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Registros recuperados: 13
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Acute Oral Toxicity of Pinnatoxin G in Mice ArchiMer
Sosa, Silvio; Pelin, Marco; Cavion, Federica; Herve, Fabienne; Hess, Philipp; Tubaro, Aurelia.
Pinnatoxin G (PnTx-G) is a marine cyclic imine toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum, frequently detected in edible shellfish from Ingril Lagoon (France). As other pinnatoxins, to date, no human poisonings ascribed to consumption of PnTx-G contaminated seafood have been reported, despite its potent antagonism at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and its high and fast-acting toxicity after intraperitoneal or oral administration in mice. The hazard characterization of PnTx-G by oral exposure is limited to a single acute toxicity study recording lethality and clinical signs in non-fasted mice treated by gavage or through voluntary food ingestion, which showed differences in PnTx-G toxic potency. Thus, an acute toxicity study was carried...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vulcanodinium rugosum; Pinnatoxin G; Dinoflagellates; Harmful algae; Oral toxicity.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00605/71724/70190.pdf
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Characterization of ovatoxin-h, a new ovatoxin analog, and evaluation of chromatographic columns for ovatoxin analysis and purification ArchiMer
Brissard, Charline; Herve, Fabienne; Sibat, Manoella; Sechet, Veronique; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher; Herrenknecht, Christine.
The presence of Ostreopsis cf. ovata on the Mediterranean coast represents a serious concern to human health due to production of toxins–putative palytoxin and ovatoxins (ovatoxin-a, -b, -c, -d, -e, -f and -g). However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. In the present study, we report on HR LC-MS/MS analysis of a French Ostreopsis cf. ovata strain (IFR-OST-0.3 V) collected at Villefranche-sur-Mer (France) during a bloom in 2011. Investigation of this strain of Ostreopsis cf. ovata cultivated in our laboratory by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) confirmed the production of ovatoxins -a to–e and revealed the presence of a new ovatoxin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin; Ovatoxins; U-HPLC/HR-MSn; Chromatographic separation.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36302/34831.pdf
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COLNACOQ. Composés lipophiles naturels dans l’environnement des coquillages. Rapport final ArchiMer
Hess, Philipp; Geiger, Marie; Brochard, Solène; Lepretre, Thomas; Fessard, Valerie; Antignac, Jean-philippe; Dupont, Jacques; Sechet, Veronique; Vanel, Faustine; Mondeguer, Florence; Herve, Fabienne; Leborgne, Sabrina; Deslanglois, Gwenaëlle; Marshall, Lindsey; Rounds, Lucy; Guitton, Yann; Amzil, Zouher; Grovel, Olivier; Ruiz, Nicolas; Pouchus, Francois.
Cette étude s’est inscrite dans un contexte d’évaluation de la salubrité des mollusques bivalves destinés à la consommation humaine. Ces organismes peuvent en effet accumuler des toxines, en particulier de microalgues, en concentrations importantes, pouvant induire des intoxications chez les personnes les consommant. Afin d’assurer la protection des consommateurs, les toxines réglementées sont recherchées dans les coquillages par techniques physico-chimiques. En parallèle, les toxines émergentes, potentiellement produites par d’autres organismes que les micro-algues telles que les micromycètes, peuvent être detectées par l’utilisation du test de toxicité aigüe sur souris. Cependant, ce bio-essai présente de très nombreux inconvénients, notamment éthiques...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cytotoxicité; Toxicité sur larves de diptères; Activité antibactérienne; Bactéries marines; Toxines lipophiles; Micro-algues; Dinoflagellés; Micromycètes; Penicillium; Acide okadaïque; Azaspiracide; Pinnatoxine G; Vulcanodinium rugosum; Prorocentrum lima; Azadinium spinosum; Beauveria brongniartii.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00253/36470/35015.pdf
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Complex Toxin Profile of French Mediterranean Ostreopsis cf. ovata Strains, Seafood Accumulation and Ovatoxins Prepurification ArchiMer
Brissard, Charline; Herrenknecht, Christine; Sechet, Veronique; Herve, Fabienne; Pisapia, Francesco; Harcouet, Jocelyn; Lemee, Rodolphe; Chomerat, Nicolas; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
Ostreopsis cf. ovata produces palytoxin analogues including ovatoxins (OVTXs) and a putative palytoxin (p-PLTX), which can accumulate in marine organisms and may possibly lead to food intoxication. However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the ecophysiology of Ostreopsis cf. ovata and its toxin production as well as to optimize the purification process for ovatoxin. During Ostreopsis blooms in 2011 and 2012 in Villefranche-sur-Mer (France, NW Mediterranean Sea), microalgae epiphytic cells and marine organisms were collected and analyzed both by LC-MS/MS and hemolysis assay. Results obtained with these two methods were comparable, suggesting ovatoxins...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin & ovatoxins; Culture; Seafood contamination; LC-MS/MS; Hemolysis assay; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31025/29428.pdf
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Cytotoxicity, Fractionation and Dereplication of Extracts of the Dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum, a Producer of Pinnatoxin G ArchiMer
Geiger, Marie; Desanglois, Gwenaelle; Hogeveen, Kevin; Fessard, Valerie; Lepretre, Thomas; Mondeguer, Florence; Guitton, Yann; Herve, Fabienne; Sechet, Veronique; Grovel, Olivier; Pouchus, Yves-francois; Hess, Philipp.
