Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A gap analysis of confined field trial application forms for genetically modified crops in East Africa: evaluating the potential for harmonization AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Cohen, Joel I..
The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmental interactions and agronomic performance of the crop in a safe and contained manner. To authorize confined field trials regulatory review is required, with formats for obtaining relevant information differing from country to country. In this paper, a Gap Analysis is used to identify informational gaps and potential for harmonization of confined field trial application processes in three East African countries - Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. The basic principle behind gap analysis is a comparison of the status quo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Gap analysis; Confined field trials; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55421
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Designing Regional Systems of Biotechnology Regulation A Transaction Cost Approach to Regulatory Governance AgEcon
Birner, Regina; Linacre, Nicholas A..
Many developing countries are currently in the process of designing regulatory systems that should make it possible to use the potential of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for agricultural development, while at the same time managing the risks for food safety and the environment that are potentially associated with these technologies. In view of the considerable costs associated with biotechnology regulation and the scarcity of biosafety specialists, there are processes in various regions of the developing world to establish regional systems of biotechnology regulation. So far, there are major knowledge gaps as to how regional systems of biotechnology regulation can be designed to be effective and efficient and to fulfill principles of good...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Regional biotechnology regulation; Regulatory federalism; Transaction cost economics; European Union; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52218
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Ecological Risks of Novel Environmental Crop Technologies Using Phytoremediation as an Example AgEcon
Angle, J. Scott; Linacre, Nicholas A..
Phytoremediation is the use of living plants, known as hyperaccumulators which absorb unusually large amounts of metals in comparison to other plants. The use of classical plant breeding and new molecular techniques offers great potential to develop crops with the ability to clean up polluted sites. While these technologies have gained widespread attention, prior to commercial development, there are risks that must be considered – only a few of which have received even modest examination. Therefore, the focus of this working paper is to explore specific risks associated with phytoremediation and suggest ways in which these risks can be managed so that new, novel, and innovative plant technologies may be applied to provide low cost and efficient...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Risk; GMO; Biotechnology; Phytoremediation; Phytoextraction; Phytomining; Environmental risk; Crop Production/Industries; Q16; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59225
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Incorporating Collateral Information Using an Adaptive Management Framework for the Regulation of Transgenic Crops AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Burgman, Mark A.; Ades, Peter K.; Stewart-Oaten, Allen.
A lack of data often makes biological management decisions difficult and has been an area of contention in the debate over the approval of transgenic crops. Our knowledge of natural systems is limited and our ability to gain additional information, quickly and effectively, is often handicapped by statistical complexity. To adequately cope with this requires new approaches and models that integrate decision-making and management. This paper describes one possible approach to the integration of decision-making and management, which may have application for the regulatory approval of transgenic crops. In many situations countries wishing to approve transgenic crops will have limited data on the environmental performance of the crop. The approach outlined in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian estimation; Collateral data; Inference; GMO; Transgenic plants; Bayesian theory; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Regulatory systems; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59233
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Incorporating Project Uncertainty in Novel Environment Biotechnologies: Illustrated Using Phytoremediation AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Whiting, Steven N.; Angle, J. Scott.
Pollution of the environment by metals and organic contaminants is an intractable global problem, with cleanup costs running into billions of dollars using current engineering technologies. The availability of alternative, cheap and effective technologies would significantly improve the prospects of cleaning-up metal contaminated sites. Phytoremediation has been proposed as an economical and ‘green’ method of exploiting plants to extract or degrade the contaminants in the soil. To date, the majority of phytoremediation efforts have been directed at leaping the biological, biochemical and agronomic hurdles to deliver a working technology, with scant attention to the economic outlook other than simple estimates of the cost advantages of phytoremediation over...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Project risk; Soil contaminants; Environmental remediation; Industrial crop technologies; Crop Production/Industries; Q5; Q51; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59223
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Regional Biotechnology Regulations: Design Options and Implications for Good Governance AgEcon
Birner, Regina; Linacre, Nicholas A..
Many developing countries are currently in the process of designing regulatory systems that should allow them to use genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for agricultural development, while also managing the food safety and environmental risks potentially associated with these technologies. Various regions of the developing world are seeking to establish regional systems of biotechnology regulation. However, considerable costs are associated with biotechnology regulation, and biosafety specialists are scarce. In addition, there is no consistent understanding of how regional systems of biotechnology regulation can be designed to be effective and efficient, while also fulfilling the principles of good governance, such as transparency, voice and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional biotechnology regulation; Regulatory federalism; Transaction cost economics; West Africa; European Union; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42346
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Risk assessment and management of genetically modified organisms under Australia's Gene Technology Act AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Komen, John; MacLaren, Donald.
Compared to both Canada and the United States, Australia has been slow to approve commercial planting of transgenic crops. Two probable reasons exist for the slow approval rate of transgenic crops in Australia. The first reason is community perceptions about the risks associated with transgenic technologies. The second is the regulatory framework currently employed to approve commercial releases. This paper examines some of the potential regulatory issues that may be affecting the review process and approval of transgenic technologies. First we provide a brief introduction to the regulatory structure in Australia, second we consider the impact of regional, national and state jurisdictions, third we argue that the regulator needs to consider the use of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Risk assessment; Biotechnology; Environmental risk; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55414
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Security Analysis for Agroterrorism: Applying the Threat, Vulnerability, Consequence Framework to Developing Countries AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Koo, Bonwoo; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Msangi, Siwa; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Gaskell, Joanne; Komen, John; Cohen, Marc J.; Birner, Regina.
In some developing countries the potential exists for agroterrorism to cause widespread disruption through loss of sustenance, income and production. Defense of agriculture may also be problematic because of the lack stability and basic biosecurity infrastructure for the detection and prevention of diseases or invasive species. Currently new methodological approaches for terrorism risk assessments are being actively explored for resource prioritization. One such methodology for risk based allocation of resources is Threat, Vulnerability, and Consequence (TVC) Analysis. A qualitative application of the TVC framework is used to analyze the risk of agroterrorism in developing countries relative to industrialized countries. The analysis suggests that evidence...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agroterrorism; Terrorism risk analysis; Biosecurity; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59238
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Emergence of Insect Resistance in Bt-Corn: Implication of Resistance Management Information Under Uncertainty AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Thompson, Colin J..
The successful management of transgenic technology is likely to depend on the economic behavioral response of farmers to the regulated use of transgenic crops. A well-studied example is the widespread use of Bt-corn, in the United States, and elsewhere, to control the European Corn Borer, a major corn pest. The extensive use of Bt-corn has led to concerns about the emergence of insect resistance. The United States Environment Protection Agency addressed this potential problem by developing an insect resistance management strategy, based, in part, on complex mathematical models using detailed biological assumptions about the population genetics and life history of the European Corn Borer. However, seed companies and others have sometimes used simpler...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Insect resistance; Monte Carlo; Bt-corn; Logistic growth; Environmental risk; Biotechnology; Environmental protection; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59239
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional