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Registros recuperados: 13
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CAP direct payments and distributional conflicts over rented land within corporate farms in the New Member States Inra
Latruffe, L.; Davidova, S.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
This paper aims to investigate whether distributional issues within corporate farms in the New Member States will be exacerbated by the introduction of the CAP direct payments. The paper focuses on the specific impact of the payments on the land rented to the corporate farms by private landowners. If the latter are not satisfied with the level of rent they receive, they have the option to end their rental contract and withdraw their land from the farm. Before the accession to the EU the landowners did not have strong incentives to withdraw, as the other available opportunities were not associated with higher returns on land ownership. However, this situation might change as the landowners can now cash the direct payments themselves, providing they keep...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: COMMUN AGRICULTURAL POLICY; DIRECT PAYMENT; CORPORATE FARM; DISTRIBUTIONAL CONFLICT; GAME THEORY; LANDOWNER.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007b22d8074&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/07/
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Could small dairy farms in Switzerland compete with their French counterparts? A metafrontier analysis during 1990-2004 Inra
Ferjani, A.; Latruffe, L.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
The objective of the paper is to investigate whether Swiss farms specialised in dairy (the prevailing production of the country), which are small in international standards, would have a survival potential if they had to compete more directly with EU farms. More specifically, we investigate whether Swiss dairy farms would be able to compete with their French counterparts (located in mountainous areas, but larger than Swiss ones) in a future made of increased globalisation and reduced borders. For this we evaluate which country, during the period 1990-2004, would have been more able to use efficiently a common hypothetical technology, and would have had a more productive (own) technology. Efficiency scores and technology ratios are calculated using the...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; TECHNOLOGY GAP; DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS; DAIRY FARMING.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20092a22e3ff&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/04/
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Demand for seasonal wage labour in the French fruit and vegetable sector: what does family farming hide? Inra
Darpeix, A.; Bignebat, C.; Perrier-Cornet, P.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
Seasonal wage labour was rarely distinguished from the permanent one in farm-household models although it has sharply increased in developed countries. Therefore, we propose to endogenize the demand for this peculiar labour type and highlight the trade-offs for the various labour combinations on farms. We use data on fruit and vegetables farms drawn from the 2000 French agricultural census. We show that seasonal wage labour is a substitute for permanent wage employment, and doesn't entirely follow the seasonality of the agricultural activity : competition on the labour and product markets play a significant role in the employment of labour types.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TRAVAIL SAISONNIER ; TRAVAIL SALARIE; AGRICULTURE FAMILIALE AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLD MODEL; WAGE LABOUR; SEASONALITY.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20098ed22614&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/12/
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Determinants for fallowing land: the case of Kosovo Inra
Sauer, J.; Davidova, S.; Latruffe, L.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
The key question of this paper is why farmers in Kosovo leave land fallow when the total land of their farms is rather small and households are rather large. In order to elicit some barriers to land utilisation in Kosovo, the paper is based on a comprehensive survey carried out in 2005 investigating agricultural households’ perceptions of production and market conditions, and employs several households and farm characteristics to empirically approximate the significance of different factors for leaving land fallow and not using it for production purposes. Three different econometric models are used expected to fit the data distribution. All estimated model specifications show a statistical significance at a satisfactory level and no severe signs of...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: FALLOW LAND DECISION; TOBIT REGRESSION; FRACTIONAL RESPONSE REGRESSION; ZERO INFLATED BINOMIAL REGRESSION; KOSOVO.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20099522ca40&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/01/
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Investment activity and ownership structure of Czech corporate farms Inra
Curtiss, J.; Latruffe, L.; Medonos, T.; Ratinger, T.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); CUB, Corvinus University of Budapest (HUN).
