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Registros recuperados: 30
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An Application of Mixed Logit Estimation in the Analysis of Producers’ Stated Preferences AgEcon
Kipperberg, Gorm; Bond, Craig A.; Hoag, Dana L..
This paper analyzes Colorado Corn producers’ preferences over both private- and environmental public-good production system attributes. Current production practices are characterized by intensive water and chemical use, resulting in non-point source pollution to water bodies as well as soil erosion problems. Data from a stated preference survey are employed to analyze key attributes of experimentally configured irrigation systems, proposed as alternatives to current practices. Panel mixed logit estimations find positive preferences for profit, risk reduction, and, importantly, systems with less environmental impact in terms of nitrate leaching and soil erosion. The results also find presence of significant preference heterogeneity and a complementary...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural production; Profit-maximization; Environment; Mixed logit; Stated preference; Attribute part-worth; Nitrate leaching; Soil erosion; Risk; Crop Production/Industries; C10; D62; Q12; Q15; Q51.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108719
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An Error-Components Three-Stage Least-Squares Model of Investment Allocation by Farm Households AgEcon
Davies, Stephen P.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Vickner, Steven S.; Hoag, Dana L.; Nehring, Richard F..
This paper is an assessment of patterns of investment by farm households via an econometric model adapted from a land allocation approach of Holt (1999). This analysis will shed light on the importance of different classes of assets to farm household well-being, and show the reaction of farm households to a variety of market, international and government effects.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19249
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Are Agricultural PACs Monolithic? An Empirical Investigation AgEcon
Bond, Craig A.; Hoag, Dana L.; Freeborn, Jennifer; Van Doren, Terry.
This paper analyzes donation strategies of agricultural PACs by examining and testing a variety of variables theoretically related to contributions and formally testing for equivalence of donation strategies across PACs of varying levels of aggregation. Both chambers of the 108th Congress were modeled, with particular attention paid to the targeting of different power or influence sources within the legislature. Results showed significant heterogeneity across PAC subaggregates within a chamber, as well as between chambers, in terms of overall strategy and magnitude of marginal impacts. Evidence supporting the conditional party government hypothesis where PACs target top Party officials rather than influential legislative members was mixed and subindustry...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Monolithic Behavior; Political Action Committee; Political Donation Strategies; Tobit model; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108718
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BUDGET PLANNER: USER-ORIENTED WHOLE-FARM BUDGETING SOFTWARE AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L..
Budget Planner is a whole-farm or enterprise budgeting software program that is simple to use for farmers, extension agents, and other budgeters who are sometimes inexperienced, but that also provides the detail necessary to be accurate. Program defaults eliminate repetitive questions that change little from budget to budget. Defaults can be temporarily overridden, or they can be permanently changed with a detailed modify program. The program leads a user through a sequence similar to that a producer might utilize. Input forms were created to enlarge the user clientele and eventually increase computer use by farmers and extension agents.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30181
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Can Conservation Easements Market Evolve from Emerging to Efficient? AgEcon
Keske, Catherine M.; Hoag, Dana L.; Bastian, Christopher T..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92843
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COMMODITY AND CONSERVATION POLICY IMPACTS ON RISK AND RETURNS AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Young, Douglas L..
Crop yields, farm income risk and returns, and soil losses were simulated from 1974 to 1984 for southeastern Washington Palouse-region farms in three climatic subregions under alternative conservation and commodity policy scenarios. Historical commodity programs reinforced preexisting disincentives to retire highly erodible land to perennial grasses, but cropland base protection (CBP) legislation would eliminate such disincentives and increase profitability and decrease risk of land retirement. Nevertheless, additional incentives would be needed. Government rental payments can provide necessary incentives, but they are more costly without CBP. CBP was not included in the 1985 farm bill.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32246
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COOPERATIVE SOLUTIONS TO OPEN ACCESS COMPETITION FOR LAND AMONG MUNICIPALITIES AgEcon
Garner, Elizabeth E.H.; Seidl, Andrew F.; Hoag, Dana L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36325
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Determinants of Agricultural Landowners’ Willingness to Supply Open Space Through Conservation Easements AgEcon
Miller, Ashley D.; Bastian, Christopher T.; McLeod, Donald M.; Keske, Catherine M.; Hoag, Dana L..
