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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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CHANGES IN AGRICULTURAL MARKETS IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
Economic reform in the transition economies of the former Soviet bloc has transformed the volume and mix of these economies' agricultural production, consumption, and trade. Output drops in most countries have ranged from 25 to 50 percent. The livestock sector has been hit particularly hard, all but eliminating U.S. grain exports to the region. This report concludes that the output decline has been an inevitable part of market reform and that the main goal of agricultural policy in the transition economies should not be to return output to pre-reform levels but to increase the productivity of input use. Although reform has created a food security problem in some countries, the cause of the problem is not insufficient food supplies, but rather inadequate...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Russia; Ukraine; Former Soviet Union; Central and Eastern European countries; Transition economies; Agricultural production; Livestock sector; Food consumption; Trade; Policy reform; Productivity; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33945
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Decomposing Changes in Agricultural Price Gaps AgEcon
Liefert, William M..
This paper develops a method for decomposing changes in agricultural producer prices. The method builds on a procedure used by the World Bank, with the key variables in the decomposition being trade prices, exchange rates, and agricultural trade policies. The main ways by which we expand on the World Bank decomposition procedure are by broadening the analysis of policy effects, and by adding the effect from incomplete transmission of changes in border prices and exchange rates to producer prices, and the effect on prices from interactions between variables as they change simultaneously. We demonstrate the decomposition method by using the Russian poultry market in the late 1990s, and find that the dominant factor in changing the producer price was the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14576
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Decomposing Changes in Agricultural Price Gaps AgEcon
Liefert, William M..
The paper develops a procedure for decomposing changes in agricultural price gaps, defined as the difference between a commodity's domestic producer and border prices. Two decomposition approaches are presented, depending on whether policy allows transmission from changes in trade prices and exchange rates to domestic prices. The methods allow one to isolate and measure the effect on the price gap of changes in agricultural policy versus non-policy variables. The decomposition procedure is demonstrated in an example involving the price gap for Russian poultry in the late 1990s. The results are consistent with the argument that for developing and transition economies, the main cause of changes in price gaps is incomplete transmission of changes in exchange...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14592
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Decomposing Changes in Agricultural Producer Prices AgEcon
Liefert, William M..
This paper develops a method for decomposing changes in agricultural producer prices. The method builds on a procedure used by the World Bank, with the key variables in the decomposition being trade prices, exchange rates, and agricultural trade policies. The main ways by which we expand on the World Bank decomposition procedure are by broadening the analysis of policy effects, and by adding the effect from incomplete transmission of changes in border prices and exchange rates to producer prices, and the effect on prices from interactions between variables as they change simultaneously. We demonstrate the decomposition method by using the Russian poultry market in the late 1990s, and find that the dominant factor in changing the producer price was the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural prices; Price transmission; Exchange rates; Trade policy; Russian agriculture; Developing economies; Transition economies; Agricultural Finance; F13; O13; 024; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25331
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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Russia AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Liefert, Olga.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48386
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Economic Reform in the Newly Independent States of the Former USSR: Effects on Agricultural Production and Trade to 2005 AgEcon
Sedik, David J.; Liefert, William M.; Liapis, Peter S..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50844
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Former Soviet Union Region To Play Larger Role in Meeting World Wheat Needs AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Liefert, Olga; Vocke, Gary; Allen, Edward W..
By 2019, Russia could become the world’s top wheat exporter, and Russian, Ukrainian, and Kazakhstan wheat exports collectively could more than double those of the United States. Growth in the former Soviet Union’s grain production and exports may increase world food availability and, in the near term, help mitigate global food security concerns. U.S. wheat production is leveling off, as U.S. producers shift acreage to benefit from competitive advantages in corn and soybeans.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121958
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Measuring the Success of Agricultural Transition: An Application to Russia AgEcon
Liefert, William M..
The paper presents a model of the agro-food system in a transition economy, which shows how the move from a planned to a market economy affects the production and consumption of goods and economic welfare. The model is then used to identify two complementary approaches for measuring the success of agricultural transition, where success is defined as increasing consumer welfare. The first approach is to identify and measure quantitative indicators of economic gain. The second is to identify the policies that would lead to greater welfare, and then measure the extent to which these policies have been implemented. An assessment of Russian agricultural reform using the two evaluation approaches shows that only modest progress has been made. Russia has not met...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transition; Agricultural reform; Russia; Efficiency; Productivity; Comparative advantage; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8528
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Price and Exchange Rate Transmission in Russian Food Markets AgEcon
Osborne, Stefan; Liefert, William M..
The paper estimates price and exchange rate elasticities in Russia during 1994-2000 for the country's major agricultural traded goods. The calculations not only can be used for trade forecasting, but also serve as indicators of the degree to which Russia is integrated into world agricultural markets. The results show that the transmission of changes in world trade prices and the exchange rate to changes in Russian domestic food prices is generally low, though highest for Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20576
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Russia's Surge in Agricultural Imports Comes to a Halt AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Liefert, Olga; Shane, Mathew.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124163
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Russia's Transition to Major Player in World Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Liefert, Olga; Serova, Eugenia.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Russia; Agriculture; Trade; Grain; Meat; WTO Accession; International Development; F14; P33; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94724
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The Big Players of the Former Soviet Union and World Agriculture: Issues and Outlook AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Serova, Eugenia; Liefert, Olga.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53209
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The Transmission of Exchange Rate Changes to Agricultural Prices AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Persuad, Suresh.
Movements in countries’ exchange rates can substantially change the prices of goods faced by producers and consumers and thereby affect incentives to produce, consume, and trade goods. Exchange rate changes, however, might not be completely transmitted (passed through) to domestic prices. Empirical evidence shows that price and exchange rate transmission for agricultural products is low in most developing economies, partly because of trade policies but also because of inadequate infrastructure and other market deficiencies. During the last 20 years, developed and developing countries generally have moved away from support policies that impede price and exchange rate transmission toward trade policies that allow transmission, such as tariffs. The Uruguay...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural infrastructure; Agricultural policy; Agricultural trade; Exchange rates; Exchange rate transmission; Imperfect markets; Institutions; Price transmission.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55942
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The World Economic Crisis and U.S. Agriculture: From Boom to Gloom? AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Shane, Mathew.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; E32; F4; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94697
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TRANSITION AND FOOD CONSUMPTION AgEcon
Liefert, William M.; Lohmar, Bryan; Serova, Eugenia.
This paper examines why transition from planned to market economies in the countries of the former Soviet bloc has changed their mix and volumes of food consumption. During transition, consumption of high value products, such as meat and dairy products, has plummeted, while consumption of staple foods such as bread and potatoes has remained steady, or even increased. The paper shows that in the pre-reform planned economy, planners "desired" the production and national consumption of high value (and cost) foodstuffs more than consumers. When market reform resulted in consumer prices adjusting to reflect the full cost of production, consumer demand switched from high cost foods to other goods and services. The demand-driven nature of food restructuring...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25844
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