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Registros recuperados: 72
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Agricultural land management, carbon reductions and climate policy for agriculture Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Agriculture contributes to climate change and at the same time has a huge climate change mitigation potential – this lies mainly in increased soil carbon sequestration. This article discusses the mitigation potential of soil carbon sequestration, the underlying processes and main challenges for its utilization. There are difficulties of reliable quantification, aspects of leakage and system boundaries. Utilization of this mitigation potential is currently mainly via offset mechanisms. Due to the named challenges, offset mechanisms are not adequate for this and more aggregate approaches should be employed.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/25609/1/CarbonManagement_Muller2012_AsPublished.pdf
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Anpassung an den Klimawandel Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Gattinger, Andreas.
Globale Klimapolitik – ein Ärgernis. Sprechen wir lieber gleich von Anpassungsmassnahmen an den Klimawandel. Solche sind unumgänglich, egal was die Politik macht, vor allem in der Landwirtschaft.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20168/1/mueller_gattinger_2011_AnpassungKlimawandel_SchweizerBauer_5_10.pdf
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Beiträge des Ökolandbaus zum Klimaschutz Organic Eprints
Gattinger, Andreas; Weckenbrock, Philipp; Müller, Adrian.
Die Landwirtschaft spielt eine wichtige Rolle in der Erzeugung von Lebensmitteln sowie in der Bereitstellung und dem Erhalt von gesellschaftlichen Gemeingütern. Neben der Artenvielfalt, siehe Volksbegehren in Bayern, wird hierbei der Beitrag der Landwirtschaft zum Klimaschutz besonders stark und kontrovers diskutiert. Insbesondere die Frage, ob der Ökolandbau klimafreundlich oder „schlecht für das Klima“ ist, erregt viele Gemüter. Als Beitrag zu einer Versachlichung der Diskussion wird im Folgenden auf die Hauptpunkte der Kontroverse eingegangen und der Stand der Wissenschaft zusammengefasst.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35591/1/gattinger-etal-2019-BioTopp-Vol1-S57-59_Klimaschutz.pdf
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Benefits of Organic Agriculture as a Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy in Developing Countries Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Organic agriculture, as an adaptation strategy to climate change and variability, is a concrete and promising option for rural communities and has additional potential as a mitigation strategy. This article is a short review of this topic. Adaptation and mitigation based on organic agriculture can build on wellestablished practice because organic agriculture is a sustainable livelihood strategy with decades of use in several climate zones and under a wide range of specific local conditions. The financial requirements of organic agriculture as an adaptation or mitigation strategy are low. Further research is needed on yields in organic agriculture and its mitigation and sequestration potential. Other critical points are information provision and...
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16506/1/mueller-2009-Benefits_of_Organic_Agriculture-EfD09.pdf
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Bio als Treiber für eine nachhaltige Landwirtschaft Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Biolandbau ist gewiss kein Allheilmittel. Mit den richtigen Politikinstrumenten kann er aber eine tragende Rolle in einer nachhaltigen Landwirtschaft spielen, meint Adrian Müller.
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35593/1/mueller-2019-zukunftsblog-ETHZuerich-Bio-als-Treiber-fuer-eine-nachhaltige-Landwirtschaft.pdf
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Bio kann einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Welternährung leisten Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Schader, Christian.
Eine weltweite Umstellung auf biologischen Landbau kann zu einem umfassend nachhaltigen Ernährungssystem beitragen, wenn sie mit weiteren Massnahmen kombiniert wird. So gilt es etwa, den hohen Konsum tierischer Produkte zu reduzieren, weniger Kraftfutter in der Tierhaltung einzusetzen und Nahrungsmittelabfälle zu vermeiden. Ein solches Ernährungssystem hat positive Auswirkungen auf wichtige Umweltaspekte wie Treibhausgasemissionen, Überdüngung und Pestizidverbrauch - und führt trotz biologischer Bewirtschaftung nicht zu einem höheren Landverbrauch. Dies belegt eine neue Studie des Forschungsinstituts für biologischen Landbau FiBL, die kürzlich in der renommierten Fachzeitschrift «Nature Communications» publiziert wurde.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Recycling; Balancing and resource management Air and water emissions Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34991/1/MullerSchader-2018-AFSchweiz-Vol9-Issue1-p30-31.pdf
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Chancen der Landwirtschaft in den Alpenländern - Wege zu einer raufutterbasierten Milch- und Fleischproduktion in Österreich und der Schweiz Organic Eprints
Stolze, Matthias; Weisshaidinger, Rainer; Bartel, Andreas; Schwank, Othmar; Müller, Adrian; Biedermann, Roger.
