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Registros recuperados: 28
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A first generation genetic linkage map of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis (L.) based on AFLP and microsatellite markers ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Beaumont, A.r.; Haley, C.s.; Boudry, Pierre; Heurtebise, Serge; Lapegue, Sylvie.
This study presents the first genetic linkage map for the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis. AFLP and 20 microsatellite markers were genotyped in a three-generation pedigree comprised of 2 grand-parents, 2 parents and 92 progeny. Chi-square goodness of fit tests revealed high segregation distortion, which was significant for 32.8% of markers. Sixteen microsatellites and 235 AFLPs (170 AFLPs type 1:1 and 65 AFLPs type 3:1) were used to build sex-specific linkage maps using CriMap software. The first parental map (P1) consisted of 104 markers grouped in nine linkage groups, spanning 471.2 cM with an average spacing of 4.86 cM. The second parental map (P2) consisted of 117 markers grouped in ten linkage groups (which equals the haploid chromosome number),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microsatellite; AFLP; Ostrea edulis; Flat oyster; Genetic linkage map.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2642.pdf
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A first genetic linkage map of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Hecquet, Céline; Boudry, Pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie; Beaumont, Andy.
The blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere, from the White Sea to the Atlantic coast of southern France, and is an economically important species (1 million tons per year, FAO, 2002). At present however, little domestication has been achieved with bivalves, in contrast to agricultural crops, livestock and horticultural species like tomatoes, where selection and production is entirely controlled by man. For bivalves, despite their economic importance, no lines with selected characteristics have been taken to the production scale. There is therefore a need to make up for lost time. Our interest in genetic mapping sprang from some results showing a genetic component to some economically important traits like growth and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: QTLs; AFLP; Genetic; Mussel; Mytilus edulis; Genetic linkage map.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3465.pdf
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A first genetic linkage map of the European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis : towards the identification of Bonamia resistance QTLs ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Lapegue, Sylvie; Haley, Chris; Heurtebise, Serge; Boudry, Pierre; Beaumont, Andy.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is an endemic European oyster species, found on both Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. Its aquacultural production has dramatically decreased due to two successive diseases caused by the intracellular parasites Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae. Since 1985, Ifremer has undertaken a breeding program to produce oyster families which are tolerant to Bonamia. In this context, the next step is to identify QTLs for resistance to this parasite. A genetic map is therefore being established as a basis for QTL work. The reference family is an F2 family produced by single pair mating of two oysters from the same F1 family. The F1 family was itself produced from a bi-parental cross between a wild oyster and an individual from the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetic linkage map; Parasite; Genetic; QTLs; Resistance; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis; Flat oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3464.pdf
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A first linkage map for the European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis towards the identification of Bonamia resistance QTLs ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Beaumont, Andy; Haley, Chris; Heurtebise, Serge; Boudry, Pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is an endemic European oyster species, found on both Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. Its aquacultural production has dramatically decreased due to two successive diseases caused by the intracellular parasites Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae. Since 1985, Ifremer has undertaken a breeding program to produce oyster families which are tolerant to Bonamia. In this context, a genetic map was therefore established as a basis for Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) analysis. The reference family was an F2 family coming from a first bi-parental cross between a wild oyster and an individual from the fifth generation inbred line of the Bonamia tolerance selection program. This inbred line had shown no mortality when reared in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Parasite; Bonamia ostreae; Bonamiosis; QTL; Genetic; Ostrea edulis; Flat oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3459.pdf
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A preliminary genetic linkage map for the European flat oyster Ostrea eduli ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Lapegue, Sylvie; Halley, Chris; Boudry, Pierre; Beaumont, Andy.
