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Registros recuperados: 9
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DETERMINANTES DE ESTRATEGIAS COMUNITARIAS DE SUBSISTENCIA Y EL USO DE PRACTICAS CONSERVACIONISTAS DE PRODUCCION AGRICOLA EN LAS ZONAS DE LADERA EN HONDURAS AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Rodriguez, Angel; Damon, Amy L.; Pender, John L..
In this paper we discuss the principal results of participatory surveys that were conducted between June 2001 and May 2002 in 95 communities (villages) in the rural hillside areas in Honduras. The principal objectives of the study were to determine the main income earning strategies at the community level; identify the most important determinants of these strategies; and analyze the principal factors that determine the use of conservation technologies and investments. A total of eight different income-earning strategies were identified that largely reflect differences in comparative advantages between different communities. We used a multinominal logit model to explain the choice of income earning strategy as determined by biophysical factors (elevation,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16078
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El Impacto del Tratado de Libre Comercio de Centroamerica en la Industria Centroamericana de Maquila Textil AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Torero, Maximo.
El Tratado de Libre Comercio de Centroamérica (CAFTA, por sus siglas en inglés) se sigue debatiendo acaloradamente en los cinco países centroamericanos que forman parte del tratado; sin embargo, la mayoría de las discusiones se basan en opiniones preconcebidas, más que en argumentos basados en resultados de investigación. El punto de partida de este documento es que las disposiciones contenidas en el tratado referentes a la industria de la maquila textil probablemente tengan un impacto significativo en el bienestar de los hogares, a pesar del acceso preferencial de las exportaciones de maquila textil al mercado de Estados Unidos bajo las reglas de origen establecidas en la Iniciativa para la Cuenca del Caribe (CBI, por sus siglas en inglés) y el Acuerdo de...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAFTA; Centroamérica; Modelo CGE; Maquila textil; Prenda; Textiles y prendas; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42353
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Geographic Space, Assets, Livelihoods and Well-Being in Rural Central America: Empirical Evidence from Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua AgEcon
Alwang, Jeffrey Roger; Jansen, Hans G.P.; Siegel, Paul B.; Pichon, Francisco.
This paper uses an asset-base framework to analyze the determinants of rural growth and sustainable poverty reduction for the three poorest countries in Central America: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua…Using a combination of GIS mapping techniques, quantitative household analysis, and qualitative analyses of assets and livelihoods, the authors generate a description of rural territories that recognizes the differential effects of policies and asset bundles across space and households. They identify the combinations of human, natural and physical, social and location-specific assets that matter most to raise household well-being and take advantage of prospects for poverty-reducing growth.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty reduction; Rural livelihoods; Households; Economic aspects; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55408
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Identifying the Drivers of Sustainable Rural Growth and Poverty Reduction in Honduras AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Siegel, Paul B.; Pichon, Francisco.
Published as Drivers of sustainable rural growth and poverty reduction in Central America: Honduras case study. Vols. 1 and 2. Gray Cover Report No. 3193-HN Washington, DC: The World Bank. Published as Jansen, Hans G.P.; Siegel, Paul; Pichon, Francisco. 2006. Understanding the drivers of sustainable rural growth and poverty reduction in Honduras. World Bank en breve No. 87 Pp. 1-4.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58378
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Improving Horticultural Export Performance of Developing Countries in Asia AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P..
Many developing countries in Asia have a comparative advantage in the production of horticultural commodities with favourable growth prospects in world markets due to relatively high income and price elasticities. As a result, the horticultural sector has traditionally been an important source of foreign exchange earnings in Taiwan, China, the Philippines and (more recently) Thailand and Malaysia. On the other hand, the performance of potentially significant exporters in South Asia has been disappointing. Drawing from the widely diverging experiences of six countries, it is concluded that government policies significantly influence horticultural export performance. To meet strict consumers' specifications in importing countries, maximum cooperation is...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12402
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Land Management Decisions and Agricultural Productivity in the Hillsides of Honduras AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Pender, John L.; Damon, Amy L.; Schipper, Robert A..
Increasing land degradation and concomitant low agricultural productivity are important determinants of rural poverty in the hillside areas of Honduras. Using data at the levels of the farm household, parcel and plot, we develop an econometric modeling framework to analyze land management decisions and their impact on crop productivity. Our econometric model allows for endogenous household decisions regarding livelihood strategy choice, use of labor and external inputs, and participation in organizations. We found support for the inverse farm size-land productivity relationship which suggests that improved land access could increase total crop production. Land tenure has no impact on crop productivity, but adoption of soil conservation practices is higher...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural productivity; Hillsides; Honduras; Land management; Soil conservation; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25302
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Public Investment Targeting in Rural Central America AgEcon
Alwang, Jeffrey Roger; Jansen, Hans G.P..
This paper uses an asset-base framework to analyze the determinants of rural growth and poverty reduction for the three poorest countries in Central America: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. High inequalities in the distribution of productive assets in all three countries constrain how the poor share in the benefits of growth, even under appropriate policy regimes. Heterogeneous conditions require complementary analysis of spatial determinants of well-being, analysis of household-level assets, and how household livelihood strategies, conditioned on spatial attributes and asset bases, determine well-being outcomes. Using a combination of GIS mapping techniques and quantitative household analysis, we generate a description of rural territories that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25777
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Rural development policies and sustainable land use in the hillside areas of Honduras: a quantitative livelihoods approach AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Pender, John L.; Damon, Amy L.; Schipper, Robert A..
Promising ways of promoting sustainable development in less-favored areas have long been a focus of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Hillside areas are an important facet of less-favored areas because they often have limited biophysical potential and attract limited public investment. As a result, poverty, low agricultural productivity, and natural resource degradation tend to be interrelated problems in such areas. In Honduras, poverty is deep and widespread, and this is especially the case in the hillside areas— home to one-third of the country’s population. The majority of these people earn their living through agriculture, as either smallholders or farm laborers. Rural poverty in the hillsides results primarily from unequal...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Honduras; Rural development; Government policy; Hill farming; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37883
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The Impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the Central American Textile Maquila Industry AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Pineiro, Valeria; Sanchez, Marco V.; Torero, Maximo.
While the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) remains a hotly debated issue in all five Central American countries that are part of the treaty, most discussions are based on preconceived opinions rather than grounded in research-based results. The point of departure of the paper is that the provisions in the agreement concerning the textile maquila industry are likely to have a significant impact on household welfare, despite the already existing preferential access of textile maquila exports to the U.S. market under the rules of origin set by the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and the U.S.–Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA). What CAFTA does for maquila production in Central America is to make permanent and expand the liberalized...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Apparel industry; CAFTA; Central America; CGE model; Maquila; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42393
Registros recuperados: 9
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