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Assessment and restoring soil functionality in degraded areas of organic vineyards. The preliminary results of the ReSolVe project in Italy Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Agnelli, A.E.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Leprini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In both conventional and organic Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services (i.e. nutrient cycles), poor organic matter content, imbalance of some element ratio, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary 3-years research project aimed at testing the effects of selected organic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyard. The different restoring strategies...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30219/1/EGU2016-4501.pdf
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Assessment of soil ecosystem in degraded areas of vineyards after organic treatments Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Simoni, S.; Goggioli, D.; Guidi, S.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Agnelli, A.E.; Fantappiè, M.; Lorenzetti, R.; Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services such as nutrient cycles and organic matter turnover. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary project, supported by Core-Organic+ program, aimed at testing the effects of selective agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. For this purpose, the evaluation and biomonitoring of the abundance of soil mesofauna, nematodes and microarthropods, represents an efficient tool...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32424/1/EGU2017-7025.pdf
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Effects of reduced soil functionality in European vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Akca, S.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Giffard, B.; Kìraz, M.E.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Martensson, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Schroers, H.J.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A..
Improper or excessive land preparation methods in vineyards before planting can have a considerable impact on soil functionality. They include excessive levelling and deep ploughing leading to disturbances of the natural contour of slopes and destruction, truncation and burial of soil horizons. Manipulations may significantly modify chemical, physical, biological and hydrological balance of soils. Problems that may arise from these interventions relate to the reduction of organic substances, enrichment of calcium carbonate and soluble salts, impacting development and health of grapevines. Reduced water retention capacity can lead to increased water stress during dry season, decreased water permeability and circulation of oxygen in the soil, increased...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32423/1/EGU2017-2296.pdf
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I NEMATODI COME BIOINDICATORI PER LA VALUTAZIONE DELLA FUNZIONALITÀ DEL SUOLO IN AREE DEGRADATE DI VIGNETI ITALIANI Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; Priori, S.; Simoni, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In viticoltura, la non corretta preparazione del terreno prima dell’impianto comporta la formazione di aree degradate caratterizzate da scarsa produzione e la presenza di piante più suscettibili a fitoparassiti e fitopatologie. Le cause del malfunzionamento del suolo possono essere imputate alla riduzione del contributo della fauna del suolo e dei servizi ecosistemici a essa legati come il ciclo dei nutrienti, l’impoverimento nel contenuto di sostanza organica, alterazione del pH, il deficit idrico e la compattazione del suolo. ReSolVe è un progetto transnazionale, finanziato dal programma Core-Organic+, finalizzato a valutare gli effetti di tre diverse tecniche agronomiche per il ripristino della funzionalità ottimale in aree degradate di vigneti...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Soil.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/32421/1/Poster%20SISS%202016.pdf
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NEMATODE COOMUNITIES AS INDICATORS OF SOIL QUALITY IN VINEYARD SYSTEM: A CASE OF STUDY IN DEGRADED AREAS Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Simoncini, S.; L'Abate, G.; Priori, S..
The restoring effect of selective agronomic strategies on optimal soil functionality of degraded areas within organic vineyard was evaluated using the nematode community as an indicator of soil quality. Three different restoring strategies were implemented in two organic farms located in Tuscany (Italy). The relative abundance of nematode trophic groups and the maturity index showed that the use of compost improved soil biological quality and increased the abundance of predators. Instead, dry mulching and green manure applications were useful to control the most dangerous nematodes of grapevines, namely the virus-vector Xiphinema index (Longidoridae).
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Soil quality; Soil biology; Composting and manuring; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33470/1/7892-25894-1-PB.pdf
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Protocol for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tengolar, S.; Akca, E.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M..
Protocols used by Resolve partners during the project, to assess soil functionality on degraded aeras and evaluate soil restoration after applying recovering practices.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil biology Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Research methodology and philosophy Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33851/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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Protocols for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tangolar, S.; Akca, E..
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the methods used during ReSolVe project for soil functionality assessment, so they can be implemented in similar studies. A brief introduction first underlines what are the main functions of soil and why maintaining an optimal soil functionality is particularly of major interest in viticulture. Then the different protocols selected for ReSolVe project and this guideline are presented according to the following classification: - Part I: assessment of soil physical and chemical features; - Part II: assessment of soil biological features (ecosystem service provision and providers); - Part III: assessment of rhizosphere biological features; - Part IV: assessment of grapevine quantitative and qualitative...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Specific methods; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Technology transfer; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Research methodology and philosophy; Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33864/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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Soil functionality assessment in degraded plots of vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Agnelli, A.E.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Simoni, S.; D'Avino, L.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Leprini, M.; Zombardo, A.; Storchi, P.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Land transformation to adapt fields to mechanization in perennial crop farming is a common practice which includes land levelling, deep ploughing, stone-breakage and clearing, application of fertilizers and amendments. Manipulation of the natural soil profile along its entire depth can severely disturb the naturally existing chemical physical,biological and hydrological equilibrium (Costantini and Barbetti, 2008; Costantini et al., 2013). The most common effects of the land transformation are mixing of soil horizons and soil truncation, which result in reduction of soil depth and available water, organic matter depletion, enrichment of calcium carbonate content in the topsoil,imbalance of some element ratio, and decline in the activity and diversity of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30955/1/Atti_Congresso_SISS2015.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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