The European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, occurs naturally from Norway to Morocco in the North-Eastern Atlantic and throughout the Mediterranean. The oyster has been a harvested species for at least 6000 years. However, it successively suffered from over harvesting and then from two protozoan diseases during the 1960s and its production has drastically decreased in Europe from that time. Following two generations of selection for tolerance to one of these diseases (bonamiosis), our aim is to optimize this selection with the assistance of molecular markers, that is to say to implement marker-assisted selection. This will enhance the efficiency of selection by reducing the generation time, as the selection on sites cannot be made before the oysters are...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: QTLs; Ostrea edulis; Genetic linkage map; Genetic; European flat oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-3473.pdf
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A preliminary genetic linkage map for the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis L. ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Lapegue, Sylvie; Harley, Crhis; Boudry, Pierre; Heurtebise, Serge; Beaumont, Andy.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is the species endemic to European coasts, both Atlantic and Mediterranean. It has been exploited since Roman times, but its aquaculture production decreased from around 20000 tons in the 1950's to 1500 tons today because of two successive diseases due to the intracellular parasites Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae. Since 1985, Ifremer has been undertaking a breeding program to produce families of oysters tolerant to Bonamia. In this context, a further step would be to identify QTLs for resistance to this parasite. Therefore, as a first step a genetic map is now being built. The establishment of a genetic linkage map will provide a foundation for the mapping of QTLs, with the ultimate objective to implement...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: QTLs; Ostrea edulis; Flat oyster; Genetic linkage map; Genetic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-3466.pdf
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AFLP-based genetic linkage maps of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Lapegue, Sylvie; Hecquet, Celine; Boudry, Pierre; Beaumont, A.
We report the construction of the first genetic linkage map in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis. AFLP markers were used in 86 full-sib progeny from a controlled pair mating, applying a double pseudo-test cross strategy. Thirty-six primer pairs generated 2354 peaks, of which 791 (33.6%) were polymorphic in the mapping family. Among those, 341 segregated through the female parent, 296 through the male parent (type 1:1) and 154 through both parents (type 3:1). Chi-square goodness-of-fit tests revealed that 71% and 73% of type 1:1 and 3:1 markers respectively segregated according to Mendelian inheritance. Sex-specific linkage maps were built with mapmaker 3.0 software. The female framework map consisted of 121 markers ordered into 14 linkage groups, spanning...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mytilus edulis; Genetic linkage map; Blue mussel; AFLP.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2830.pdf
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Analyse du succès reproducteurs chez des populations naturelles et d'écloserie d'huître plate Ostrea edulis L. ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine.
Cette étude vise à approfondir la connaissance de la biologie de la reproduction de l'huître plate Ostrea edulis afin de mieux comprendre comment les caractéristiques de la biologie de reproduction de l'espèce peuvent rendre compte des phénomènes de déficits en hétérozygote et de relation positive entre hétérozygotie et croissance. En particulier, elle vise à analyser le succès reproducteur en milieu naturel et dans les populations maintenues en écloserie. Cette étude repose sur l'utilisation de marqueurs microsatellites qui, du fait de leur fort polymorphisme, représentent des outils puissants d'assignation de parenté. Une première partie de l'étude a consisté à analyser les pontes issues de femelles incubantes prélevées dans le milieu naturel. Le nombre...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Microsatellites; Biologie de la reproduction; Variance du succès reproducteur.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00370/48167/48281.pdf
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Bilan des productions expérimentales d'huîtres plates de 2005 à 2010 au Laboratoire de Génétique et Pathologie de La Tremblade ArchiMer
Heurtebise, Serge; Harrang, Estelle; Lallias, Delphine; Lapegue, Sylvie.
L’objectif de ce rapport est de détailler les productions d’huîtres plates européennes, Ostrea edulis, dans le cadre des projets de recherche développés autour de l’amélioration génétique de cette espèce. Nous avons choisi de synthétiser les actions de recherche dans un premier temps puis la production des huîtres et les expérimentations dans un ordre chronologique.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Production expérimentale; Amélioration génétique.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12421/9211.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae-induced mortalities in one-year old European flat oysters Ostrea edulis: experimental infection by cohabitation challenge ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Arzul, Isabelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Ferrand, Sylvie; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Beaumon, Andy; Boudry, Pierre; Morga, Benjamin; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Bonamiosis is a parasitic disease (causative agent: Bonamia ostreae) affecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, responsible for a drastic decline in its aquaculture production. Selective breeding programs for resistance to bonamiosis have been undertaken to counter this disease. In the present study, a 6-month cohabitation challenge experiment was performed in order to transmit the disease from wild oysters injected with the parasite to two tested families of oysters (20 and 8-month old at the beginning of the experiment, with different genetic backgrounds) originating from a selective breeding program developed by IFREMER in France. Mortalities were checked daily and ventricular heart smears were performed on dying or moribund oysters to detect the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Heart smear; Transmission; Cohabitation experiment; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4783.pdf
