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Influence of gametogenesis pattern and sex on paralytic shellfish toxin levels in triploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Fabioux, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Boullot, F.; Long, Marc; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, N.; Gouriou, Jeremie; Le Gac, Mickael; Chapelle, Annie; Soudant, P.; Hegaret, Helene.
This study investigated the effect of gametogenesis pattern and sex on levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulated by triploid oysters Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the Bay of Brest (Western Brittany, France), over the summer 2014. Toxin accumulation in oysters was proposed to be influenced by the proportion of energy allocated to reproduction versus other metabolisms, as proposed by Haberkorn et al. (2010). Thus, we hypothesized that triploid oysters with different gametogenesis patterns (α or β, producing respectively numerous gametes or rare gametes) could result in differences in toxin accumulation. Toxin level could also be different according to the gender of the oysters. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Gametogenesis pattern; Triploid.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41801/41010.pdf
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Is the meiofauna a good indicator for climate change and anthropogenic impacts? ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Sarrazin, Jozee; Leduc, Daniel; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Fontaneto, Diego; Fontanier, Christophe; Gooday, Andrew J.; Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Sorensen, Martin V.; Vanreusel, Ann; Thebault, Julien; Mea, Marianna; Allio, Noemie; Andro, Thomas; Arvigo, Alexandre; Castrec, Justine; Danielo, Morgan; Foulon, Valentin; Fumeron, Raphaelle; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Hulot, Vivien; James, Tristan; Langonne-augen, Roxanne; Le Bot, Tangi; Long, Marc; Mahabror, Dendy; Morel, Quentin; Pantalos, Michael; Pouplard, Etienne; Raimondeau, Laura; Rio-cabello, Antoine; Seite, Sarah; Traisnel, Gwendoline; Urvoy, Kevin; Van Der Stegen, Thomas; Weyand, Mariam; Fernandes, David.
Our planet is changing, and one of the most pressing challenges facing the scientific community revolves around understanding how ecological communities respond to global changes. From coastal to deep-sea ecosystems, ecologists are exploring new areas of research to find model organisms that help predict the future of life on our planet. Among the different categories of organisms, meiofauna offer several advantages for the study of marine benthic ecosystems. This paper reviews the advances in the study of meiofauna with regard to climate change and anthropogenic impacts. Four taxonomic groups are valuable for predicting global changes: foraminifers (especially calcareous forms), nematodes, copepods and ostracods. Environmental variables are fundamental in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meiofauna; Climate change; Anthropogenic impacts; Biomonitoring; Natural observations and experimental studies.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38938/37521.pdf
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Microplastics in seafood: Benchmark protocol for their extraction and characterization ArchiMer
Dehaut, Alexandre; Cassone, Anne-laure; Frere, Laura; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Himber, Charlotte; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Riviere, Gilles; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Duflos, Guillaume; Paul-pont, Ika.
Pollution of the oceans by microplastics (<5 mm) represents a major environmental problem. To date, a limited number of studies have investigated the level of contamination of marine organisms collected in situ. For extraction and characterization of microplastics in biological samples, the crucial step is the identification of solvent(s) or chemical(s) that efficiently dissolve organic matter without degrading plastic polymers for their identification in a time and cost effective way. Most published papers, as well as OSPAR recommendations for the development of a common monitoring protocol for plastic particles in fish and shellfish at the European level, use protocols containing nitric acid to digest the biological tissues, despite reports of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Digestion; Method; Seafood products; Tissue; Plastic integrity.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00335/44582/44469.pdf
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Modelling paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulation in Crassostrea gigas by using Dynamic Energy Budgets (DEB) ArchiMer
Pousse, Emilien; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Hegaret, Helene; Rannou, Eric; Pecquerie, Laure; Marques, Goncalo M.; Thomas, Yoann; Castrec, Justine; Fabioux, Caroline; Long, Marc; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Amzil, Zouher; Soudant, Philippe; Jean, Fred.
As other filter-feeders, Crassostrea gigas can concentrate paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) by consuming dinoflagellate phytoplankton species like Alexandrium minutum. Intake of PST in oyster tissues mainly results from feeding processes, i.e. clearance rate, pre-ingestive sorting and ingestion that are directly influenced by environmental conditions (trophic sources, temperature). This study aimed to develop a mechanistic model coupling the kinetics of PST accumulation and bioenergetics in C. gigas based on Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory. For the first time, the Synthesizing Units (SU) concept was applied to formalize the feeding preference of oysters between non-toxic and toxic microalgae. Toxin intake and accumulation were both dependent on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB); Modelling; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56662/58407.pdf
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Occurrence and effects of plastic additives on marine environments and organisms: A review ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Dehaut, Alexandre; Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Jezequel, Ronan; Soudant, Philippe; Duflos, Guillaume.
Plastics debris, especially microplastics, have been found worldwide in all marine compartments. Much research has been carried out on adsorbed pollutants on plastic pieces and hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) associated with microplastics. However, only a few studies have focused on plastic additives. These chemicals are incorporated into plastics from which they can leach out as most of them are not chemically bound. As a consequence of plastic accumulation and fragmentation in oceans, plastic additives could represent an increasing ecotoxicological risk for marine organisms. The present work reviewed the main class of plastic additives identified in the literature, their occurrence in the marine environment, as well as their effects on and transfers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Plastic additives; Bisphenol A; Phthalates; Brominated flame retardant.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50227/51394.pdf
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