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Registros recuperados: 148
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A methology for the stocks assessments of cultivated oysters among along the French Atlantic coasts ArchiMer
Bacher, Cedric; Baud, Jean-pierre; Bodoy, Alain; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Dreno, Jean-paul; Heral, Maurice; Maurer, Daniele; Prou, Jean.
An assessment of the reared stocks of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas ) has been recently conducted on the major French areas of molluscs culture. The methodology proposed included both estimates of densities obtained by subsampling in the field, and aerial photographs which covered the cultivated, intertidal area. The size and the number of samples were designed to reach a precision of 10% on the final assessment in each area. The field work consisted in weighing and counting the oyster in unit areas of 0.5 m2 for the bottom culture or in trays or bags, for the off bottom technique. These results give a better knowledge of the technique evolution and of the general structures in the cultivated areas.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modeling; Estimation; Stocks; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/acte-2864.pdf
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Absence de captage de Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron en 1981 : causes et conséquences ArchiMer
Berthome, Jean-paul; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice; Razet, Daniel; Garnier, Jacqueline.
The want of C. gigas spat-catching in the Marennes-oleron basin in 1981 can be due to various different reasons which are analysed here. Physico -chemical and trophic factors that can induce variations in the quality of gametogenesis, are successively in comparison with the year 1979 when reproduction was good. The biochemical evolution and a study of gonads slow a lack in maturation in 1981 even during the summer period. Late maturation of gonads bring about physiological consequences which induced mortality of cultivated oysters at the end of winter. A feeble recruit and a decrease of the cultivated stock have economic consequences which here sketched up.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Recrutment; Spat; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Larves; Recrutement; Captage; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/acte-2948.PDF
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Acquisition de donnée en continu sur la matière particulaire de la Baie estuarienne de Marennes-Oléron pendant le bloom printaniter planctonique : effet sur le taux de filtration de l'huître Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Razet, Daniel; Prou, Jean.
The continuous obtention of different signals has been achieved for 9 days at a -fixed station during May 1988. The speed and direction of the currents have been monitoring concurrently with "in situ" turbidity and fluorescence in relation with the meteorological conditions. The concentration in particulate matter and the planktonic fluorescence fluctuated in direct relation with the water depth, the speed of the current and with the origin of the water masses. The oysters submitted to these large fluctuated conditions showed not constant filtration rate. The filtration calculated by turbidimeters (2 1 h-l g-1 dry weight) was three time less than the one achieved with fluorimeters (61 h-l g-1 dry weight). The filtration rate were fluctuated but not in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Marennes Oleron bay; Acquirring of continous data; Filtration; Crassostrea gigas; Particular matter; Marennes Oléron; Aquisition données; Courantologie; Filtration; Crassostrea gigas; Matière particulaire.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-3021.pdf
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Amelioration de la forme et de la qualite de l'huitre Crassostrea gigas Thunberg dans les claires de Marennes-Oleron. ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Zanette, Yvan; Heral, Maurice; Masse, Henri; Garnier, Jacqueline.
The breeding of Pacific oysters Crassostra gigas, in non tidal ponds, before commercialization, brings about an improvement of the shell and of the quantity and quality of the tissues. In fact, the Berthome's indice (1978) moves from 1.36 in June to 0.68 December, and the density of the shell increases in the same time from 1.79 to 1.98. On the other hand, the percentage of tissues in the oyster is 12.4% at the end of gametogenesis and more than 9% at the end of breeding. The dry tissues are composed of 10.3 of ash, 40.3% of proteins, 12.6% of lipids and 9% of carbohydrate. 95% of the carbohydrate are glycogen. The resulting energetic values are measured to 5.10 cal-mg super(-1) of dry tissues ash free.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Tissues; Biochemical composition; Shells; Growth; Oyster culture.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/publication-1892.pdf
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Amélioration de la qualité chez l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas par sélection de souches performantes - Contrat de Plan Etat Région Poitou-Charentes 1994-1998 - Rapport année 1995 ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Naciri, Yamama; Heral, Maurice; Collet, Bertrand; Bougrier, Serge; Geffard, Olivier; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Heurtebise, Serge; Gerard, Andre.
