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Registros recuperados: 17
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A Brief Overview of Mozambique's Rural Development and the Role of U.S. Assistance AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121119
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Agriculture in Sao Tome e Principe: Policy and Investment Options AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121155
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Angola’s Macroeconomy and Agricultural Growth AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper discusses the effects of Angola’s mineral wealth on the process of agricultural development. Though Angola has a rich agricultural resource base its history of civil war and extreme real exchange rate distortions has resulted in agricultural stagnation through many parts of the country. Though the security situation is now much improved, current high oil prices along with oil output increases mean that pressures on the real exchange rate will remain a fact of life for the foreseeable future.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Financial Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57043
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Asymmetry in Wholesale-Retail Food Price Transmission in an African Metropolitan Area: The Case of Kinshasa (Zaire) AgEcon
Minten, Bart; Kyle, Steven C..
This study presents a new explanation of asymmetric price behavior infood markets based on the presence of transactions costs,and provides evidence from a developing country. Price liberalization can in many cases be insufficient for efficien toperation of African food markets. This is mainly due to the existence of significant transactions costs, caused by deficient infrastructure and information systems. A model based on search costs and kinked demand curves is used to explain asymmetric price behavior in retail markets in Kinshasa (Zaire).
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121306
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Cashew Production in Guinea Bissau AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
Cashew is by far the most important cash crop grown in Guinea Bissau. Indeed, the degree of export dependence on this crop exceeds even the export dependence of most members of OPEC on oil exports. This paper provides an overview of the current system of cashew production in Guinea Bissau and suggests policies to improve production, marketing and international sales.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cashew; Poverty; Macroeconomy; Financial Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55925
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Debt-For-Nature Swaps and the Environment in Africa AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper discusses the use of debt-for-nature swaps as a funding mechanism for environmental expenditures in Sub-Saharan Africa. The pros and cons of such transactions for creditor banks, environmental groups and debtor countries are discussed and evaluated in terms of their ability to address environmental problems prevalent in the region. It is concluded that the usefulness of debt swaps may be limited and that direct donations to developing countries for environmental purposes may often be superior to swap transaction.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121546
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FEED GRAINS AND MEAT PRODUcnON IN VENEZUElA. AgEcon
Marrero, Fernando; Kyle, Steven C.; Lee, David R..
This paper presents a description and analysis of the Venezuela feed grain and meat sectors from 1958 to the present time. Government policies toward these sectors are described and elasticities of supply and demand are estimated in order to provide a basis for predicting the effects of policy changes.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123008
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Political and Economic Prospects for Mozambique and Angola AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper discusses similarities and differences in the political and economic prospects for Angola and Mozambique. Central to the posing of these questions is the meaning and usefulness of putting these two countries in the same category. While both share some elements of a common colonial history, their similarities are in many respects outweighed by their differences. Angola is a country whose economy is dominated by huge oil revenues and whose governing party, the MPLA, recently won a military victory over its long time opposition, UNITA. UNITA, though now much weakened, nevertheless represents the legitimate interests of a large segment of the population, whose home provinces are the most agriculturally favored in the country. Mozambique is a country...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121118
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Price Transmission and Price Integration in Food Retail Markets: The Case of Kinshasa AgEcon
Minten, Bart; Kyle, Steven C..
Integration of commodity markets in developing countries has received considerable attention because price integration is perceived to be central to the success of food and agricultural policies. Price integration tests are performed in retail markets in Kinshasa (Zaire), i.e. between commodities, among retail markets, and between the wholesale and retail market level. Price transmission is measured by incorporating the co-integration concept into the classical long-run and shon-run market integration test. It is shown that although wholesale prices are input prices for retailers, they lack shon-run integration with retail prices. Differences exist between retail markets which do not reflect services or transponation costs. It is hypothesized that this is...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121302
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Sustainable Development and Economic Growth in the Amazon Rainforest AgEcon
Nogueira, Jorge Madeira; Kyle, Steven C..
This paper analyzes the implications of the concept of sustainable development for economic growth. Most definitions of "sustainability" currently in use provide little guide for policy while some would in fact work against the process of development if they were to be operationalized. The difficulties in promoting "sustainable development" in the context of a growing economy where there is a large segment of the population living in absolute poverty are illustrated with the case of the Brazilian Amazon.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121364
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The Effect of Distance and Road Quality on Food Prices, Marketing Margins, and Traders' Wages: Evidence from Zaire AgEcon
Minten, Bart; Kyle, Steven C..