Für die sogenannten «Grasländer» Schweiz und Österreich stellt sich die Frage, welche Lösungen für die Milch- und Rindfleischproduktion zu einer ökologisch nachhaltigen Landnutzung beitragen können. Vor diesem Hintergrund unterziehen die Autoren die Landwirtschaft in diesen beiden Alpenländern einer umfassenden Bestandsaufnahme hinsichtlich ihrer agrarpolitischen Entwicklung und deren Folgen für die Umwelt. Dabei stellen sie den Faktor Stickstoff in das Zentrum der Analyse, die in einer Zusammenarbeit zwischen FiBL Österreich, Umweltbundesamt GmbH Wien, FiBL Schweiz, und Schwank Earthpartner erfolgte. Die Autoren entwickeln aus verschiedenen Perspektiven Ansätze und Leitlinien, die zentral sind, um mittelfristig eine ökologisch nachhaltige Landwirtschaft...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Recycling; Balancing and resource management Processing; Packaging and transportation Policy environments and social economy Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2019
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Changing Agriculture in a Changing Climate Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Gattinger, Andreas; Niggli, Urs.
Changes in weather patterns are going to affect agriculture with impacts differing according to region. The developing countries can reckon with the first effects. The authors look at the role that organic agriculture can play in adaptation. They assess the potential that organic agriculture could have but also look at the contribution that agriculture itself is making to climate change and examine how organic agriculture fares in this respect.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21829/1/mueller-etal-2012-rural21-03-p14-17.pdf
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Climate Change Adaptation Through Science-Farmer-Policy Dialogue in Mali Organic Eprints
Bautze, Lin; Nicolay, Gian L.; Meier, Matthias; Gattinger, Andreas; Müller, Adrian.
Climate change increases the number of risks for agricultural production in arid and semiarid regions, especially in Western Africa. Smallholder farmers are particularly vulnerable to climate change risks. These risks affect their socioeconomic situation, as well as the local food sector value chain in general. Therefore, their food security is threatened if smallholder farming structures do not adapt to them. Thus, effective climate change adaptation measures for smallholders are essential and should be implemented without delay. However, success hinges on the acceptance of the promoted measures among various stakeholders. Thus, their acceptance needs to be assessed before promoting. The project “The potential of sustainable land-use systems to promote...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions; Policy environments and social economy; Africa.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34706/1/Bautze-etal-2018_ReferenceWorkEntry_ClimateChangeAdaptationThrough-Chapter-p1-15.pdf
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Comment on "Searchinger et al. (2018), Assessing the efficiency of changes in land use for mitigating climate change (Nature 564: 249)" Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Some days ago, the article from Searchinger et al. 2018 has been published and caused quite some discussion in the media, basically being reported to show that organic agriculture is bad for the climate. In the following, Adrian Müller (FiBL) present some fastly written compilation of thoughts on this article and this claim from the media that reported on it.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34496/1/mueller-2018-Comment_Searchinger-etal-2018-Nature564-249_18_12_2018.pdf
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Conceptual and Practical Aspects of Climate Change Mitigation Through Agriculture: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Indreasing Soil Carbon Sequestration Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Gattinger, Andreas.
Mitigation in agriculture needs to be based on two pillars: - Technically, nitrogen inputs should be reduced, organic fertilizers should replace synthetic fertilizers and storage losses should be minimized. Integrated systems with closed, efficient nutrient cycles should be the order of the day in the future. - socially, food wastage should be minimized an meat consumption reduced.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/23347/1/mueller-gattinger-2013-UNCTAD-Report-2013-p13-15.pdf
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Crop traits drive soil carbon sequestration under organic farming Organic Eprints
García-Palacios, Pablo; Gattinger, Andreas; Bracht-Jørgensen, Helene; Brussaard, Lijbert; Carvalho, Filipe; Castro, Helena; Clément, Jean-Christophe; De Deyn, Gerlinde; D’Hertefeldt, Tina; Foulquier, Arnaud; Hedlund, Katarina; Lavorel, Sandra; Legay, Nicolas; Lori, Martina; Mäder, Paul; Martínez-García, Laura B.; Martins da Silva, Pedro; Müller, Adrian; Nascimento, Eduardo; Reis, Filipa; Symanczik, Sarah; Paulo Sousa, José; Milla, Rubén.