Le programme de recherche présenté ci-dessous est le fruit d'une réflexion conjointe entre généticiens et physiologistes afin de mettre sur pied un ensemble d'expériences permettant d'étudier les bases génétiques de la variabilité des caractères impliqués dans la croissance chez l'huître creuse, Crassostrea gigas.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Génétique; Sélection génétique; Génétique des populations; Croissance; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00044/15518/12905.pdf
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Amélioration de l'évaluation des stocks de mollusques cultivés en Charente- Maritime ArchiMer
Bacher, Cedric; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice; Prou, Jean.
The expansion of shellfish culture businesses (oysters, mussels, clams...) gives way to a competition for the use of limited food resources, especially in the Marennes-Oléron basin where water circulation is slow. Increasing the amount of cultivated molluscs leads, from a biological point of view, to:- a drop in growth performances- a rise in chronic mortalities, higher and higher, due to a weakness in the physiological state with a lack of stocks which would have compensated the habitat seasonal shortages (end of winter, etc...)- a greater weakness to diseases, linked to a deficient physiological state and a density rise which increases the proximity rate and thus, parasite propagation speed.For these primary reasons, and for the future of oyster culture,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modélisation; Estimation; Echantillonnage; Mollusques; Marennes Oléron; Evaluation stocks.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/rapport-3841.PDF
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An example of GIS potentiality for coastal zone management: preselection of submerged oyster culture areas near Marennes-Oleron (France) ArchiMer
Durand, H.; Guillaumont, Brigitte; Loarer, Ronan; Loubersac, Lionel; Heral, Maurice; Prou, Jean.
The Charente Maritime coast, in central western France, is the most important area for oyster and mussel production in Europe. High density, in this restricted intertidal area, induces low growing rate and socio-economic difficulties. One of the possible solutions is to shift some oysters from intertidal area to submerged areas. Bathymetry, sedimentology, hydrodynamism, fisheries and administrative rules are some conditions which are considered to establish the better selection of potential zone. The successive steps of setting up the prototype of GIS are presented: digitized traditional data from charts, extracted data from grid models (hydrodynmaic model), merging of thematic covers, proposal of favorable areas. The results are discussed especially on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: GIS; Modelisation; Bathymetry; Sedimentology; Hydrodynamism; Marennes Oleron.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00017/12784/9725.pdf
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Analyse historique de la production conchylicole du Bassin de Marennes-Oléron et essai d'estimation empirique du potentiel conchylicole ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc.
The analysis of the official statistics of commercialised production of oysters (.Crassostrea angutata and Crassostrea gigas ) is achieved from 1866 to 1984 in term of their numbers and weights for the bay of Marennes-Oleron. The number of sanitary labels, multiplied by the mean weight of a crate can also give out the commercialised production provided it is increased by the bias and decreased by the exterior production of the bay . Thus the production of Portuguese oysters is only 45 000 tons from 1948 to 1957 with a maximum of 52, 000 tons for respectively 70 000 tons and 280 000 tons for the statistics . AIso, after the epizooties of Crassostrea angulata the production, fell down to 25 000 tons in 1971 according to the number of sanitary labels...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Production conchylicole; Analyse statistique.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/0985/acte-2958.pdf
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Anomalies de croissance de la coquille de Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Marennes -Oléron. Bilan de toris années d'observation ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Berthome, Jean-paul; Polanco Torres, E.; Alzieu, Claude; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Razet, Daniel; Garnier, Jacqueline.
The appearance and changes of the oyster shell's gelatinous bags have been monitored since 1979. The increase in thickness that causes the growth into a "ball" can be explained by an overproduction of gel. The various environmental factors that can intervene in the secretion of gel are successively examined.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oysters; Shell; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres; Coquille; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/acte-2943.pdf
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Approche de la capacite trophique d'un ecosysteme conchylicole ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice.
The different methods for the estimation of the carrying capacity of cultivated area by oyster or mussel farming are presented gradually by order of complexity. The yield of production permit to follow if the adequation between the importance of the cultivated biomass and disponibility of food is realised. In another way, the study of the cultivated biomass and the annual production could be used for the building of global dynamic models showing the maximum of annual production that a bay can support. These approaches take for main hypothesis that the environment is constant. The study of the trophic relations for simulation of the growth rate of molluscs can be presented in function (i) of the level of complexity of the coupling between physical and...
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Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-2392.pdf
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Approche de la capacité trophique d'un écosystème conchylicole ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Prou, Jean.
