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2001 Consultation of organic farming research priorities in the UK Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Powell, Jane; Lampkin, Nic.
The following reports a consultation of organic farming research priorities in the UK in 2001. The information was collated by Organic Centre Wales, Institute of Rural Studies, University of Wales, Aberystwyth on behalf of MAFF organic farming unit and UKROFS A total of 62 responses received, of which 24 from farmers, 12 from researchers and research organisations and 26 from organic producers and other farming organisations Information on ongoing research was derived from the MAFF 2001 organic farming research review, SERAD listing of organic farming projects and MAFF project OFO171, Review of current European research on organic farming.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; "Organics" in general; Technology transfer.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/11021/1/ukrofs_consultation_responses.pdf
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A Global Vision and Strategy for Organic Farming Research. First Draft. Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Baker, Brian; Rahmann, Gerold; Cuoco, Eduardo; Möller, Carolin; Ssebunya, Brian; Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer; Wivstad, Maria; Chang, Jennifer; Soto, Gabriela; Gould, David; Lampkin, Nic; Chander, Mahesh; Mapusua, Karen; Wynen, Els; Qiao, Yuhui; Ardakani, M. Reza; Hartmann, Marco; Oyama, Toshio; Schmid, Otto; Willer, Helga.
Organic agriculture world-wide offers the promise of a future to produce and distribute food and other farm products in a healthy, ecologically sound, truly sustainable and fair way. The full benefits of organic agriculture are just now being realized—from ecosystem services to the provision of healthier food - yet, to reach its full potential organic farming needs to address many challenges. While organic agriculture has grown in strength and is in the most favorable position it has ever been in with respect to market conditions, government policies and international institutional support, it still does not have adequate resources to continue its expansion. The Technology Innovation Platform of IFOAM (TIPI) has developed a vision and an agenda to advance...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27636/1/TIPI_Vision_First%20Draft%20October%202014.pdf
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Assessing the public goods provided by organic agriculture: lessons learned from practice Organic Eprints
Smith, Laurence; Padel, Susanne; Pearce, Bruce; Lampkin, Nic; Gerrard, Catherine L; Woodward, Lawrence; Fowler, Sue; Measures, Mark.
The role of farms as providers of public goods has long been recognised, and measuring performance in this area is of increasing interest to policy makers, in light of the approaching Common Agricultural Policy reform. The Organic Research Centre has been working on this topic in recent years, through the development of sustainability assessment tools. The latest outcome from this process is a ‘Public Goods’ assessment tool, developed through a Natural England funded project which aimed to evaluate the benefits accruing from organic management and entering into an Organic Entry Level Stewardship (OELS) agreement. This paper describes the development of the Public Goods (PG) tool, and what has been learned in the process.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Health and welfare; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation; Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19761/1/smith_9591_revised.pdf
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CH-FARMIS 2.0: A Sector-Model to Assess the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Swiss Direct Payment Schemes Organic Eprints
Schader, Christian; Sanders, Jürn; Lampkin, Nic; Stolze, Matthias.
Quantitative sector models are an essential tool to forecast the sector-wide economic effects of agricultural policies. However, to cover ecological effects with economic sector models is still a methodological challenge. This poster describes a promising approach, which is currently implemented at the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) to meet this challenge. CH-FARMIS is a sector consistent farm group model, which is able to forecast economic impacts of policies on farm, regional and sector-level. In a flexible way, CH-FARMIS is able to split up the farm sector in farm groups according to various characteristics (region, farming system, farm type, etc.). CH-FARMIS is based on positive mathematical programming (PMP) to allow for a realistic...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13401/1/schader%2Detal%2D2006%2DPoster_CH%2DFarmis.pdf
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Converting Europe - the potential for organic farming as mainstream Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic.
Organic farming is increasingly recognised, by consumers, farmers, environmentalists and policy-makers, as one of a number of possible models for environmental, social and financial sustainability in agriculture. It has taken a long time to get this far. Organic farming’s roots can be traced back more than 100 years. Certified organic production dates back 25-30 years (70 years in the case of Demeter-certified bio-dynamic production). Yet little more than one percent of agriculture in Europe is organic, and much less than that in other parts of the world. Many have argued that organic farming will never capture the hearts and minds of the majority of farmers, because it is too idealistic and restrictive. What is needed, they argue, is an intermediate...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/11024/1/cirencester_99.pdf
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Data reveals how organic costs compare with those for conventional production Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic.
