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Complex Toxin Profile of French Mediterranean Ostreopsis cf. ovata Strains, Seafood Accumulation and Ovatoxins Prepurification ArchiMer
Brissard, Charline; Herrenknecht, Christine; Sechet, Veronique; Herve, Fabienne; Pisapia, Francesco; Harcouet, Jocelyn; Lemee, Rodolphe; Chomerat, Nicolas; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
Ostreopsis cf. ovata produces palytoxin analogues including ovatoxins (OVTXs) and a putative palytoxin (p-PLTX), which can accumulate in marine organisms and may possibly lead to food intoxication. However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the ecophysiology of Ostreopsis cf. ovata and its toxin production as well as to optimize the purification process for ovatoxin. During Ostreopsis blooms in 2011 and 2012 in Villefranche-sur-Mer (France, NW Mediterranean Sea), microalgae epiphytic cells and marine organisms were collected and analyzed both by LC-MS/MS and hemolysis assay. Results obtained with these two methods were comparable, suggesting ovatoxins...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin & ovatoxins; Culture; Seafood contamination; LC-MS/MS; Hemolysis assay; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31025/29428.pdf
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Health impact of unicellular algae of the Ostreopsis genus blooms in the Mediterranean Sea: experience of the French Mediterranean coast surveillance network from 2006 to 2009 ArchiMer
Tichadou, Lucia; Glaizal, Mathieu; Armengaud, Alexis; Grossel, Hubert; Lemee, Rodolphe; Kantin, Roger; Lasalle, Jean-luc; Drouet, Geneveve; Rambaud, Loic; Malfait, Philippe; De Haro, Luc.
Objective. Ostreopsis ovata and Ostreopsis siamensis are tropical unicellular algae that have been found recently in the Mediterranean. Both of these dinoflagellates produce palytoxin (PTX)-like toxins that are powerful vasoconstrictors in mammals. Since 2003, Ostreopsis blooms in Italy and Spain have been accompanied by reports of respiratory problems and skin/mucosa irritation in persons in contact with toxic microalgal cells (epiphytes, plankton, or sea spray) or associated toxins. Methods. In France, a surveillance network has been set up to monitor water conditions and to protect swimmers from contamination due to Ostreopsis. Results. Between 2006 and 2009, a total of nine blooms were observed on the French Mediterranean coast including five that led...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dinoflagellate; Algal bloom; Ostreopsis; Mediterranean Sea; Palytoxin.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00016/12716/9694.pdf
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Optimization of sampling, cell collection and counting for the monitoring of benthic harmful algal blooms: Application to Ostreopsis spp. blooms in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Jauzein, Cecile; Acaf, Laury; Accoroni, Stefano; Asnaghi, Valentina; Fricke, Anna; Hachani, Mohamed Amine; Saab, Marie Abboud-abi; Chiantore, Mariachiara; Mangialajo, Luisa; Totti, Cecilia; Zaghmouri, Imen; Lemee, Rodolphe.
Toxic blooms of Ostreopsis spp. are greatly challenging to monitor due to the complexity and variability of cell repartition among benthic and pelagic compartments. This results in marked differences in employed methodologies for the survey of their dynamics and hampers the definition of the associated toxic risk. The present study aims at testing and improving common methodologies used for sampling, processing and counting of field samples. It contributes to the identification of the most suitable strategies for the monitoring and mitigation of Ostreopsis blooms in coastal waters. For a sampling based on the collection of macrophytes, the role of the fixative addition and of agitation steps in the efficiency of epiphytic cell collection was defined. For...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Patchiness; Macrophyte substrate; Artificial substrate; Recommendations for monitoring.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00436/54714/56188.pdf
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Ovatoxin-a and Palytoxin Accumulation in Seafood in Relation to Ostreopsis cf. ovata Blooms on the French Mediterranean Coast ArchiMer
Amzil, Zouher; Sibat, Manoella; Chomerat, Nicolas; Grossel, Hubert; Marco-miralles, Francoise; Lemee, Rodolphe; Nezan, Elisabeth; Sechet, Veronique.
Dinoflagellates of the genus Ostreopsis are known to cause (often fatal) food poisoning in tropical coastal areas following the accumulation of palytoxin (PLTX) and/or its analogues (PLTX group) in crabs, sea urchins or fish. Ostreopsis spp. occurrence is presently increasing in the northern to north western Mediterranean Sea (Italy, Spain, Greece and France), probably in response to climate change. In France, Ostreopsis. cf. ovata has been associated with toxic events during summer 2006, at Morgiret, off the coast of Marseille, and a specific monitoring has been designed and implemented since 2007. Results from 2008 and 2009 showed that there is a real danger of human poisoning, as these demonstrated bioaccumulation of the PLTX group (PLTX and ovatoxin-a)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin; Ovatoxin-a; LC-MS/MS; Seafood.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00071/18230/15799.pdf
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Uptake of dissolved inorganic and organic nitrogen by the benthic toxic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata ArchiMer
Jauzein, Cecile; Couet, Douglas; Blasco, Thierry; Lemee, Rodolphe.
Environmental factors that shape dynamics of benthic toxic blooms are largely unknown. In particular, for the toxic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata, the importance of the availability of nutrients and the contribution of the inorganic and organic pools to growth need to be quantified in marine coastal environments. The present study aimed at characterizing N-uptake of dissolved inorganic and organic sources by O. cf. ovata cells, using the 15N-labelling technique. Experiments were conducted taking into account potential interactions between nutrient uptake systems as well as variations with the diel cycle. Uptake abilities of O. cf. ovata were parameterized for ammonium (NH4+), nitrate (NO3−) and N-urea, from the estimation of kinetic and inhibition...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Uptake; Nitrogen; Dinoflagellate; Ostreopsis; Kinetics; Interactions.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00382/49368/49840.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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