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Bioaccumulation of persistent organic pollutants in female common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) and harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from western European seas: Geographical trends, causal factors and effects on reproduction and mortality ArchiMer
Pierce, G; Santos, M; Murphy, S; Learmonth, J; Zuur, A; Rogan, E; Bustamante, Paco; Caurant, Florence; Lahaye, V; Ridoux, Vincent; Zegers, B; Mets, A; Addink, M; Smeenk, C; Jauniaux, T; Law, R; Dabin, W; Lopez, A; Farre, J; Gonzalez, A; Guerra, A; Garcia Hartmann, M; Reid, R; Moffat, C; Lockyer, C; Boon, J.
Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in blubber of female common dolphins and harbour porpoises from the Atlantic coast of Europe were frequently above the threshold at which effects on reproduction could be expected, in 40% and 47% of cases respectively. This rose to 74% for porpoises from the Southern North Sea. PCB concentrations were also high in southern North Sea fish. The average pregnancy rate recorded in porpoises (42%) in the study area was lower than in the western Atlantic but that in common dolphins (25%) was similar to that of the western Atlantic population. Porpoises that died from disease or parasitic infection had higher concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) than animals dying from other causes. Few of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diet; Reproduction; Persistent organic pollutants; Delphinus delphis; Phocoena phocoena.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-7314.pdf
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Biological and ecological factors related to trace element levels in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from European waters ArchiMer
Lahaye, V; Bustamante, Paco; Law, J.r; Learmonth, J.a; Santos, M.b.; Boon, J.p.; Rogan, E; Dabin, W; Addink, M.j.; Lopez, A; Zuur, A.f.; Pierce, G.j.; Caurant, Florence.
Selected trace elements (Cd, Cu, Hg, Se, Zn) were measured in the kidneys and the liver of 104 harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded along the coasts of France, Galicia (Spain), Ireland, Scotland (UK), and the Netherlands. Generally, relatively low concentrations of toxic elements were encountered in the tissues of European porpoises, except for two individuals, which displayed high hepatic Hg concentrations. Also, elevated Cd levels obtained in Scottish porpoises could be related to their feeding preferences and this result suggests an increase of the proportion of cephalopods in their diet with latitude. Moreover, significant geographical differences were seen in hepatic Zn concentrations; the elevated Zn concentrations displayed by porpoises...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tracers; Multivariate analysis; Diet; Age; Marine mammals; Zinc; Cadmium; Mercury; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2920.pdf
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Lead contamination of small cetaceans in European waters - The use of stable isotopes for identifying the sources of lead exposure ArchiMer
Caurant, Florence; Aubail, A; Lahaye, V; Van Canneyt, O; Rogan, E; Lopez, A; Addink, M; Churlaud, C; Robert, M; Bustamante, Paco.
Lead concentrations and isotopic composition have been measured in bone and teeth of small cetaceans belonging to three species (Delphinus delphis, Phocoena phocoena and Stenella coeruleoalba), to evaluate the toxicological risk and to determine sources of lead in the European waters. Lead concentrations, far lower than threshold value inducing toxic effects in human, were higher in teeth than in bones, but highly correlated between the two tissues (r = 0.92, p < 0.001). Large variations of Pb-206/Pb-207 values in bone tissue showed that cetaceans must be submitted to various atmospheric influences. No geographical differences appeared which is consistent with studies on their distribution indicating seasonal movements between Brittany waters and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lead; Hard tissues; Heavy metals; Harbour porpoises; Striped dolphins; Common dolphins; Northeast Atlantic; Temporal trends; Biomonitoring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1813.pdf
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