glauca and shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus) caught by long-line Spanish and Portuguese fleets in the NE Atlantic, were sampled at Vigo fish market (Spain) for total mercury (Hg) analysis. Hg concentration in white muscle increased with size and weight in both species, but at a higher rate in shortfin mako than in the blue shark. No difference was found with sex, year and season. Spatial variation was observed in the blue shark with higher Hg values in the North of the Azorean archipelago, but not in the shortfin mako. These high-level predators are particularly susceptible to bioaccumulate contaminants (Hg) in their tissues (muscle). However, a significant positive relationship between Hg concentration and trophic level...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mercury; Pelagic sharks; Blue shark; Shortfin mako; Long-line fishery; NE Atlantic.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52492/56296.pdf
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PCB concentrations in plankton size classes, a temporal study in Marseille Bay, Western Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Tiano, Marion; Tronczynski, Jacek; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Tixier, Celine; Carlotti, Francois.
PCB levels in plankton were investigated in the Bay of Marseille, Western Mediterranean Sea, between September 2010 and October 2011. Concentrations of PCB congeners (CB 18, CB 52, CB 101, CB 118, CB 138, CB 153, CB 180) were determined in three plankton size-classes (60–200, 200–500 and 500–1000 μm) together with different parameters: chlorophyll content, plankton dry-weight biomass, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios and plankton-community structure. The ∑PCB7 concentrations ranged between 14.2 and 88.1 ng g−1 d.w., for all size classes and all sampling periods. The results do not show the biomass dilution effect and indicate moderate but significant biomagnification with plankton trophic position estimated by δ15N signatures. Equilibrium with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCBs; Phytoplankton; Zooplankton; Bioaccumulation; Coastal; Bay of Marseille.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32881/31371.pdf
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Seasonal and plant-part isotopic and biochemical variation in Posidonia oceanica ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Boudouresque, Charles François; Ruitton, Sandrine; Casalot, Laurie; Verlaque, Marc; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Posidonia oceanica is an iconic and highly productive Mediterranean seagrass. As most studies have focused on the fate of its production, temporal and plant part-specific variations of isotopic composition and biochemical content were overlooked. Combined seasonal and plant-part stable isotope composition and biochemical concentrations were measured at the lower depth limit of a P. oceanica meadow (~ 25 meter depth), and explained on the basis of previous knowledge of the specific metabolic functioning of each part. The predominance of compounds with complex chemical structure was reflected by the high concentrations of insoluble carbohydrates, high C/N ratios and high ä13C values. Plant parts clustered in 3 groups with similar isotopic or biochemical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Posidomia oceanica; Mediterranean Sea; Stable isotopes; Biochemical composition.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61640/65566.pdf
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Trophic ecology of the European Hake in the Gulf of Lions, Northwestern Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Mellon, Capucine; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille; Metral, Luisa; Loizeau, Veronique; Mortreux, Serge; Roos, David; Fromentin, Jean-marc.
The European hake, Merluccius merluccius, is an important resource for Mediterranean fisheries. This study focuses on juvenile and adult hake feeding ecology in the Gulf of Lions, using information from scientific surveys carried out during two seasons and three years (2004-2006). Stomach content and stable isotope (ä15N, ä13C) analyses were performed, and the main factors explaining variations in ä15N were investigated using GLMs. In the Gulf of Lions, hake mostly fed on crustaceans and fish and a dominant piscivorous regime was reached at 15 cm total length. Pelagic fish (sardine, anchovy and small blue whiting) were the main source of prey (40%-80%) and cannibalism was low (<5%). The results confirmed that hake is an opportunistic feeder and also...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Foodweb; GLM; Habitat; Merluccius merluccius; Predator-prey relationships; Stable isotopes; Stomach contents.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00360/47091/47016.pdf
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