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A COMPARISON OF THE SIZE AND LOCATION OF AGRIBUSINESS INDUSTRIES FOR LOUISIANA AND ITS PARISHES: 1982-1992 AgEcon
Hughes, David W.; Harrison, R. Wes.
The objective of this study is to measure and analyze the effects of structural change in the agribusiness sector on parish economies in Louisiana. Specific objectives are: (1) to measure changing patterns of employment in Louisiana's agribusiness sector, (2) to analyze the impacts of structural change on the contribution of agribusiness to total employment in individual parishes, and (3) to identify any rural-to-urban or urban-to-rural shifts in the geographic location of employment resulting from structural changes in agribusiness industries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31684
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A CONJOINT ANALYSIS OF NEW FOOD PRODUCTS PROCESSED FROM UNDERUTILIZED SMALL CRAWFISH AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Ozayan, Aylin; Meyers, Samuel P..
Attributes for two value-added seafood products derived from underutilized crawfish are analyzed using conjoint data from seafood restaurants in the southern region of the United States. Preferences for the products' form, price, and flavor attributes were tested. Statistical tests revealed that the attribute interactions were not significant, and part-worth utilities for all main effects were estimated using an additive preference model. Results indicate that the new crawfish products should be marketed as a high-quality fresh soup base or seafood stuffing, priced between 30% and 50% of the cost of fresh crawfish tail meat.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conjoint analysis; Seafood; Value added; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15552
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A Conjoint Analysis of the U.S. Broiler Complex Location Decision AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Sambidi, Pramod R..
A national survey of broiler industry executives is conducted to analyze site-specific factors related to the broiler-complex location problem. Conjoint analysis is used to analyze the broiler complex location decision. Feed costs, community attitude toward the broiler industry, availability of geographically concentrated growers, unemployment rates, and wage rates were found to be the top five factors affecting broiler company location decisions. The quality of roads between feed mill and growers; electricity, heating, water, and sewage costs; and the number of potential growers in the region were also found to be important.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Conjoint analysis; Location; Poultry industry; R12; O18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43457
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A MULTINOMIAL LOGIT MODEL OF CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS FOR BIOTECH FOOD LABELING AgEcon
Han, Jae-Hwan; Harrison, R. Wes.
A multinomial logit analysis is employed to analyze consumers' perceptions about purchasing biotech foods and their preferences for mandatory and voluntary labeling. Results showed that consumers who are sensitive to the possible side effects of biotech crops on wildlife and the environment are more likely to support a mandatory labeling policy. Results also indicated that respondents who believe biotech foods may have unforeseen health risks are more likely to favor mandatory labeling. Furthermore, the study found that respondents who are willing to buy a meat product produced using biotechnology are more likely to favor a voluntary labeling policy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20157
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Adoption Behavior in Food Retailers' Decision to Offer Fresh Irradiated Ground Beef AgEcon
Jaenicke, Edward C.; Harrison, R. Wes; Jensen, Kimberly L.; Jakus, Paul M..
During the 14-month period from May 2002 to June 2003, approximately 10 percent of U.S. supermarkets began to offer fresh irradiated ground beef under the stores' own labels. Using a survey of supermarket store managers from this time period, this paper investigates the factors that influenced stores' adoption of irradiated ground beef. Results from the adoption model show that factors associated with competition, merchandising philosophy, and structure in the food retailing industry play a strong role in the decision. Among other results, we find that variables relating to a competitor's adoption status and proximity can increase the likelihood of a store's adoption decision.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24680
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An Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Value-Added Seafood Products Derived from Crawfish AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Stringer, Timothy; Prinyawiwatkul, Witoon.
Conjoint analysis is used to evaluate consumer preferences for three consumer-ready products derived from crawfish. Utility functions are estimated using two-limit tobit and ordered probit models. The results show women prefer a baked nugget or popper type product, whereas 35- to 44-year-old men prefer a microwavable nugget or patty type product. The results also show little difference between part-worth estimates or predicted rankings for the tobit and ordered probit models, implying the results are not sensitive to assumptions regarding the ordinal and cardinal nature of respondent preferences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31392
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An Analysis of Food Safety Events on Consumers’ Confidence and Consumers Attitude towards Preparedness of U.S. Food System AgEcon
Hill, Jessica I.; Bharad, Abhishek Bhagwat; Harrison, R. Wes; Kinsey, Jean D.; Degeneffe, Dennis J..
