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Registros recuperados: 14
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Compost: the effect on nutrients, soil health and crop quantity and quality Organic Eprints
Hitchings, Roger.
The primary scope of this review is to provide evidence for the effects of compost as distinct from the effects of fresh or stored manure. It is intended to help advisers and farmers identify when the use of compost or a composting process is appropriate. This review does not address the detailed issues surrounding the various production of compost but includes some basic information with particular respect to on-farm composting operations. The differences between well-made compost and semi compost (single turned) that may be revealed by this review could inform decisions about the approach taken to composting in an on-farm situation. The specific issues addressed by the review will include: •The different types of compost available to producers, and...
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Farm nutrient management; Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/5977/1/Res_review_3a_hitchings.doc
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EFRC Bulletin 77 Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; Jones, Andy; Hitchings, Roger; Davis, Laura.
EFRC's regular newletter covering policy, agricutlural research, policy and advisory work
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/4826/1/4826.pdf
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EFRC Bulletin 81 December 2005 Organic Eprints
Sanders, Richard; Niedeggen, Barbara; Jones, Hannah; Wolfe, Martin; Hitchings, Roger; Fleming, David.
EFRC's regular Bulletin with updates from the Organic Advisory Service
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection "Organics" in general Weed management Markets and trade Farming Systems Crop husbandry Health and welfare.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/7701/1/Bulletin_81.pdf
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Elm Farm Organic Research Centre December 2006 Organic Eprints
Sanders, Richard; Whiltley, Andrew; Haigh, Zoe; Clarke, Sarah; Hitchings, Roger; O'Brien, Josie.
The Organic Research Centre. Elm Farm Research Centre Bulletin with Technical Updates from The Organic Advisory Service is a regular publication from The Organic Research Centre. The current issue covers: Report from 2006 Cirencester Conference; Quest for more home produced organic food; in a world where bread matters; Improving wheat with plenty of parents; Unlocking the secrets of the ancient (cereal varieties); Brain food- a good read; Not to late to protect the future: The organic role; Bumper Oat yields- Tradis trials top ten tonnes; Multiage flocks- a viable solution to wheigh variability; Letters.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Technology transfer.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/10324/1/Bulletin_86.pdf
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Elm Farm Research Centre Bulletin 82 February 2006 Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; Sanders, Richard; Wolfe, Prof Martin; Clark, Dr Sarah; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark.
Regular newsletter with technical updates from the Organic Advisory Service Issue covers: organic sector payments, dietary health choices, avian influenza vaccination, tradable quotas, feeding cities, sewage sludge, organic aquaculture, organic poultry, biodiversity and productivity research, organic winter wheat varieties, linking farmers and scientists, Interreg Project, RAFAEL energy use greenhouse gas emissions food and farming.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects Policy environments and social economy Crop health; Quality; Protection "Organics" in general Systems research and participatory research Farming Systems Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8457/1/Bulletin_82.pdf
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Elm Farm Research Centre Bulletin with Technical Updates from the Organic Advisory Service 80 Organic Eprints
Woodward, Lawrence; Philipps, Lois; Wolfe, Martin; Jones, Hannah; Hinchsliffe, Kay; Hitchings, Roger; O'Brien, Josie; Deane, Tim.
A collection of technical, policy and research articles on organic food and food systems
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Breeding; Genetics and propagation Vegetables Biodiversity and ecosystem services Soil quality Health and welfare Farm economics Poultry Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/6833/1/Bulletin_80.pdf
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Market Review of the Welsh Organic Arable Sector, 2007 Organic Eprints
Hitchings, Roger; Clarke, Sarah; Trump, Andrew.
The supply situation for Welsh organic arable production Organic production in Wales has been developing steadily in the last five years, with particular emphasis on organic cattle and sheep production. This was despite over-supply conditions in some sectors, notably dairy, following the very rapid growth in 1999/2000. The area of organic arable production has tracked this increase albeit at a lower level. It is also a more complex situation than might be thought because of the different ways in which a cereal crop or mixture might be harvested. This sector is one of the least surveyed in the UK with the exception of the annual Scottish Organic Market Link Producer Survey carried out by SAC with SEERAD funding. Between the end of 2002 and end of 2005,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Markets and trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11072/2/Arable_market_review_2007_report.pdf
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Market Review of the Welsh Organic Horticulture Sector, 2007 Organic Eprints
Hitchings, Roger.
The supply situation for Welsh organic horticultural products Organic production in Wales has been developing steadily in the last five years, with particular emphasis on organic cattle and sheep production. This was despite over-supply conditions in some sectors, notably dairy, following the very rapid growth in 1999/2000. Looking further back there was a time when horticultural production represented a considerable proportion of Welsh organic output and played a significant role in the development of the organic market as a whole. Between the end of 2002 and end of 2005, the number of holdings increased by 12% to 688, and the certified land area increased by 29% to 71 thousand hectares, of which more than 90% is grassland. Growth in Wales has exceeded...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Markets and trade; Vegetables; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11071/1/hort_market_review_2007_report_final.pdf
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OCIS Public Goods Tool Development Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L; Smith, Laurence; Padel, Susanne; Pearce, Bruce; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark; Cooper, Nick.