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Bonamia-ostreae induced mortalities in one-year old European flat oysters Ostrea edulis: experimental infection by cohabitation challenge ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Arzul, Isabelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Ferrand, Sylvie; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Beaumont, Andrew; Boudry, Pierre; Morga, Benjamin; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Bonamiosis is a parasitic disease (causative agent: Bonamia ostreae) affecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, responsible for a drastic decline in the aquaculture production of this oyster species. Therefore a selective breeding program for resistance to bonamiosis has been undertaken since 1985 bu Ifremer, leading to the production of several selected oyster families. In the present study, a 6-month cohabitation challenge experiment was performed in order to transmit the disease from wild oysters (injected with the parasite) to two tested families of oysters originating from the selective breeding program. Mortalities were checked daily, and ventricular heart smears were performed on dying or moribund oysters to detect the level of infection to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Heart smear; Transmission; Cohabitation experiment; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/acte-4535.pdf
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Characterization of 27 microsatellite loci in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Stockdale, Ruth; Boudry, Pierre; Beaumont, Andy R.; Lapegue, Sylvie.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is native to Europe and populations have been severely depleted by the parasite Bonamia ostreae since the 1980s. Additional genetic markers are required to improve population genetics study and linkage map development for selection for B. ostrea-resistance in this species. Here, we characterized 27 novel microsatellite loci for O. edulis. Number of alleles per locus ranged from 6 to 25 and observed heterozygosity between 0.375 and 1. Null alleles were suggested at a few loci but most loci were in Hardy-Weinberg agreement enabling their reliable use in further population and mapping genetics approaches.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Universal tailed primer labelling; Oysters; Ostrea edulis; Microsatellites.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6421.pdf
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Characterization of 27 microsatellite loci in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Stockdale, Ruth; Boudry, Pierre; Beaumont, Andy R.; Lapegue, Sylvie.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is native to Europe and populations have been severely depleted by the parasite Bonamia ostreae since the 1980s. Additional genetic markers are required to improve population genetics study and linkage map development for selection for B. ostrea-resistance in this species. Here, we characterized 27 novel microsatellite loci for O. edulis. Number of alleles per locus ranged from 6 to 25 and observed heterozygosity between 0.375 and 1. Null alleles were suggested at a few loci but most loci were in Hardy-Weinberg agreement enabling their reliable use in further population and mapping genetics approaches.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Universal tailed primer labelling; Oysters; Ostrea edulis; Microsatellites.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45195/44592.pdf
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Characterization of ten microsatellite loci in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Stockdale, Ruth; Boudry, Pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie; Beaumont, Andy R..
Mussels of the genus Mytilus are ecologically and commercially important worldwide, and they form hybrid complexes where their distributions overlap. Allozyme and nuclear markers have bee It Used to investigate their genetics over many years, but successful development of reliable highly valuable microsatellite markers has lagged be hind other shellfish species. We have developed and characterized tell novel microsatellite loci that amplify reliably for the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. The number of alleles among 30 individuals from a wild population (Menai Strait, North Wales UK) ranged between 9 and 29 and the observed heterozygosity between 0.300 and 0.954. Significant heterozygote deficiencies against the Hardy-Weinberg model were observed at 6 out of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mytilus edulis; Microsatellites; Universal tailed-primer labeling; Null alleles; Mussels.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11275/7841.pdf
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Combining Two-Stage Testing and Interval Mapping Strategies to Detect QTL for Resistance to Bonamiosis in the European Flat Oyster Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Gomez-raya, L.; Haley, C. S.; Arzul, Isabelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Beaumont, A. R.; Boudry, Pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie.
We have identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) in the flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) for resistance to Bonamia ostreae, a parasite responsible for the dramatic reduction in the aquaculture of this species. An F-2 family from a cross between a wild oyster and an individual from a family selected for resistance to bonamiosis was cultured with wild oysters injected with the parasite, leading to 20% cumulative mortality. Selective genotyping of 92 out of a total of 550 F-2 progeny (i.e., 46 heavily infected oysters that died and 46 parasite-free oysters that survived) was performed using 20 microsatellites and 34 amplification fragment length polymorphism primer pairs. Both a two-stage testing strategy and QTL interval mapping methods were used. The two-stage...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Statistical power; Survival analysis; QTL mapping; Disease resistance; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6682.pdf
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Establishment of a genetic map in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis L. ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Boudry, Pierre; Heurtebise, Serge; Lapegue, Sylvie; Beaumont, Andy.