After a short bibliographical study of the different approaches for determination of the trophic capacity of a bay for molluscs culture, the authors, with a global mode, show the relations between the growth performance of the oysters Crassostrea gigas in relation with the cultivated stocks. The volumes of consumed and assimilated food are calculated for the stocks in relation with the incoming volumes of water in the bay and the residence time for neap tide and spring tide. The authors find a decrease of growth rate in relation with the volume of consumed food. When it is above 60% and when the volume of assimilated food is above 20%, there is a large decrease of the growth of oysters.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Stock assessment; Models; Food consumption; Growth; Biomass; Stock cultivé; Biomasse; Croissance; Modèle; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres; Capacité trophique.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/acte-3834.PDF
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Approches de la capacité trophique des écosystèmes conchylicoles : synthèse bibliographique ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice.
The different methods of estimating the trophic capacity of ecosystems cultivated by oyster farming and mussel farming are introduced by ascending order of complexity. Thus, production yields make it possible to monitor whether the size of the farmed stock is being successfully matched with the availability of food. Moreover, the study of annual production farmed stocks has made it possible to create comprehensive dynamic models that show the maximum annual production that a given ecosystem can support. These last two approaches assume the environment to be constant. The study of trophic links that can simulate growth performance of molluscs can be classified according to two criteria, (i) their level of complexity in combining biology and physics, (ii)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystèmes conchylicoles; Conchyliculture; Capacité trophique.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/publication-3052.pdf
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Aspects biométriques et biochimiques de la croissance de l'huître Crassostrea virginica en élevage suspendu à Solomons (Baie de Chesapeake) ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Prou, Jean; Heral, Maurice.
Growth and proximate biochemical composition of the American oyster Crassostrea virginica were studied in the Patuxent river (Maryland), located in the middle reach of the Chesapeake bay (U.S.A.). The effects of stocking densities and environmental variables (depth, temperature) were examined in 1989-1990 on oyster population by using off-bottom culture. No significant density effect was observed on the shell growth, which is described by using a seasonally oscillating function. In contrast, the meat growth and the proximate biochemical composition were bath affected by the stacking density and the depth location. The variability of the resulting effects was observed based on a seasonal trend. Different hypothesis mainly related tO environmental conditions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: USA; Chesapeake Bay; Oysters; Growth; Biochemical composition; Crassostrea virginica; Croissance; USA; Chesapeake Bay; Huîtres; Biochimie; Biométrie; Crassotrea virginica.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-3076.pdf
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Bassin de la Charente et Baie associée de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Bacher, Cedric; Fillon, Alain; Prou, Jean; Heral, Maurice.
Les modèles d'apports de nitrates par le fleuve Charente, les modèles de productivité de production primaire et les modèles de croissance des huîtres développés précédemment ont été adaptés pour préciser l'impact de la Charente en période d'étiage sur la productivité des huîtres. L'impact de la construction éventuelle du barrage de la Charente a été évalué en fonction de son dimensionnement et de ses modalités de gestion.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bassin de Marennes-Oléron; Modélisation; Crassostrea gigas; Charente; Trézence.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00077/18796/16373.pdf
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Bilan énergétique chez les mollusques bivalves : terminologie et méthodologie - Compte rendu du groupe de travail réuni au laboratoire national "Ecosystème conchylicole" de l'IFREMER La Tremblade (13 et 14 septembre 1984) ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Lucas, Albert; Deslous Paoli, Jean-marc; Goulletquer, Philippe; Masse, Henri; LABEIM (Laboratoire de Biologie et d'Ecologie des Invertébrés Marins).
En septembre 1984, MM. HERAL et DESLOUS-PAOLI organisèrent à La Tremblade, une "réunion méthodologie expérimentale mollusques". Cette rencontre faisait suite à un bref état qui s'était engagé au Congrès de Montpellier sur les "Bases biologiques de l'Aquaculture", où il était apparu que la terminologie et la méthodologie concernant le métabolisme des bivalves devaient être clarifiées. Grâce à une large information auprès des spécialistes français de la physiologie des bivalves, la réunion à La Tremblade a réuni un grand nombre de participants très motivés. Pendant 2 jours des discussions très animées ont permis de bien comprendre les échanges entre les bivalves et leur environnement et d'y jeter un regard neuf, ce qui impliquait une analyse critique du...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Terminologie; Méthodologie; Bilan d'énergie; Physiologie; Bivalve; Terminology; Methodology; Energy budget; Physiology; Bivalve molluscs.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12562/9432.pdf
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Bilan énergétique de l'huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) durant la période de forte croissance en mai en Baie de Marennes-Oléron (France) ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Heral, Maurice; Razet, Daniel; Bougrier, Serge; Geairon, Philippe.