Pinnatoxin G (PnTX-G) is a marine toxin belonging to the class of cyclic imines and produced by the dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum. In spite of its strong toxicity to mice, leading to the classification of pinnatoxins into the class of “fast-acting toxins”, its hazard for human health has never been demonstrated. In this study, crude extracts of V. rugosum exhibited significant cytotoxicity against Neuro2A and KB cells. IC50 values of 0.38 µg mL−1 and 0.19 µg mL−1 were estimated on Neuro2A cells after only 24 h of incubation and on KB cells after 72 h of incubation, respectively. In the case of Caco-2 cells 48 h after exposure, the crude extract of V. rugosum induced cell cycle arrest accompanied by a dramatic increase in double strand DNA breaks,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dereplication; Cyclic imine; HRMS; Bioactivity; Pinnatoxins.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00156/26723/24802.pdf
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Effects of copper and butyltin compounds on the growth, photosynthetic activity and toxin production of two HAB dinoflagellates : the planktonic Alexandrium catenella and the benthic Ostreopsis cf. ovata ArchiMer
Couet, Douglas; Pringault, Olivier; Bancon-montigny, Chrystelle; Briant, Nicolas; Poulichet, Francoise Elbaz; Delpoux, Sophie; Yahia, Ons Kefi-daly; Hela, Bengharbia; Charaf, M'Rabet; Herve, Fabienne; Rovillon, Georges-augustin; Amzil, Zouher; Laabir, Mohamed.
Controlled laboratory experiments were conducted to test the effects of copper (Cu2+) and butyltins (BuT) on the growth, photosynthetic activity and toxin content of two HABs (Harmful Algal Blooms) dinoflagellates, the planktonic Alexandrium catenella and the benthic Ostreopsis cf. ovata. Microalgae were exposed to increasing concentrations of Cu2+ (10−4 to 31 nM) or BuT (0.084 to 84 nM) for seven days. When considering the growth, EC50 values were 0.16 (±0.09) nM and 0.03 (±0.02) nM of Cu2+ for A. catenella and O. cf. ovata, respectively. Regarding BuT, EC50 was 14.2 (±6) nM for O. cf. ovata, while A. catenella growth inhibition appeared at BuT concentrations ≥27 nM. Photosynthetic activity of the studied dinoflagellates decreased with increasing Cu and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium catenella; Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Cu; Butyltin; Photosynthesis; Toxins.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00418/52970/53896.pdf
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Isolation, Structure Elucidation, Relative LC-MS Response, and in Vitro Toxicity of Azaspiracids from the Dinoflagellate Azadinium spinosum ArchiMer
Kilcoyne, Jane; Nulty, Ciara; Jauffrais, Thierry; Mccarron, Pearse; Herve, Fabienne; Foley, Barry; Rise, Frode; Crain, Sheila; Wilkins, Alistair L.; Twiner, Michael J.; Hess, Philipp; Miles, Christopher O..