Open space provides a range of benefits to many people of a community, beyond the benefits that accrue to private landowners. Parks and natural areas can be used for recreation; wetlands and forests supply storm-water drainage and wildlife habitat; farms and forests provide aesthetic benefits to surrounding residents. Moreover, undeveloped land can give relief from congestion. Agricultural lands are an important source of open space, but many of these lands are under great development pressure. One tool that is currently being used to aid in the preservation of open space by landowners is conservation easements. The rate of land protection by state and local land trusts has tripled since the beginning of the decade, and the West is the fastest growing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6724
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Economic Feasibility of Bio-Butanol on Marginal Agricultural Lands in Western Colorado AgEcon
Keske, Catherine M.; Brandess, Andrew; Hoag, Dana L.; Pearson, Calvin.
As is the case with most rural agricultural communities, western Colorado is dependent on fossil fuels transported from distant sources. This results in vulnerability to fuel supply disruptions and price shocks (Ederington et al., 2011; Yu, Wang, and Lai, 2008). A predictable and locally derived fuel source may provide stability to the agricultural production supply chain as well as to local commerce (Tareen, Wetzstein, and Duffield , 2000; Western Organization of Research Counsels, 2009). This research project evaluates the economic feasibility of bio-butanol as a locally grown biofuel in western Colorado as a means to encourage farm-level and regional energy sovereignty.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Biobutanol; Biofuels; Marginal Lands; Western Colorado; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124047
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Economic performance of exotic dairy cattle under smallholder conditions in the marginal zones of Kenya using three analytical approaches AgEcon
Kavoi, Mutuku Muendo; Hoag, Dana L.; Pritchett, James G..
Smallholder exotic dairy cattle have been adopted in the dry marginal zones of Kenya from the high potential areas over the last two decades contrary to the opinion of experts. The objective of this study therefore was to evaluate the economic performance of this dairy establishment in the marginal zones. Three approaches were used for the evaluation: the stochastic cost frontier to determine inefficiencies and the causative institutional and socio-economic factors; cost-factor demand systems; and the supply response analyses to determine the elasticity estimates of policy variables. The results from these approaches are supplementary and seem to support the need for government interventions in institutional and socio-economic factors that have a high...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marginal zones; Stochastic frontier; Systems analysis; Institutional and socio-economic factors; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61997
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Economic Principles for Saving the Cooperative Extension Service AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L..
The Cooperative Extension Service is an outstanding success story for education, but a model whose value is now in question. I focus on economic principles that apply to the question, "Is it time to end Extension, and if not, how can it be saved?" Six principles are identified: public goods, competitive advantage, privatization, long-run sustainability, business practices, and political economy. There is cause to support Extension, but leadership is needed to establish a common direction and to implement changes. Strategic planning would be helpful to identify these changes and to make Extension's value known to clientele and policy makers. Includes biography of Dana L. Hoag.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Abolish Extension; Cooperative Extension Service; Economic value; Save Extension; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30982
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ECONOMICS OF VARIABLE SWINE GROWTH AgEcon
Parsons, Jay R.; Hoag, Dana L.; Koontz, Stephen R..
This paper addresses the economic impacts of swine growth variability. Different economic penalties are determined to be associated with over-finishing versus under-finishing an animal. Marketing decisions based on the pen average are determined to be insignificantly less than optimal for a case study data set of 350 swine. Sensitivity analysis is conducted to determine the impact of increased growth and price variability.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36082
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EVOLVING CONSERVATION EASEMENT MARKETS IN THE WEST AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Bastian, Christopher T.; Keske, Catherine M.; McLeod, Donald M.; Marshall, Andrew.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27994
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FARM COMPUTER ADOPTION IN THE GREAT PLAINS AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Ascough, James C.; Frasier, W. Marshall.
