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Registros recuperados: 7
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Adding new pieces to the Azadinium (Dinophyceae) diversity and biogeography puzzle: Non-toxigenic Azadinium zhuanum sp. nov. from China, toxigenic A. poporum from the Mediterranean, and a non-toxigenic A. dalianense from the French Atlantic ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Krock, Bernd; Mertens, Kenneth; Nezan, Elisabeth; Chomerat, Nicolas; Bilien, Gwenael; Tillmann, Urban; Gu, Haifeng.
The marine planktonic dinophyceaen genus Azadinium is a primary source of azaspiracids, but due to their small size its diversity may be underestimated and information on its biogeography is still limited. A new Azadinium species, A. zhuanum was obtained from the East China Sea and Yellow Sea of China by incubating surface sediments. Five strains were established by isolating single germinated cells and their morphology was examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Azadinium zhuanum was characterized by a plate pattern of Po, cp, X, 4′, 2a, 6′′, 6C, 5S, 6′′′, 2′′′′, by a distinct ventral pore at the junction of Po, the first and fourth apical plates, and a conspicuous antapical spine. Moreover, Azadinium poporum was obtained for the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Azadinium; Azaspiracid; AZA-2; AZA-2 phosphate; Biogeography; China; French Atlantic; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49765/51155.pdf
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Cryptic diversity within the harmful dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in coastal Chinese waters is related to differentiated ecological niches ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Yang, Weidong; Leaw, Chui Pin; Pospelova, Vera; Bilien, Gwenael; Liow, Guat Ru; Lim, Po Teen; Gu, Haifeng.
Blooms of the harmful dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea are responsible for the mass mortality of fish and invertebrates in coastal waters. This cosmopolitan species includes several genetically differentiated clades. Four clonal cultures were established by isolating single cells from Xiamen Harbour (the East China Sea) for morphological and genetic analyses. The cultures displayed identical morphology but were genetically different, thus revealing presence of cryptic diversity in the study area. New details of the apical structure complex of Akashiwo sanguinea were also found. To investigate whether the observed cryptic diversity was related to environmental differentiation, 634 cells were obtained from seasonal water samples collected from 2008 to 2012....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Cryptic species; Gymnodinium sanguineum; Seasonal occurrence; Speciation.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49771/50355.pdf
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Cyst-motile stage relationship and molecular phylogeny of a new freshwater dinoflagellate Gymnodinium plasticum from Plastic Lake, Canada ArchiMer
Wang, Na; Luo, Zhaohe; Mertens, Kenneth; Mccarthy, Francine M. G.; Gu, Li; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinophyceaen genus Gymnodinium was established with the freshwater species G. fuscum as type. According to Thessen et al. (2012), there are 268 species, with the majority marine species. In recently published molecular phylogenies based on ribosomal DNA sequences, Gymnodinium is polyphyletic. Here, a new freshwater Gymnodinium species, G. plasticum, is described from Plastic Lake, Ontario, Canada. Two strains were established by incubating single cysts, and their morphology was examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The cyst had a rounded epicyst and hypocyst with a wide cingulum and smooth surface. Vegetative cells were characterized by an elongated nucleus running vertically and a deep sulcal intrusion. The apical structure...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Apical structure complex; Cyst; Gymnodiniales sensu stricto; Gymnodinium fuscum.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00406/51731/53727.pdf
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Morphology, ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny of cyst-producing Caladoa arcachonensis gen. et sp. nov. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae) from France and Indonesia ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Mertens, Kenneth; Nezan, Elisabeth; Gu, Li; Pospelova, Vera; Thoha, Hikmah; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinoflagellate order Peridiniales encompasses several well circumscribed families. However, the family level of some genera, such as Bysmatrum and Vulcanodinium, has remained elusive for many years. Four Peridinium-like strains were established from the Atlantic coast of France and North Sulawesi, Indonesia through cyst germination or isolation of single cells. The cyst-theca relationship was established on specimens from the French Atlantic. Their morphologies were examined using light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The cells were characterized by a much larger epitheca relative to the hypotheca, a large anterior sulcal (Sa) plate deeply intruding the epitheca and a small first anterior intercalary plate. The plate formula was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bysmatrum; Cyst; Dinoflagellate; Eyespot; Peridiniales; Plate overlap.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60112/63564.pdf
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Morphology, ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny of Wangodinium sinense gen. et sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) and revisiting of Gymnodinium dorsalisulcum and Gymnodinium impudicum ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Hu, Zhangxi; Tang, Yingzhong; Mertens, Kenneth; Leaw, Chui Pin; Lim, Po Teen; Teng, Sing Tung; Wang, Lei; Gu, Haifeng.