1. Organic farming (OF) enhances top soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in croplands compared with conventional farming (CF), which can contribute to sequester C. As farming system differences in the amount of C inputs to soil (e.g. fertilization and crop residues) are not enough to explain such increase, shifts in crop residue traits important for soil C losses such as litter decomposition may also play a role. 2. To assess whether crop residue (leaf and root) traits determined SOC sequestration responses to OF, we coupled a global meta-analysis with field measurements across a European-wide network of sites. In the meta-analysis, we related crop species averages of leaf N, leaf-dry matter content, fine-root C and N, with SOC stocks and sequestration...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Soil quality.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32747/1/Garcia-Palacios-etal-2018-JApplEcol-online-p1-10.pdf
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Das FAO-Modell: Kostenberechnung der Nahrungsmittelproduktion Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Das Buch will das Momentum der Diskussion nutzen und befeuern. Die Beiträge geben einen umfassenden Überblick über die vielfältigen Aspekte der Thematik, üben fundierte Kritik, zeigen aber auch konkrete Lösungsmöglichkeiten auf, etwa zu geeigneten Kommunikationsstrategien.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Farming Systems Recycling; Balancing and resource management Processing; Packaging and transportation Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34993/1/20171025_Die%20Preise%20l%C3%BCgen_MS%20gesamt_KG.docx
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Das FAO-Modell: Kostenberechnung der Nahrungsmittelproduktion Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian.
Das den Berechnungen von Nature & More zugrundeliegende Modell der Welternährungsorganisation FAO wurde im Rahmen eines Projektes zur Monetarisierung der negativen Effekte der globalen Nahrungsmittelabfälle auf verschiedene Nachhaltigkeitsaspekte entwickelt. Dieser Kontext ist unbedingt zu beachten, um die damit berechneten Zahlen einordnen zu können.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Processing; Packaging and transportation Education; Extension and communication Produce chain management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/34490/1/mueller-2016-OeL-DiePreiseLuegen-04-p29.pdf
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Decomposition Analysis And Renewables In CO2 Emission Trends Organic Eprints
Mohlin, Kristina; Camuzeaux, Jonathan; Müller, Adrian; Schneider, Marius; Wagner, Gernot.
The decline in carbon dioxide emissions in the United States between 2007 and 2013 is actually more complex than previously thought. During that period, carbon dioxide emissions from United States energy use decreased sharply and unexpectedly, after rising for nearly two decades. At the end of the six-year period, U.S. annual carbon dioxide emissions had fallen by 11 percent– a drop the nation hadn’t experienced since the 1979 oil crisis. Experts have typically attributed this decline to two factors: the drop in energy demand during the recession that began in 2007 and the surge in inexpensive natural gas that displaced coal in the energy mix during the same time. However, they missed another critical influence that hastened the decline in emissions just...
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2018
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Defining a land boundary for sustainable livestock consumption Organic Eprints
Van Zanten, Hannah H.E.; Herrero, Mario; Van Hal, Ollie; Röös, Elin; Müller, Adrian; Garnett, Tara; Gerber, Pierre J.; Schader, Christian; de Boer, Imke J.M..
The need for more sustainable production and consumption of animal source food (ASF) is central to the achievement of the sustainable development goals: within this context, wise use of land is a core challenge and concern. A key question in feeding the future world is: how much ASF should we eat? We demonstrate that livestock raised under the circular economy concept could provide a significant, nonnegligible part (9–23 g/per capita) of our daily protein needs (~50–60 g/per capita). This livestock then would not consume human‐edible biomass, such as grains, but mainly convert leftovers from arable land and grass resources into valuable food, implying that production of livestock feed is largely decoupled from arable land. The availability of these biomass...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34489/1/VanZanten-etal-2018-GlobalChangeBiology-Vol24-Issue9-p4185-4194.pdf
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Does certified organic farming reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural production? Comment on the McGee study Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Aguilera, Eduardo; Skinner, Colin; Gattinger, Andreas.
