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Registros recuperados: 8
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A rapid quantitative fluorescence-based bioassay to study allelochemical interactions from Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Tallec, Kevin; Soudant, Philippe; Lambert, Christophe; Le Grand, Fabienne; Sarthou, Geraldine; Jolley, Dianne; Hegaret, Helene.
Harmful microalgal blooms are a threat to aquatic organisms, ecosystems and human health. Toxic dinoflagellates of the genus Alexandrium are known to produce paralytic shellfish toxins and to release bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with potent cytotoxic, hemolytic, ichtyotoxic and allelopathic activity. Negative allelochemical interactions refer to the chemicals that are released by the genus Alexandrium and that induce adverse effects on the physiology of co-occurring protists and predators. Releasing BECs gives the donor a competitive advantage that may help to form dense toxic blooms of phytoplankton. However BECs released by Alexandrium minutum are uncharacterized and it is impossible to quantify them using classical chemical methods....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom; Alexandrium; Allelopathy; Cytotoxicity; PAM fluorometry; Bioassay.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00453/56424/58116.pdf
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Allelochemicals from Alexandrium minutum induce rapid inhibition of metabolism and modify the membranes from Chaetoceros muelleri ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Tallec, Kevin; Soudant, Philippe; Le Grand, Fabienne; Donval, Anne; Lambert, Christophe; Sarthou, Geraldine; Jolley, Dianne F.; Hegaret, Helene.
Allelochemical interactions are likely to be a contributing factor explaining the success of large blooms of the harmful marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium, however, the physiological mechanisms of allelochemical interactions remain poorly described. Here we investigated the sub-lethal effects (on an hourly scale) of a filtrate containing allelochemicals from Alexandrium minutum on the physiology of the common diatom Chaetoceros muelleri. The filtrate induced deleterious effects to the diatom physiology within only 30 min of exposure. Esterase activity and photosynthesis were drastically inhibited, with up to 34% of the population being metabolically inactive and up to 30% reduction in photosystem II quantum yield when exposed to the filtrate. In addition,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Allelopathy; Alexandrium; Metabolism; Photoinhibition; Lipids; Pigments.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00460/57133/59748.pdf
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Effects of copper on the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum and its allelochemical potency ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Holland, Aleicia; Planquette, Helene; Gonzalez Santana, David; Whitby, Hannah; Soudant, Philippe; Sarthou, Geraldine; Hégaret, Helene; Jolley, Dianne F.
The dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum produces toxic compounds, including paralytic shellfish toxins, but also some unknown extracellular toxins. Although copper (Cu) is an essential element, it can impair microalgal physiology and increase their toxic potency. This study investigated the effect of different concentrations of dissolved Cu (7 nM, 79 nM and 164 nM) on A. minutum allelochemical potency, here defined as negative effects of a protist on competing protists through the release of chemicals. This was studied in relation to its physiology. The effects of Cu were assessed on A. minutum growth, reactive oxygen species level, photosynthesis proxies, lipid metabolism, exudation of dissolved organic compounds, allelochemical potency and on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium; Copper; Toxicity; Allelopathy; Physiology; Exudate.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59612/62629.pdf
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Influence of gametogenesis pattern and sex on paralytic shellfish toxin levels in triploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Fabioux, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Boullot, F.; Long, Marc; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, N.; Gouriou, Jeremie; Le Gac, Mickael; Chapelle, Annie; Soudant, P.; Hegaret, Helene.
This study investigated the effect of gametogenesis pattern and sex on levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulated by triploid oysters Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the Bay of Brest (Western Brittany, France), over the summer 2014. Toxin accumulation in oysters was proposed to be influenced by the proportion of energy allocated to reproduction versus other metabolisms, as proposed by Haberkorn et al. (2010). Thus, we hypothesized that triploid oysters with different gametogenesis patterns (α or β, producing respectively numerous gametes or rare gametes) could result in differences in toxin accumulation. Toxin level could also be different according to the gender of the oysters. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Gametogenesis pattern; Triploid.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41801/41010.pdf
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Interactions between microplastics and phytoplankton aggregates : Impact on their respective fates ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Moriceau, Brivaela; Gallinari, Morgane; Lambert, Christophe; Huvet, Arnaud; Raffray, Jean; Soudant, Philippe.