Organic Centre Wales, supported by Farming Connect, is benchmarking organic dairy, beef and sheep enterprises. The results provide a good basis for understanding the financial contribution of individual enterprises to the farm business, as well as a better basis for price setting. This article presents organic and conventional milk, beef and lamb production costs and net margins for 2004/05.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Beef cattle; Farm economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/11052/1/gwlad59_16.pdf
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Development of organic farming Europe – implications for Agenda 2000. Paper presented to Soil Association seminar, Organic Farming and Agenda 2000 CAP Reform, Highgrove, 18th February 1999 Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic.
Organic farming is increasingly recognised, by consumers, farmers, environmentalists and policy-makers, as one of a number of possible models for environmental, social and financial sustainability in agriculture. It has taken a long time to get this far. Organic farming’s roots can be traced back more than 100 years. Certified organic production dates back 25-30 years (70 years in the case of Demeter-certified bio-dynamic production). Yet little more than one percent of agriculture in Europe is organic, and much less than that in other parts of the world. Many have argued that organic farming will never capture the hearts and minds of the majority of farmers, because it is too idealistic and restrictive. What is needed, they argue, is an intermediate...
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/11027/1/highgrove_99.pdf
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Development of policies for organic agriculture Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic.
This report was presented at the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference. Since the late 1980s, policies to support organic farming have become widespread in Europe, in particular in the context of agri-environmental and rural development measures. Policies, originally focused on supporting conversion to and continued production, have been modified to recognise the need for the integration of marketing and information activities, in some cases delivered through national or regional action plans, examples of which are considered. The need for a strategic action plan at the European level has been identified and is under development. The outcome of this and the development of post Agenda 2000 organic farming policies to embrace an enlarged European Union is the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/8313/1/lampkin_policies_organic_agriculture.pdf
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English Organic Producer Survey 2013 Organic Eprints
Gerrard, Catherine L; Padel, Susanne; Lampkin, Nic.
This report summarises the results of a survey carried out with English organic producers in November and December 2013 as part of the Organic Data Network Project. There are approximately 2724 English organic producers and 223 of these participated in the survey, a response rate of just over 8%. The sample is not representative of the total population of English organic producers, see the data collection and analysis section for more details, but gives a snapshot of the situation for a large number of producers. The survey covered a range of farm types, though completed surveys showed greater coverage of beef and sheep and under-coverage of cereal holdings. The geographical distribution showed a slight under-coverage of the east of the country....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26329/1/English%20Organic%20Producer%20Survey%202013.pdf
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Entwicklung und politische Rahmenbedingungen des ökologischen Landbaus in Europa Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic; Padel, Susanne; Foster, Carolyn.
Der Beitrag schildert die Entwicklung und politischen Rahmenbedingungen des ökologischen Landbaus in der EU, wo er in den letzten Jahren aufgrund einer Reihe von Faktoren stark zugenommen hat. Politische Maßnahmen in den Bereichen direkte Flächenförderung zur Umstellung und Beibehaltung des ökologischen Landbaus, staatlich anerkannte Richtlinien und Förderung der Marktstruktur, Regionalentwicklung, Beratung und Forschung werden betrachtet. Dabei zeigt sich, dass einzelne Maßnahmen entgegengesetzt wirken können. In einigen Ländern wurden gute Erfahrungen mit integrierten Aktionsplänen gemacht, ein Weg, der jetzt auch auf europäischer Ebene diskutiert wird und auch in Zukunft dem ökologischen Landbau günstige Rahmenbedingungen schaffen könnte.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/11019/1/07%2D2001%2D02%2DLampkin_korr.pdf
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European organic farming policies: an overview Organic Eprints
Stolze, Matthias; Lampkin, Nic.
