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Trace metals assessment in water, sediment, mussel and seagrass species - Validation of the use of Posidonia oceanica as a metal biomonitor ArchiMer
Lafabrie, Céline; Pergent, G; Kantin, Roger; Pergent Martini, C; Gonzalez, Jean-louis.
The accumulation of trace metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Ni and Pb) was measured in water, sediment, the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Samples were collected in three locations of the north-western Mediterranean (Canari, Livorno and Porto-Torres) which present different levels and sources of human impact. Analyses in the different compartments (water, sediment, M. galloprovincialis and P. oceanica) have allowed to identify Canari as the most Cd, Co, Cr and Ni contaminated site; Livorno as the most Hg contaminated and Porto-Torres as the most Pb contaminated. Furthermore, for the first time, metal concentrations found in P. oceanica have been compared with those found in the water column, in the sediment and in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean sea; Marine organisms; Sediment; Seawater; Biomonitoring; Metal contamination.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3106.pdf
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Utilisation de Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile comme bio-indicateur de la contamination métallique ArchiMer
Lafabrie, Céline.
The coastal zone of the continental shelf contains a high ecological richness. However, this zone is very fragile towards xenobiotics ; the pollution of this environment can be damaging to the structure of the biocenoses and to the productivity of the ecosystems. Metals, contrarily to numerous contaminants, are normal constituents of the environment at a trace level, but are all toxic above a certain threshold. At the end of the 1970s, several researchers proposed the use of organisms to evaluate the quality of the marine environment ; it is in this context that the bio-indicator concept arises. The seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, endemic of the Mediterranean Sea, has been the subject of several works proposing to use this species to determine the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Sea; Human impacts; Metal contamination; Trace metals; Bio indicator; Posidonia oceanica; Méditerranée; Impacts anthropiques; Contamination métallique; Métaux traces; Bio indicateur; Posidonia oceanica.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/these-3082.pdf
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