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Assessment of Genetic Variability of Fish Personality Traits using Rainbow Trout Isogenic Lines ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Pean, Samuel; Labbe, Laurent; Kerneis, Thierry; Quillet, Edwige; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Begout, Marie-laure.
The study of inter-individual variability of personality in fish is a growing field of interest but the genetic basis of this complex trait is still poorly investigated due to the difficulty in controlling fish genetic origin and life history. When available, isogenic lines that allow performing independent tests on different individuals having identical genotype constitute a very relevant experimental material to disentangle the genetic and environmental components of behavioural individuality. We took advantage of heterozygous isogenic lines to investigate the personality in rainbow trout through the analysis of their reactions to different experimental situations. To this end, seven to ten rainbow trout isogenic lines were screened for their spatial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Personality; Isogenic lines; Genetic variability; Risk taking; Spatial exploration; Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00194/30496/29976.pdf
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Detection of new pathways involved in the acceptance and the utilisation of a plant-based diet in isogenic lines of rainbow trout fry ArchiMer
Callet, Therese; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Cluzeaud, Marianne; Jaffrezic, Florence; Laloe, Denis; Kerneis, Thierry; Labbe, Laurent; Quillet, Edwige; Geurden, Inge; Mazurais, David; Skiba-cassy, Sandrine; Medale, Francoise.
o meet the growing demand of fish feed for aquaculture, an increasing proportion of marine ingredients are being replaced by blends of plant products. However, the total replacement of marine ingredients in salmonid diets impairs fish performance. This is particularly true during the early fry stage and this stage is therefore considered of particular importance. In rainbow trout (RBT), the existence of a genetic variability to survive and grow with plant-based diets devoid of marine ingredients has now been proved, but the mechanisms behind are little studied especially at early stage. To investigate these, we analysed the whole transcriptome of three isogenic lines of RBT fry, which have similar growth when fed a marine resources-based diet (M diet) but...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00452/56371/57969.pdf
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Selection for Adaptation to Dietary Shifts: Towards Sustainable Breeding of Carnivorous Fish ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Vandeputte, Marc; Kerneis, Thierry; Goardon, Lionel; Labbe, Laurent; Chatain, Beatrice; Bothaire, Marie Josee; Larroquet, Laurence; Medale, Francoise; Quillet, Edwige.
Genetic adaptation to dietary environments is a key process in the evolution of natural populations and is of great interest in animal breeding. In fish farming, the use of fish meal and fish oil has been widely challenged, leading to the rapidly increasing use of plant-based products in feed. However, high substitution rates impair fish health and growth in carnivorous species. We demonstrated that survival rate, mean body weight and biomass can be improved in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after a single generation of selection for the ability to adapt to a totally plant-based diet (15.1%, 35.3% and 54.4%, respectively). Individual variability in the ability to adapt to major diet changes can be effectively used to promote fish welfare and a more...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21845/19429.pdf
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