The flat oyster Ostrea edulis is the species endemic from European coasts, Atlantic and Mediterranean. It has been exploited since Roman times in Europe. But its production decreased from around 20000 tons in the 1950ies to 1500 tons nowadays because of two successive diseases due to the intracellular parasites Marteilia refringens and Bonamia ostreae. Since 1985, Ifremer initiated a program of selection to produce families of oysters tolerant to Bonamia. In this context, a further step is to identify QTLs of resistance to this parasite. Therefore, a genetic map is first now being built. The establishment of a genetic linkage map will represent the basement for the mapping of QTLs, with the ultimate objective to implement marker-assisted selection in O....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genetic map; Ostrea edulis; Genetic; European flat oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-3472.pdf
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Genetic impact of the reproduction dynamics in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Lapegue, Sylvie; Taris, Nicolas; Lallias, Delphine; Bonhomme, Francois; Boudry, Pierre.
The European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) is a marine bivalve whose natural geographical distribution ranges along the European Atlantic coast from Norway to Morocco, in addition to the Mediterranean and Black Sea. The latest results obtained on the genetic differentiation between these populations have led us to persue studies at a finer scale, in order to estimate the effective number of breeders and the temporal dynamics of reproduction and, more specially, recruitment. Several experiments were performed to document (1) the variance in allele frequencies during a natural settlement period, (2) the paternal contribution to fertilization by analyzing larvae sampled at the brooding stage within individual females, (3) the variance of individual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recruitment; Microsatellite markers; Ostrea edulis; European flat oyster; Genetic.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3485.pdf
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Genetic linkage mapping in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis and the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, and the search for Quantitative Trait Loci of resistance to a disease in O. edulis. ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine.
Genetic linkage maps consist of ordering molecular markers across the genome and require a high number of markers for a good coverage of the genome. Such maps represent a framework which enables the identification and localisation of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) for traits of interest, such as growth or disease resistance, with the final aim of achieving genetic improvement through marker-assisted selection (MAS). Data on bivalves are scarce. No genetic map has yet been constructed in any mussel or flat oyster species. We report construction of a preliminary genetic linkage map in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis (n=14). Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) markers were used in a mapping family containing 86 full-sibs issued from a controlled...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microsatellite; AFLP; Mussel; Flat oyster; QTL; Genetic mapping; Microsatellite; AFLP; Moule; Huître plate; QTL; Cartographie génétique.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/these-2603.pdf
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Genetic variability of environmental sensitivity revealed by phenotypic variation in body weight and (its) correlations to physiological and behavioral traits ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Quillet, Edwige; Begout, Marie-laure; Auperin, Benoit; Khaw, Hooi Ling; Millot, Sandie; Valotaire, Claudiane; Kerneais, Thierry; Labbe, Laurent; Prunet, Patrick; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde.
Adaptive phenotypic plasticity is a key component of the ability of organisms to cope with changing environmental conditions. Fish have been shown to exhibit a substantial level of phenotypic plasticity in response to abiotic and biotic factors. In the present study, we investigate the link between environmental sensitivity assessed globally (revealed by phenotypic variation in body weight) and more targeted physiological and behavioral indicators that are generally used to assess the sensitivity of a fish to environmental stressors. We took advantage of original biological material, the rainbow trout isogenic lines, which allowed the disentangling of the genetic and environmental parts of the phenotypic variance. Ten lines were characterized for the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52769/53631.pdf
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Impact of the reproduction dynamics on genetic variation in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Lapegue, Sylvie; Taris, Nicolas; Lallias, Delphine; Bonhomme, Francois; Boudry, Pierre.
The European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) is a marine bivalve whose natural geographical distribution ranges along the European Atlantic coast from Norway to Morocco, in addition to the Mediterranean and Black Sea. The latest results obtained on the genetic differentiation between these populations have led us to pursue studies at a finer scale, in order to estimate the effective number of breeders and the temporal dynamics of reproduction and, more specially, recruitment. Several experiments were performed to document (1) the variance in allele frequencies during a natural settlement period; (2) the paternal contribution to fertilization by analyzing larvae sampled at the brooding stage within individual females; (3) the variance of individual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Oyster; Sexual reproduction; Population dynamics; Oyster culture; Inbreeding; Heterosis; Genetic isolation; Genetic diversity; Breeding success; Biological fertilization.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3436.pdf
Registros recuperados: 28
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