A recent study by McGee (Agriculture and Human Values, 32, 255–263, 2015) from the University of Oregon has led to discussions in international media and on the web. This study addresses an interesting question and applies advanced statistics for its analysis. However, we identify several methodological flaws that invalidate the results. First, McGee tests a hypothesis that does not correspond to his main question and which does not allow McGee to derive the conclusions that are drawn in his paper and reported in the media coverage. Second, the data used are not adequate for the analysis because: i) the dependent variable does not reflect the greenhouse gas emissions characteristics of organic agriculture (e.g. different emission factors in organic and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Air and water emissions; Policy environments and social economy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30373/1/Muller-etal-AgHumVal-2016.pdf
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Eckpunkte einer standortangepassten Landwirtschaft in der Schweiz Organic Eprints
Müller, Adrian; Meier, Matthias; Moakes, Simon; Oehen, Bernadette.
In dieser Studie bestimmen wir auf der Basis verschiedener Modellierungsstudien die Eckpunkte einer standortangepassten Landwirtschaft für die Schweiz. Dies bedeutet eine langfristig produktive Landwirtschaft, die umweltverträglich ist und die Lebensgrundlagen nicht zerstört weil sie die lokalen Ressourcen in einer den lokalen Gegebenheiten entsprechend optimalen Weise nutzt. Dies bedeutet insbesondere, dass sie die lokal verfügbaren Kulturlandflächen mit einer Produktionsintensität, die innerhalb der Kapazitätsgrenzen der lokalen Ökosysteme liegt, nutzt. Neben der Nahrungsmittelproduktion erbringt eine solche Landwirtschaft zahlreiche weitere Ökosystemdienstleistungen und unterstützt die Resilienz der Ökosysteme. Dies wird durch die Reduktion der Inputs...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Animal husbandry; Crop husbandry; Produce chain management; Switzerland.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34488/1/mueller-etal-2018-KonsistenteLandwirtschaftSchweiz_29_6_2018.pdf
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Eco-efficiency and agricultural innovation systems in developing countries: Evidence from macro-level analysis Organic Eprints
Grovermann, Christian; Wossen, Tesfamicheal; Müller, Adrian; Nichterlein, Karin.
Agricultural innovation is an essential component in the transition to more sustainable and resilient farming systems across the world. Innovations generally emerge from collective intelligence and action, but innovation systems are often poorly understood. This study explores the properties of innovation systems and their contribution to increased eco-efficiency in agriculture. Using aggregate data and econometric methods, the eco-efficiency of 79 countries was computed and a range of factors relating to research, extension, business and policy was examined. Despite data limitations, the analysis produced some interesting insights. For instance public research spending has a positive significant effect for emerging economies, while no statistically...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Recycling; Balancing and resource management Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35589/1/Grovermann-etal-2019-PloSone-Vol14-Issue4-pe0214115.pdf
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Enhanced top soil carbon stocks under organic farming Organic Eprints
Gattinger, Andreas; Müller, Adrian; Haeni, Matthias; Skinner, Collin; Fliessbach, Andreas; Buchmann, Nina; Mäder, Paul; Stolze, Matthias; Smith, Pete; El-Hage Scialabba, Nadia; Niggli, Urs.
It has been suggested that conversion to organic farming contributes to soil carbon sequestration, but until now a comprehensive quantitative assessment has been lacking. Therefore, datasets from 74 studies from pairwise comparisons of organic vs. nonorganic farming systems were subjected to metaanalysis to identify differences in soil organic carbon (SOC). We found significant differences and higher values for organically farmed soils of 0.18±0.06% points (mean ± 95% confidence interval) for SOC concentrations, 3.50 ± 1.08 Mg C ha−1 for stocks, and 0.45 ± 0.21 Mg C ha−1 y−1 for sequestration rates compared with nonorganic management. Metaregression did not deliver clear results on drivers, but differences in external C inputs and crop rotations seemed...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21735/1/Gattinger-etal-2012-PNAS-vol109-44.pdf
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