Every year hundreds of food recalls are made due to contamination. The main focus of this paper is to examine the effects of specific food events on consumers’ confidence in food safety as well as their preparedness regarding the United States food system. The food events studied in this are major food-borne illnesses outbreaks and recalls that have occurred since May 2008. The three events chosen included: the salmonella outbreak in jalapeno and Serrano peppers occurring in 2008, the salmonella outbreak in peanut butter occurring in 2009, and the E.coli outbreak in Nestle cookie dough occurring in 2009. An ordered probit model was used to measure the effects that these specific foodborne illnesses had on consumers’ confidence. The results revealed that...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Food system; Food recalls; Ordered probit; Consumer confidence; Consumer attitudes; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123174
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Analysis of Cardinal and Ordinal Assumptions in Conjoint Analysis AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Gillespie, Jeffrey M.; Fields, Deacue.
Of twenty-three agricultural economics conjoint analyses conducted between 1990 and 2001, seventeen used interval-rating scales, with estimation procedures varying widely. This study tests cardinality assumptions in conjoint analysis when interval-rating scales are used, and tests whether the ordered probit or two-limit tobit model is the most valid. Results indicate that cardinality assumptions are invalid, but estimates of the underlying utility scale for the two models do not differ. Thus, while the ordered probit model is theoretically more appealing, the two-limit tobit model may be more useful in practice, especially in cases with limited degrees of freedom, such as with individual-level conjoint models.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ordered probit; Two-limit probit; Conjoint analysis; Cardinality; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10238
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Analysis of Consumer Preferences for Biotech Labeling Formats AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Mclennon, Everald.
Conjoint analysis is used to measure the preferences of United States consumers for labeling of biotech foods. The study found that consumers in the sample support mandatory labeling of biotech foods. This suggests that U.S. consumers would support revisions to the present voluntary labeling policy of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Results also showed that the preferred labeling formal is a text disclosure that describes the benefits of biotechnology in combination with a biotech logo.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Biotechnology; Labeling; Conjoint Analysis; Q18; Q13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42937
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ANALYSIS OF FOOD LABELS FOR AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AgEcon
Mclennon, Everald; Harrison, R. Wes.
Conjoint analysis is used to measure consumer preferences for alternative biotech labeling formats. The study found that consumers overwhelmingly support mandatory labeling of biotech foods. Results also showed that the preferred labeling format is a text disclosure that describes the benefits of biotechnology in combination with a biotech logo.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35221
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Analysis of Media Agenda-Setting Effects on Consumer Confidence in the Safety of the U.S. Food System AgEcon
Bharad, Abhishek Bhagwat; Harrison, R. Wes; Kinsey, Jean D.; Degeneffe, Dennis J.; Ferreira, Gustavo F.C..
Results from continuous tracking of consumer confidence and media coverage of food safety events over a 67 week period between May 2008 and August 2009 are reported. An ordered probit model is used to test the hypothesis that media coverage of food safety events affects consumer confidence in the safety of the U.S. food system. The results show that media coverage significantly and negatively affected consumer confidence in the safety of nation’s food supply during the sample period. Socioeconomic and demographic factors such as geographic region, use of media source, household size, age, ethnicity, education, and gender also had significant affects on consumer confidence in the safety of United States food supply.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Safety; Consumer Confidence; Mass media; Ordered probit; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56423
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ANALYSIS OF SITE-SPECIFIC DETERMINANTS OF LOCATION DECISIONS FOR THE U.S. BROILER INDUSTRY AgEcon
Sambidi, Pramod R.; Harrison, R. Wes.
Conjoint analysis is applied to study the attributes affecting the location of a broiler complex. Distance between feed mill and growers, feed cost, and community attitude toward broiler industry are found to be the most important factors influencing the location decision of broiler growing, feed mill, and broiler processing respectively.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35121
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ANALYSIS OF THE RISK MANAGEMENT PROPERTIES OF GRAZING CONTRACTS VERSUS FUTURES AND OPTION CONTRACTS AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Bobst, Barry W.; Benson, Fred J.; Meyer, Lee.
A stochastic budget simulator and generalized stochastic dominance are used to compare the risk management properties of grazing contracts to futures and option contracts. The results show that the risks of backgrounding feeder cattle are reduced significantly for pasture owners in a grazing contract. However, the risks of the cattle owner in a grazing contract are not significantly reduced. The results show that generally risk adverse pasture owners prefer grazing contracts to integrated production when traditional hedging is used to manage price risks. In addition, grazing contracts compare favorably with put option contracts for some pasture owners.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Backgrounding; Futures contracts; Grazing contracts; Options contracts; Risk management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15117
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ANALYZING AGRIBUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS: THE CASE OF THE UNITED STATES SUGAR INDUSTRY AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Harrison, R. Wes; Piedra, Mario A..
