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Dynamics of N2 fixation and fate of diazotroph-derived nitrogen in a low-nutrient, low-chlorophyll ecosystem: results from the VAHINE mesocosm experiment (New Caledonia) ArchiMer
Bonnet, Sophie; Berthelot, Hugo; Turk-kubo, Kendra; Fawcett, Sarah; Rahav, Eyal; L'Helguen, Stephane; Berman-frank, Ilana.
N2 fixation rates were measured daily in large (∼ 50 m3) mesocosms deployed in the tropical southwest Pacific coastal ocean (New Caledonia) to investigate the temporal variability in N2 fixation rates in relation with environmental parameters and study the fate of diazotroph-derived nitrogen (DDN) in a low-nutrient, low-chlorophyll ecosystem. The mesocosms were fertilized with  ∼ 0.8 µM dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) to stimulate diazotrophy. Bulk N2 fixation rates were replicable between the three mesocosms, averaged 18.5 ± 1.1 nmol N L−1 d−1 over the 23 days, and increased by a factor of 2 during the second half of the experiment (days 15 to 23) to reach 27.3 ± 1.0 nmol N L−1 d−1. These later rates measured after the DIP fertilization are higher...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44459/44136.pdf
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Dynamics of particulate organic matter composition in coastal systems: a spatio-temporal study at multi-systems scale ArchiMer
Lienart, Camilla; Savoye, Nicolas; Bozec, Yann; Breton, Elsa; Conan, Pascal; David, Valerie; Feunteun, Eric; Grangere, Karine; Kerherve, Philippe; Lebreton, Benoit; Lefebvre, Sebastien; L'Helguen, Stephane; Mousseau, Laure; Raimbault, Patrick; Richard, Pierre; Riera, Pascal; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Schaal, Gauthier; Aubert, Fabien; Aubin, Sebastien; Bichon, Sabrina; Boinet, Christophe; Bourasseau, Line; Breret, Martine; Caparros, Jocelyne; Cariou, Thierry; Charlier, Karine; Claquin, Pascal; Cornille, Vincent; Corre, Anne-marie; Costes, Laurence; Crispi, Olivier; Crouvoisier, Muriel; Czamanski, Marie; Del Amo, Yolanda; Derriennic, Herve; Dindinaud, Francois; Durozieri, Maia; Hanquiez, Vincent; Nowaczyk, Antoine; Devesa, Jeremy; Ferreira, Sophie; Fornier, Michel; Garcia, Fabrice; Garcia, Nicole; Geslin, Sandrine; Grossteffan, Emilie; Gueux, Aurore; Guillaudeau, Julien; Guillou, Gael; Joly, Orianne; Lachaussee, Nicolas; Lafont, Michel; Lamoureux, Jezabel; Lecuyer, Eric; Lehodey, Jean-paul; Lemeille, David; Leroux, Cedric; Mace, Eric; Maria, Eric; Pineau, Philippe; Petit, Franck; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Rimelin-maury, Peggy; Sultan, Emmanuelle.
In coastal systems, the multiplicity of sources fueling the pool of particulate organic matter (POM) leads to divergent estimations of POM composition. Eleven systems (two littoral systems, eight embayments and semi-enclosed systems and one estuary) distributed along the three maritime façades of France were studied for two to eight years in order to quantify the relative contribution of organic matter sources to the surface-water POM pool in coastal systems. This study was based on carbon and nitrogen elemental and isotopic ratios, used for running mixing models. The POM of the estuary is dominated by terrestrial material (93% on average), whereas the POM of the other systems is dominated by phytoplankton (84% on average). Nevertheless, for the latter...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Particulate organic matter; Coastal systems; C and N stable isotopes; C:N ratio; Mixing model.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00374/48550/48871.pdf
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Dynamics of particulate organic matter composition in coastal systems: forcing of spatio-temporal variability at multi-systems scale ArchiMer
Lienart, Camilla; Savoye, Nicolas; David, Valerie; Ramond, Pierre; Tress, Paco Rodriguez; Hanquiez, Vincent; Marieu, Vincent; Aubert, Fabien; Aubin, Sebastien; Bichon, Sabrina; Boinet, Christophe; Bourasseau, Line; Bozec, Yann; Breret, Martine; Breton, Elsa; Caparros, Jocelyne; Cariou, Thierry; Claquin, Pascal; Conan, Pascal; Corre, Anne-marie; Costes, Laurence; Crouvoisier, Muriel; Del Amo, Yolanda; Derriennic, Herve; Dindinaud, Francois; Duran, Robert; Durozier, Maia; Devesa, Jeremy; Ferreira, Sophie; Feunteun, Eric; Garcia, Nicole; Geslin, Sandrine; Grossteffan, Emilie; Gueux, Aurore; Guillaudeau, Julien; Guillou, Gael; Jolly, Orianne; Lachaussee, Nicolas; Lafont, Michel; Lagadec, Veronique; Lamoureux, Jezabel; Lauga, Beatrice; Lebreton, Benoit; Lecuyer, Eric; Lehodey, Jean-paul; Leroux, Cedric; L'Helguen, Stephane; Mace, Eric; Maria, Eric; Mousseau, Laure; Nowaczyk, Antoine; Pineau, Philippe; Petit, Franck; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Raimbault, Patrick; Rimmelin-maury, Peggy; Rouaud, Vanessa; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Sultan, Emmanuelle; Susperregui, Nicolas.