Plastic debris are resistant to degradation, and therefore tend to accumulate in marine environment. Nevertheless recent estimations of plastic concentrations at the surface of the ocean were lower than expected leading the communities to seek new sinks. Among the different processes suggested we chose to focus on the transport of microplastics from the surface to deeper layers of the ocean via phytoplankton aggregates that constitute most of the sinking flux. Interactions between microplastics and aggregates were studied by building a new device: the flow-through roller tank that mimics the behaviour of laboratory made aggregates sinking through a dense layer of microplastics. Three types of aggregates formed from two different algae species (the diatom...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic sink; Vertical export; Diatom and cryptophyte aggregates; Settling rate; Permeability.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00259/37048/35557.pdf
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Interactions between polystyrene microplastics and marine phytoplankton lead to species-specific hetero-aggregation ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Paul-pont, Ika; Hegaret, Helene; Moriceau, Brivaela; Lambert, Christophe; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe.
To understand the fate and impacts of microplastics (MP) in the marine ecosystems, it is essential to investigate their interactions with phytoplankton as these may affect MP bioavailability to marine organisms as well as their fate in the water column. However, the behaviour of MP with marine phytoplanktonic cells remains little studied and thus unpredictable. The present study assessed the potential for phytoplankton cells to form hetero-aggregates with small micro-polystyrene (micro-PS) particles depending on microalgal species and physiological status. A prymnesiophycea, Tisochrysis lutea, a dinoflagellate, Heterocapsa triquetra, and a diatom, Chaetoceros neogracile, were exposed to micro-PS (2 μm diameter; 3.96 μg L−1) during their growth culture...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Polystyrene; Microplastic; Aggregates; Microalgae; Marine; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50016/50735.pdf
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Is the meiofauna a good indicator for climate change and anthropogenic impacts? ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Sarrazin, Jozee; Leduc, Daniel; Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Fontaneto, Diego; Fontanier, Christophe; Gooday, Andrew J.; Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Sorensen, Martin V.; Vanreusel, Ann; Thebault, Julien; Mea, Marianna; Allio, Noemie; Andro, Thomas; Arvigo, Alexandre; Castrec, Justine; Danielo, Morgan; Foulon, Valentin; Fumeron, Raphaelle; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Hulot, Vivien; James, Tristan; Langonne-augen, Roxanne; Le Bot, Tangi; Long, Marc; Mahabror, Dendy; Morel, Quentin; Pantalos, Michael; Pouplard, Etienne; Raimondeau, Laura; Rio-cabello, Antoine; Seite, Sarah; Traisnel, Gwendoline; Urvoy, Kevin; Van Der Stegen, Thomas; Weyand, Mariam; Fernandes, David.
Our planet is changing, and one of the most pressing challenges facing the scientific community revolves around understanding how ecological communities respond to global changes. From coastal to deep-sea ecosystems, ecologists are exploring new areas of research to find model organisms that help predict the future of life on our planet. Among the different categories of organisms, meiofauna offer several advantages for the study of marine benthic ecosystems. This paper reviews the advances in the study of meiofauna with regard to climate change and anthropogenic impacts. Four taxonomic groups are valuable for predicting global changes: foraminifers (especially calcareous forms), nematodes, copepods and ostracods. Environmental variables are fundamental in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meiofauna; Climate change; Anthropogenic impacts; Biomonitoring; Natural observations and experimental studies.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38938/37521.pdf
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Modelling paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulation in Crassostrea gigas by using Dynamic Energy Budgets (DEB) ArchiMer
Pousse, Emilien; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Hegaret, Helene; Rannou, Eric; Pecquerie, Laure; Marques, Goncalo M.; Thomas, Yoann; Castrec, Justine; Fabioux, Caroline; Long, Marc; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Amzil, Zouher; Soudant, Philippe; Jean, Fred.
As other filter-feeders, Crassostrea gigas can concentrate paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) by consuming dinoflagellate phytoplankton species like Alexandrium minutum. Intake of PST in oyster tissues mainly results from feeding processes, i.e. clearance rate, pre-ingestive sorting and ingestion that are directly influenced by environmental conditions (trophic sources, temperature). This study aimed to develop a mechanistic model coupling the kinetics of PST accumulation and bioenergetics in C. gigas based on Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory. For the first time, the Synthesizing Units (SU) concept was applied to formalize the feeding preference of oysters between non-toxic and toxic microalgae. Toxin intake and accumulation were both dependent on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB); Modelling; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56662/58407.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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