Computers change rapidly, yet the last survey on computer use in agriculture was in 1991. We surveyed Great Plains producers in 1995 and used logit analysis to characterize adopters and non-adopters. About 37% of these producers use computers which is consistent with the general population. We confirmed previous surveys emphasizing the importance of education, age/experience, and other farm characteristics on adoption. However, we also found that education and experience may no longer be a significant influence. Future research and education could focus on when and where computers are most needed, and therefore when adoption is most appropriate.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adoption; Agriculture; Computers; Farmers; Great Plains; Logit; Farm Management.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15144
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Internalizing Externalities when there are Significant Private Non-Market Rents AgEcon
Keske, Catherine M.; Hoag, Dana L.; Bastian, Christopher T..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9722
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MANURE VALUE AND LIVEWEIGHT SWINE DECISIONS AgEcon
Roka, Fritz M.; Hoag, Dana L..
Produced as a joint product, economic theory suggests that manure value could influence livestock management decisions such as herd size and optimal market weights. This study examines the concept of manure and its connection with optimal replacement age or market weight. A model of a swine finishing operation representative of North Carolina conditions is developed. Over the range of conditions considered, manure value is negative and does not affect market weights. The marginal per head change in manure value is small relative to the marginal per head change in net returns from pork production. Further, economies of scale with respect to irrigation cause manure value to increase with herd size.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Manure value; Market weight; Response surface; Swine; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15234
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MARKET ANALYSIS OF A STUDENT AGRIBUSINESS ORGANIZATION AS A PLANNING AND EDUCATIONAL TOOL AgEcon
Thilmany, Dawn D.; Hoag, Dana L..
Although marketing principles and strategies are taught in all major agribusiness management programs in the country, few agribusiness student groups use these very principles in the planning of their own activities. This article describes a market research project developed by the AgriBusiness Association at Colorado State University (CSU) as an example of how to integrate coursework with an undergraduate agribusiness organization's program of activities. In addition to reinforcing marketing principles learned at CSU, the project taught students the importance of setting objectives, research design, and data analysis. Many of the findings were used to plan and improve the club.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness clubs; Marketing; Undergraduate students; Agribusiness; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14689
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Political and Economic Factors Affecting Agricultural PAC Contribution Strategies AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Hornbrook, Elizabeth; Van Doren, Terry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35888
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Pressures and Preferences Affecting Willingness to Apply Beef Manure on Crops in the Colorado High Plains AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Lacy, Michael G.; Davis, Jessica.
Little is known about producers' willingness to use manure. Past studies have focused on substitutability for fertilizers. We surveyed crop producers in a cattle-dense region of the Colorado Plains about whether and why they apply manure, focusing on how pressures (like owning cattle) or preferences (pro and con) affect their adoption. Using logistic regression, findings show that pressure and preference (PS/PF) significantly affect adoption. A producer with high PS/PF was 10 times more likely to use manure than one with low PS/PF. Policy and decision makers can use such findings to inform education and policy aimed at increasing the land application of manure.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Economic benefits; Economic costs; Management; Manure application; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30915
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Production Inefficiency in Fed Cattle Marketing and the Value of Sorting Pens into Alternative Marketing Groups Using Ultrasound Technology AgEcon
Koontz, Stephen R.; Hoag, Dana L.; Brethour, John R.; Walker, Jodine L..
The cattle industry batch markets animals in pens. Because of this, animals within any one pen can be both underfed and overfed. Thus, there is a production inefficiency associated with batch marketing. We simulate the value of sorting animals through weight and ultrasound measurements from original pens into smaller alternative marketing groups. Sorting exploits the production inefficiency and enables cattle feeding enterprises to avoid meat quality discounts, capture premiums, more efficiently use feed resources, and increase returns. The value of sorting is between $15 and $25 per head, with declining marginal returns as the number of sort groups increases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle feeding; Production efficiency; Simulation; Sorting; Value-based marketing; Ultrasound; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C15; D21; D23; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47266
Registros recuperados: 30
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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