Ecophysiological study was conducted on the japanese oyster (Crassostrea gigas) reared in Marennes-Oléron bay (France), during May 1992. Most of the somatic growth of the oyster occured during that month. The measurements were achieved from a removable laboratory stated in Le Chapus for 3 days at different tide level (coefficient of 49, 57, and 88). The food conditions were monitored through a computer with a continuous record of the turbidity during aIl the tidal cycle. In spite of an important variation between the food conditions in mean seston load, from 13,5 to 54,6 mg/!, the available organic matter ranged from 3 to 4,9 mg/l. The rate of organic matter in the water ranged 22 % to 9 %. The organic selection efficiency was significantly higher for the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Energetic budget; Selection efficiency; Filtration; Crassostrea gigas; Budget énergétique; Sélection; Consommation; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/acte-3068.pdf
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Bilan énergétique de l'huître japonaise Crassostrea gigas en conditions expérimentales de laboratoire au cours du mois de septembre 1991 ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Bougrier, Serge; Razet, Daniel; Geairon, Philippe; Prou, Jean; Heral, Maurice; Barille, Laurent.
L'étude ci dessous, réalisée chez Crassostrea gigas, a comme objectif de comparer l'effet de différents types d'aliments sur le bilan énergétique de cette espèce.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Bilan énergétique; Sources alimentaires; Biodépots; Tri pré-ingestif.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00100/21095/18720.pdf
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Bilan energetique d'une population naturelle de Crepidula fornicata dans le bassin de Marennes-Oleron ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice; Masse, H.
An energy budget has been evaluated for a natural population of Crepidula fornicata living at low water of spring tides in the oyster farming basin of Marennes-Oleron. This budget of production was estimated according to the position along the chain. The average biomass for an individual representative of the population was equivalent to 1.87 Kjoules, and the annual consumption C was 20.08 Kjoules/year. The energy budget expressed in percent of energy consummates was: C = Pg + Pr + Ps + R + F; 100 = 4.6 + 1.6 + 0.8 + 48 + 45. This budget is compared with literature data on other herbivorous gastropods and with those calculated for Crassostrea gigas in the same locality.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalvia; Crepidula fornicata; Seasonal variations; Population structure; Energy budget; Bassin de Marennes Oléron; Bilan énergétique; Crepidula fornicata.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1181.pdf
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Biochemical composition and energy value of Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) cultured in the bay of Marennes-Oleron ArchiMer
Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Heral, Maurice.
In the bay of Marennes-Oleron the dry flesh of Crassostrea gigas ranged from 29 to 52% proteins, 10 to 23% ash, 6 to 20% lipids and 0 to 4% carbohydrates of which 48.3 ± 21.6% were glycogen. The energy value ranged from 18.84 to 23.47 joule. Mg(-1) ash free dry weight (mean 20.27 J. mg(-1). Reproductive effort varied from 17.8 to 55.9% dry weight for males, and 43.1 to 61.9% for females during the first and third year of reproduction respectively. A high energy value for female gametes (23.47 to 26.24 J. mg(-1) dry tissue) was mainly due to a higher level of lipids (17.3 to 23% of dry tissue) in female gametes as compared to that in male gametes (5.9 to 12.3% of dry tissue). During the period of mass-loss which began in October and finished in March, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Winter loss of flesh; Reproductive effort; Energy value; Biochemical composition; Crassostrea gigas; Amaigrissement hivernal; Effort de reproduction; Valeur énergétique; Composition biochimique.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-2872.pdf
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Caracteristiques saisonnieres de l'hydrobiologie du complexe estuariende Marennes-Oleron (France). ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice; Razet, Daniel; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Berthome, Jean-paul; Garnier, J..
Four seasonal compaigns providing a sampling of 15 stations each followed during half a tide cycle, i.e. 120 water samples permit the definition of the main hydrobiological features of Marennes-Oleron Bay: salinity and turbidity, phytoplanktonic biomasses, ATP concentrations. The authors suggest that a new way of adapted sampling to their objectives, will work out in the future by sampling during tidal cycles but as frequently as possible.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variations; Salinity; ATP; Estuaries; Turbidity; Hydrobiology; Salinity; Phytoplankton; Estuaries; Biomass; Hydrobiology; Physicochemical properties; Phytoplankton; Environmental conditions; Biomass.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/publication-1854.pdf
Registros recuperados: 148
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