The U.S. sugar industry has historically been insulated from volatilities in the world sugar market through the use of an import quota. Recent occurrences in the international agricultural policy arena have brought the need to examine the competitiveness of the United States sugar industry to the fore. Developments with respect to international agricultural policies, combined with a restructuring of United States domestic agricultural policy will undoubtedly reshape the environment in which the U.S. Sugar industry operates. This paper seeks to answer how the various regions and sectors will be able to compete in the world market. This paper starts by outlining an analytical framework to examine the impact of various sources that influence...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34436
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COMPETITIVENESS IN THE WORLD SUGAR INDUSTRY: A COMPARISON OF THE EU AND U.S. SUGAR SECTORS AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Harrison, R. Wes.
The EU and U.S. have historically been insulated from volatilities in the world sugar market. This paper reviews changes in WTO and regional trade agreements and interactions with domestic policies. A framework is developed to analyze the competitive positions of these sugar industries given world sugar policy reforms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Sugar; EU; U.S.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21649
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Consumer Confidence in the Food System, Media Coverage and Stock Prices of Food Companies: A Regression Analysis AgEcon
Garcia-Fuentes, Pablo A.; Ferreira, Gustavo F.C.; Harrison, R. Wes; Kinsey, Jean D.; Degeneffe, Dennis J..
A series of recent and serious food safety incidents have generated a national debate over the significant costs that they impose on various stakeholders - consumers, industry, or the government. This paper examines the impact of media coverage of food safety and defense issues on consumer confidence in food safety, and measures the response of stock prices of food companies to changes in consumer confidence. Results show that, increases in media coverage have a negative impact on consumer confidence, and that decreases in the levels of consumer confidence on food safety have a negative impact on stock prices of food companies, in particular for the larger firms. These findings confirm that the financial performance of food the industry is negatively...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61658
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Consumer Valuation of the Second Generation of Genetically Modified (GM) Foods with Benefits Disclosure AgEcon
Han, Jae-Hwan; Harrison, R. Wes.
Employing contingent valuation method (CVM), the study explores whether or not consumers risk/benefit beliefs and knowledge about GM foods affect their behavior as measured by willingness to pay (WTP) a premium for GM beef with benefits. The results demonstrate that risk/benefit perceptions play a significant role to elicit WTP for GM beef with benefits
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35277
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Follow the Leader: Adoption Behavior in Food Retailers' Decision to Offer Fresh Irradiated Ground Beef AgEcon
Harrison, R. Wes; Jaenicke, Edward C.; Jensen, Kimberly L.; Jakus, Paul M..
During the 14-month period from May 2002 to June 2003, approximately 10 percent of U.S. supermarkets began to offer fresh irradiated ground beef under the stores' own labels. Using a survey of supermarket store managers from this time period, this paper investigates the factors that influenced new product offerings and adoptions. Results from the adoption model show that factors associated with competition and structure in the food retailing industry play a strong role in the decision. Among other results, we find that variables relating to a competitor's adoption status and proximity significantly affect a store's decision to offer fresh irradiated ground beef.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19300
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IMPACT OF INCREASING IMPORTS ON THE UNITED STATES SOUTHEASTERN REGION SHRIMP PROCESSING INDUSTRY 1973-1996 AgEcon
Diop, Hamady; Harrison, R. Wes; Keithly, Walter R., Jr..
This study analyzes the effects of increased shrimp imports on the price-cost margins in three sectors of the U.S. shrimp industry. Results indicates decreasing price-cost margins for peeled shrimp, breaded shrimp, and headless-shell-on shrimp. The increase in shrimp imports reduces domestic processor prices for shrimp products, therefore decreasing processor margins.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21647
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IMPACT OF SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON ATTITUDES TOWARD FOOD IRRADIATION AgEcon
Hinson, Roger A.; Harrison, R. Wes; Andrews, Linda.
Irradiation of food products is one of several techniques that reduce the risk of food-borne illness. Despite its advantages, the technique has been used sparingly because consumers are wary about this technology. A logit model is used to evaluate the impacts of demographic factors on attitudes toward purchasing foods that have been irradiated and toward paying more for irradiated foods. An important finding of this study is that consumers who are familiar with irradiation are significantly more likely to buy and pay more for irradiated products than those who have never heard of irradiation. This implies that educational programs aimed at informing consumers about the benefits of irradiation can work.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26839
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