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A Structural Equation Model of the Factors Influencing British Consumers’ Behaviour towards Animal Welfare AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; McVittie, Alistair; Hubbard, Carmen; Stott, Alistair W..
Results of national and pan-European consumer surveys and the growth in the demand for so-called “animal friendly” food products suggest that consumers within the European Union show a high level of concern for the welfare of farm animals. This paper analyses the determinants of British consumers’ behaviour towards animal welfare using structural equation models (SEM) with observed and latent variables. SEM is a statistical technique for testing and estimating relationships amongst variables, using a combination of statistical data and qualitative causal assumptions. We used a data set collected in 2005 through face-to-face interviews of 654 consumers in England. We analysed the range of statements in existing literature on consumers’ behaviour towards...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Consumers’ behaviour; Structural equation models.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58149
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSING STRUCTURAL CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE AND RURAL LIVELIHOODS AgEcon
Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Mollers, Judith; Happe, Kathrin; Davidova, Sophia; Fredriksson, Lena; Bailey, Alastair; Kancs, d'Artis; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Vranken, Liesbet; Hubbard, Carmen; Ward, Neil; Juvancic, Luka; Milczarek, Dominika; Plamen, Mishev.
The Deliverable 2.1 (D2.1) of the SCARLED project provides the conceptual framework for analysing structural change in agriculture and rural livelihoods in the NMS and established Member States of the EU. It concisely summarizes the underlying theories and concepts of the pertinent research issues in SCARLED. SCARLED addresses a topic of wide interest with regard to the identification of past and future key social and agricultural restructuring processes for a living countryside in the NMS. Methodologically, the topic is approached by comparative, structured multi-country farm surveys complemented by an analysis of structural changes in the farm sectors of two selected regions with the agent-based simulation model AgriPoliS, taking special account of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91737
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Distributional Impacts of Food Price Changes on Consumer Welfare in Hungary and Romania following EU Accession AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen; Szigeti, Judith; Podruzsik, Szilard.
This paper focuses on the estimation of changes in economic welfare (real income) on different groups (income deciles) of Hungarian and Romanian consumers following food price changes as a result of accession to the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007. It identifies in both countries those consumer groups most vulnerable to food price changes using the most recent, official, post accession data. Slutsky Compensating Variation, based on Laspeyres indexes is employed for a food basket of 16 products. The results show that real food prices have changed with some going up and others falling. However, overall both Hungary and Romania have experienced a rise in real food prices by 9 per cent and 20 per cent, respectively. The rise in food prices has resulted in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Prices; Consumers; Welfare; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95036
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Farm Income Variability in Hungary: A Comparison with the EU Based on FADN Records AgEcon
Podruzsik, Szilard; Hubbard, Carmen; Keszthelyi, Szilard; Hubbard, Lionel J..
This paper intends to shed some light upon the changes in farm incomes in Hungary as a result of the country’s accession to the EU in 2004. Subsidies for arable farms increased by 20 percent over three years. The highest degree of increase is observed in the case of arable farms. In terms of national farm subsidies the largest increase can also be identified in the case of large corporate arable and mixed farms. Nevertheless, it was found that the farm income level in Hungary is only half of that in the EU-25.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48114
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Lessons of best practice in rural development: is there a pan-European consensus? AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen; Gorton, Matthew.
This paper analyses expert attitudes to managing rural development in both established (EU15) and New Member States (NMS). It draws on case studies of five regions in the EU15 that have undergone, at least in some respects, successful rural development post-accession. Lessons of best practice were identified from interviews and supporting documentation, and verified / refined using a policy Delphi exercise. The results highlight the importance of creating appropriate national and regional structures to implement EU funded projects, capacity building, decentralisation, social capital and networking, and the role of “institutional memory”.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; EU; Policy Delphi; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18; P25; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94906
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Small Farms in the EU: How Small is Small? AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen.
This paper discusses and explores different approaches to the definition of small in relation to farms in the EU. It focuses on distributions of farms using different size criteria, making comparisons of the extent to which one criterion maps onto another. Differences in farm structure that exist between and within both the established and new Member States make it particularly difficult to determine a unique definition of smallness, suggesting perhaps the use of a relative rather than absolute measure of size.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Small farms; European Union; Farm size; Subsistence; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52852
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Structural Change and Distribution of Support in Hungarian Agriculture following EU Accession: A Preliminary FADN Analysis AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen; Podruzsik, Szilard; Hubbard, Lionel J..
This paper, whilst preliminary and descriptive, highlights some significant changes in the structure of the Hungarian ‘national farm’ around the time of EU accession, based on an examination of farm-level data. Between 2002 and 2005 gross value of total production changes little, but direct agricultural subsidies nearly double. There is a marked shift in favour of arable farming, which affects both private farms and economic organisations. Arable farms increase their share of total subsidies by 20 percentage points over the three years, at the expense of most animal and mixed farms. Overall, the distribution of subsidies, whilst highly unequal, is slightly less unequal in 2005.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8523
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Structural change in Europe’s rural regions – Farm livelihoods between subsistence orientation, modernisation and non-farm diversification AgEcon
Salasan, Cosmin; Curtiss, Jarmila; Gomez y Paloma, Gomez; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Fritzsch, Jana; Wegener, Stefan; Glauben, Thomas; Hockmann, Heinrich; Moller, Lioudmila; Pieniadz, Agata; Renner, Swetlana; Davidova, Sophia; Fredriksson, Lena; Petrovici, Dan Alex; Mishev, Mishev; Hubbard, Carmen; Gorton, Matthew; Wolek, Tomasz.
Edited volume of the contributions to the mini-symposium of the same title at the IAAE conference 2009.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: EU; Enlarged EU; Structural change; Farm livelihoods; Modernization; Rural development; Success stories; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53334
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THE IMPACTS OF DIRECT PAYMENTS ON ROMANIAN FARM INCOME: WHO BENEFITS FROM THE CAP? AgEcon
Cionga, Cristina; Luca, Lucian; Hubbard, Carmen.
Using the most recent available data, this paper assesses who is likely to benefit, in the short-term, from the implementation of the CAP in Romania. Particularly, it focuses on the distributional impacts of the new form of agricultural subsidies under the CAP, i.e. SAPS and CNDP, identifying the main gainers and losers. Preliminary results reveal a highly uneven distribution of subsidies across farms, with the very large-scale ones, particularly those specialised in so-called “energy” crops, benefiting most from the flat rate direct aid. As a result, the existing gap between Romanian low-income and high-income farms will become larger, with those most vulnerable hardly benefiting from the introduction of (national and EU) direct payments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Single Area Payment Scheme; Farm structure; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44840
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