Major investments in infrastructure rehabilitation have been undertaken by govemments, development banks and donors in developing countries in recent decades. In Sub-Saharan Africa roaddeterioration isperceivedtobeoneofthemaincausesforthelimitedsupplyresponseafter price liberalization in agricultural markets. Studies of the quantitative effects on marketing margins are rare. This analysis shows that the wholesale -producer food price margin is strongly influenced by the quality of the road infrastructure. Evidence from Zaire shows that food prices decrease faster than transportation costs increase and that traders' wages are higher on bad roads. A trader's model incorporating uncertainty in input costs is used to explain this phenomenon.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121304
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The Impact of International Prices and Exchange Rates on Domestic Food Prices in Zaire AgEcon
Minten, Bart; Kyle, Steven C..
In sectoral trade analysis, agriculture is generally assumed to be a tradable sector. However, this is not the case within the time frame envisioned for policy reform programs in many developing countries. In this time frame, there are no agricultural products that can be classified as purely tradable or non-tradable. Evidence from Zaire shows that exchange rate changes have a differential impact on agricultural products depending on the characteristics of the product. The classification between tradable and non-tradable is not clear cut as the price of some non-tradables is also affected by changes in the international market or changes in the exchange rate.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121303
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The Macroeconomic Context for Trade in Guinea Bissau AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper surveys the current macroeconomic situation in Guinea Bissau in light of proposals to increase the integration of the country with international markets. Major issues are continuing instability in the government, poor infrastructure particularly the port) and a very high degree of dependence on one export – cashew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cashew; Macroeconomic; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55926
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THE RELATION BETWEEN FARM PRODUCTION RISK AND OFF-FARM INCOME AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper presents a model of the farm labor allocation decision based on risk and return characteristics of different activities. It is shown that off-farm employment can play an important role in the diversification of farm family income, implying that portfolio models of risk and return to farm activities should take into account the possibility of off-farm employment. A model of the labor allocation decision based on the risk and return characteristics of each activity is developed and tested using a state level cross section of the United States over the post-war period, and performs well in explaining variation in reliance on off-farm income.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31553
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Transport, Electricity and Communications Priorities in Guinea Bissau AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
This paper details the current situation in Guinea Bissau regarding infrastructure needs and suggests policies for the future. In particular it is noted that the degradation of the country’s only port in Bissau is a serious concern given the likelihood that the port will in a few years cease to be accessible to ocean-going freighters if rehabilitation is not made an immediate priority. While primary roads are in fairly good shape, secondary roads are abysmal and maintenance needs are routinely ignored on all roads. It is shown that completion of bridges connecting Bissau directly to Senegal will have the effect of making Senegalese ports the preferred outlet for many of Guinea Bissau’s exports.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Bridges; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55927
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We're Rich!! Or Are We? Oil and Development in Sao Tomé e Príncipe AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: This paper discusses the policy issues facing Sno TomJ e PrRncipe; Given the discovery and imminent exploitation of large reserves of oil in its territorial waters. A common reaction to news of a large oil discovery is to think that all economic problems can be solved by the flow of oil revenues. However; The experience of numerous oil countries shows that it is necessary to temper this attitude somewhat since there are numerous pitfalls which can offset the positive aspects of oil riches. An appropriate policy for macro balance and for disposal of oil revenues will be essential if Sno TomJ e PrRncipe is to avoid the problems which have plagued countries such as Nigeria or Angola. The two main lessons of macroeconomics in such a situation is first not to generate revenue faster than it can be productively used and second to invest in such a manner that the country’s underlying comparative advantages are preserved. In the case of Sno TomJ e PrRncipe; History and recent analyses confirm that there is a strong comparative advantage in agriculture; Implying that investments which enhance productivity and efficiency in this sector would be appropriate for expenditure of oil revenues. In addition; Such a strategy would have beneficial effects in terms of poverty alleviation and equitable distribution of benefits from the coming windfall.; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121116
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WHAT ROLE FOR LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA IN MEETING KENYA'S FUELWOOD DEMAND?:A BIOECONOMIC MODEL AgEcon
Stone, Steven W.; Kyle, Steven C.; Conrad, Jon M..
Shortages of wood for burning and construction have begun to create serious environmental problems in sub-Saharan Africa. Kenya is of particular interest both because of its high population pressure and its commitment to au active reforestation movement. This paper examines the contribution that the fast-growing species, Leucaena leucocephala, can make in this effort. A simple statistical model was used to determine the soil and climatic factors that affect its growth; these results are then compared with existing conditions in Kenya. Estimated coefficients for growth and estimated output prices were used to derive a function relating the present value of net revenue to rotation length. It is demonstrated that the economically optimal rotation is just...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6854
Registros recuperados: 17
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