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Registros recuperados: 7
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A new diatom species P. hallegraeffii sp. nov. belonging to the toxic genus Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) from the East Australian Current ArchiMer
Ajani, Penelope A.; Verma, Arjun; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Doblin, Martina A.; Murray, Shauna A..
A new species belonging to the toxin producing diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia, P. hallegraeffii sp. nov., is delineated and described from the East Australian Current (EAC). Clonal cultures were established by single cell isolation from phytoplankton net hauls collected as part of a research expedition in the EAC region in 2016 on the RV Investigator. Cultures were assessed for their morphological and genetic characteristics, their sexual compatibility with other Pseudo-nitzschia species, and their ability to produce domoic acid. Light and transmission electron microscopy revealed cells which differed from their closest relatives by their cell width, rows of poroids, girdle band structure and density of band straie. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequencing...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00436/54794/56248.pdf
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Exposure to the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella modulates juvenile oyster Crassostrea gigas hemocyte variables subjected to different biotic conditions ArchiMer
Lassudrie, Malwenn; Soudant, Philippe; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Miner, Philippe; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Hegaret, Helene; Fabioux, Caroline.
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is an important commercial species cultured throughout the world. Oyster production practices often include transfers of animals into new environments that can be stressful, especially at young ages. This study was undertaken to determine if a toxic Alexandrium bloom, occurring repeatedly in French oyster beds, could modulate juvenile oyster cellular immune responses (i.e. hemocyte variables). We simulated planting on commercial beds by conducting a cohabitation exposure of juvenile, “specific pathogen-free” (SPF) oysters (naïve from the environment) with previously field-exposed oysters to induce interactions with new microorganisms. Indeed, toxic Alexandrium spp. exposures have been reported to modulate bivalve...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium; Harmful algal blooms; Hemocyte; Microbial challenge.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00314/42523/41894.pdf
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Influence of gametogenesis pattern and sex on paralytic shellfish toxin levels in triploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Fabioux, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Boullot, F.; Long, Marc; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, N.; Gouriou, Jeremie; Le Gac, Mickael; Chapelle, Annie; Soudant, P.; Hegaret, Helene.
This study investigated the effect of gametogenesis pattern and sex on levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulated by triploid oysters Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the Bay of Brest (Western Brittany, France), over the summer 2014. Toxin accumulation in oysters was proposed to be influenced by the proportion of energy allocated to reproduction versus other metabolisms, as proposed by Haberkorn et al. (2010). Thus, we hypothesized that triploid oysters with different gametogenesis patterns (α or β, producing respectively numerous gametes or rare gametes) could result in differences in toxin accumulation. Toxin level could also be different according to the gender of the oysters. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Gametogenesis pattern; Triploid.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41801/41010.pdf
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Interaction between toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella exposure and disease associated with herpesvirus OsHV-1μVar in Pacific oyster spat Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Lassudrie, Malwenn; Soudant, Philippe; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Fabioux, Caroline; Lambert, Christophe; Miner, Philippe; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Petton, Bruno; Hegaret, Helene.
Blooms of toxic dinoflagellates can co-occur with mass mortality events associated with herpesvirus OsHV-1 μVar infection that have been decimating Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles every summer since 2008 in France. This study investigated the possible effect of a harmful dinoflagellate, Alexandrium catenella, a producer of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PSTs), upon the oyster spat–herpesvirus interaction. Oyster spat from a hatchery were challenged by cohabitation with oysters contaminated in the field with OsHV-1 μVar and possibly other pathogens. Simultaneously, the oysters were exposed to cultured A. catenella. Infection with OsHV-1 μVar and PST accumulation were measured after 4 days of experimental exposure. Exposure to Alexandrium...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1 mu Var; Harmful algal blooms; Alexandrium; Host-pathogen interaction; PST accumulation.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00269/38000/36101.pdf
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Modelling paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulation in Crassostrea gigas by using Dynamic Energy Budgets (DEB) ArchiMer
Pousse, Emilien; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Hegaret, Helene; Rannou, Eric; Pecquerie, Laure; Marques, Goncalo M.; Thomas, Yoann; Castrec, Justine; Fabioux, Caroline; Long, Marc; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Amzil, Zouher; Soudant, Philippe; Jean, Fred.
As other filter-feeders, Crassostrea gigas can concentrate paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) by consuming dinoflagellate phytoplankton species like Alexandrium minutum. Intake of PST in oyster tissues mainly results from feeding processes, i.e. clearance rate, pre-ingestive sorting and ingestion that are directly influenced by environmental conditions (trophic sources, temperature). This study aimed to develop a mechanistic model coupling the kinetics of PST accumulation and bioenergetics in C. gigas based on Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory. For the first time, the Synthesizing Units (SU) concept was applied to formalize the feeding preference of oysters between non-toxic and toxic microalgae. Toxin intake and accumulation were both dependent on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB); Modelling; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56662/58407.pdf
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Physiological responses of Manila clams Venerupis (=Ruditapes) philippinarum with varying parasite Perkinsus olseni burden to toxic algal Alexandrium ostenfeldii exposure ArchiMer
Lassudrie, Malwenn; Soudant, Philippe; Richard, Gaelle; Henry, N.; Medhioub, Walid; Da Silva, P.m.; Donval, Anne; Bunel, M.; Le Goïc, Nelly; Lambert, Christophe; De Montaudoin, X.; Fabioux, Caroline; Hegaret, Helene.
Manila clam stock from Arcachon Bay, France, is declining, as is commercial harvest. To understand the role of environmental biotic interactions in this decrease, effects of a toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium ostenfeldii, which blooms regularly in Arcachon bay, and the interaction with perkinsosis on clam physiology were investigated. Manila clams from Arcachon Bay, with variable natural levels of perkinsosis, were exposed for seven days to a mix of the nutritious microalga T-Iso and the toxic dinoflagellate A. ostenfeldii, a producer of spirolides, followed by seven days of depuration fed only T-Iso. Following sacrifice and quantification of protozoan parasite Perkinsus olseni burden, clams were divided into two groups according to intensity of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Harmful algal bloom; Oxidative stress; Venerupis philippinarum; Alexandrium ostenfeldii; Perkinsus olseni..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30022/28507.pdf
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Why is Asari (= Manila) clam Ruditapes philippinarum fitness poor in Arcachon Bay: a meta-analysis to answer? ArchiMer
De Montaudouin, X.; Lucia, M.; Binias, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Baudrimont, M.; Legeay, A.; Raymond, N.; Jude-lemeilleur, F.; Lambert, C.; Le Goic, N.; Garabetian, F.; Gonzalez, P.; Hegaret, Helene; Lassus, Patrick; Mehdioub, W.; Bourasseau, L.; Daffe, G.; Paul-pont, I.; Plus, Martin; Do, V. T.; Meisterhans, G.; Mesmer-dudons, N.; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Sanchez, Florence; Soudant, P..
Asari (= Manila) clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, is the second bivalve mollusc in terms of production in the world and, in many coastal areas, can beget important socio-economic issues. In Europe, this species was introduced after 1973. In Arcachon Bay, after a decade of aquaculture attempt, Asari clam rapidly constituted neo-naturalized population which is now fished. However, recent studies emphasized the decline of population and individual performances. In the framework of a national project (REPAMEP), some elements of fitness, stressors and responses in Arcachon bay were measured and compared to international data (41 publications, 9 countries). The condition index (CI=flesh weight/shell weight) was the lowest among all compared sites. Variation in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes philippinarum; Condition index; Perkinsus; Brown Muscle Disease; Element contamination; Immune system; Arcachon Bay.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00280/39123/37676.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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