Organic farming has expanded rapidly in Europe since the 1980s. A key factor is the widespread use of policy support in recognition of environmental and other benefits. Agri-environmental payments are the main form of support. In 2003, almost 54% of the certified organic land area in the EU27 & CH was supported at a cost of €635 million. The increase in supply thus stimulated led to a broader mix of meas-ures, including research, training, advice, consumer promotion and market development. Many states have adopted an integrated action plan approach to optimise the policy mix.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/6337/1/JOC_2006_Stolze_Lampkin_final.doc
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Evaluation des Bereichs Forschung und Entwicklung im Bundesprogramm Ökologischer Landbau Organic Eprints
Ekert, Stefan; Döring, Thomas; Häring, Anna Maria; Lampkin, Nic; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Otto, Kristin; Padel, Susanne; Vieweger, Anja.
Im Jahr 2010 wurde von der BLE eine Evaluation des seit 2001 bestehenden Bundesprogramms Ökologischer Landbau (BÖL) in Auftrag gegeben. Ziel der 2010 gestarteten Evaluation zum FuE-Bereich war es, die Relevanz der Forschung, ihre Wirksamkeit sowie die Effizienz des Mitteleinsatzes zu prüfen, zu bewerten und Empfehlungen zur Optimierung zu unterbreiten. Den Rahmen lieferten eine Analyse der Maßnahmen und Ziele des BÖL und ein daraus entwickeltes Wirkungsmodell. Neben einer Auswertung von Programmdaten der BLE wurden rund 80 Projekte durch externe Wissenschaftler und Praktiker begutachet, eine Online-Befragung von Projektleitern und Interviews mit Sektorakteuren, Mitarbeitern der BLE und externen Gutachtern durchgeführt. Die Evaluation kommt zu dem...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Technology transfer Research communication and quality Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22369/1/22369-10OE027-ORE-ekert-2012-evaluation-BOEL.pdf
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Influence of policy support on the development of organic farming in the European Union Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Lampkin, Nic; Foster, Carolyn.
The paper explores the influence of policy support on the development of the organic sector. Policies include the agri-environment (EU Regulation 2078/92), the EU regulation 2092/91 defining organic crop-production in statutory terms and policies to support market and regional development and the information provision of organic farming. Policy makers have been interested in organic farming for its environmental and health benefits and the potential to contribute to the goals of regional development programmes. The evaluation suggests that the variation in support policies alone can not explain the different rates of conversion to organic farming in the EU.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/11023/1/cardiff.pdf
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Ist die Schweizer Förderung des biologischen Landbaus über Flächenbeiträge volkswirtschaftlich sinnvoll? Organic Eprints
Schader, Christian; Sanders, Jürn; Lampkin, Nic; Stolze, Matthias.
The aim of this paper was to calculate the cost-effectiveness of organic farming in achieving environmental policy targets compared to single-agri-environmental policies. Taking the Swiss agricultural sector as an empirical case study, both the costs and effects of organic farming and other single agri-environmental measures were calculated at sector level. Therefore, the economic sector model FARMIS was extended by three modules encompassing a) life cycle assessments for fossil energy use, biodiversity and eutrophication, b) public expenditure, including policy-related transaction costs, and c) uptake of agri-environmental policies. The calculations revealed a slightly higher abatement cost with organic farming of 14 CHF/ha for a 1 % average improvement...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/17542/3/Schader_17542.pdf
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Long term trends in the financial performance of organic farms in England and Wales, 2006/07-2011/12 Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic; Gerrard, Catherine L; Moakes, Simon.
This overview report brings together the data for the six years from 2006/07-2011/12 to see how the performance of organic farms has really been affected by the economic downturn. It shows that for most farm types, the profitability of organic farms has held up much better than might have been expected from the retail market trend data. The overviews also show that for most farm types, the performance of organic farms remains comparable with that of similar conventional farms. However, certain farm types such as horticulture have fared much worse than others. The report is based on the analysis of farms included in the Farm Business Survey in England and Wales that have more than 70% certified land. The results are presented by farm type groups...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26339/1/Long%20term%20trends%20in%20organic%20farming%20income_ORC.pdf
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Ökonomische Modellierung der Umweltwirkungen und Kosten des Biolandbaus auf Sektorebene Organic Eprints
Schader, Christian; Sanders, Jürn; Lampkin, Nic; Stolze, Matthias.