We identified three new azaspiracids (AZAs) with molecular weights of 715, 815, and 829 (AZA33 (3), AZA34 (4), and AZA35, respectively) in mussels, seawater, and Azadinium spinosum culture. Approximately 700 mu g of 3 and 250 mu g of 4 were isolated from a bulk culture of A. spinosum, and their structures determined by MS and NMR spectroscopy. These compounds differ significantly at the carboxyl end of the molecule from known AZA analogues and therefore provide valuable information on structure-activity relationships. Initial toxicological assessment was performed using an in vitro model system based on Jurkat T lymphocyte cytotoxicity, and the potencies of 3 and 4 were found to be 0.22- and 5.5-fold that of AZA1 (1), respectively. Thus, major changes in...
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Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00245/35606/34414.pdf
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New insights on the species-specific allelopathic interactions between macrophytes and marine HAB dinoflagellates ArchiMer
Ben Gharbia, Hela; Yahia, Ons Kefi-daly; Cecchi, Philippe; Masseret, Estelle; Amzil, Zouher; Herve, Fabienne; Rovillon, Georges-augustin; Nouri, Habiba; M'Rabet, Charaf; Couet, Douglas; Triki, Habiba Zmerli; Laabir, Mohamed.
Macrophytes are known to release allelochemicals that have the ability to inhibit the proliferation of their competitors. Here, we investigated the effects of the fresh leaves of two magnoliophytes (Zostera noltei and Cymodocea nodosa) and thalli of the macroalgae Ulva rigida on three HAB-forming benthic dinoflagellates (Ostreopsis cf. ovata, Prorocentrum lima, and Coolia monotis). The effects of C. nodosa and U. rigida were also tested against the neurotoxic planktonic dinoflagellate Alexandrium pacificum Litaker sp. nov (former Alexandrium catenella). Co-culture experiments were conducted under controlled laboratory conditions and potential allelopathic effects of the macrophytes on the growth, photosynthesis and toxin production of the targeted...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00411/52200/52917.pdf
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Ostreopsis cf. ovata Bloom in Currais, Brazil: Phylogeny, Toxin Profile and Contamination of Mussels and Marine Plastic Litter ArchiMer
Tibiriçá, Carlos Eduardo J. A.; Leite, Isabel P.; Batista, Talita V. V.; Fernandes, Luciano F.; Chomérat, Nicolas; Herve, Fabienne; Hess, Philipp; Mafra, Luiz.
Ostreopsis cf. ovata is a toxic marine benthic dinoflagellate responsible for harmful blooms affecting ecosystem and human health, mostly in the Mediterranean Sea. In this study we report the occurrence of a summer O. cf. ovata bloom in Currais, a coastal archipelago located on the subtropical Brazilian coast (~25° S). This bloom was very similar to Mediterranean episodes in many aspects: (a) field-sampled and cultivated O. cf. ovata cells aligned phylogenetically (ITS and LSU regions) along with Mediterranean strains; (b) the bloom occurred at increasing temperature and irradiance, and decreasing wind speed; (c) cell densities reached up to 8.0 × 104 cell cm−2 on fiberglass screen and 5.6 × 105 cell g−1 fresh weight on seaweeds; (d) and toxin profiles...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom; Benthic microalgae; Toxic dinoflagellates; Ovatoxin; Toxin transfer; Seafood safety; Marine pollution; Plastic litter; Biofilm formation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62037/66177.pdf
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Pinnatoxin G is responsible for atypical toxicity in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and clams (Venerupis decussata) from Ingril, a French Mediterranean lagoon ArchiMer
Hess, Philipp; Abadie, Eric; Herve, Fabienne; Berteaux, Tom; Sechet, Veronique; Araoz, Romulo; Molgo, Jordi; Zakarian, Armen; Sibat, Manoella; Rundberget, Thomas; Miles, Christopher O.; Amzil, Zouher.