In costal systems, particulate organic matter (POM) results from a multiplicity of sources having their respective dynamics in terms of production, decomposition, transport and burial. The POM pool experiences thus considerable spatial and temporal variability. In order to better understand this variability, the present study employs statistical multivariate analyses to investigate links between POM composition and environmental forcings for a panel of twelve coastal systems distributed along the three maritime regions of France and monitored weekly to monthly for 1 to 8 years. At multi-system scale, two main gradients of POC composition have been identified: a ‘Continent-Ocean’ gradient associated with hydrodynamics, sedimentary dynamics and depth of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Particulate organic matter; Coastal systems; Environmental forcing; Meta-analysis; France.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54471/55848.pdf
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Large and local-scale influences on physical and chemical characteristics of coastal waters of Western Europe during winter ArchiMer
Treguer, Paul; Goberville, Eric; Barrier, Nicolas; L'Helguen, Stephane; Morin, Pascal; Bozec, Yann; Rimmelin-maury, Peggy; Czamanski, Marie; Grossteffan, Emilie; Cariou, Thierry; Repecaud, Michel; Quemener, Loic.
There is now a strong scientific consensus that coastal marine systems of Western Europe are highly sensitive to the combined effects of natural climate variability and anthropogenic climate change. However, it still remains challenging to assess the spatial and temporal scales at which climate influence operates. While large-scale hydro-climatic indices, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) or the East Atlantic Pattern (EAP) and the weather regimes such as the Atlantic Ridge (AR), are known to be relevant predictors of physical processes, changes in coastal waters can also be related to local hydro-meteorological and geochemical forcing. Here, we study the temporal variability of physical and chemical characteristics of coastal waters located at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal systems; Climate variability; Large-scale hydro-climatic indices; River inputs; Time-series; Weather regimes.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00192/30327/28801.pdf
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PREVIMER: A contribution to in situ coastal observing systems ArchiMer
Charria, Guillaume; Repecaud, Michel; Quemener, Loic; Menesguen, Alain; Rimmelin-maury, Peggy; L'Helguen, Stephane; Beaumont, Laurence; Jolivet, Aurelie; Morin, Pascal; Mace, E; Lazure, Pascal; Le Gendre, Romain; Jacqueline, Franck; Verney, Romaric; Marie, Louis; Jegou, Paul; Le Reste, Serge; Andre, Xavier; Dutreuil, Vincent; Regnault, Jean-pierre; Jestin, Herve; Lintanf, Herve; Pichavant, Pascal; Retho, Michael; Allenou, Jean-pierre; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Bonnat, Armel; Nonnotte, Lidwine; Duros, Wenceslas; Tarot, Stephane; Carval, Thierry; Le Hir, Pierre; Dumas, Franck; Vandermeirsch, Frederic; Lecornu, Fabrice.
To design a prototype for an Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS), at least three components are mandatory: a modeling platform, an in situ observing system and a structure to collect and to disseminate the information (e.g. database, website). The PREVIMER project followed this approach and in order to sustain model applications, PREVIMER has developed, funded and organized part of in situ observing networks in the Bay of Biscay and the Channel. For a comprehensive system, focus was addressed on fi xed platforms (MAREL MOLIT, MAREL Iroise, Island network and D4 for sediment dynamics), ships of opportunity (RECOPESCA program and FerryBoxes), and coastal profi lers (ARVOR-C/Cm). Each system is briefl y described and examples of scientifi c results...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00197/30785/29143.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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