There has recently been an increase in interest amongst policy-makers in the question of whether farming provides a “public good” beyond the simple production of food, which justifies support from, for instance, EU agricultural policy. Benefits such as an improved environment or better water quality can be perceived to be public goods. It is the provision of these sorts of benefits which may be used in the future to justify continued support of the agricultural sector through subsidies. Given the current level of interest in this topic Natural England, with the approval of Defra, through OCIS (Organic Conversion Information Service), wished to create a tool which could be used by an advisor or an informed land owner to assess the public good provided by...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Indicators and other value-laden measures; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/18518/2/OCIS_PG_report_April_ORC_2011V1.0.pdf
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Organic Farming in Wales 2003 - 2004 Organic Eprints
Fowler, Sue; Green, Michael; Hitchings, Roger; Jedwell, Andrew; Kennard, Bob; Little, Tony; McCalman, Heather; Pearson, Neil; Powell, Jane; Rowlands, Gareth; Spiller, Gary; Thomas, Huw; Wacher, Carolyn; Weller, Richard.
Organic Centre Wales (OCW) was originally formed to act as an information source for producers enquiring into organic farming; in our second phase, in response to changes in the sector, we have an increased remit on policy issues. It has been a busy time, seeing the production of a second Organic Action Plan, the implementation of the CAP reform and development work on agri-environment reforms. The year also saw the start of organic maintenance payments for farmers. This Annual Report contains accounts of the progress that has been made on many fronts during the last 12 months, particularly in market knowledge due to the research for the recently published report, 'Organic Food: understanding the consumer and increasing sales'. This information,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Education; Extension and communication Farming Systems.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10816/1/annrepeng04.pdf
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Organic Horticultural Seed Trials in Wales Organic Eprints
Robertshaw, Paul; Hitchings, Roger.
Under the organic standards, producers are required to use organic seed. However, a derogation can be obtained from the appropriate certification body that allows the use of (untreated) non organic seed where appropriate organic material is not available. There are, however, a number of barriers to the wider use of organic seed including: • Many of the industry’s standard varieties are not available in organic seed. The lifting of the derogation would oblige growers to use varieties of which they had little of no experience • By extension of the previous point, many popular varieties will no longer be available on the organic markets. It uncertain whether retailers, and in turn their customers, would accept alternative varieties • There is little...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/10833/1/hortseedtrials.pdf
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Organic substrate for transplant production in organic nurseries. A review Organic Eprints
Pascual, Jose Antonio; Ceglie, Francesco; Tuzel, Yuksel; Koller, Martin; Koren, Amnon; Hitchings, Roger; Tittarelli, Fabio.
A transplant can be defined as a seedling or sprouted vegetative propagation material grown in a substrate or in the field, for transfer to the final cropping site. Nurseries use a range of growing media in the production of transplants, and the quality of a substrate may be defined in terms of its feasibility for the intended use and also according to the climatic condition of the production site. Peat is the worldwide standard substrate, but because of its origin and the increasing environmental and ecological concerns, new alternatives have been proposed for organic production. Here, we reviewed these new alternatives, assuming that the proposed growing media will need to respond in a proper way to specific plant requirements while also taking them into...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring Greenhouses and coverings Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33304/1/Pascual_2018-%2872%29-%20A%20Review-Organic%20substrate%20for%20transplant%20production.pdf
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Public goods and farming Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L; Smith, Laurence; Pearce, Bruce; Padel, Susanne; Hitchings, Roger; Measures, Mark.
There has recently been an increase in interest in the “public goods” that could be provided by a farm alongside its primary function of agricultural production. This paper reviews recent reports on the topic of public goods and, in particular, the public goods provided by agriculture and then goes on to discuss the development of a tool which can be used to assess the provision of public goods on a farm across a range of areas: soil management, biodiversity, landscape and heritage, water management, manure management and nutrients, energy and carbon, food security, agricultural systems diversity, social capital, farm business resilience, and animal health and welfare.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2012
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The organic seed regulations framework in Europe – current status and recommendations for future development Organic Eprints
Döring, Thomas F.; Bocci, Riccardo; Hitchings, Roger; Howlett, S. A.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.T.; Pautasso, Marco; Raaijmakers, M; Rey, F; Stubsgaard, Anke; Weinhappel, M.; Wilbois, Klaus-Peter; Winkler, Louisa; Wolfe, M S.
Organic agriculture regulations, in particular European regulation EC 889/2008, prescribe the use of organically produced seed. For many cultivated plants, however, organic seed is often not available. This is mainly because investment in organic plant breeding and seed production has been low in the past. To bridge the gap between organic seed supply and demand, national and European regulations define certain circumstances under which organic producers are permitted to use non-organically produced seed. While the organic sector currently depends on these concessions, they also threaten to impede a further increase in the demand for organic seed, thereby potentially restraining present and future investment in organic seed production and plant breeding....
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21904/1/Doring%20et%20al%202012-ORGA%20-%20orgprints.pdf
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