The genus Gymnodinium includes many morphologically similar species, but molecular phylogenies show that it is polyphyletic. Eight strains of Gymnodinium impudicum, Gymnodinium dorsalisulcum and a novel Gymnodinium‐like species from Chinese and Malaysian waters and the Mediterranean Sea were established. All of these strains were examined with LM, SEM and TEM. SSU, LSU and internal transcribed spacers rDNA sequences were obtained. A new genus, Wangodinium, was erected to incorporate strains with a loop‐shaped apical structure complex (ASC) comprising two rows of amphiesmal vesicles, here referred to as a new type of ASC. The chloroplasts of Wangodinium sinense are enveloped by two membranes. Pigment analysis shows that peridinin is the main accessory...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Apical structure complex; Cyst; Dinoflagellate; Lepidodinium; Nuclear chambers; Pigment; Pyrenoid; Ultrastructure.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56610/58307.pdf
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Morpho-molecular diversity and phylogeny of Bysmatrum (Dinophyceae) from the South China Sea and France ArchiMer
Luo, Zhaohe; Lim, Zhen Fei; Mertens, Kenneth; Gurdebeke, Pieter; Bogus, Kara; Carbonell-moore, Maria Consuelo; Vrielinck, Henk; Leaw, Chui Pin; Lim, Po Teen; Chomerat, Nicolas; Li, Xintian; Gu, Haifeng.
The dinoflagellate genus Bysmatrum encompasses five epibenthic or tide-pool species and has been characterized by separated anterior intercalary plates. In the present study, we obtained six strains of Bysmatrum from the South China Sea and French Atlantic coast by isolating single cells/cysts from plankton and sediment samples. All strains were examined with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Based on morphological observations, three strains were identified as Bysmatrum subsalsum, characterized by the elongated and rectangular first and a hexagonal second anterior intercalary plate. They differ from each other in the number of sulcal lists and the configuration of the first anterior intercalary plate. One strain was identified as...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic dinoflagellate; Biogeography; Bysmatrum granulosum; Bysmatrum gregarium; Bysmatrum subsalsum; Eyespot; Molecular phylogeny.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56188/57872.pdf
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Taxonomy and toxicity of Prorocentrum from Perhentian Islands (Malaysia), with a description of a non-toxigenic species Prorocentrum malayense sp. nov. (Dinophyceae) ArchiMer
Lim, Zhen Fei; Luo, Zhaohe; Lee, Li Keat; Hii, Kieng Soon; Teng, Sing Tung; Chan, Leo Lai; Chomérat, Nicolas; Krock, Bernd; Gu, Haifeng; Lim, Po Teen; Leaw, Chui Pin.
Thirteen isolates of Prorocentrum species were established from the coral reefs of Perhentian Islands Marine Park, Malaysia and underwent morphological observations and molecular characterization. Six species were found: P. caipirignum, P. concavum, P. cf. emarginatum, P. lima, P. mexicanum and a new morphotype, herein designated as P. malayense sp. nov. Prorocentrum malayense, a species closely related to P. leve, P. cf. foraminosum, P. sp. aff. foraminossum, and P. concavum (Clade A sensu Chomérat et al. 2018), is distinguished from its congeners as having larger thecal pore size and a more deeply excavated V-shaped periflagellar area. Platelet arrangement in the periflagellar area of P. malayense is unique, with the presence of platelet 1a and 1b,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning; ITS2 secondary structure; Morphology; Periflagellar area; Phylogeny.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59650/65985.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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