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Registros recuperados: 10
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A CGE Analysis of the Harbinson Proposal: Outcomes for the EU25 AgEcon
Philippidis, George; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Renwick, Alan W..
In this study, we employ the Harbinson proposal and July Framework to compare a ‘likely’ Doha scenario with an ‘inclusive’ baseline. The key aim is to assess the impacts across EU member states. More specifically, we (i) employ the latest version 6 of the GTAP database, (ii) explicitly model CAP mechanisms (e.g., quotas, decoupled payments, set-aside, CAP budget etc.) to more accurately assess the asymmetric trade led welfare effects on selected EU member states, and (iii) introduce binding overhangs into domestic support, export subsidies and more importantly market access commitments. Whilst the EU regions benefit from the multilateral reform proposals, the gains are weakened considerably by the tariff binding overhangs, where the EU25 only gain ten per...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45992
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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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Cattle farmers’ preferences for Disease Free Zones: A choice experiment analysis in Kenya AgEcon
Otieno, David Jakinda; Ruto, Eric; Hubbard, Lionel J..
Management of food-borne illnesses is important in ensuring food safety to consumers in both domestic and export markets. In livestock trade, various measures are prescribed under the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards (SPS) agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO). With regard to food safety, the SPS agreement recommends establishment of Disease Free Zones (DFZs)in order to manage the spread of trans-boundary cattle diseases. DFZs have been successfully implemented in major beef exporting countries such as Australia, Botswana, Brazil and Namibia. In Kenya however, the DFZs are still in a pilot stage and it is important to understand farmers’ preferences on the type of DFZ that would be readily acceptable to them. A choice experiment survey was...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmer preferences; Disease Free Zone; Choice experiment; Random Parameter Logit; Kenya; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91951
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Farm Animal Welfare, Consumer Willingness to Pay, and Trust: Results of a Cross-National Survey AgEcon
Nocella, Giuseppe; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Scarpa, Riccardo.
Higher animal welfare standards increase costs along the supply chain of certified animal-friendly products (AFP). Since the market outcome of certified AFP depends on consumer confidence toward supply chain operators complying with these standards, the role of trust in consumer willingness-to-pay (WTP) for AFP is paramount. Results from a contingent valuation survey administered in five European Union countries show that WTP estimates were sensitive to robust measures of consumer trust for certified AFP. Deriving the WTP effect of a single food category on total food expenditure is difficult for survey respondents; hence, a budget approach was employed to facilitate this process.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Certification; Consumer trust; WTP; Budget approach; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; C81; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96832
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Farm Income Variability in Hungary: A Comparison with the EU Based on FADN Records AgEcon
Podruzsik, Szilard; Hubbard, Carmen; Keszthelyi, Szilard; Hubbard, Lionel J..
This paper intends to shed some light upon the changes in farm incomes in Hungary as a result of the country’s accession to the EU in 2004. Subsidies for arable farms increased by 20 percent over three years. The highest degree of increase is observed in the case of arable farms. In terms of national farm subsidies the largest increase can also be identified in the case of large corporate arable and mixed farms. Nevertheless, it was found that the farm income level in Hungary is only half of that in the EU-25.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48114
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INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE IN AGRI-FOOD PRODUCTS BETWEEN HUNGARY AND THE EU AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Hubbard, Lionel J..
We present an analysis of the intra-industry nature of agri-food trade between Hungary and the European Union, following the Association Agreement signed in 1991. A slight growth in intra-industry trade is indicated by the Grubel-Lloyd index. However, it is not uniform by product group or EU member state or over time, reflecting different patterns of bilateral integration and an economic restructuring process that is far from complete. Marginal intra-industry trade appears to be low, but assumes greater significance when the index is broadened to include vertical as well as horizontal trade. Thus, growth in agri-food trade between Hungary and the EU over the period 1992-98 is shown to be dominated by vertical intra-industry trade and inter-industry trade....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20450
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Intra-Industry Trade in Horizontally and Vertically Differentiated Agri-Food Products between Hungary and the EU AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Hubbard, Lionel J..
Intra-industry trade in agri-food products between Hungary and the EU is shown to be low and dominated by vertically rather than horizontally differentiated products, suggesting higher economic adjustment costs. Following recent empirical studies, we then test econometrically for the determinants of this trade using different measures of horizontal and vertical trade, and employing an array of popular explanatory variables. Results suggest that separating the measure of intra-industry trade into vertical and horizontal provides for better estimation and supports the contention that the determinants may differ by type of trade. In the regression analysis, the level of intra-industry trade is found to serve as a better dependent variable than the degree or...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Intra-industry trade; Product differentiation; Hungary; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24884
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Structural Change and Distribution of Support in Hungarian Agriculture following EU Accession: A Preliminary FADN Analysis AgEcon
Hubbard, Carmen; Podruzsik, Szilard; Hubbard, Lionel J..
This paper, whilst preliminary and descriptive, highlights some significant changes in the structure of the Hungarian ‘national farm’ around the time of EU accession, based on an examination of farm-level data. Between 2002 and 2005 gross value of total production changes little, but direct agricultural subsidies nearly double. There is a marked shift in favour of arable farming, which affects both private farms and economic organisations. Arable farms increase their share of total subsidies by 20 percentage points over the three years, at the expense of most animal and mixed farms. Overall, the distribution of subsidies, whilst highly unequal, is slightly less unequal in 2005.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8523
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Technical efficiency and technology gaps in beef cattle production systems in Kenya: A stochastic metafrontier analysis AgEcon
Otieno, David Jakinda; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Ruto, Eric.
In this study the stochastic metafrontier method is used to investigate technical efficiency and technology gaps across three main beef cattle production systems in Kenya. Results show that there is significant inefficiency in nomadic and agro-pastoral systems. Further, in contrast with ranches, these two systems were found to have lower technology gap ratios. The average pooled technical efficiency was estimated to be 0.69, which suggests that there is considerable scope to improve beef production in Kenya
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Technology gap; Beef cattle; Production systems; Stochastic metafrontier; Kenya.; Livestock Production/Industries; D24; O32; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108947
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THE DYNAMICS OF AGRI-FOOD TRADE PATTERNS - THE HUNGARIAN CASE AgEcon
Ferto, Imre; Hubbard, Lionel J..
We analyse the evolving pattern of Hungary's agri-food trade using recently developed empirical procedures based on the classic Balassa index and its symmetric transformation. The extent of trade specialisation exhibits a declining trend; Hungary lost comparative advantage for a number of product groups over the 1990s. The indices of specialisation have also tended to converge. For particular product groups, the picture is mixed: indices are reasonably stable for product groups with comparative disadvantage, but those with weak to strong comparative advantage show significant variation. The results reinforce the finding of a general decrease in specialisation, but do not support the idea of self-reinforcing mechanisms, emphasised strongly in much of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International trade; Revealed comparative advantage; Hungary; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25851
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