This paper aims at assessing the relationship between ownership structure, performance and investment activity. In particular it studies how behavioural differences between farms related to ownership structure influence farms' investment activity and thus their further development potential resulting in farm structural changes. The paper analyses a sample of corporate farms over 7 years, 1997-2003, using structural model of three equations including investment accelerator model. This model considers the effect of ownership on (a) technical efficiency as proxy for the quality of operational management, (b) returns on capital as proxy for quality of financial management, (c) investment activity, and (d) investment sensitivity to internal funds as proxy for...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: CORPORATE OWNERSHIP; EMPLOYEE OWNERSHIP; EXTERNAL OWNERSHIP; AGENCY PROBLEM; INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR; FINANCIAL CONSTRAINT.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20084a52b8f6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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Investment of Slovenian farms in the transition context Inra
Bojnec, S.; Latruffe, L.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); Corvinus University of Budapest (HUN).
This paper investigates the investment decisions of Slovenian farms during the transition and adjustment period to European Union (EU) membership and in particular whether these decisions were constrained by financing availability. Results from a standard and an augmented accelerator models indicate that farms’ investment decisions was based on market opportunities during the period 1994-2003, but that the decisions were constrained by financing availability.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: FARM; INVESTMENT; ACCELERATOR MODEL; FINANCIAL CONSTRAINT.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20084e41fa7b&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/07/
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Issues, impacts, and prospects of the first transgenic crops tolerant to a herbicide. The case of glyphosate-tolerant soybean in the USA Inra
Bonny, S.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
Les cultures transgéniques tolérantes à un herbicide sont depuis l'origine les cultures OGM les plus répandues : en 2008, elles représentaient 63% des surfaces en cultures transgéniques, et même 85 % si l'on inclut les surfaces où ce caractère est associé à un autre. En outre d’autres sont prévues pour les prochaines années comme le montrent le pipeline des grandes firmes et les essais au champ. Pourtant ces cultures ont fait l’objet de fortes critiques en raison du type de caractère introduit, la tolérance à un herbicide. En effet on espérait que les biotechnologies contribueraient à s’affranchir des pesticides par une meilleure valorisation des processus du vivant. Or les cultures transgéniques tolérantes à un désherbant dépendent d'un herbicide...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: BIOTECHNOLOGIE; GLYPHOSATE; DESHERBAGE; OPINION.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009fdb50966&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/09/
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Small Farm in Romania: evolution under localization constraint? Inra
Ghib, M.L.; Larkham, K.; Wavresky, P.; Luca, L.; EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
This paper aims to clarify the recent evolution of Romanian small farms. As a result of complex historic process, the category of subsistence and semi-subsistence farms is well represented within Romanian Farm structure (Mathijs and al., 2004; Giruca and al., 2006). The recent data collected by the General Census and Farm Structure surveys gave some signs of the recent evolution. We focus specifically on the smallest categories and try to differentiate their evolution among different factors. Farm survival and Farm growth literature is abundant and focuses especially on initial farm size, specialisation or pluriactivity of the farm (Weiss, 1999). In contrast, the role of localization, linked to historical background or physical constraints, as a factor is...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: SMALL FARMS; FARM EVOLUTION ; RESTRUCTURATION; HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL DETERMINANTS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010c3ddffc7&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
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Technical efficiency and technology in Eastern and Western agriculture: a comparison of crop and dairy farms in Hungary and France Inra
Fogarasi, J.; Latruffe, L.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); CUB, Corvinus University of Budapest (HUN).
The paper investigates the difference in technical efficiency and technology between French and Hungarian farms in dairy and cereal, oilseed and protein seed (COP) sectors during 2001-2004. The analyses is performed with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) under separate and common frontiers. Results indicate that Hungarian dairy farmers are more clustered to their own frontier than French farms are, but that the difference is less clear in COP farming. Hungarian dairy and COP farms are less scale efficient than French farms on average. Under a common hypothetical technology, Hungarian farms would be the leaders. Reasons might be the presence of large corporate farms and a higher public support in Hungary.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; PRODUCTIVITY FACTOR; DAIRY; COP.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008e343b8b4&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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The persistence of the corporate farms: they survived the transition but do they have future under the CAP Inra
Latruffe, L.; Davidova, S.; Blaas, G.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA); EAAE, European Association of Agricultural Economists (NLD); CUB, Corvinus University of Budapest (HUN).
