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A Sustained Immune Response Supports Long-Term Antiviral Immune Priming in the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Vergnes, Agnes; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Haffner, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Chaparro, Cristian; Barrachina, Celia; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Mitta, Guillaume; Gourbal, Benjamin; Montagnani, Caroline.
Over the last decade, innate immune priming has been evidenced in many invertebrate phyla. If mechanistic models have been proposed, molecular studies aiming to substantiate these models have remained scarce. We reveal here the transcriptional signature associated with immune priming in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Oysters were fully protected against Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1), a major oyster pathogen, after priming with poly(I·C), which mimics viral double-stranded RNA. Global analysis through RNA sequencing of oyster and viral genes after immune priming and viral infection revealed that poly(I·C) induces a strong antiviral response that impairs OsHV-1 replication. Protection is based on a sustained upregulation of immune genes, notably genes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Innate immunity; Priming; OsHV-1; Antiviral response; Immune memory; Oyster; POMS; Poly(I·C); Interferon; Transcriptomic.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00614/72580/71541.pdf
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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Long-lasting antiviral innate immune priming in the Lophotrochozoan Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Petton, Bruno; Vergnes, Agnes; Pauletto, Marianna; Segarra, Amelie; Gourbal, Benjamin; Montagnani, Caroline.
In the last decade, a paradigm shift has emerged in comparative immunology. Invertebrates can no longer be considered to be devoid of specific recognition and immune memory. However, we still lack a comprehensive view of these phenomena and their molecular mechanisms across phyla, especially in terms of duration, specificity, and efficiency in a natural context. In this study, we focused on a Lophotrochozoan/virus interaction, as antiviral priming is mostly overlooked in molluscs. Juvenile Crassostrea gigas oysters experience reoccurring mass mortalities events from Ostreid herpes virus 1 with no existing therapeutic treatment. Our results showed that various nucleic acid injections can prime oysters to trigger an antiviral state ultimately protecting them...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51811/52413.pdf
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Seasonal and interannual variations (1996-2000) of the coastal waters east of the Rhone river mouth as indicated by the SORCOM series ArchiMer
Younes, Wan; Bensoussan, N; Romano, Jc; Arlhac, D; Lafont, Maxime.
Between 1996 and 2000, 79 cruises have been achieved following always the same transect between Marseilles and the Rhone river's mouth. While cruising, salinity, temperature and fluorescence of surface waters (1.5 m) were recorded every minute, in association with precise GPS position. The whole set of data. (i.e. 128 measured points per cruise) constitutes the Sorcom series whose synthetic results ate presented here. Despite the high spatial and temporal. variability encountered between two successive cruises, the regularity and duration of the sampling strategy permitted to define coherent spatial zonation and temporal evolutions. In the Cape Couronne vicinity the dynamic of the eastern extension of the dilution plume clearly changes. Westward, waters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rhône; Panache de dilution; Observation à long terme; Fluorescence; Salinité; Rhone river; Dilution plume; Long term observation; Fluorescence; Salinity.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00321/43260/42991.pdf
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Transgenerational plasticity and antiviral immunity in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) against Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) ArchiMer
Lafont, Maxime; Goncalves, Priscila; Guo, Ximing; Montagnani, Caroline; Raftos, David; Green, Timothy.
The oyster's immune system is capable of adapting upon exposure to a pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) to have an enhanced secondary response against the same type of pathogen. This has been demonstrated using poly(I:C) to elicit an antiviral response in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) against Ostreid herpesvirus (OsHV-1). Improved survival following exposure to poly(I:C) has been found in later life stages (within-generational immune priming) and in the next generation (transgenerational immune priming). The mechanism that the oyster uses to transfer immunity to the next generation is unknown. Here we show that oyster larvae have higher survival to OsHV-1 when their mothers, but not their fathers, are exposed to poly(I:C) prior to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Transgenerational immune priming; Trained immunity; RNA-seq.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00459/57033/58930.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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