This paper presents a new approach to evaluate the cost effectiveness of agrienvironmental policies at agricultural sector level. On the basis of the sectorconsistent, comparative-static, farm group model FARMIS, the determinants of policy cost-effectiveness at sector level are addressed: Firstly, intensity levels for the FARMIS activities are defined in order to model uptake of agri-environmental policies with FARMIS, secondly, life-cycle assessment data is attached to these intensity levels to determine environmental effects of the policies and thirdly, public expenditure is calculated under consideration of transaction costs. This paper concludes discussing potential applications and the methodological challenges of the approach.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/14413/1/Schader_14413.pdf
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Organic Action Plans: A Guide for Stakeholders Organic Eprints
Schmid, Otto; Padel, Susanne; Lampkin, Nic; Meredith, Stephen.
Over the last decade the development of Organic Action Plans (OAPs) has gained momentum as a mechanism for achieving a more integrated and balanced approach to organic policy-making in different European countries and at EU level. However the uptake, effectiveness and continuity of OAPs can vary significantly from country to country. For inst ance differing government priorities, the lack of ring-fenced public funding and the expectation that the organic sector should take the lead rather than government can impede the development of OAPs. This guide looks at the current status of OAPs in EU and EFTA countries with a special focus on plans at national and regional level and an in-depth analysis of six OAPs in the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Europe.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30173/1/ifoameu_organic_action_plans_guide_report_2015.pdf
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Organic Action Plans. Development, implementation and evaluation. A resource manual for the organic food and farming sector Organic Eprints
Schmid, Otto; Dabbert, Stephan; Eichert, Christian; Gonzálvez, Victor; Lampkin, Nic; Michelsen, Johannes; Slabe, Annamarija; Stokkers, R.; Stolze, Matthias; Stopes, Christopher; Wollmuthová, P.; Vairo, Daniela; Zanoli, Rafaele.
In 2004, the European Action Plan for Organic Food and Farming was launched. Many European countries have also developed national Organic Action Plans to promote and support organic agriculture. As part of the EU funded ORGAP project (“European Action Plan of Organic Food and Farming - Development of criteria and procedures for the evaluation of the EU Action Plan for Organic Agriculture”) a toolbox to evaluate and monitor the implementation of national and European Action Plans has been developed. In order to communicate the results of this project as widely as possible, a practical manual for initiating and evaluating Organic Action Plans has been produced. This manual has been created to inspire the people, organisations and institutions...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; European Union.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13481/1/manual.pdf
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Organic farming – can policy and markets mix? Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Nic; Dabbert, Stephan.
Organic farming is an approach to agriculture that emphasises environmental protection, animal welfare, food quality and health, sustainable resource use and social justice objectives, and which utilises the market to help support these objectives and compensate for the internalisation of externalities. Since the early 1990s, the organic sector has grown rapidly across Europe and globally, thanks to a combination of strong consumer demand, developing regulatory frameworks, direct financial support and insecurity in the conventional agricultural sector. The sector’s success in utilising the market to support the broader public good goals has been seen as a role model for mixing market and public support mechanisms in agriculture, but the market has also...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/11017/1/agra_europe_03.pdf
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Organic farming: implications for costs of production and provisioning of environmental services Organic Eprints
Odefey, Lars; Berner, Anja; Offermann, Frank; Gerrard, Catherine L; Padel, Susanne; Lampkin, Nic.
The report is part of the project 'Farm Accountancy Cost Estimation and Policy Analysis of European Agriculture' (FACEPA). The overall aim of this report is to contrast organic and conventional forms of commodity production in terms of costs and environmental performance. Specific objectives are to apply the General Cost of Production Model (GECOM) developed in the FACEPA project to organic farms, to compare GECOM results for organic farming to data from other national studies as part of a (quasi-)validation, to discuss production costs in organic farming in the light of the structure of the organic farming sector and the respective policy environment in selected EU Member States, and to explore the potential of FADN systems for deriving environmental...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Policy environments and social economy; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/21012/1/D7_3_final.pdf
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