The newly emergent landowners in the 1990s left their land in the corporate farms due to the low level of farm profitability and the high risk in the general economic environment. The accession to the EU and the introduction of the CAP Single Area Payment (SAP) could induce incentives to landowners to withdraw their land if they are not satisfied with the level of rent. The analysis in this paper, based on survey data, has indicated that, although the SAP might induce more landowners to ask for a rent increase, it is unlikely that they would massively withdraw their land from the corporate farms. However, financially constrained farms might quickly loose their capacity to compete for land in the conditions of an increased land demand.
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: CORPORATE FARM; LAND RENT; SINGLE FARM PAYMENT.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008b98b3b56&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/09/
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The tariff-only regime for bananas in the European Union: Settingthe tariff at right level is impossible mission Inra
Guyomard, H.; Le Mouel, C.; Levert, F.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
On 29 November 2005, the European Union (EU) unilaterally introduced a tariff of €176 per tonne to apply from 1 January 2006 to bananas imported from countries enjoying the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. The new EU trade policy includes a duty-free annual import quota of 775,000 tonnes for bananas originating from African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states. This regime replaces the very complex and highly contested tariff-rate quota policy in place in the EU between 1993 and 2005. However, the banana international trade war very likely has not come to an end. Several Latin American countries have announced their intention to challenge the new EU trade policy by initiating a new WTO complaint. In this paper, we first propose an analysis of the two WTO...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: TARIFF RATE QUOTAS; TARIFF; BANANAS; EUROPEAN UNION; WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION; MOST FAVOURED NATIONS; AFRICAN COUNTRIES; CARRIBEAN COUNTRIES; PACIFIC COUNTRIES.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010e73be01d&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/03/
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The use of bootstrapped Malmquist indices to reassess productivity change findings: an application to a sample of Polish farms Inra
Balcombe, K.; Davidova, S.; Latruffe, L.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
The paper assesses the extent to which sampling variation affects findings about Malmquist productivity change derived using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), in the first stage calculating productivity indices and in the second stage investigating the farm-specific change in productivity. Confidence intervals for Malmquist indices are constructed using Simar and Wilson’s (1999) bootstrapping procedure. The main contribution of the paper is to account in the second stage for the information provided by the bootstrap in the first stage. The DEA standard errors of the Malmquist indices given by bootstrapping are employed in an innovative heteroscedastic panel regression, using a maximum likelihood procedure. The application is to a sample of 250 Polish farms...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: PRODUCTIVITY; MALMQUIST; BOOTSTRAPPING; SECOND-STAGE REGRESSION.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007fb6ecb9a&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/07/
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Will the EU Single Area Payment decrease farm efficiency in the New Member States? Inra
Douarin, E.; Latruffe, L.; IAAE, International Association of Agricultural Economists (USA).
This paper starts the debate regarding the likely impact of post-accession public support in the New Member States on their farming sector’s efficiency. While one aim of farm support in the European Union (EU) is to promote efficient farms that can compete internationally, a higher level of support via the Single Area Payment (SAP) may have adverse effects on farms’ performance. Analyses using pre-accession technical efficiency scores calculated with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and post-accession farmer’s intentions, lead to the conclusion that the implementation of the SAP may decrease farm efficiency. The main reasons are the negative link between farm efficiency and subsidies already present in pre-EU accession Lithuania, and the change in...
Tipo: Meeting Paper Palavras-chave: SINGLE AREA PAYMENT; TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY; SIZE; SUBSIDIES.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009ce9c975b&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/01/
Registros recuperados: 13
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