Following a review of official control data on shellfish in France, Ingril Lagoon had been identified as a site where positive mouse bioassays for lipophilic toxins had been repeatedly observed. These unexplained mouse bioassays, also called atypical toxicity, coincided with an absence of regulated toxins and rapid death times in mice observed in the assay. The present study describes pinnatoxin G as the main compound responsible for the toxicity observed using the mouse bioassay for lipophilic toxins. Using a well-characterised standard for pinnatoxin G, LC-MS/MS analysis of mussel samples collected from 2009 to 2012 revealed regular occurrences of pinnatoxin G at levels sufficient to account for the toxicity in the mouse bioassays. Baseline levels of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cyclic imines; Shellfish toxin; Accumulation; Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS); Unexplained mouse toxicity.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00158/26960/25255.pdf
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Pinnatoxines en lien avec l’espèce Vulcanodinium rugosum ArchiMer
Hess, Philipp; Herve, Fabienne; Abadie, Eric; Sechet, Veronique; Molgo, Jordi; Amzil, Zouher; Fessard, Valerie.
Suite à la découverte de la Pinnatoxine G comme agent responsable des toxicités atypiques à Ingril fin 2010, une étude a été commanditée afin d’approfondir les connaissances sur l’organisme producteur de cette toxine, Vulcanodinium rugosum, les toxines associées et leur toxicité. L’organisme, étant considéré « cryptique » dû à sa faible présence dans le milieu, a été suivi de manière plus proche à Ingril. Il est apparu dans la colonne d’eau en juillet et août 2012, et quelques échantillons ont pu être prélevés pour la mise en culture de souches supplémentaires. Une corrélation directe entre la croissance de l’organisme et la température est soupçonnée mais n’a pas encore pu être corroborée sur la période d’étude, faute d’un nombre suffisant...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00094/20518/18190.pdf
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Pinnatoxines en lien avec l’espèce Vulcanodinium rugosum (II) ArchiMer
Mondeguer, Florence; Abadie, Eric; Herve, Fabienne; Bardouil, Michele; Sechet, Veronique; Raimbault, Virginie; Berteaux, Tom; Zendong, Suzie Zita; Palvadeau, Hubert; Amzil, Zouher; Hess, Philipp; Fessard, Valérie; Huguet, Antoine; Sosa, Silvio; Tubaro, Aurelia; Aráoz, Rómulo; Molgó, Jordi.
Pour tenter d’apporter des réponses aux questions soulevées par une précédente étude commanditée pour approfondir les connaissances sur Vulcanodinium rugosum, l’organisme producteur de la Pinnatoxine G (PnTX G) (Hess et al., 2012), les objectifs de cette nouvelle étude sont les suivants : - Elargissement de la zone initiale de prélèvement d’Ingril à toute la lagune méditerranéenne et mise à profit de l’augmentation du nombre d’échantillons pour vérifier l’impact de l’effet matrice dans l’analyse LC-SM/MS. - Mise en culture en masse de Vulcanodinium rugosum et - Conduite d’une expérience de contamination in vivo sur des moules pour vérifier l’accumulation de la PnTX-G et comprendre les mécanismes de la métabolisation des PnTXs et de ses composés associés.....
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00285/39635/38126.pdf
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Production and Isolation of Azaspiracid-1 and -2 from Azadinium spinosum Culture in Pilot Scale Photobioreactors ArchiMer
Jauffrais, Thierry; Kilcoyne, Jane; Sechet, Veronique; Herrenknecht, Christine; Truquet, Philippe; Herve, Fabienne; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Nulty, Ciara; Taylor, Sarah; Tillmann, Urban; Miles, Christopher O.; Hess, Philipp.
Azaspiracid (AZA) poisoning has been reported following consumption of contaminated shellfish, and is of human health concern. Hence, it is important to have sustainable amounts of the causative toxins available for toxicological studies and for instrument calibration in monitoring programs, without having to rely on natural toxin events. Continuous pilot scale culturing was carried out to evaluate the feasibility of AZA production using Azadinium spinosum cultures. Algae were harvested using tangential flow filtration or continuous centrifugation. AZAs were extracted using solid phase extraction (SPE) procedures, and subsequently purified. When coupling two stirred photobioreactors in series, cell concentrations reached 190,000 and 210,000 cell·mL−1 at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Solid phase extraction; Photobioreactor; Chemostat; Dinoflagellate; Micro-algae; LC-MS/MS; Tangential flow filtration; Azaspiracid; HP-20.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00088/19875/17526.pdf
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