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Coupling between taxonomic and functional diversity in protistan coastal communities ArchiMer
Ramond, Pierre; Sourisseau, Marc; Simon, Nathalie; Romac, Sarah; Schmitt, Sophie; Rigaut-jalabert, Fabienne; Henry, Nicolas; De Vargas, Colomban; Siano, Raffaele.
The study of protistan functional diversity is crucial to understand the dynamics of oceanic ecological processes. We combined the metabarcoding data of various coastal ecosystems and a newly developed trait‐based approach to study the link between taxonomic and functional diversity across marine protistan communities of different size‐classes. Environmental DNA was extracted and the V4 18S rDNA genomic region was amplified and sequenced. In parallel, we tried to annotate the Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) from our metabarcoding dataset to 30 biological traits using published and accessible information on protists. We then developed a method to study trait correlations across protists (i.e. trade‐offs) in order to build the best functional groups....
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00478/58964/61554.pdf
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Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean ArchiMer
De Vargas, Colomban; Audic, Stephane; Henry, Nicolas; Decelle, Johan; Mahe, Frederic; Logares, Ramiro; Lara, Enrique; Berney, Cedric; Le Bescot, Noan; Probert, Ian; Carmichael, Margaux; Poulain, Julie; Romac, Sarah; Colin, Sebastien; Aury, Jean-marc; Bittner, Lucie; Chaffron, Samuel; Dunthorn, Micah; Engelen, Stefan; Flegontova, Olga; Guidi, Lionel; Horak, Ales; Jaillon, Olivier; Lima-mendez, Gipsi; Lukes, Julius; Malviya, Shruti; Morard, Raphael; Mulot, Matthieu; Scalco, Eleonora; Siano, Raffaele; Vincent, Flora; Zingone, Adriana; Dimier, Celine; Picheral, Marc; Searson, Sarah; Kandels-lewis, Stefanie; Acinas, Silvia G.; Bork, Peer; Bowler, Chris; Gorsky, Gabriel; Grimsley, Nigel; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele; Not, Fabrice; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stephane; Raes, Jeroen; Sieracki, Michael E.; Speich, Sabrina; Stemmann, Lars; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Weissenbach, Jean; Wincker, Patrick; Karsenti, Eric.
Marine plankton support global biological and geochemical processes. Surveys of their biodiversity have hitherto been geographically restricted and have not accounted for the full range of plankton size. We assessed eukaryotic diversity from 334 size-fractionated photic-zone plankton communities collected across tropical and temperate oceans during the circumglobal Tara Oceans expedition. We analyzed 18S ribosomal DNA sequences across the intermediate plankton-size spectrum from the smallest unicellular eukaryotes (protists, > 0.8 micrometers) to small animals of a few millimeters. Eukaryotic ribosomal diversity saturated at similar to 150,000 operational taxonomic units, about one-third of which could not be assigned to known eukaryotic groups....
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38135/37217.pdf
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Global Trends in Marine Plankton Diversity across Kingdoms of Life ArchiMer
Ibarbalz, Federico M.; Henry, Nicolas; Costa Brandao, Manoela; Martini, Verine; Busseni, Greta; Byrne, Hannah; Coelho, Luis Pedro; Endo, Hisashi; Gasol, Josep M.; Gregory, Ann C.; Mahe, Frederic; Rigonato, Janaina; Royo-llonch, Marta; Salazar, Guillem; Sanz-saez, Isabel; Scalco, Eleonora; Soviadan, Dodji; Zayed, Ahmed A.; Zingone, Adriana; Labadie, Karine; Ferland, Joannie; Marec, Claudie; Kandels, Stefanie; Picheral, Marc; Dimier, Celine; Poulain, Julie; Pisarev, Sergey; Carmichael, Margaux; Pesant, Stephane; Acinas, Silvia G.; Babin, Marcel; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; Bowler, Chris; Cochrane, Guy; De Vargas, Colomban; Follows, Mick; Gorsky, Gabriel; Grimsley, Nigel; Guidi, Lionel; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele; Jaillon, Olivier; Kandels, Stefanie; Karp-boss, Lee; Karsenti, Eric; Not, Fabrice; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stephane; Poulton, Nicole; Raes, Jeroen; Sardet, Christian; Speich, Sabrina; Stemmann, Lars; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Wincker, Patrick; Bopp, Laurent; Lombard, Fabien; Zinger, Lucie.
The ocean is home to myriad small planktonic organisms that underpin the functioning of marine ecosystems. However, their spatial patterns of diversity and the underlying drivers remain poorly known, precluding projections of their responses to global changes. Here we investigate the latitudinal gradients and global predictors of plankton diversity across archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, and major virus Glades using both molecular and imaging data from Tara Oceans. We show a decline of diversity for most planktonic groups toward the poles, mainly driven by decreasing ocean temperatures. Projections into the future suggest that severe warming of the surface ocean by the end of the 21st century could lead to tropicalization of the diversity of most planktonic...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00597/70911/69146.pdf
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