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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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An assessment of the impact of possible CAP reform scenarios on Romanian agriculture AgEcon
Alexandri, Cecilia; Luca, Lucian.
Using a simplified model, with key-variable the prices of two different possible scenarios of CAP reform after 2013 (moderate and radical), this paper present a comparison between the price effects of implementation of each reform scenario at 2015 horizon on Romanian agriculture. This short analysis shows that, under the presented hypotheses, the net welfare effect, due to the price changes, for the selected products, is positive in both reform scenarios, yet greater in the case of the radical reform. Integrated in the large context of Romanian development, it seems that the influence of CAP reform upon agriculture and rural areas will be most likely a gradual one: an interpenetration between the two scenarios is foreseeable, starting with the moderate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Romania; Welfare effects; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44022
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Impact of public subsidies on farms’ technical efficiency in New Member States before and after EU accession AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Jelinek, Ladislav; Luca, Lucian; Medonos, Tomas; Toma, Camelia.
This paper presents some results of a two-year (2006-2007) research project supported by the French Ministry of Research’s funding program ECONET. One of the project’s objectives was to investigate the determinants of farm technical efficiency in New Member States before and after accession to the European Union, and in particular the role of public subsidies on this performance variable. Four countries were considered: Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovenia, who acceded to the EU in 2004, and Romania, whose accession was in 2007. The study found that subsidies had a negative impact on farm technical efficiency in Hungary over the period 2001-2005, in the Czech dairy corporate sector over the period 2000-2004, in Slovenia over the period 1994-2003, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Farms; Subsidies; Hungary; Czech Republic; Slovenia; Romania; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44142
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Romania: Large Semi-subsistence Farm Sector, Result of Wrong Strategic Approach? AgEcon
Luca, Lucian.
The paper discusses the influence of main strategical approaches to the agricultural structures, trying to identify between the causes of the semi-subsistence farming in Romania, the bias is to large farms support of the agricultural policies in the transition period. The 2002 Agricultural Census data, followed by 2005 Structural Survey data, offer the opportunity for an objective analysis that could change the direction of the Strategy plan developed for rural development programming period 2007-2013, as in scenarios presented in last part of this paper.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Semi-subsistence farms; Transitional measures; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7806
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The effect of funding the investments in the Romanian agricultural holdings through the pre-accession Programs AgEcon
Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Luca, Lucian.
In the pre-accession period, in addition to the support to all agricultural holdings by EU funded programs, specific national measures were also applied, together with massive allocation of funds from the national budget in order to support the agricultural producers. The present paper is analyzing the results of SAPARD Program implementation (measure 3.1 “Investments on agricultural holdings”), as well as of the nationally funded programs. One third of the total funds were allocated for this measure. The present paper is analyzing the eligible projects, as compared to those under the nationally funded investment programs, their distribution by counties and development regions, investment types and volumes, and legal status of the applicant farms, as well...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investments on agricultural holdings; SAPARD Program; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7804
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THE IMPACT OF CAP REFORM ON ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Alexandri, Cecilia; Luca, Lucian.
The paper attempts to evaluate, on the basis of two scenarios (moderate and radical), the effects of CAP reforming compared to the situation of current CAP scenario and its effects upon welfare. Direct payments for the large farms, some of them operating on thousands of hectares, cannot contribute to the objective of supporting farmers’ incomes. The solution for the modernization of rural areas seems to be their “urbanization”, through investments in infrastructure, development of community services and a move away from farming to other economic sectors.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Welfare effects; Direct payments; Rural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44858
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THE IMPACTS OF DIRECT PAYMENTS ON ROMANIAN FARM INCOME: WHO BENEFITS FROM THE CAP? AgEcon
Cionga, Cristina; Luca, Lucian; Hubbard, Carmen.
Using the most recent available data, this paper assesses who is likely to benefit, in the short-term, from the implementation of the CAP in Romania. Particularly, it focuses on the distributional impacts of the new form of agricultural subsidies under the CAP, i.e. SAPS and CNDP, identifying the main gainers and losers. Preliminary results reveal a highly uneven distribution of subsidies across farms, with the very large-scale ones, particularly those specialised in so-called “energy” crops, benefiting most from the flat rate direct aid. As a result, the existing gap between Romanian low-income and high-income farms will become larger, with those most vulnerable hardly benefiting from the introduction of (national and EU) direct payments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Single Area Payment Scheme; Farm structure; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44840
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